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 Book Fifty Nine – The Book on Military Expeditions led by the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) (Al-Maghaazi)

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As Salamu Alaikum


Hadith Number 702.

Narrated by Abdullah bin Kab bin Malik: Who, from among Kab's sons, was the guide of Kab when he became blind: I heard Kab bin Malik narrating the story of (the Ghazwa of) Tabuk in which he failed to take part. Kab said, "I did not remain behind Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) in any Ghazwa that he fought except the Ghazwa of Tabuk, and I failed to take part in the Ghazwa of Badr, but Allah did not admonish anyone who had not participated in it, for in fact, Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) had gone out in search of the caravan of Quraish till Allah made them (i.e. the Muslims) and their enemy meet without any appointment. I witnessed the night of Al-'Aqaba (pledge) with Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) when we pledged for Islam, and I would not exchange it for the Badr battle although the Badr battle is more popular amongst the people than it (i.e. Al-'Aqaba pledge). As for my news (in this battle of Tabuk), I had never been stronger or wealthier than I was when I remained behind the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) in that Ghazwa.

By Allah, never had I two she-camels before, but I had then at the time of this Ghazwa. Whenever Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) wanted to make a Ghazwa, he used to hide his intention by apparently referring to different Ghazwa till it was the time of that Ghazwa (of Tabuk) which Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) fought in severe heat, facing, a long journey, desert, and the great number of enemy. So the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) announced to the Muslims clearly (their destination) so that they might get prepared for their Ghazwa. So he informed them clearly of the destination he was going to. Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) was accompanied by a large number of Muslims who could not be listed in a book namely, a register." Ka'b added, "Any man who intended to be absent would think that the matter would remain hidden unless Allah revealed it through Divine Revelation. So Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) fought that Ghazwa at the time when the fruits had ripened and the shade looked pleasant. Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and his companions prepared for the battle and I started to go out in order to get myself ready along with them, but I returned without doing anything. I would say to myself, 'I can do that.' So I kept on delaying it every now and then till the people got ready and Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and the Muslims along with him departed, and I had not prepared anything for my departure, and I said, I will prepare myself (for departure) one or two days after him, and then join them.' In the morning following their departure, I went out to get myself ready but returned having done nothing. Then again in the next morning, I went out to get ready but returned without doing anything.

Such was the case with me till they hurried away and the battle was missed (by me). Even then I intended to depart to take them over. I wish I had done so! But it was not in my luck. So, after the departure of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), whenever I went out and walked amongst the people (i.e, the remaining persons), it grieved me that I could see none around me, but one accused of hypocrisy or one of those weak men whom Allah had excused. Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) did not remember me till he reached Tabuk. So while he was sitting amongst the people in Tabuk, he said, 'What did Ka'b do?' A man from Banu Salama said, 'O Allah's Messenger! He has been stopped by his two Burdas (i.e. garments) and his looking at his own flanks with pride.' Then Mu'adh bin Jabal (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said, 'What a bad thing you have said! By Allah! O Allah’s Messenger! We know nothing about him but good.' Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) kept silent." Ka'b bin Malik added, "When I heard that he (i.e. the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)) was on his way back to Al-Madinah. I got dipped in my concern, and began to think of false excuses, saying to myself, 'How can I avoid his anger tomorrow?' And I took the advice of wise member of my family in this matter. When it was said that Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), had come near all the evil false excuses abandoned from my mind and I knew well that I could never come out of this problem by forging a false statement. Then I decided firmly to speak the truth.

So Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) arrived in the morning, and whenever he returned from a journey, he used to visit the Masjid first of all and offer a two-Rak'at prayer therein and then sit for the people. So when he had done all that (this time), those who had failed to join the battle (of Tabuk) came and started offering (false) excuses and taking oaths before him. They were something over eighty men; Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) accepted the excuses they had expressed, took their pledge of allegiance asked for Allah's Forgiveness for them, and left the secrets of their hearts for Allah to judge. Then I came to him, and when I greeted him, he smiled a smile of an angry person and then said, 'Come on.' So I came walking till I sat before him. He said to me, 'What stopped you from joining us. Had you not purchased an animal for carrying you?' I answered, "Yes, O Allah's Messenger! But by Allah, if I were sitting before any person from among the people of the world other than you, I would have avoided his anger with an excuse.

By Allah, I have been bestowed with the power of speaking fluently and eloquently, but by Allah, I knew well that if today I tell you a lie to seek your favor, Allah would surely make you angry with me in the near future, but if I tell you the truth, though you will get angry because of it, I hope for Allah's Forgiveness. Really, by Allah, there was no excuse for me. By Allah, I had never been stronger or wealthier than I was when I remained behind you.' Then Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, 'As regards this man, he has surely told the truth. So get up till Allah decides your case.' I got up, and many men of Banu Salama followed me and said to me. 'By Allah, we never witnessed you doing any sin before this. Surely, you failed to offer excuse to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) as the others who did not join him, have offered. The prayer of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) to Allah to forgive you would have been sufficient for you.' By Allah, they continued blaming me so much that I intended to return (to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)) and accuse myself of having told a lie, but I said to them, 'Is there anybody else who has met the same fate as I have?' They replied, 'Yes, there are two men who have said the same thing as you have, and to both of them was given the same order as given to you.' I said, 'Who are they?' They replied, Murara bin Ar-Rabi Al-Amri and Hilal bin Umaiya Al-Waqifi.'

By that they mentioned to me two pious men who had attended the Ghazwa (Battle) of Badr, and in whom there was an example for me. So I did not change my mind when they mentioned them to me. Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) forbade all the Muslims to talk to us, the three aforesaid persons out of all those who had remained behind in that Ghazwa. So we kept away from the people and they changed their attitude towards us till the very land (where I lived) appeared strange to me as if I did not know it.

We remained in that condition for fifty nights. As regards my two fellows, they remained in their houses and kept on weeping, but I was the youngest of them and the firmest of them, so I used to go out and witness the prayers along with the Muslims and roam about in the markets, but none would talk to me, and I would come to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and greet him while he was sitting in his gathering after the prayer, and I would wonder whether the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) did move his lips in return to my greetings or not. Then I would offer my prayer near to him and look at him stealthily. When I was busy with my prayer, he would turn his face towards me, but when I turned my face to him, he would turn his face away from me. When this harsh attitude of the people lasted long, I walked till I scaled the wall of the garden of Abu Qatada who was my cousin and dearest person to me, and I offered my greetings to him. By Allah, he did not return my greetings. I said, 'O Abu Qatada! I beseech you by Allah! Do you know that I love Allah and His Messenger?' He kept quiet. I asked him again, beseeching him by Allah, but he remained silent. Then I asked him again in the Name of Allah. He said, "Allah and His Messenger know it better.'

Thereupon my eyes flowed with tears and I returned and jumped over the wall." Ka'b added, "While I was walking in the market of Al-Madinah, suddenly I saw a Nabati (i.e. a Christian farmer) from the Nabatis of Sham who came to sell his grains in Al-Madinah, saying, 'Who will lead me to Kab bin Malik?' The people began to point (me) out for him till he came to me and handed me a letter from the king of Ghassan in which the following was written:

"To proceed, I have been informed that your friend (i.e. the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)) has treated you harshly. Anyhow, Allah does not let you live at a place where you feel inferior and your right is lost. So join us, and we will console you."

When I read it, I said to myself, 'This is also a sort of a test.' Then I took the letter to the oven and made a fire therein by burning it. When forty out of the fifty nights elapsed, behold there came to me the messenger of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and said, 'Allah's Messenger orders you to keep away from your wife,' I said, 'Should I divorce her; or else what should I do?' He said, 'No, only keep aloof from her and do not cohabit her.' The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) sent the same message to my two fellows. Then I said to my wife. 'Go to your parents and remain with them till Allah gives His Verdict in this matter." Kab added, "The wife of Hilal bin Umaiya came to Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and said, 'O Allah's Messenger! Hilal bin Umaiya is a helpless old man who has no servant to attend on him. Do you dislike that I should serve him? ' He said, 'No (you can serve him) but he should not come near you.' She said, 'By Allah, he has no desire for anything. By, Allah, he has never ceased weeping till his case began till this day of his.'

On that, some of my family members said to me, 'Will you also ask Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) to permit your wife (to serve you) as he has permitted the wife of Hilal bin Umaiya to serve him?' I said, 'By Allah, I will not ask the permission of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) regarding her, for I do not know what Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) would say if I asked him to permit her (to serve me) while I am a young man.' Then I remained in that state for ten more nights after that till the period of fifty nights was completed starting from the time when Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) prohibited the people from talking to us. When I had offered the Fajr prayer on the 50th morning on the roof of one of our houses and while I was sitting in the condition which Allah described (in the Quran) i.e. my very soul seemed straitened to me and even the earth seemed narrow to me for all its spaciousness, there I heard the voice of one who had ascended the mountain of Sala' calling with his loudest voice, 'O Kab bin Malik! Be happy (by receiving good tidings).' I fell down in prostration before Allah, realizing that relief has come.

Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) had announced the acceptance of our repentance by Allah when he had offered the Fajr prayer. The people then went out to congratulate us. Some bringers of good tidings went out to my two fellows, and a horseman came to me in haste, and a man of Banu Aslam came running and ascended the mountain and his voice was swifter than the horse. When he (i.e. the man) whose voice I had heard, came to me conveying the good tidings, I took off my garments and dressed him with them; and by Allah, I owned no other garments than them on that day. Then I borrowed two garments and wore them and went to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam).

The people started receiving me in batches, congratulating me on Allah's Acceptance of my repentance, saying, 'We congratulate you on Allah's Acceptance of your repentance." Kab further said, "When I entered the Masjid. I saw Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) sitting with the people around him. Talha bin Ubaidullah swiftly came to me, shook hands with me and congratulated me. By Allah, none of the Muhajirin (i.e. Emigrants) got up for me except him (i.e. Talha), and I will never forget this for Talha." Kab added, "When I greeted Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) he, his face being bright with joy, said "Be happy with the best day that you have got ever since your mother delivered you." Kab added, "I said to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) 'Is this forgiveness from you or from Allah?' He said, 'No, it is from Allah.'

Whenever Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) became happy, his face would shine as if it were a piece of moon, and we all knew that characteristic of him. When I sat before him, I said, 'O Allah's Messenger! Because of the acceptance of my repentance I will give up all my wealth as alms for the Sake of Allah and His Messenger. Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, 'Keep some of your wealth, as it will be better for you.' I said, 'So I will keep my share from Khaibar with me,' and added, 'O Allah's Messenger! Allah has saved me for telling the truth; so it is a part of my repentance not to tell but the truth as long as I am alive. By Allah, I do not know anyone of the Muslims whom Allah has helped fortelling the truth more than me. Since I have mentioned that truth to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) till today, I have never intended to tell a lie. I hope that Allah will also save me (from telling lies) the rest of my life. So Allah revealed to His Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) the Verse:

"Verily, Allah has forgiven the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), the Muhajirin (i.e. Emigrants (up to His Saying) And be with those who are true (in word and deed)." (Surah At-Taubah 9:117-119)

By Allah, Allah has never bestowed upon me, apart from His guiding me to Islam, a Greater blessing than the fact that I did not tell a lie to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) which would have caused me to perish as those who have told a lie perished, for Allah described those who told lies with the worst description He ever attributed to anybody else. Allah said: "They (i.e. the hypocrites) will swear by Allah to you when you return to them (up to His Saying) Certainly Allah is not pleased with the rebellious people..." (Surah At-Taubah 9:95-96) Kab added, "We, the three persons, differed altogether from those whose excuses Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) accepted when they swore to him. He took their pledge of allegiance and asked Allah to forgive them, but Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) left our case pending till Allah gave His Judgment about it. As for that Allah said): And to the three (He did forgive also) who remained behind." (Surah At-Taubah 9:118)

What Allah said (in this Verse) does not indicate our failure to take part in the Ghazwa, but it refers to the deferment of making a decision by the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) about our case in contrast to the case of those who had taken an oath before him and he excused them by accepting their excuses.





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As Salamu Alaikum


Hadith Number 703.

Narrated by Ibn Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): When the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) passed by Al-Hijr, he said, "Do not enter the dwelling places of those people who were unjust to themselves unless you enter in a weeping state lest the same calamity as of theirs should befall you." Then he covered his head and made his speed fast till he crossed the valley.


Hadith Number 704.

Narrated by Ibn Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said to his companions who were at Al-Hijr, "Do not enter upon these people who are being punished, except in a weeping state, lest the same calamity as of theirs should befall you..."


Hadith Number 705.

Narrated by Urwa bin Al-Mughira: Al-Mughira bin Shu'ba, said, "The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) went out to answer the call of nature and (when he had finished) I got up to pour water for him." I think that he said that the event had taken place during the Ghazwa of Tabuk. Al-Mughira added. "The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) washed his face, and when he wanted to wash his forearms, the sleeves of his cloak became tight over them, so he took them out from underneath the cloak and then he washed them (i.e. his forearms) and passed wet hands over his Khuffs."


Hadith Number 706.

Narrated by Abu Humaid (Radhi Allahu Anhu): We returned in the company of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) from the Ghazwa of Tabuk, and when we looked upon Al-Madinah, the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "This is Taba (i.e. Al-Madinah), and this is Uhud, a mountain that loves us and is loved by us."


Hadith Number 707.

Narrated by Anas bin Malik (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) returned from the Ghazwa of Tabuk, and when he approached Al-Madinah, he said, "There are some people in Al-Madinah who were with you all the time, you did not travel any portion of the journey nor crossed any valley, but they were with you they (i.e. the people) said, "O Allah's Messenger! Even though they were at Al-Madinah?" He said, "Yes, because they were stopped by a genuine excuse."


Hadith Number 708.

Narrated by Ibn Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) sent a letter to Khosrau with Abdullah bin Hudhafa As-Sahmi (Radhi Allahu Anhu) and told him to hand it over to the governor of Al-Bahrain. The governor of Al-Bahrain handed it over to Khosrau, and when he read the latter, he tore it into pieces. (The sub-narrator added, "I think that Ibn Al-Musaiyab said, 'Allah 's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) invoked (Allah) to tear them all totally Khosrau and his companions) into pieces.


Hadith Number 709.

Narrated by Abu Bakra (Radhi Allahu Anhu): During the days (of the battle) of Al-Jamal, Allah benefitted me with a word I had heard from Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) after I had been about to join the Companions of Al-Jamal (i.e. the camel) and fight along with them. When Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) was informed that the Persians had crowned the daughter of Khosrau as their ruler, he said, "Such people as ruled by a lady will never be successful." (*)

* Abu Bakra (Radhi Allahu Anhu) did not fight on that side because the army was led by a woman, i.e. 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anhu).



Hadith Number 710.

Narrated by As-Sa'ib bin Yazid (Radhi Allahu Anhu): I remember that I went out with the boys to (the place called) Thaniyat-ul-Wada to receive Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam).




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As Salamu Alaikum


Hadith Number 711.

Narrated by As-Saib (Radhi Allahu Anhu): I remember I went out with the boys to Thaniyat-ul-Wada' to receive the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) when he returned from the Ghazwa of Tabuk.


Hadith Number 712.

Narrated by Um Al-Fadl bint Al-Harith (Radhi Allahu Anha): I heard the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) reciting Surat-al-Mursalat 'Urfan (77) in the Maghrib prayer, and after that prayer he did not lead us in any prayer till he died.


Hadith Number 713.

Narrated by Ibn Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): 'Umar bin Al-Khattab (Radhi Allahu Anhu) used to let Ibn Abbas sit beside him, so 'AbdurRahman bin 'Auf (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said to 'Umar, "We have sons similar to him." 'Umar replied, "(I respect him) because of his status that you know." 'Umar then asked Ibn 'Abbas about the meaning of this Holy Verse: "When comes the help of Allah and the conquest of Makkah..." (Surah An-Nasr 110:1)

Ibn 'Abbas replied, "That indicated the death of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) which Allah informed him of." 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said, "I do not understand of it except what you understand."

Narrated 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) in his ailment in which he died, used to say, "O 'Aishah! I still feel the pain caused by the food I ate at Khaibar, and at this time, I feel as if my aorta is being cut from that poison."


Hadith Number 714.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): Whenever Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) became ill, he used to recite Al-Muawidhatan (i.e. the last two Suras of the Qur'an) and then blow his breath and passed his hand over himself. When he had his fatal illness, I started reciting Al-Muawidhatan and blowing my breath over him as he used to do, and then I rubbed the hand of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) over his body.


Hadith Number 715.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): I heard the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and listened to him before his death while he was lying supported on his back, and he was saying, "O Allah! Forgive me, and bestow Your Mercy on me, and let me meet the (highest) companions (of the Hereafter)." See the Qur'an (Surah An-Nisa' 4:69) and See Hadith No. 719.


Hadith Number 716.

Narrated by Ibn Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): Thursday! And how great that Thursday was! The ailment of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) became worse (on Thursday) and he said, fetch me something so that I may write to you something after which you will never go astray." The people (present there) differed in this matter, and it was not right to differ before a Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam). Some said, "What is wrong with him? (Do you think) he is delirious (seriously ill)? (*) Ask him (to understand his state)." So they went to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and asked him again. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Leave me, for my present state is better than what you call me for." Then he ordered them to do three things. He said, "Turn the pagans out of the 'Arabian Peninsula; respect and give gifts to the foreign delegations as you have seen me dealing with them." (Said bin Jubair, the sub-narrator said that Ibn Abbas kept quiet as regards the third order, or he said, "I forgot it.") (See Hadith No. 116 Book 3)


* The speaker wants to urge the others to fulfil the Prophet's order.


Hadith Number 717.

Narrated by Ubaidullah bin 'Abdullah: Ibn Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said, "When Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) was on his deathbed and there were some men in the house, he said, 'Come near, I will write for you something after which you will not go astray.' Some of them (i.e. his companions) said, 'Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) is seriously ill and you have the (Holy) Quran. Allah's Book is sufficient for us.' So the people in the house differed and started disputing. Some of them said, 'Give him writing material so that he may write for you something after which you will not go astray.' while the others said the other way round. So when their talk and differences increased, Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Get up." Ibn Abbas used to say, "No doubt, it was very unfortunate (a great disaster) that Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) was prevented from writing for them that writing because of their differences and noise." (*)

* See Hadith No.114 Book 3.




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As Salamu Alaikum



Hadith Number 718.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) called Fatima during his fatal illness and told her something secretly and she wept. Then he called her again and told her something secretly, and she started laughing. When we asked her about that, she said, "The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) first told me secretly that he would expire in that disease in which he died, so I wept; then he told me secretly that I would be the first of his family to follow him, so I laughed (at that time)."


Hadith Number 719.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): Used to hear (from the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)) that no Prophet dies till he is given the option to select either the worldly life or the life of the Hereafter. I heard the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) in his fatal disease, with his voice becoming hoarse, saying, "In the company of those on whom is the grace of Allah... (to the end of the Verse)." (Surah An-Nisa' 4:69) Thereupon I thought that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) had been given the option.


Hadith Number 720.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) : When the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) fell ill in his fatal illness, he started saying, "With the highest companion." (*)

* See Surah An-Nisa' 4.69.



Hadith Number 721.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): When Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) was in good health, he used to say, "Never does a Prophet die unless he is shown his place in Paradise (before his death), and then he is made alive or given option." When the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) became ill and his last moments came while his head was on my thigh, he became unconscious, and when he came to his senses, he looked towards the roof of the house and then said, "O Allah! (Please let me be) with the highest companion." Thereupon I said, "Hence he is not going to stay with us? " Then I came to know that his state was the confirmation of the narration he used to mention to us while he was in good health.


Hadith Number 722.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): 'Abdur-Rahman bin Abu Bakr entered upon the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) while I was supporting the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) on my chest. 'AbdurRahman had a fresh Siwak then and he was cleaning his teeth with it. Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) looked at it, so I took the Siwak, cut it (chewed it with my teeth), shook it and made it soft (with water), and then gave it to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) who cleaned his teeth with it. I had never seen Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) cleaning his teeth in a better way. After finishing the brushing of his teeth, he lifted his hand or his finger and said thrice, "O Allah! Let me be with the highest companions," and then died. 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) used to say, "He died while his head was resting between my chest and chin."


Hadith Number 723.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): Whenever Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) became ill, he used to recite the Muawidhatan and blow his breath over himself (after their recitation) and rubbed his hands over his body. So when he was afflicted with his fatal illness. I started reciting the Muawidhatan and blowing my breath over him as he used to blow and made the hand of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) pass over his body.


Hadith Number 724.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): I heard the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and listened to him before his death while he was leaning his back on me and saying, "O Allah! Forgive me, and bestow Your Mercy on me, and let me meet the companions."


Hadith Number 725.

Narrated by Urwa bin Az-Zubair: 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) said, "The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said during his fatal illness, "Allah cursed the Jews for they took the graves of their Prophets as places for worship." 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) added, "Had it not been for that (statement of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)) his grave would have been made conspicuous. But he was afraid that it might be taken as a place for worship."





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As Salamu Alaikum


Hadith Number 726.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) died while he was between my chest and chin, so I never dislike the death agony for anyone after the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam).


Hadith Number 727.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): (The wife of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)) "When the ailment of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) became aggravated, he requested his wives to permit him to be (treated) nursed in my house, and they gave him permission. He came out (to my house), walking between two men with his feet dragging on the ground, between 'Abbas bin 'Abdul-Muttalib and another man" 'Ubaidullah said, "I told 'Abdullah of what 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) had said, 'Abdullah bin 'Abbas said to me, 'Do you know who is the other man whom 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) did not name?' I said, 'No.' Ibn 'Abbas said, 'It was 'Ali bin Abu Talib." 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha), the wife of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) used to narrate saying, "When Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) entered my house and his disease became aggravated, he said, " Pour on me the water of seven water skins, the mouths of which have not been untied, so that I may give advice to the people.' So we let him sit in a big basin belonging to Hafsa (Radhi Allahu Anha), the wife of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and then started to pour water on him from these water skins till he started pointing to us with his hands intending to say, 'You have done your job." 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) added, "Then he went out to the people and led them in prayer and preached to them." 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) and 'Abdullah bin 'Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma) said, "When Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) became ill seriously, he started covering his face with his woolen sheet, and when he felt short of breath, he removed it from his face and said, 'That is so! Allah's curse be on the Jews and the Christians, as they took the graves of their Prophets as (places of worship),' intending to warn (the Muslims) of what they had done." 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) added, "I argued with Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) repeatedly about that matter (i.e. his order that Abu Bakr should lead the people in prayer in his place when he was ill), and what made me argue so much, was, that it never occurred to my mind that after the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), the people would ever love a man who had taken his place, and I felt that anybody standing in his place, would be a bad omen to the people, so I wanted Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) to give up the idea of choosing Abu Bakr (to lead the people in prayer)."


Hadith Number 728.

Narrated by 'Abdullah bin Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Ali bin Abu Talib (Radhi Allahu Anhu) came out of the house of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) during his fatal illness. The people asked, "O Abu Hasan (i.e. Ali)! How is the health of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) this morning?" 'Ali replied, "He has recovered with the Grace of Allah." 'Abbas bin 'Abdul Muttalib (Radhi Allahu Anhu) held him by the hand and said to him, "In three days you, by Allah, will be ruled (by somebody else). (*) And by Allah, I feel that Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) will die from this ailment of his, for I know how the faces of the offspring of 'Abdul Muttalib look at the time of their death. So let us go to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and ask him who will take over the Caliphate. If it is given to us we will know as to it, and if it is given to somebody else, we will inform him so that he may tell the new ruler to take care of us." 'Ali said, "By Allah, if we asked Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) for it (i.e. the Caliphate) and he denied it us, the people will never give it to us after that. And by Allah, I will not ask Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) for it."


* He meant that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) will die and you will be under the authority of a new ruler.


Hadith Number 729.

Narrated by Anas bin Malik (Radhi Allahu Anhu): While the Muslims were offering the Fajr prayer on Monday and Abu Bakr (Radhi Allahu Anhu) was leading them in prayer, suddenly Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) lifted the curtain of 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha)'s dwelling and looked at them while they were in the rows of the prayers and smiled. Abu Bakr (Radhi Allahu Anhu) retreated to join the row, thinking that Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) wanted to come out for the prayer. The Muslims were about to be put to trial in their prayer (i.e. were about to give up praying) because of being overjoyed at seeing Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam). But Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) beckoned them with his hand to complete their prayer and then entered the dwelling and let fall the curtain.


Hadith Number 730.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): It was one of the favors of Allah towards me that Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) expired in my house on the day of my turn while he was leaning against my chest and Allah made my saliva mix with his saliva at his death. 'Abdur-Rahman entered upon me with a Siwak in his hand and I was supporting (the back of) Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) (against my chest). I saw the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) looking at it (i.e. Siwak) and I knew that he loved the Siwak, so I said (to him), "Shall I take it for you? " He nodded in agreement. So I took it and it was too stiff for him to use, so I said, "Shall I soften it for you ?" He nodded his approval. So I softened it and he cleaned his teeth with it. In front of him there was a jug or a tin, (The sub-narrator, 'Umar is in doubt as to which was right) containing water. He started dipping his hand in the water and rubbing his face with it, he said, "None has the right to be worshipped except Allah. Death has its agonies." He then lifted his hands (towards the sky) and started saying, "With the highest companion," till he expired and his hand dropped down.




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As Salamu Alaikum


Hadith Number 731.

Narrated by Urwa: 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) said, "Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) in his fatal illness, used to ask, 'Where will I be tomorrow? Where will I be tomorrow? (*) ", seeking 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha)'s turn. His wives allowed him to stay wherever he wished. So he stayed at 'Aishah’s (Radhi Allahu Anha) house till he expired while he was with her." 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) added, "The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) expired on the day of my turn in my house and he was taken unto Allah while his head was against my chest and his saliva mixed with my saliva." 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) added, "Abdur-Rahman bin Abu Bakr came in, carrying a Siwak he was cleaning his teeth with. Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) looked at it and I said to him, 'O 'AbdurRahman! Give me this Siwak.' So he gave it to me and I cut it, chewed it (it's end) and gave it to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) who cleaned his teeth with it while he was resting against my chest."

* The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) asks in which of his wives' house his stay will be tomorrow.



Hadith Number 732.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) expired in my house and on the day of my turn, leaning against my chest. One of us (i.e. the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)'s wives) used to recite a prayer asking Allah to protect him from all evils when he became sick. So I started asking Allah to protect him from all evils (by reciting a prayer). He raised his head towards the sky and said, "With the highest companions, with the highest companions." 'Abdur-Rahman bin Abu Bakr passed carrying a fresh leaf-stalk of a date-palm and the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) looked at it and I thought that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) was in need of it (for cleaning his teeth). So I took it (from 'Abdur Rahman) and chewed its head and shook it and gave it to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) who cleaned his teeth with it, in the best way he had ever cleaned his teeth, and then he gave it to me, and suddenly his hand dropped down or it fell from his hand (i.e. he expired). So Allah made my saliva mix with his saliva on his last day on earth and his first day in the Hereafter.


Hadith Number 733.


Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): Abu Bakr (Radhi Allahu Anhu) came from his house at As-Sunh on a horse. He dismounted and entered the Masjid, but did not speak to the people till he entered upon 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) and went straight to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) who was covered with Hibra cloth (i.e. a kind of Yemenite cloth). He then uncovered the Prophet’s (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) face and bowed over him and kissed him and wept, saying, "Let my father and mother be sacrificed for you. By Allah, Allah will never cause you to die twice. As for the death which was written for you, has come upon you."

Narrated Ibn 'Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): Abu Bakr (Radhi Allahu Anhu) went out while Umar bin Al-Khattab (Radhi Allahu Anhu) was talking to the people. Abu Bakr said, "Sit down, O 'Umar!" But 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhu) refused to sit down. So the people came to Abu Bakr and left Umar. Abu Bakr (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said, "To proceed, if anyone amongst you used to worship Muhammad, then Muhammad is dead, but if (anyone of) you used to worship Allah, then Allah is Alive and shall never die. Allah said: "Muhammad is no more than an Messenger, and indeed (many) Messengers have passed away before him...(till the end of the Verse)... Allah will reward to those who are thankful." (Surah Al-‘Imran 3:144) By Allah, it was as if the people never knew that Allah had revealed this Verse before till Abu Bakr (Radhi Allahu Anhu) recited it and all the people received it from him, and I heard everybody reciting it (then).

Narrated Az-Zuhri: Said bin Al-Musaiyab told me that 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said, "By Allah, when I heard Abu Bakr reciting it, my legs could not support me and I fell down at the very moment of hearing him reciting it, declaring that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) had died."


Hadith Number 734.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) and Ibn Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): Abu Bakr kissed the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) after his death.


Hadith Number 735.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): We poured medicine in one side of the Prophet’s (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) mouth during his illness and he started pointing to us, meaning to say, "Don't pour medicine in my mouth." We said, "(He says so) because a patient dislikes medicines." When he improved and felt a little better, he said, "Didn't I forbid you to pour medicine in my mouth?" We said, "(We thought it was because of) the dislike, patients have for medicines. He said, "Let everyone present in the house be given medicine by pouring it in his mouth while I am looking at him, except 'Abbas as he has not witnessed you (doing the same to me)."




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As Salamu Alaikum



Hadith Number 736.

Narrated by Al-Aswad: It was mentioned in the presence of 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) had appointed 'Ali as successor by will. Thereupon she said, "Who said so? I saw the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), while I was supporting him against my chest. He asked for a tray, and then fell on one side and expired, and I did not feel it. So how (do the people say) he appointed 'Ali as his successor?"


Hadith Number 737.

Narrated by Talha: I asked 'Abdullah bin Abu 'Aufa "Did the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) make a will? ' He replied, "No." I further asked, "How comes it that the making of a will was enjoined on the people or that they were ordered to make it? " He said, "The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) made a will concerning Allah's Book." (*)

* He advised the people to understand and act upon the Qur’an.



Hadith Number 738.

Narrated by 'Amir bin Al-Harith (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) did not leave a Dinar or a Dirham or a male or a female slave. He left only his white mule on which he used to ride, and his weapons, and a piece of land which he gave in charity for the needy travelers.


Hadith Number 739.

Narrated by Anas (Radhi Allahu Anhu): When the ailment of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) got aggravated, he became unconscious whereupon Fatima said, "Oh, how distressed my father is!" He said, "Your father will have no more distress after today." When he expired, she said, "O Father! Who has responded to the call of the Lord Who has invited him! O Father, whose dwelling place is the Garden of Paradise (i.e. Al-Firdaus)! O Father! We convey this news (of your death) to Jibril." When he was buried, Fatima said, "O Anas! Do you feel pleased to throw earth over Allah's Messenger?"


Hadith Number 740.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): When the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) was healthy, he used to say, "No soul of a Prophet is captured till he is shown his place in Paradise and then he is given the option." (*)

When death approached him while his head was on my thigh, he became unconscious and then recovered his consciousness. He then looked at the ceiling of the house and said, "O Allah! (with) the highest companions." (**) I said (to myself), "Hence, he is not going to choose us." Then I realized that what he had said was the application of the narration which he used to mention to us when he was healthy. The last word he spoke was, "O Allah! (with) the highest companion."

* The option to survive or go to Heaven.

**See Qur'an Surah An-Nisa' 4:69.


Hadith Number 741.

Narrated by 'Aishah and Ibn 'Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) stayed for ten years in Makkah with the Qur'an being revealed to him and he stayed in Al-Madinah for ten years.'





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As Salamu Alaikum


Hadith Number 742.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): Allah 's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) died when he was sixty-three years of age.


Hadith Number 743.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) died while his armor was mortgaged to a Jew for thirty Sa's of barley.


Hadith Number 744.

Narrated by Salim's father: The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) appointed Usama as the commander of the troops (to be sent to Syria). The Muslims spoke about Usama (unfavorably). The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said," I have been informed that you spoke about Usama. (Let it be known that) he is the most beloved of all people to me."


Hadith Number 745.

Narrated by Abdullah bin 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) sent troops appointed Usama bin Zaid (Radhi Allahu Anhu) as their commander. The people criticized his leadership. Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) got up and said, "If you (people) are criticizing his (i.e. Usama's) leadership you used to criticize the leadership of his father before. By Allah, he (i.e. Zaid) deserved the leadership indeed, and he used to be one of the most beloved persons to me, and now this (i.e. his son, Usama) is one of the most beloved persons to me after him."


Hadith Number 746.

Narrated by Ibn Abu Habib: Abu Al-Khair said, "As-Sanabih, I asked (me), 'When did you migrate?' I (i.e. Abu Al-Khair) said, 'We went out from Yemen as emigrants and arrived at Al-Juhfa, and there came a rider whom I asked about the news. The rider said: We buried the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) five days ago." I asked (As-Sanabihi), 'Did you hear anything about the night of Qadr?' He replied, 'Bilal, the Mu'adhdhin of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) informed me that it is on one of the seven nights of the last ten days (of Ramadan)."


Hadith Number 747.

Narrated by Abu Ishaq: I asked Zaid bin Al-Arqam (Radhi Allahu Anhu), "In how many Ghazawat did you take part in the company of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)?" He replied, "Seventeen." I further asked, "How many Ghazawat did the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) fight?" He replied, "Nineteen."


Hadith Number 748.

Narrated by Al-Bara (Radhi Allahu Anhu): I fought fifteen Ghazawat in the company of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam).


Hadith Number 749.

Narrated by Buraida (Radhi Allahu Anhu): That he fought sixteen Ghazawat with Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam).


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