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 Book Fifty Nine – The Book on Military Expeditions led by the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) (Al-Maghaazi)

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As Salamu Alaikum

Bismillah

Book Fifty Nine – The Book on Military Expeditions led by the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) (Al-Maghaazi)



Hadith Number 285.

Narrated by Abu Ishaq: Once, while I was sitting beside Zaid bin Al-Arqam (Radhi Allahu Anhu), he was asked, "How many Ghazwat did the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) undertake?" Zaid replied, "Nineteen." They said, "In how many Ghazwat did you join him?" He replied, "Seventeen." I asked, "Which of these was the first?" He replied, "Al-'Ashira or Al-'Ashiru."


Hadith Number 286.

Narrated by 'Abdullah bin Mas'ud: From Sad bin Mu'adh: Sad bin Mu'adh was an intimate friend of Umaiya bin Khalaf and whenever Umaiya passed through Al-Madinah, he used to stay with Sad, and whenever Sad went to Makkah, he used to stay with Umaiya. When Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) arrived at Al-Madinah, Sa'd went to perform 'Umrah and stayed at Umaiya's home in Makkah. He said to Umaiya, "Tell me of a time when (the Masjid) is empty so that I may be able to perform Tawaf around the Ka'ba." So Umaiya went with him about midday. Abu Jahl met them and said, "O Abu Safwan! Who is this man accompanying you?" He said, "He is Sad." Abu Jahl addressed Sad saying, "I see you wandering about safely in Makkah inspite of the fact that you have given shelter to the people who have changed their religion (i.e. became Muslims) and have claimed that you will help them and support them. By Allah, if you were not in the company of Abu Safwan, you would not be able to go your family safely." Sad, raising his voice, said to him, "By Allah, if you should stop me from doing this (i.e. performing Tawaf) I would certainly prevent you from something which is more valuable for you, that is, your passage through Al-Madinah." On this, Umaiya said to him, "O Sad do not raise your voice before Abu-l-Hakam, the chief of the people of the Valley (of Makkah)." Sad said, "O Umaiya, stop that! By Allah, I have heard Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) predicting that the Muslim will kill you." Umaiya asked, "In Makkah?" Sad said, "I do not know." Umaiya was greatly scared by that news.

When Umaiya returned to his family, he said to his wife, "O Um Safwan! Don't you know what Sad told me? "She said, "What has he told you?" He replied, "He claims that Muhammad has informed them (i.e. companions that they will kill me. I asked him, 'In Makkah?' He replied, 'I do not know." Then Umaiya added, "By Allah, I will never go out of Makkah." But when the day of (the Ghazwa of) Badr came, Abu Jahl called the people to war, saying, "Go and protect your caravan." But Umaiya disliked to go out (of Makkah). Abu Jahl came to him and said, "O Abu Safwan! If the people see you staying behind though you are the chief of the people of the Valley, then they will remain behind with you." Abu Jahl kept on urging him to go until he (i.e. Umaiya) said, "As you have forced me to change my mind, by Allah, I will buy the best camel in Makkah. (*) Then Umaiya said (to his wife). "O Um Safwan, prepare what I need (for the journey)." She said to him, "O Abu Safwan! Have you forgotten what your Yathribi brother told you?" He said, "No, but I do not want to go with them but for a short distance." So when Umaiya went out, he used to tie his camel wherever he camped. He kept on doing that till Allah caused him to be killed at Badr.

* So that he might be able to run away if he should find himself in danger.



Hadith Number 287.

Narrated by Kab bin Malik (Radhi Allahu Anhu): I never failed to join Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) in any of his Ghazawat except in the Ghazwa of Tabuk. However, I did not take part in the Ghazwa of Badr, but none who failed to take part in it, was blamed, for Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) had gone out to meet the caravans of (Quraish, but Allah caused them (i.e. Muslims) to meet their enemy unexpectedly (with no previous intention).



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As Salamu Alaikum


Hadith Number 288.

Narrated by Ibn Masud (Radhi Allahu Anhu): I witnessed Al-Miqdad bin Al-Aswad in a scene which would have been dearer to me than anything had I been the hero of that scene. He (i.e. Al-Miqdad) came to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) while the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) was urging the Muslims to fight with the pagans. Al-Miqdad said, "We will not say as the People of Musa said: Go you and your Lord and fight you two. (Surah Al-Ma’idah 5: 27). But we shall fight on your right and on your left and in front of you and behind you." I saw the face of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) getting bright with happiness, for that saying delighted him.


Hadith Number 289.

Narrated by Ibn Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): On the day of the battle of Badr, the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "O Allah! I appeal to You (to fulfill) Your Covenant and Promise. O Allah! If Your Will is that none should worship You (then give victory to the pagans)." Then Abu Bakr took hold of him by the hand and said, "This is sufficient for you." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) came out saying, "Their multitude will be put to flight and they will show their backs." (Surah Al-Qamar 54: 45)


Hadith Number 290.

Narrated by Ibn Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): The believers who failed to join the Ghazwa of Badr and those who took part in it are not equal (in reward).


Hadith Number 291.

Narrated by Al-Bara (Radhi Allahu Anhu): I and Ibn 'Umar were considered too young to take part in the battle of Badr.


Hadith Number 292.

Narrated by Al-Bara (Radhi Allahu Anhu): I and Ibn 'Umar were considered too young (to take part) in the battle of Badr, and the number of the Emigrant warriors were over sixty (men) and the Ansar were over 249.


Hadith Number 293.

Narrated by Al-Bara (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The companions of (the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)) Muhammad who took part in Badr, told me that their number was that of Saul's (i.e. Talut's) companions who crossed the river (of Jordan) with him and they were over three-hundred-and-ten men. By Allah, none crossed the river with him but a believer. (See Qur'an Surah Al-Baqarah 2:249)


Hadith Number 294.

Narrated by Al-Bara (Radhi Allahu Anhu): We, the Companions of Muhammad used to say that the number of the warriors of Badr was the same as the number of Talut’s (Saul's) companions who crossed the river (of Jordan) with him, and none crossed the river with him but a believer, and the were over three-hundred-and-ten men.


Hadith Number 295.

Narrated by Al-Bara (Radhi Allahu Anhu): As below (Hadith 295).


Hadith Number 296.

Narrated by Al-Bara (Radhi Allahu Anhu): We used to say that the warriors of Badr were over three hundred and ten, as many as the Companions of Talut (Saul) who crossed the river with him; and none crossed the river with him but a believer.



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As Salamu Alaikum


Hadith Number 297.

Narrated by 'Abdullah bin Mas'ud (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) faced the Ka'bah and invoked evil on some people of Quraish, on Shaiba bin Rabi'a, 'Utba bin Rabi'a, Al-Walid bin 'Utba and Abu Jahl bin Hisham. I bear witness, by Allah, that I saw them all dead, putrefied by the sun as that day was a very hot day.


Hadith Number 298.

Narrated by Abdullah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): That he came across Abu Jahl while he was on the point of death on the day of Badr. Abu Jahl said, "You should not be proud that you have killed me nor I am ashamed of being killed by my own folk."


Hadith Number 299.

Narrated by Anas (Radhi Allahu Anhu): As below (Hadith 300).


Hadith Number 300.

Narrated by Anas (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Who will go and see what has happened to Abu Jahl?" Ibn Mas'ud went and found that the two sons of 'Afra had struck him fatally (and he was in his last breaths). 'Abdullah bin Mas'ud said, "Are you Abu Jahl?" And took him by the beard. Abu Jahl said, "Can there be a man superior to one you have killed or one whom his own folk have killed?"


Hadith Number 301.

Narrated by Anas (Radhi Allahu Anhu): On the day of Badr, the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Who will go and see what has happened to Abu Jahl?" Ibn Mas'ud went and found that the two sons of 'Afra had struck him fatally. 'Abdullah bin Mas'ud got hold of his beard and said, "'Are you Abu Jahl?" He replied, "Can there be a man more superior to one whom his own folk have killed (or you have killed)?"


Hadith Number 302.

Narrated by Anas bin Malik (Radhi Allahu Anhu): (As above Hadith 301).


Hadith Number 303.

Narrated by 'Abdur-Rahman bin 'Auf (Radhi Allahu Anhu): (The grandfather of Salih bin Ibrahim) the story of Badr, namely, the narration regarding the sons of 'Afra'.


Hadith Number 304.

Narrated by Abu Mijlaz: From Qais bin Ubad: 'Ali bin Abi Talib (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said, "I shall be the first man to kneel down before (Allah), the Beneficent to receive His judgment on the day of Resurrection (in my favor)." Qais bin Ubad also said, "The following Verse was revealed in their connection:

"These two opponents (believers and disbelievers) dispute with each other about their Lord." (Surah Al-Hajj 22: 19) Qais said that they were those who fought on the day of Badr, namely, Hamza, 'Ali, 'Ubaida or Abu 'Ubaida bin Al-Harith, Shaiba bin Rabi'a, 'Utba and Al-Wahd bin Utba.


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As Salamu Alaikum

Hadith Number 305.

Narrated by Abu Dhar (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The following Verse: "These two opponents (believers & disbelievers) dispute with each other about their Lord," (Surah Al-Hajj 22: 19) was revealed concerning six men from Quraish, namely, 'Ali, Hamza, 'Ubaida bin Al-Harith; Shaiba bin Rabi'a, 'Utba bin Rabi'a and Al-Walid bin 'Utba.


Hadith Number 306.

Narrated by 'Ali (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The following Verse:
"These two opponents (believers and disbelievers) dispute with each other about their Lord." (Surah Al-Hajj 22:19)
was revealed concerning us.


Hadith Number 307.

Narrated by Qais bin Ubad: I heard Abu Dhar swearing that these Holy Verses were revealed in connection with those six persons on the day of Badr.


Hadith Number 308.

Narrated by Qais: I heard Abu Dhar (Radhi Allahu Anhu) swearing that the following Holy Verse: "These two opponents (believers and disbelievers) disputing with each other about their Lord," (Surah Al-Hajj 22:19) was revealed concerning those men who fought on the day of Badr, namely, Hamza, 'Ali, Ubaida bin Al-Harith, Utba and Shaiba... the two sons of Rabi'a... and Al-Walid bin 'Utba.


Hadith Number 309.

Narrated by Abu Ishaq: A man asked Al-Bara' (Radhi Allahu Anhu)and I was listening, "Did 'Ali take part in (the battle of) Badr?" Al-Bara' said, "(Yes). he even met (his enemies) in a duel and was clad in two armors (one over the other)."


Hadith Number 310.

Narrated by 'Abdur-Rahman bin 'Auf : "I had an agreement with Umaiya bin Khalaf (that he would look after my relatives and property in Makkah, and I would look after his relatives and property in Al-Madinah)." 'Abdur-Rahman then mentioned the killing of Umaiya and his son on the day of Badr, and Bilal said, "Woe to me if Umaiya remains safe (i.e. alive)."



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As Salamu Alaikum

Hadith Number 311.

Narrated by 'Abdullah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) recited Surat-an-Najm and then prostrated himself, and all who were with him prostrated too. But an old man took a handful of dust and touched his forehead with it saying, "This is sufficient for me." Later on I saw him killed as an infidel.

Narrated 'Urwa (the son of Az- Zubair): Az-Zubair (Radhi Allahu Anhu) had three scars caused by the sword, one of which was over his shoulder and I used to insert my fingers in it. (*) He received two of those wounds on the day of Badr and one on the day of Al-Yarmuk. When 'Abdullah bin Zubair was killed, 'Abdul-Malik bin Marwan said to me, "O 'Urwa, do you recognize the sword of Az-Zubair?" I said, "Yes." He said, "What marks does it have?" I replied, "It has a dent in its sharp edge which was caused in it on the day of Badr." 'Abdul- Malik said, "You are right! (i.e. their swords) have dents because of clashing with the regiments of the enemies Then 'Abdul-Malik returned that sword to me (i.e. Urwa). (Hisham, 'Urwa's son said, "We estimated the price of the sword as three-thousand (Dinars) and after that it was taken by one of us (i.e. the inheritors) and I wish I could have had it.")

* 'Urwa used to do so when he was a child.



Hadith Number 312.

Narrated by Hisham: That his father said, "The sword of Az-Zubair was decorated with silver." Hisham added, "The sword of 'Urwa was (also) decorated with silver."


Hadith Number 313.

Narrated by 'Urwa: On the day of (the battle) of Al-Yarmuk, the companions of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said to Az-Zubair (Radhi Allahu Anhu), "Will you attack the enemy so that we shall attack them with you?" Az-Zubair replied, "If I attack them, you people would not support me." They said, "No, we will support you." So Az-Zubair attacked them (i.e. Byzantine) and pierced through their lines, and went beyond them and none of his companions was with him. Then he returned and the enemy got hold of the bridle of his (horse) and struck him two blows (with the sword) on his shoulder. Between these two wounds there was a scar caused by a blow, he had received on the day of Badr (battle). When I was a child I used to play with those scars by putting my fingers in them. On that day (my brother) "Abdullah bin Az-Zubair was also with him and he was ten years old. Az-Zubair had carried him on a horse and left him to the care of some men.



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As Salamu Alaikum

Hadith Number 314.

Narrated by Abu Talha (Radhi Allahu Anhu): On the day of Badr, the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) ordered that the corpses of twenty four leaders of Quraish should be thrown into one of the dirty dry wells of Badr. (It was a habit of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) that whenever he conquered some people, he used to stay at the battle-field for three nights. So, on the third day of the battle of Badr, he ordered that his she-camel be saddled, then he set out, and his companions followed him saying among themselves." "Definitely he (i.e. the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)) is proceeding for some great purpose." When he halted at the edge of the well, he addressed the corpses of the Quraish infidels by their names and their fathers' names, "O so-and-so, son of so-and-so and O so-and-so, son of so-and-so! Would it have pleased you if you had obeyed Allah and His Messenger? We have found true what our Lord promised us. Have you too found true what your Lord promised you? "'Umar said, "O Allah's Messenge! You are speaking to bodies that have no souls!" Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "By Him in Whose Hand Muhammad's soul is, you do not hear, what I say better than they do." (Qatada said, "Allah brought them to life (again) to let them hear him, to reprimand them and slight them and take revenge over them and caused them to feel remorseful and regretful.")


Hadith Number 315.

Narrated by Ibn 'Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): Regarding the Statement of Allah: "Those who have changed Allah's Blessings for disbelief..." (Surah Ibrahim 14: 28) The people meant here by Allah, are the infidels of Quraish. ('Amr, a sub-narrator said, "Those are (the infidels of) Quraish and Muhammad is Allah's Blessing. Regarding Allah's Statement: "...and have led their people into the house of destruction?” (Surah Ibrahim 14: 28) Ibn 'Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma) said, "It means the Fire they will suffer from (after their death) on the day of Badr."


Hadith Number 316.

Narrated by Hisham's father: It was mentioned before 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) that Ibn 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma) attributed the following statement to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) "The dead person is punished in the grave because of the crying and lamentation Of his family." On that, 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) said, "But Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, 'The dead person is punished for his crimes and sins while his family cry over him then." She added, "And this is similar to the statement of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) when he stood by the (edge of the) well which contained the corpses of the pagans killed at Badr, 'They hear what I say.' She added, "But he said now they know very well what I used to tell them was the truth." 'Aishah then recited: 'You cannot make the dead hear.' (Surah Ar-Rum 30:52) and 'You cannot make those who are in their Graves, hear you.' (Surah Fatir 35:22) that is, when they had taken their places in the (Hell) Fire.


Hadith Number 317.

Narrated by Ibn Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) stood at the well of Badr (which contained the corpses of the pagans) and said, "Have you found true what your lord promised you?" Then he further said, "They now hear what I say." This was mentioned before 'Aishah and she said, "But the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, 'Now they know very well that what I used to tell them was the truth.' Then she recited (the Holy Verse): "You cannot make the dead hear... till the end of Verse)." (Surah Ar-Rum 30: 52)


Hadith Number 318.

Narrated by Anas (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Haritha was martyred on the day (of the battle) of Badr, and he was a young boy then. His mother came to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and said, "O Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)! You know how dear Haritha is to me. If he is in Paradise, I shall remain patient, and hope for reward from Allah, but if it is not so, then you shall see what I do?" He said, "May Allah be merciful to you! Have you lost your senses? Do you think there is only one Paradise? There are many Paradises and your son is in the (most superior) Paradise of Al-Firdaus."


Hadith Number 319.

Narrated by 'Ali (Radhi Allahu Anhu) : Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) sent me, Abu Marthad and Az-Zubair, and all of us were riding horses, and said, "Go till you reach Raudat-Khakh where there is a pagan woman carrying a letter from Hatib bin Abi Balta' a to the pagans of Makkah." So we found her riding her camel at the place which Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) had mentioned. We said (to her),"(Give us) the letter." She said, "I have no letter." Then we made her camel kneel down and we searched her, but we found no letter. Then we said, "Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) had not told us a lie, certainly. Take out the letter, otherwise we will strip you naked." When she saw that we were determined, she put her hand below her waist belt, for she had tied her cloak round her waist, and she took out the letter, and we brought her to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) Then 'Umar said, "O Allah's Messenger! (This Hatib) has betrayed Allah, His Messenger and the believers! Let me cut off his neck!" The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) asked Hatib, "What made you do this?" Hatib said, "By Allah, I did not intend to give up my belief in Allah and His Messenger but I wanted to have some influence among the (Makkah) people so that through it, Allah might protect my family and property. There is none of your companions but has some of his relatives there through whom Allah protects his family and property." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "He has spoken the truth; do no say to him but good." 'Umar said, "He as betrayed Allah, His Messenger and the faithful believers. Let me cut off his neck!" The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Is he not one of the Badr warriors? May be Allah looked at the Badr warriors and said, 'Do whatever you like, as I have granted Paradise to you, or said, 'I have forgiven you."' On this, tears came out of Umar's (Radhi Allahu Anhu) eyes, and he said, "Allah and His Messenger know better."




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As Salamu Alaikum


Hadith Number 320.

Narrated by Usaid (Radhi Allahu Anhu): On the day of Badr, Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said to us, "When the enemy comes near to you, shoot at them but use your arrows sparingly (so that your arrows should not be wasted)."


Hadith Number 321.

Narrated by Abu Usaid (Radhi Allahu Anhu): On the day of (the battle of) Badr, Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said to us, "When your enemy comes near to you (i.e. overcome you by sheer number), shoot at them but use your arrows sparingly."


Hadith Number 322.

Narrated by Al-Bara' bin 'Azib (Radhi Allahu Anhu): On the day of Uhud the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) appointed 'Abdullah bin Jubair as chief of the archers, and seventy among us were injured and martyred. On the day (of the battle) of Badr, the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and his companions had inflicted 140 casualties on the pagans, 70 were taken prisoners, and 70 were killed. Abu Sufyan said, "This is a day of (revenge) for the day of Badr and the issue of war is undecided."


Hadith Number 323.

Narrated by Abu Musa (Radhi Allahu Anhu): That the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "The good is what Allah gave us later on (after Uhud), and the reward of truthfulness is what Allah gave us after the day (of the battle) of Badr." (*)

* This is a part of a longer Hadith in which a dream of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) is mentioned, and this part is a part of its interpretation.


Hadith Number 324.

Narrated by 'Abdur-Rahman bin 'Auf (Radhi Allahu Anhu): While I was fighting in the front file on the day (of the battle) of Badr, suddenly I looked behind and saw on my right and left two young boys and did not feel safe by standing between them. Then one of them asked me secretly so that his companion may not hear, "O Uncle! Show me Abu Jahl." I said, "O nephew! What will you do to him?" He said, "I have promised Allah that if I see him (i.e. Abu Jahl), I will either kill him or be killed before I kill him." Then the other said the same to me secretly so that his companion should not hear. I would not have been pleased to be in between two other men instead of them. Then I pointed him (i.e. Abu Jahl) out to them. Both of them attacked him like two hawks till they knocked him down. Those two boys were the sons of 'Afra' (i.e. an Ansari woman).




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As Salamu Alaikum


Hadith Number 325.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) sent out ten spies under the command of 'Asim bin Thabit Al-Ansari (Radhi Allahu Anhu), the grand-father of 'Asim bin 'Umar Al-Khattab. When they reached (a place called) Al-Hadah between 'Usfan and Makkah, their presence was made known to a sub-tribe of Hudhail called Banu Lihyan. So they sent about one hundred archers after them. The archers traced the footsteps (of the Muslims) till they found the traces of dates which they had eaten at one of their camping places. The archers said, "These dates are of Yathrib (i.e. Al-Madinah)," and went on tracing the Muslims' footsteps. When 'Asim and his companions became aware of them, they took refuge in a (high) place. But the enemy encircled them and said, "Come down and surrender. We give you a solemn promise and covenant that we will not kill anyone of you." 'Asim bin Thabit said, "O people! As for myself, I will never get down to be under the protection of an infidel. O Allah! Inform your Prophet about us." So the archers threw their arrows at them and martyred 'Asim. Three of them came down and surrendered to them, accepting their promise and covenant and they were Khubaib, Zaid bin Ad-Dathina and another man. When the archers got hold of them, they untied the strings of the arrow bows and tied their captives with them. The third man said, "This is the first proof of treachery! By Allah, I will not go with you for I follow the example of these." He meant the martyred companions. The archers dragged him and struggled with him (till they martyred him). Then Khubaib and Zaid bin Ad-Dathina were taken away by them and later on they sold them as slaves in Makkah after the event of the Badr battle.

The sons of Al-Harit bin 'Amr bin Naufal bought Khubaib for he was a person who had killed (their father) Al-Hari bin 'Amr on the day (of the battle) of Badr. Khubaib remained imprisoned by them till they decided unanimously to kill him. One day Khubaib borrowed from a daughter of Al-Harith, a razor for shaving his public hair, and she lent it to him. By chance, while she was inattentive, a little son of hers went to him (i.e. Khubaib) and she saw that Khubaib had seated him on his thigh while the razor was in his hand. She was so much terrified that Khubaib noticed her fear and said, "Are you afraid that I will kill him? Never would I do such a thing." Later on (while narrating the story) she said, "By Allah, I had never seen a better captive than Khubaib. By Allah, one day I saw him eating from a bunch of grapes in his hand while he was fettered with iron chains and (at that time) there was no fruit in Makkah." She used to say," It was food Allah had provided Khubaib with."

When they took him to Al-Hil out of Makkah sanctuary to martyr him, Khubaib requested them. "Allow me to offer a two-Rak'at prayer." They allowed him and he prayed two Rakat and then said, "By Allah! Had I not been afraid that you would think I was worried, I would have prayed more." Then he (invoked evil upon them) saying, "O Allah! Count them and kill them one by one, and do not leave anyone of them"' Then he recited: "As I am martyred as a Muslim, I do not care in what way I receive my death for Allah's Sake, for this is for the Cause of Allah. If He wishes, He will bless the cut limbs of my body." Then Abu Sarva, 'Ubqa bin Al-Harith went up to him and killed him. It was Khubaib who set the tradition of praying for any Muslim to be martyred in captivity (before he is executed). The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) told his companions of what had happened (to those ten spies) on the same day they were martyred. Some Quraish people, being informed of 'Asim bin Thabit's death, sent some messengers to bring a part of his body so that his death might be known for certain, for he had previously killed one of their leaders (in the battle of Badr). But Allah sent a swarm of wasps to protect the dead body of 'Asim, and they shielded him from the messengers who could not cut anything from his body.




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As Salamu Alaikum

Hadith Number 326.

Narrated by Nafi: Ibn 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhu) was once told that Said bin Zaid bin 'Amr bin Nufail (Radhi Allahu Anhu), one of the Badr warriors, had fallen ill on a Friday. Ibn 'Umar rode to him late in the forenoon. The time of the Friday prayer approached and Ibn 'Umar did not take part in the Friday prayer.

Narrated Subaia bint Al-Harith: That she was married to Sad bin Khaula who was from the tribe of Bani 'Amr bin Luai, and was one of those who fought the Badr battle. He died while she was pregnant during Hajjat-ul-Wada.' Soon after his death, she gave birth to a child. When she completed the term of deliver (i.e. became clean), she prepared herself for suitors. Abu As-Sanabil bin Bu'kak, a man from the tribe of Bani Abd-ud-Dal called on her and said to her, "What! I see you dressed up for the people to ask you in marriage. Do you want to marry by Allah, you are not allowed to marry unless four months and ten days have elapsed (after your husband's death)." Subai'a in her narration said, "When he (i.e. Abu As-Sanabil) said this to me. I put on my dress in the evening and went to Allah's Messenger and asked him about this problem. He gave the verdict that I was free to marry as I had already given birth to my child and ordered me to marry if I wished."


Hadith Number 327.

Narrated by Rifaa (Radhi Allahu Anhu): (Who was one of the Badr warriors) Jibril (Alayhi Salam) came to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and said, "How do you look upon the warriors of Badr among yourselves?" The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "As the best of the Muslims." or said a similar statement. On that, Jibril (Alayhi Salam) said, "And so are the Angels who participated in the Badr (battle)."


Hadith Number 328.

Narrated by Mu'adh bin Rifa'a bin Rafi: Rifa'a was one of the warriors of Badr while (his father) Rafi' was one of the people of Al-'Aqaba (i.e. those who gave the pledge of allegiance at Al-'Aqaba). Rafi' used to say to his son, "I would not have been happier if I had taken part in the Badr battle instead of taking part in the 'Aqaba pledge." (*)


* Rafi' regarded the event of Al-'Aqaba pledge as superior to the battle of Badr.




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Hadith Number 329.

Narrated by Mu'adh (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The one who asked (the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)) was Jibril (Alayhi Salam).


Hadith Number 330.

Narrated by Ibn 'Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said on the day (of the battle) of Badr, "This is Jibril holding the head of his horse and equipped with arms for the battle.


Hadith Number 331.

Narrated by Anas (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Abu Zaid (Radhi Allahu Anhu) died and did not leave any offspring, and he was one of the Badr warriors.


Hadith Number 332.

Narrated by Ibn Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Abu Said bin Malik Al-Khudri returned from a journey and his family offered him some meat of sacrifices offered at 'Id ul Adha. On that he said, "I will not eat it before asking (whether it is allowed)." He went to his maternal brother, Qatada bin N i'man, who was one of the Badr warriors, and asked him about it. Qatada said, "After your departure, an order was issued by the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) cancelling the prohibition of eating sacrifices after three days."


Hadith Number 333.

Narrated by 'Urwa: Az-Zubair (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said, "I met Ubaida bin Said bin Al-As on the day (of the battle) of Badr and he was covered with armor; so much that only his eyes were visible. He was surnamed Abu Dhat-al-Karish. He said (proudly), 'I am Abu-al-Karish.' I attacked him with the spear and pierced his eye and he died. I put my foot over his body to pull (that spear) out, but even then I had to use a great force to take it out as its both ends were bent." 'Urwa said, "Later on Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) asked Az-Zubair for the spear and he gave it to him. When Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) died, Az-Zubair took it back. After that Abu Bakr demanded it and he gave it to him, and when Abu Bakr died, Az-Zubair took it back. 'Umar then demanded it from him and he gave it to him. When 'Umar died, Az-Zubair took it back, and then 'Uthman demanded it from him and he gave it to him. When 'Uthman was martyred, the spear remained with Ali's offspring. Then 'Abdullah bin Az-Zubair demanded it back, and it remained with him till he was martyred.




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As Salamu Alaikum


Hadith Number 334.

Narrated by 'Ubada bin As-Samit: (Who was one of the Badr warriors) Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Give me the pledge of allegiance."


Hadith Number 335.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) : (The wife of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)) Abu Hudhaifa (Radhi Allahu Anhu), one of those who fought the battle of Badr, with Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) adopted Salim as his son and married his niece Hind bint Al-Wahd bin 'Utba to him' and Salim was a freed slave of an Ansari woman. Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) also adopted Zaid as his son. In the Pre-lslamic period of ignorance the custom was that, if one adopted a son, the people would call him by the name of the adopted-father whom he would inherit as well, till Allah revealed: "Call them (adopted sons) by (the names of) their fathers." (Surah Al-Ahzab 33:5)


Hadith Number 336.

Narrated by Ar-Rubai bint Muauwidh (Radhi Allahu Anha): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) came to me after consuming his marriage with me and sat down on my bed as you (the sub-narrator) are sitting now, and small girls were beating the tambourine and singing in lamentation of my father who had been killed on the day of the battle of Badr. Then one of the girls said, "There is a Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) amongst us who knows what will happen tomorrow." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said (to her)," Do not say this, but go on saying what you have spoken before."


Hadith Number 337.

Narrated by Ibn 'Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): As below (Hadith 338).


Hadith Number 338.

Narrated by Ibn Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Abu Talha (Radhi Allahu Anhu), a companion of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and one of those who fought at Badr together with Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) told me that Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said. "Angels do not enter a house in which there is a dog or a picture" He meant the images of creatures that have souls.





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As Salamu Alaikum


Hadith Number 339.

Narrated by 'Ali (Radhi Allahu Anhu): As below (Hadith 340).


Hadith Number 340.

Narrated by 'Ali (Radhi Allahu Anhu): I had a she-camel which I got in my share from the booty of the battle of Badr, and the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) had given me another she camel from the Khumus which Allah had bestowed on him that day. And when I intended to celebrate my marriage to Fatima, the daughter of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), I made an arrangement with a goldsmith from Bani Qainuqa 'that he should go with me to bring Idhkhir (i.e. a kind of grass used by gold-smiths) which I intended to sell to gold-smiths in order to spend its price on the marriage banquet. While I was collecting ropes and sacks of pack saddles for my two she-camels which were kneeling down beside an Ansari's dwelling and after collecting what I needed, I suddenly found that the humps of the two she-camels had been cut off and their flanks had been cut open and portions of their livers had been taken out. On seeing that, I could not help weeping. I asked, "Who has done that?" They (i.e. the people) said, "Hamza bin 'Abdul Muttalib has done it. He is present in this house with some Ansari drinkers, a girl singer, and his friends. The singer said in her song, "O Hamza, get at the fat she-camels!" On hearing this, Hamza rushed to his sword and cut of the camels' humps and cut their flanks open and took out portions from their livers." Then I came to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), with whom Zaid bin Haritha was present. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) noticed my state and asked, "What is the matter?" I said, "O Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), I have never experienced such a day as today! Hamza attacked my two she-camels, cut off their humps and cut their flanks open, and he is still present in a house along some drinkers." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) asked for his cloak, put it on, and proceeded, followed by Zaid bin Haritha and myself, till he reached the house where Hamza was. He asked the permission to enter, and he was permitted. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) started blaming Hamza for what he had done. Hamza was drunk and his eyes were red. He looked at the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) then raised his eyes to look at his knees and raised his eves more to look at his face and then said, "You are not but my father's slaves." When the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) understood that Hamza was drunk, he retreated, walking backwards went out and we left with him.


Hadith Number 341.

Narrated by Ibn Maqal: 'Ali led the funeral prayer of Sahl bin Hunaif and said, "He was one of the warriors of Badr."


Hadith Number 342.

Narrated by 'Abdullah bin 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): Umar bin Al-Khattab (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said, "When (my daughter) Hafsa bint 'Umar lost her husband Khunais bin Hudhaifa As-Sahrni who was one of the companions of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and had fought in the battle of Badr and had died in Al-Madinah, I met 'Uthman bin 'Affan and suggested that he should marry Hafsa saying, "If you wish, I will marry Hafsa bint 'Umar to you,' on that, he said, 'I will think it over.' I waited for a few days and then he said to me. 'I am of the opinion that I shall not marry at present.' Then I met Abu Bakr and said, 'if you wish, I will marry you, Hafsa bint 'Umar.' He kept quiet and did not give me any reply and I became more angry with him than I was with Uthman. Some days later, Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) demanded her hand in marriage and I married her to him. Later on Abu Bakr met me and said, "Perhaps you were angry with me when you offered me Hafsa for marriage and I gave no reply to you?' I said, 'Yes.' Abu Bakr said, 'Nothing prevented me from accepting your offer except that I learnt that Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) had referred to the issue of Hafsa and I did not want to disclose the secret of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), but had he (i.e. the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)) given her up I would surely have accepted her."




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As Salamu Alaikum



Hadith Number 343.

Narrated by Abu Masud Al-Badri: The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "A man's spending on his family is a deed of charity."


Hadith Number 344.

Narrated by Az-Zuhri: I heard 'Urwa bin Az-Zubair talking to 'Umar bin 'Abdul 'Aziz during the latter's Governorship (at Al-Madinah), he said, "Al-Mughira bin Shu'ba delayed the 'Asr prayer when he was the ruler of Al-Kufa. On that, Abu Mas'ud. 'Uqba bin 'Amr Al-Ansari, the grand-father of Zaid bin Hasan, who was one of the Badr warriors, came in and said, (to Al-Mughira), 'You know that Jibril came down and offered the prayer and Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) prayed five prescribed prayers, and Jibril said (to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)), "I have been ordered to do so (i.e. offer these five prayers at these fixed stated hours of the day)."


Hadith Number 345.

Narrated by Abu Masud Al-Badri: Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "It is sufficient for one to recite the last two Verses of Surat-al-Baqarah (2) at night."


Hadith Number 346.

Narrated by Mahmud bin Ar-Rabi: That 'Itban bin Malik who was one of the companions of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and one of the warriors of Badr, came to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam).


Hadith Number 347.

Narrated by Ibn Shihab: I asked Al-Husain bin Muhammad who was one of the sons of Salim and one of the nobles amongst them, about the narration of Mahmud bin Ar-Rabi 'from 'Itban bin Malik, and he confirmed it.


Hadith Number 348.

Narrated by 'Abdullah bin 'Amr bin Rabi'a: Who was one of the leaders of Bani 'Adi and his father participated in the battle of Badr in the company of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam). 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhu) appointed Qudama bin Maz'un as ruler of Bahrain, Qudama was one of the warriors of the battle of Badr and was the maternal uncle of Abdullah bin 'Umar and Hafsa (Radhi Allahu Anhuma).


Hadith Number 349.

Narrated by Az-Zuhri: Salim bin 'Abdullah told me that Rafi' bin Khadij told 'Abdullah bin 'Umar that his two paternal uncles who had fought in the battle of Badr informed him that Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) forbade the renting of fields. I said to Salim, "Do you rent your land?" He said, "Yes, for Rafi' is mistaken."


Hadith Number 350.

Narrated by 'Abdullah bin Shaddad bin Al-Had Al-Laithi: I saw Rifa'a bin Rafi Al-Ansari (Radhi Allahu Anhu) who was a Badr warrior.


Hadith Number 351.

Narrated by Al-Miswar bin Makhrama: That 'Amr bin Auf, who was an ally of Bani 'Amir bin Luai and one of those who fought at Badr in the company of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), said, "Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) sent Abu 'Ubaida bin Al-Jarrah to Bahrain to bring the Jizya taxation from its people, for Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) had made a peace treaty with the people of Bahrain and appointed Al-'Ala' bin Al-Hadrami as their ruler. So, Abu 'Ubaida arrived with the money from Bahrain. When the Ansar heard of the arrival of Abu 'Ubaida (on the next day) they offered the morning prayer with the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and when the morning prayer had finished, they presented themselves before him. On seeing the Ansar, Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) smiled and said, "I think you have heard that Abu 'Ubaida has brought something?" They replied, "Indeed, it is so, O Allah's Messenger!" He said, "Be happy, and hope for what will please you. By Allah, I am not afraid that you will be poor, but I fear that worldly wealth will be bestowed upon you as it was bestowed upon those who lived before you. So you will compete amongst yourselves for it, as they competed for it and it will destroy you as it did them."





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Hadith Number 352.

Narrated by Nafi: Ibn 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhu) used to kill all kinds of snakes until Abu Lubaba Al-Badri (Radhi Allahu Anhu) told him that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) had forbidden the killing of harmless snakes living in houses and called Jinan. So Ibn 'Umar gave up killing them.


Hadith Number 353.

Narrated by Anas bin Malik (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Some men of the Ansar requested Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) to allow them to see him, they said, "Allow us to forgive the ransom of our sister's son, 'Abbas." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "By Allah, you will not leave a single Dirham of it!"


Hadith Number 354.

Narrated by 'Ubaidullah bin 'Adi bin Al-Khiyar: That Al-Miqdad bin 'Amr Al-Kindi, who was an ally of Bani Zuhra and one of those who fought the battle of Badr together with Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) told him that he said to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), "Suppose I met one of the infidels and we fought, and he struck one of my hands with his sword and cut it off and then took refuge in a tree and said, "I surrender to Allah (i.e. I have become a Muslim),' could I kill him, O Allah's Messenger, after he had said this?" Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "You should not kill him." Al-Miqdad said, "O Allah's Messenger! But he had cut off one of my two hands, and then he had uttered those words?" Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) replied, "You should not kill him, for if you kill him, he would be in your position where you had been before killing him, and you would be in his position where he had been before uttering those words."


Hadith Number 355.

Narrated by Anas (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said on the day of Badr, "Who will go and see what has happened to Abu Jahl?" Ibn Mas'ud went and saw him struck by the two sons of 'Afra and was on the point of death. Ibn Mas'ud said, "Are you Abu Jahl?" Abu Jahl replied, "Can there be a man more superior to the one whom you have killed (or as Sulaiman said, or his own folk have killed.)?" Abu Jahl added, "Would that I had been killed by other than a mere farmer."


Hadith Number 356.

Narrated by Ibn Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): 'Umar said, "When the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) died I said to Abu Bakr, 'Let us go to our Ansari brethren.' We met two pious men from them, who had fought in the battle of Badr." When I mentioned this to Urwa bin Az-Zubair, he said, "Those two pious men were 'Uwaim bin Sa'ida and Manbin Adi (Radhi Allahu Anhuma)."


Hadith Number 357.

Narrated by Qais: The Badr warriors were given five thousand (Dirhams) each, yearly. 'Umar said, "I will surely give them more than what I will give to others."


Hadith Number 358.

Narrated by Jubair bin Mut'im (Radhi Allahu Anhu): I heard the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) reciting Surat-at-Tur in Maghrib prayer, and that was at a time when belief was first planted in my heart. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) while speaking about the war prisoners of Badr, said, "Were Al-Mutim bin Adi alive and interceded with me for these filthy people, I would definitely forgive them for his sake."

Narrated Said bin Al-Musaiyab: When the first civil strife (in Islam) took place because of the murder of 'Uthman, it left none of the Badr warriors alive. When the second civil strife, that is the battle of Al-Harra, (*) took place, it left none of the Hudaibiya treaty companions alive. Then the third civil strife took place and it did not subside till it had exhausted all the strength of the people.

* The people of Al-Madinah were massacred by Yazid's army.



Hadith Number 359.

Narrated by Yunus bin Yazid: I heard Az-Zuhri saying, "I heard 'Urwa bin Az-Zubair. Said bin Al-Musaiyab, 'Alqama bin Waqqas and 'Ubaidullah bin 'Abdullah each narrating part of the narrative concerning 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) the wife of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam). 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) said: When I and Um Mistah were returning, Um Mistah stumbled by treading on the end of her robe, and on that she said, 'May Mistah be ruined.' I said, 'You have said a bad thing, you curse a man who took part in the battle of Badr!." Az-Zuhri then narrated the narration of the Lie (forged against 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha)).





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As Salamu Alaikum

Hadith Number 360.

Narrated by Ibn Shihab: These were the battles of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) (which he fought), and while mentioning (the Badr battle) he said, "While the corpses of the pagans were being thrown into the well, Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said (to them), 'Have you found what your Lord promised true?" 'Abdullah said, "Some of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)'s companions said, "O Allah's Messenger! You are addressing dead people.' Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) replied, 'You do not hear what I am saying, better than they.' The total number of Muslim fighters from Quraish who fought in the battle of Badr and were given their share of the booty, were 81 men." Az-Zubair said, "When their shares were distributed, their number was 101 men. But Allah knows it better."


Hadith Number 361.

Narrated by Az-Zubair (Radhi Allahu Anhu): On the day of Badr, (Quraishi) Emigrants received 100 shares of the war booty."


Hadith Number 362.

Narrated by Ibn Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): Bani An-Nadir and Bani Quraiza fought (against the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) violating their peace treaty), so the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) exiled Bani An-Nadir and allowed Bani Quraiza to remain at their places (in Al-Madinah) taking nothing from them till they fought against the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) again). He then killed their men and distributed their women, children and property among the Muslims, but some of them came to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and he granted them safety, and they embraced Islam. He exiled all the Jews from Al-Madinah. They were the Jews of Bani Qainuqa', the tribe of 'Abdullah bin Salam and the Jews of Bani Haritha and all the other Jews of Al-Madinah.


Hadith Number 363.

Narrated by Said bin Jubair: I mentioned to Ibn 'Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma) Surat-Hashr. He said, "Call it Surat-an-Nadir."


Hadith Number 364.

Narrated by Anas bin Malik (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Some people used to allot some date palm trees to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) as gift till he conquered Banu Quraiza and Bani An-Nadir, where upon he started returning their date palms to them.


Hadith Number 365.

Narrated by Ibn Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) had the date-palm trees of Bani Al-Nadir burnt and cut down at a place called Al-Buwaira. Allah then revealed: "What you cut down of the date-palm trees (of the enemy) or you left them standing on their stems. It was by Allah's Permission." (Surah Al-Hashr 59:5)


Hadith Number 366.

Narrated by Ibn Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) burnt the date-palm trees of Bani An-Nadir. Hassan bin Thabit said the following poetic Verses about this event: "the terrible burning of Al-Buwaira has been received indifferently by the nobles of Bani Luai (The masters and nobles of Quraish)." (*) Abu Sufyan bin Al-Harith (i.e. the Prophet’s (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) cousin who was still a disbeliever then) replied to Hassan, saying in poetic verses: "May Allah bless that burning And set all its (i.e. Al-Madinah's) parts on burning fire. You will see who is far from it (i.e. Al-Buwaira) and which of our lands will be harmed by it (i.e. the burning of Al-Buwaira)."

* Hassan is abusing Quraish who had tempted Bani An-Nadir to break the covenant with Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and promised to help them in case he attacked them, but they did not keep their promise when the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) attacked and overcame them.





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As Salamu Alaikum


Hadith Number 367.

Narrated by Malik bin Aus Al-Hadathan An-Nasri: That once 'Umar bin Al-Khattab (Radhi Allahu Anhu) called him and while he was sitting with him, his gatekeeper, Yarfa came and said, "Will you admit 'Uthman, 'Abdur-Rahman bin Auf, Az-Zubair and Sad (bin Abi Waqqas) (Radhi Allahu Anhum) who are waiting for your permission?" 'Umar said, "Yes, let them come in." After a while, Yarfa came again and said, "Will you admit 'Ali and 'Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma) who are asking your permission?" 'Umar said, "Yes." So, when the two entered, 'Abbas said, "O chief of the believers! Judge between me and this (i.e. 'Ali). "Both of them had a dispute regarding the property of Bani An-Nadir which Allah had given to His Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) as Fai (i.e. booty gained without fighting), 'Ali and 'Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma) started reproaching each other. The (present) people (i.e. 'Uthman and his companions) said, "O chief of the believers! Give your verdict in their case and relieve each from) the other." 'Umar said, "Wait I beseech you, by Allah, by Whose Permission both the heaven and the earth stand fast! Do you know that Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, 'We (Prophets) our properties are not to be inherited, and whatever we leave, is to be spent in charity,' and he said it about himself?" They (i.e. 'Uthman and his company) said, "He did say it. "'Umar then turned towards 'Ali and 'Abbas and said, "I beseech you both, by Allah! Do you know that Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said this?" They replied in the affirmative. He said, "Now I am talking to you about this matter. Allah the Glorified favored His Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) with something of this Fai (i.e. booty won without fighting) which He did not give to anybody else. Allah said:

"And what Allah gave to His Messenger ("Fai"" Booty) from them... for which you made no expedition with either calvary or camelry. But Allah gives power to His Messengers over whomsoever he will and Allah is able to do all things." (Surah Al-Hashr 59:6)

So this property was especially granted to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam). But by Allah, the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) neither took it all for himself only, nor deprived you of it, but he gave it to all of you and distributed it amongst you till only this remained out of it. And from this Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) used to spend the yearly maintenance for his family, and whatever used to remain, he used to spend it where Allah's Property is spent (i.e. in charity), Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) kept on acting like that during all his life, Then he died, and Abu Bakr (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said, 'I am the successor of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam).' So he (i.e. Abu Bakr) took charge of this property and disposed of it in the same manner as Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) used to do, and all of you (at that time) knew all about it." Then 'Umar turned towards 'Ali and 'Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma) and said, "You both remember that Abu Bakr disposed of it in the way you have described and Allah knows that, in that matter, he was sincere, pious, rightly guided and the follower of the right. Then Allah caused Abu Bakr to die and I said, 'I am the successor of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and Abu Bakr.' So I kept this property in my possession for the first two years of my rule (i.e. Caliphate and I used to dispose of it in the same wa as Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and Abu Bakr used to do; and Allah knows that I have been sincere, pious, rightly guided an the follower of the right (in this matte Later on both of you (i.e. 'Ali and Abbas) came to me, and the claim of you both was one and the same, O 'Abbas! You also came to me. So I told you both that Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Our property is not inherited, but whatever we leave is to be given in charity.' Then when I thought that I should better hand over this property to you both or the condition that you will promise and pledge before Allah that you will dispose it off in the same way as Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and Abu Bakr did and as I have done since the beginning of my caliphate or else you should not speak to me (about it).' So, both of you said to me, 'Hand it over to us on this condition.' And on this condition I handed it over to you. Do you want me now to give a decision other than that (decision)? By Allah, with Whose Permission both the sky and the earth stand fast, I will never give any decision other than that (decision) till the Last Hour is established. But if you are unable to manage it (i.e. that property), then return it to me, and I will manage on your behalf." The sub-narrator said, "I told 'Urwa bin Az-Zubair of this Hadith and he said, 'Malik bin Aus has told the truth" I heard 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha), the wife of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) saying, 'The wives of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) sent 'Uthman to Abu Bakr demanding from him their 1/8 of the Fai which Allah had granted to his Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam). But I used to oppose them and say to them: Will you not fear Allah? Don't you know that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) used to say: Our property is not inherited, but whatever we leave is to be given in charity? The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) mentioned that regarding himself. He added: 'The family of Muhammad can take their sustenance from this property. So the wives of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) stopped demanding it when I told them of that.' So, this property (of Sadaqa) was in the hands of Ali who withheld it from 'Abbas and overpowered him. Then it came in the hands of Hasan bin 'Ali, then in the hands of Husain bin 'Ali, and then in the hands of Ali bin Husain and Hasan bin Hasan, and each of the last two used to manage it in turn, then it came in the hands of Zaid bin Hasan, and it was truly the Sadaqah of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)."


Hadith Number 368.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): Fatima and Al-Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma) came to Abu Bakr (Radhi Allahu Anhu), claiming their inheritance of the Prophet’s (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) land of Fadak and his share from Khaibar. Abu Bakr (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said, "I heard the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) saying, 'Our property is not inherited, and whatever we leave is to be given in charity. But the family of Muhammad can take their sustenance from this property.' By Allah, I would love to do good to the Kith and kin of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) rather than to my own Kith and kin."



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As Salamu Alaikum

Hadith Number 369.

Narrated by Jabir bin 'Abdullah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Who is willing to kill Ka'b bin Al-Ashraf who has hurt Allah and His Messenger?" Thereupon Muhammad bin Maslama got up saying, "O Allah's Messenger! Would you like that I kill him?" The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Yes," Muhammad bin Maslama (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said, "Then allow me to say a (false) thing (i.e. to deceive Kab). "The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "You may say it." Then Muhammad bin Maslama went to Kab and said, "That man (i.e. Muhammad demands Sadaqah (i.e. Zakat) from us, and he has troubled us, and I have come to borrow something from you." On that, Kab said, "By Allah, you will get tired of him!" Muhammad bin Maslama said, "Now as we have followed him, we do not want to leave him unless and until we see how his end is going to be. Now we want you to lend us a camel load or two of food." (Some difference between narrators about a camel load or two.) Kab said, "Yes, (I will lend you), but you should mortgage something to me." Muhammad bin Maslama and his companion said, "What do you want?" Ka'b replied, "Mortgage your women to me." They said, "How can we mortgage our women to you and you are the most handsome of the 'Arabs?" Ka'b said, "Then mortgage your sons to me." They said, "How can we mortgage our sons to you? Later they would be abused by the people's saying that so-and-so has been mortgaged for a camel load of food. That would cause us great disgrace, but we will mortgage our arms to you." Muhammad bin Maslama and his companion (Radhi Allahu Anhum) promised Kab that Muhammad would return to him. He came to Kab at night along with Kab's foster brother, Abu Na'ila. Kab invited them to come into his fort, and then he went down to them. His wife asked him, "Where are you going at this time?" Kab replied, "None but Muhammad bin Maslama and my (foster) brother Abu Na'ila have come." His wife said, "I hear a voice as if dropping blood is from him, Ka'b said. "They are none but my brother Muhammad bin Maslama and my foster brother Abu Naila. A generous man should respond to a call at night even if invited to be killed." Muhammad bin Maslama went with two men. (Some narrators mention the men as 'Abu bin Jabr. Al Harith bin Aus and Abbad bin Bishr). So Muhammad bin Maslama went in together with two men, and said to them, "When Ka'b comes, I will touch his hair and smell it, and when you see that I have got hold of his head, strip him. I will let you smell his head." Kab bin Al-Ashraf came down to them wrapped in his clothes, and diffusing perfume. Muhammad bin Maslama said. " I have never smelt a better scent than this. Ka'b replied. "I have got the best 'Arab women who know how to use the high class of perfume." Muhammad bin Maslama requested Ka'b "Will you allow me to smell your head?" Ka'b said, "Yes." Muhammad smelt it and made his companions smell it as well. Then he requested Ka'b again, "Will you let me (smell your head)?" Ka'b said, "Yes." When Muhammad got a strong hold of him, he said (to his companions), "Get at him!" So they killed him and went to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and informed him. (Abu Rafi) was killed after Ka'b bin Al-Ashraf."


Hadith Number 370.

Narrated by Al-Bara bin Azib (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) sent a group of persons to Abu Rafi. Abdullah bin Atik (Radhi Allahu Anhu) entered his house at night, while he was sleeping, and killed him.




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As Salamu Alaikum


Hadith Number 371.

Narrated by Al-Bara bin Azib (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) sent some men from the Ansar to (kill) Abu Rafi, the Jew, and appointed 'Abdullah bin Atik as their leader. Abu Rafi used to hurt Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and help his enemies against him. He lived in his castle in the land of Hijaz. When those men approached (the castle) after the sun had set and the people had brought back their livestock to their homes. Abdullah (bin Atik) said to his companions, "Sit down at your places. I am going, and I will try to play a trick on the gate-keeper so that I may enter (the castle)." So 'Abdullah proceeded towards the castle, and when he approached the gate, he covered himself with his clothes, pretending to answer the call of nature.

The people had gone in, and the gate-keeper (considered 'Abdullah as one of the castle's servants) addressing him saying, "O Allah's Servant! Enter if you wish, for I want to close the gate." 'Abdullah added in his story, "So I went in (the castle) and hid myself. When the people got inside, the gate-keeper closed the gate and hung the keys on a fixed wooden peg. I got up and took the keys and opened the gate. Some people were staying late at night with Abu Rafi for a pleasant night chat in a room of his. When his companions of nightly entertainment went away, I ascended to him, and whenever I opened a door, I closed it from inside. I said to myself, 'Should these people discover my presence, they will not be able to catch me till I have killed him.' So I reached him and found him sleeping in a dark house amidst his family, I could not recognize his location in the house. So I shouted, 'O Abu Rafi!' Abu Rafi said, 'Who is it?' I proceeded towards the source of the voice and hit him with the sword, and because of my perplexity, I could not kill him.

He cried loudly, and I came out of the house and waited for a while, and then went to him again and said, 'What is this voice, O Abu Rafi?' He said, 'Woe to your mother! A man in my house has hit me with a sword! I again hit him severely but I did not kill him. Then I drove the point of the sword into his belly (and pressed it through) till it touched his back, and I realized that I have killed him. I then opened the doors one by one till I reached the staircase, and thinking that I had reached the ground, I stepped out and fell down and got my leg broken in a moonlit night. I tied my leg with a turban and proceeded on till I sat at the gate, and said, 'I will not go out tonight till I know that I have killed him.' So, when (early in the morning) the Fluffy crowed, the announcer of the casualty stood on the wall saying, 'I announce the death of Abu Rafi, the merchant of Hijaz. Thereupon I went to my companions and said, 'Let us save ourselves, for Allah has killed Abu Rafi,' So I (along with my companions proceeded and) went to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and described the whole story to him. "He said, 'Stretch out your (broken) leg. I stretched it out and he rubbed it and it became all right as if I had never had any ailment whatsoever."


Hadith Number 372.

Narrated by Al-Bara (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) sent 'Abdullah bin 'Atik and 'Abdullah bin 'Utba with a group of men to Abu Rafi (to kill him). They proceeded till they approached his castle, whereupon 'Abdullah bin Atik said to them, "Wait (here), and in the meantime I will go and see." 'Abdullah said later on, "I played a trick in order to enter the castle. By chance, they lost a donkey of theirs and came out carrying a flaming light to search for it. I was afraid that they would recognize me, so I covered my head and legs and pretended to answer the call to nature. The gatekeeper called, 'Whoever wants to come in, should come in before I close the gate.' So I went in and hid myself in a stall of a donkey near the gate of the castle. They took their supper with Abu Rafi and had a chat till late at night. Then they went back to their homes. When the voices vanished and I no longer detected any movement, I came out. I had seen where the gate-keeper had kept the key of the castle in a hole in the wall. I took it and unlocked the gate of the castle, saying to myself, 'If these people should notice me, I will run away easily.'

Then I locked all the doors of their houses from outside while they were inside, and ascended to Abu Rafi by a staircase. I saw the house in complete darkness with its light off, and I could not know where the man was. So I called, 'O Abu Rafi!' He replied, 'Who is it?' I proceeded towards the voice and hit him. He cried loudly but my blow was futile. Then I came to him, pretending to help him, saying with a different tone of my voice, ' What is wrong with you, O Abu Rafi?' He said, 'Are you not surprised? Woe on your mother! A man has come to me and hit me with a sword!' So again I aimed at him and hit him, but the blow proved futile again, and on that Abu Rafi cried loudly and his wife got up. I came again and changed my voice as if I were a helper, and found Abu Rafi lying straight on his back, so I drove the sword into his belly and bent on it till I heard the sound of a bone break. Then I came out, filled with astonishment and went to the staircase to descend, but I fell down from it and got my leg dislocated. I bandaged it and went to my companions limping. I said (to them), 'Go and tell Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) of this good news, but I will not leave (this place) till I hear the news of his (i.e. Abu Rafi's) death.' When dawn broke, an announcer of death got over the wall and announced, 'I convey to you the news of Abu Rafi's death.' I got up and proceeded without feeling any pain till I caught up with my companions before they reached the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) to whom I conveyed the good news."




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Hadith Number 373.

Narrated by Ibn Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhu): On the day of Uhud, the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "This is Jibril holding the head of his horse and equipped with war material."


Hadith Number 374.

Narrated by Uqba bin Amir (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) offered the funeral prayers of the martyrs of Uhud eight years after (their death), as if bidding farewell to the living and the dead, then he ascended the pulpit and said, "I am your predecessor before you, and I am a witness on you, and your promised place to meet me will be Al-Haud (i.e. the Tank) (on the Day of Resurrection), and I am (now) looking at it from this place of mine. I am not afraid that you will worship others besides Allah, but I am afraid that worldly life will tempt you and cause you to compete with each other for it." That was the last look which I cast on Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam).


Hadith Number 375.

Narrated by Al-Bara (Radhi Allahu Anhu): We faced the pagans on that day (of the battle of Uhud) and the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) placed a batch of archers (at a special place) and appointed 'Abdullah (bin Jubair) as their commander and said, "Do not leave this place; and if you should see us conquering the enemy, do not leave this place, and if you should see them conquering us, do not (come to) help us," So, when we faced the enemy, they took to their heel till I saw their women running towards the mountain, lifting up their clothes from their legs, revealing their leg-bangles. The Muslims started saying, "The booty, the booty!" 'Abdullah bin Jubair (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said, "The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) had taken a firm promise from me not to leave this place." But his companions refused (to stay). So when they refused (to stay there), (Allah) confused them so that they could not know where to go, and they suffered seventy casualties. Abu Sufyan ascended a high place and said, "Is Muhammad present amongst the people?" The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Do not answer him." Abu Sufyan said, "Is the son of Abu Quhafa present among the people?" The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Do not answer him."

Abu Sufyan said, "Is the son of Al-Khattab amongst the people?" He then added, "All these people have been killed, for, were they alive, they would have replied." On that, 'Umar could not help saying, "You are a liar, O enemy of Allah! Allah has kept what will make you unhappy." Abu Safyan said, "Superior may be Hubal!" (*) On that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said (to his companions), "Reply to him." They asked, "What may we say?" He said, "Say: Allah is More Elevated and More Majestic!" Abu Sufyan said, "We have (the idol) Al-'Uzza, whereas you have no 'Uzza!" The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said (to his companions), "Reply to him." They said, "What may we say?" The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Say: Allah is our Helper and you have no helper." Abu Sufyan said, "(This) day compensates for our loss at Badr and (in) the battle (the victory) is always undecided and shared in turns by the belligerents. You will see some of your dead men mutilated, but neither did I urge this action, nor am I sorry for it." Narrated Jabir: Some people took wine in the morning of the day of Uhud and were then killed as martyrs.

* Hubal was one of their idols.



Hadith Number 376.

Narrated by Sad bin Ibrahim: A meal was brought to 'Abdur-Rahman bin 'Auf (Radhi Allahu Anhu) while he was fasting. He said, "Musab bin 'Umar was martyred, and he was better than I, yet he was shrouded in a Burda (i.e. a sheet) so that, if his head was covered, his feet became naked, and if his feet were covered, his head became naked." 'Abdur-Rahman added, "Hamza was martyred and he was better than 1. Then worldly wealth was bestowed upon us and we were given thereof too much. We are afraid that the reward of our deeds have been given to us in this life." 'Abdur-Rahman then started weeping so much that he left the food.




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As Salamu Alaikum


Hadith Number 377.

Narrated by Jabir bin 'Abdullah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): On the day of the battle of Uhud, a man came to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and said, "Can you tell me where I will be if I should get martyred?" The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) replied, "In Paradise." The man threw away some dates he was carrying in his hand, and fought till he was martyred.


Hadith Number 378.

Narrated by Khabbab bin Al-Art (Radhi Allahu Anhu): We migrated in the company of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), seeking Allah's Pleasure. So our reward became due and sure with Allah. Some of us have been dead without enjoying anything of their rewards (here), and one of them was Mus'ab bin 'Umar who was martyred on the day of the battle of Uhud, and did not leave anything except a Namira (i.e. a sheet in which he was shrouded). If we covered his head with it, his feet became naked, and if we covered his feet with it, his head became naked. So the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said to us, "Cover his head with it and put some Idhkhir (i.e. a kind of grass) over his feet or throw Idhkhir over his feet." But some amongst us have got the fruits of their labor ripened, and they are collecting them.

Narrated Anas (Radhi Allahu Anhu): His uncle (Anas bin An-Nadr) was absent from the battle of Badr and he said, "I was absent from the first battle of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) (i.e. Badr battle), and if Allah should let me participate in (a battle) with the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), Allah will see how strongly I will fight." So he encountered the day of Uhud battle. The Muslims fled and he said, "O Allah! I appeal to You to excuse me for what these people (i.e. the Muslims) have done, and I am clear from what the pagans have done." Then he went forward with his sword and met Sad bin Mu'adh (fleeing), and asked him, "Where are you going, O Sad? I detect a smell of Paradise before Uhud." Then he proceeded on and was martyred. Nobody was able to recognize him till his sister recognized him by a mole on his body or by the tips of his fingers. He had over 80 wounds caused by stabbing, striking or shooting with arrows.


Hadith Number 379.

Narrated by Zaid bin Thabit (Radhi Allahu Anhu): When we wrote the Holy Quran, I missed one of the Verses of Surat-al-Ahzab which I used to hear Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) reciting. Then we searched for it and found it with Khuzaima bin Thabit Al-Ansari. The Verse was:

'Among the Believers are men who have been true to Their Covenant with Allah, Of them, some have fulfilled their obligations to Allah (i.e. they have been Killed in Allah's Cause), And some of them are (still) waiting" (Surah Al-Ahzab 33:23) So we wrote this in its place in the Quran.


Hadith Number 380.

Narrated by Zaid bin Thabit (Radhi Allahu Anhu): When the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) set out for (the battle of) Uhud, some of those who had gone out with him, returned. The companions of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) were divided into two groups. One group said, "We will fight them (i.e. the enemy)," and the other group said, "We will not fight them." So there came the Divine Revelation: '(O Muslims!) Then what is the matter within you that you are divided into two parties about the hypocrites? Allah has cast them back (to disbelief) because of what they have earned.' (Surah An-Nisa' 4:88) On that, the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "That is Taiba (i.e. the city of Al-Madinah) which clears one from one's sins as the fire expels the impurities of silver."


Hadith Number 381.

Narrated by Jabir (Radhi Allahu Anhu): This Verse: "When two of your parties almost decided to fall away..." was revealed in our connection, i.e. Bani Salama and Bani Haritha and I would not have liked that, if it was not revealed, for Allah said: But Allah was their Protector... (Surah Al-‘Imran 3:122)




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Hadith Number 382.

Narrated by Jabir (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): "Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said to me, "Have you got married O Jabir?" I replied, "Yes." He asked "What, a virgin or a matron?" I replied, "Not a virgin but a matron." He said, "Why did you not marry a young girl who would have fondled with you?" I replied, "O Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)! My father was martyred on the day of Uhud and left nine (orphan) daughters who are my nine sisters; so I disliked to have another young girl of their age, but (I sought) an (elderly) woman who could comb their hair and look after them." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "You have done the right thing."


Hadith Number 383.

Narrated by Jabir bin Abdullah (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): That his father was martyred on the day of the battle of Uhud and was in debt and left six (orphan) daughters. Jabir, added, "When the season of plucking the dates came, I went to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and said, "You know that my father was martyred on the day of Uhud, and he was heavily in debt, and I would like that the creditors should see you." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Go and pile every kind of dates apart." I did so and called him (i.e. the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)). When the creditors saw him, they started claiming their debts from me then in such a harsh manner (as they had never done before). So when he saw their attitude, he went round the biggest heap of dates thrice, and then sat over it and said, 'O Jabir, call your companions (i.e. the creditors).' Then he kept on measuring (and giving) to the creditors (their due) till Allah paid all the debts of my father. I would have been satisfied to retain nothing of those dates for my sisters after Allah had paid the debts of my father. But Allah saved all the heaps (of dates), so that when I looked at the heap where the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) had been sitting, it seemed as if a single date had not been taken away thereof."


Hadith Number 384.

Narrated by Sad bin Abi Waqqas (Radhi Allahu Anhu): I saw Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) on the day of the battle of Uhud accompanied by two men fighting on his behalf. They were dressed in white and were fighting as bravely as possible. I had never seen them before, nor did I see them later on.


Hadith Number 385.

Narrated by Sad bin Abi Waqqas (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) took out a quiver (of arrows) for me on the day of Uhud and said, "Throw (arrows); let my father and mother be sacrificed for you." (*)

* By saying so, the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) expressed his satisfaction.



Hadith Number 386.

Narrated by Sad (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) mentioned both his father and mother for me (*) on the day of the battle of Uhud.


* By saying, "Let my father and mother be sacrificed for you." (See Hadith No.385)


Hadith Number 387.

Narrated by Ibn Al Musaiyab: Sad bin Abi Waqqas (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said, "Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) mentioned both his father and mother for me on the day of the battle of Uhud." He meant when the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said (to Sad) while the latter was fighting. "Let my father and mother be sacrificed for you!"




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Hadith Number 388.

Narrated by 'Ali (Radhi Allahu Anhu): I have never heard the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) mentioning both his father and mother for anybody other than Sad.


Hadith Number 389.

Narrated by 'Ali (Radhi Allahu Anhu): I have never heard the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) mentioning his father and mother for anybody other than Sad bin Malik. I heard him saying on the day of Uhud, "O Sad throw (arrows)! Let my father and mother be sacrificed for you!"


Hadith Number 390.

Narrated by Mu'tamir's father: 'Uthman (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said that on the day of the battle of Uhud, none remained with the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) but Talha and Sad (Radhi Allahu Anhuma).


Hadith Number 391.

Narrated by As-Saib bin Yazid (Radhi Allahu Anhu): I have been in the company of 'AbdurRahman bin 'Auf, Talha bin 'Ubaidullah, Al-Miqdad and Sad (Radhi Allahu Anhum), and I heard none of them narrating anything from the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) excepting the fact that I heard Talha narrating about the day of Uhud (battle).


Hadith Number 392.

Narrated by Qais: I saw Talha's (Radhi Allahu Anhu) paralyzed hand with which he had protected the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) on the day of Uhud.


Hadith Number 393.

Narrated by Anas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): When it was the day of Uhud, the people left the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) while Abu Talha was in front of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) shielding him with his leather shield. Abu Talha was a skillful archer who used to shoot violently. He broke two or three arrow bows on that day. If a man carrying a quiver full of arrows passed by, the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) would say (to him), put (scatter) its contents for Abu Talha." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) would raise his head to look at the enemy, whereupon Abu Talha would say, "Let my father and mother be sacrificed for you! Do not raise your head, lest an arrow of the enemy should hit you. (Let) my neck (be struck) rather than your neck." I saw 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha), the daughter of Abu Bakr, and Um Sulaim (Radhi Allahu Anhuma) rolling up their dresses so that I saw their leg-bangles while they were carrying water skins on their backs and emptying them in the mouths of the (wounded) people. They would return to refill them and again empty them in the mouths of the (wounded) people. The sword fell from Abu Talha's hand twice or thrice (on that day).


Hadith Number 394.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): When it was the day of Uhud, the pagans were defeated. Then Shaitan, Allah's Curse be upon him, cried loudly, "O Allah's Worshippers, beware of what is behind!" On that, the front files of the (Muslim) forces turned their backs and started fighting with the back files. Hudhaifa looked, and on seeing his father Al-Yaman, he shouted, "O Allah's Worshippers, my father, my father!" But by Allah, they did not stop till they killed him. Hudhaifa said, "May Allah forgive you." (The sub-narrator, 'Urwa, said, "By Allah, Hudhaifa continued asking Allah's Forgiveness for the killers of his father till he departed to Allah (i.e. died).")


Hadith Number 395.

Narrated by 'Uthman bin Mauhab: A man came to perform the Hajj to (Allah's) House. Seeing some people sitting, he said, "Who are these sitting people?" Somebody said, "They are the people of Quraish." He said, "Who is the old man?" They said, "Ibn 'Umar." He went to him and said, "I want to ask you about something; will you tell me about it? I ask you with the respect due to the sanctity of this (Sacred) House, do you know that 'Uthman bin 'Affan fled on the day of Uhud?" Ibn 'Umar said, "Yes." He said, "Do you know that he (i.e. 'Uthman) was absent from the Badr (battle) and did not join it?" Ibn 'Umar said, "Yes." He said, "Do you know that he failed to be present at the Ridwan Pledge of allegiance (i.e. Pledge of allegiance at Hudaibiya) and did not witness it?" Ibn 'Umar replied, "Yes," He then said, "Allahu-Akbar!" Ibn 'Umar said, "Come along; I will inform you and explain to you what you have asked. As for the flight (of 'Uthman) on the day of Uhud, I testify that Allah forgave him. As regards his absence from the Badr (battle), he was married to the daughter of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and she was ill, so the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said to him, 'You will have such reward as a man who has fought the Badr battle will get, and will also have the same share of the booty.' As for his absence from the Ridwan Pledge of allegiance if there had been anybody more respected by the Makkans than 'Uthman bin 'Affan, the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) would surely have sent that man instead of 'Uthman. So the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) sent him (i.e. 'Uthman to Makkah) and the Ridwan Pledge of allegiance took place after 'Uthman had gone to Makkah. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) raised his right hand saying. 'This is the hand of 'Uthman,' and clapped it over his other hand and said, "This is for 'Uthman.'" Ibn 'Umar then said (to the man), "Go now, after taking this information."




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Hadith Number 396.

Narrated by Al-Bara' bin 'Azib (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) appointed Abdullah bin Jubair as the commander of the cavalry archers on the day of the battle of Uhud. Then they returned defeated, and that what is referred to by Allah's Statement: "And the Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) (Muhammad) in your rear was calling you." (Surah Al-‘Imran 3:153)


Hadith Number 397.

Narrated by Salim's father: That he heard Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), when raising his head from bowing of the first Rak'a of the morning prayer, saying, "O Allah! Curse so-and-so and so-and-so" after he had said, "Allah hears him who sends his praises to Him. Our Lord, all the Praises are for you!" So Allah revealed: "Not for you (O Muhammad!)... (till the end of Verse) they are indeed wrong-doers." (Surah Al-‘Imran 3:128) Salim bin 'Abdullah said' "Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) used to invoke evil upon Safwan bin Umaiya, Suhail bin 'Amr and Al-Harith bin Hisham. So the Verse was revealed: "Not for you (O Muhammad!)... (till the end of Verse) For they are indeed wrong-doers." (Surah Al-‘Imran 3:128)


Hadith Number 398.

Narrated by Tha'laba bin Abi Malik: 'Umar bin Al-Khattab (Radhi Allahu Anhu) distributed woolen clothes amongst some women of Al-Madinah, and a nice woolen garment remained. Some of those who were sitting with him, said, "O chief of the believers! Give it to the daughter of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) who is with you," and by that, they meant Um Kulthum, the daughter of 'Ali (Radhi Allahu Anhuma). Umar said, "Um Salit has got more right than she." Um Saht was amongst those Ansari women who had given the pledge of allegiance to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam). 'Umar added, "She (i.e. Um Salit) used to carry the filled water skins for us on the day of the battle of Uhud."


Hadith Number 399.

Narrated by Jafar bin 'Amr bin Umaiya: I went out with 'Ubaidullah bin 'Adi Al-Khaiyar. When we reached Hims (i.e. a town in Syria), 'Ubaidullah bin 'Adi said (to me), "Would you like to see Wahshi so that we may ask him about the killing of Hamza?" I replied, "Yes." Wahshi used to live in Hims. We enquired about him and somebody said to us, "He is that in the shade of his palace, as if he were a full water skin." So we went up to him, and when we were at a short distance from him, we greeted him and he greeted us in return. 'Ubaidullah was wearing his turban and Wahshi could not see except his eyes and feet. 'Ubaidullah said, "O Wahshi! Do you know me?" Wahshi looked at him and then said, "No, by Allah! But I know that 'Adi bin Al-Khiyar married a woman called Um Qital, the daughter of Abu Al-Is, and she delivered a boy for him at Makkah, and I looked for a wet nurse for that child. (Once) I carried that child along with his mother and then I handed him over to her, and your feet resemble that child's feet." Then 'Ubaidullah uncovered his face and said (to Wahshi), "Will you tell us (the story of) the killing of Hamza?" Wahshi replied "Yes, Hamza killed Tuaima bin 'Adi bin Al-Khaiyar at Badr (battle) so my master, Jubair bin Mut'im said to me, 'If you kill Hamza in revenge for my uncle, then you will be set free." (*) When the people set out (for the battle of Uhud) in the year of 'Ainain... 'Ainain is a mountain near the mountain of Uhud, and between it and Uhud there is a valley... I went out with the people for the battle. When the army aligned for the fight, Siba' came out and said, 'Is there any (Muslim) to accept my challenge to a duel?' Hamza bin 'Abdul Muttalib came out and said, 'O Siba'. O Ibn Um Anmar, the one who circumcises other ladies! Do you challenge Allah and His Messenger?' Then Hamza attacked and killed him, causing him to be non-extant like the bygone yesterday. I hid myself under a rock, and when he (i.e. Hamza) came near me, I threw my spear at him, driving it into his umbilicus so that it came out through his buttocks, causing him to die. When all the people returned to Makkah, I too returned with them. I stayed in (Makkah) till Islam spread in it (i.e. Makkah). Then I left for Taif, and when the people (of Taif) sent their messengers to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), I was told that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) did not harm the messengers; So I too went out with them till I reached Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam). When he saw me, he said, 'Are you Wahshi?' I said, 'Yes.' He said, 'Was it you who killed Hamza?' I replied, 'What happened is what you have been told of.' He said, 'Can you hide your face from me?' (**) So I went out when Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) died, and Musailamah Al-Kadhdhab appeared (claiming to be a Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)). I said, 'I will go out to Musailamah so that I may kill him, and make amends for killing Hamza. So I went out with the people (to fight Musailamah and his followers) and then famous events took place concerning that battle. Suddenly I saw a man (i.e. Musailamah) standing near a gap in a wall. He looked like an ash-colored camel and his hair was dishevelled. So I threw my spear at him, driving it into his chest in between his breasts till it passed out through his shoulders, and then an Ansari man attacked him and struck him on the head with a sword. 'Abdullah bin 'Umar said, 'A slave girl on the roof of a house said: Alas! The chief of the believers (i.e. Musailamah) has been killed by a black slave."

* Wahshi was then a slave belonging to Jubair.

**The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) did not want to see the man who killed his uncle.




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Hadith Number 400.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) (pointing to his broken canine tooth) said, "Allah's Wrath has become severe on the people who harmed His Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam). Allah's Wrath has become severe on the man who is killed by the Messenger of Allah in Allah's Cause."


Hadith Number 401.

Narrated by Ibn 'Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Wrath became severe on him whom the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) had killed in Allah's Cause. Allah's Wrath became severe on the people who caused the face of Allah's Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) to bleed.


Hadith Number 402.

Narrated by Abu Hazim: That he heard Sahl bin Sad (Radhi Allahu Anhu) being asked about the wounds of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) saying, "By Allah, I know who washed the wounds of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and who poured water (for washing them), and with what he was treated." Sahl added, "Fatima, the daughter of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) used to wash the wounds, and 'Ali bin Abi Talib (Radhi Allahu Anhu) used to pour water from a shield. When Fatima saw that the water aggravated the bleeding, she took a piece of a mat, burnt it, and inserted its ashes into the wound so that the blood was congealed (and bleeding stopped). His canine tooth got broken on that day, and face was wounded, and his helmet was broken on his head."


Hadith Number 403.

Narrated by Ibn Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): Allah's Wrath gets severe on a person killed by a Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), and Allah's Wrath became severe on him who had caused the face of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) to bleed.


Hadith Number 404.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): Regarding the Verse: "Those who responded (To the call) of Allah and the Messenger (Muhammad), after being wounded for those of them who did good deeds And refrained from wrong, there is a great reward." (Surah Al-‘Imran 3:172)

She said to 'Urwa, "O my nephew! Your father, Az-Zubair and Abu Bakr (Radhi Allahu Anhuma) were amongst them (i.e. those who responded to the call of Allah and the Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) on the day (of the battle of Uhud). When Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), suffered what he suffered on the day of Uhud and the pagans left, the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) was afraid that they might return. So he said, 'Who will go on their (i.e. pagans') track?' He then selected seventy men from amongst them (for this purpose)." (The sub-narrator added, "Abu Bakr and Az-Zubair were amongst them.")


Hadith Number 405.

Narrated by Qatada: We do not know of any tribe amongst the 'Arab tribes who lost more martyrs than Al-Ansar, and they will have superiority on the Day of Resurrection. Anas bin Malik told us that seventy from the Ansar were martyred on the day of Uhud, and seventy on the day (of the battle of) Bir Ma'una, and seventy on the day of Al-Yamama. Anas added, "The battle of Bir Ma'una took place during the lifetime of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and the battle of Al-Yamama, during the caliphate of Abu Bakr, and it was the day when Musailamah Al-Kadhdhab was killed."





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Hadith Number 406.

Narrated by Jabir bin 'Abdullah (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) used to shroud two martyrs of Uhud in one sheet and then say, "Which of them knew Quran more?" When one of the two was pointed out, he would put him first in the grave. Then he said, "I will be a witness for them on the Day of Resurrection." He ordered them to be buried with their blood (on their bodies). Neither was the funeral prayer offered for them, nor were they washed. Jabir added, "When my father was martyred, I started weeping and uncovering his face. The companions of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) stopped me from doing so but the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) did not stop me. Then the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, '(O Jabir.) don't weep over him, for the angels kept on covering him with their wings till his body was carried away (for burial)."


Hadith Number 407.

Narrated by Abu Musa (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "I saw in a dream that I moved a sword and its blade got broken, and that symbolized the casualties which the believers suffered on the day of Uhud. Then I moved it again, and it became as perfect as it had been, and that symbolized the Conquest (of Makkah) which Allah helped us to achieve, and the union of all the believers. I (also) saw cows in the dream, and what Allah does is always beneficial. Those cows appeared to symbolize the faithful believers (who were martyred) on the day of Uhud."


Hadith Number 408.

Narrated by Khabbab (Radhi Allahu Anhu): We migrated with the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) for Allah's Cause, so our reward became due with Allah. Some of us passed away (i.e. died) without enjoying anything from their reward, and one of them was Mus'ab bin 'Umar who was killed (i.e. martyred) on the day of Uhud. He did not leave behind except a sheet of striped woolen cloth. If we covered his head with it, his feet became naked, and if we covered his feet with it, his head became naked. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said to us, "Cover his head with it and put Idhkhir (i.e. a kind of grass) over his feet," or said, "Put some Idhkhir over his feet." But some of us have got their fruits ripened, and they are collecting them.


Hadith Number 409.

Narrated by Anas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "This is a mountain that loves us and is loved by us."


Hadith Number 410.

Narrated by Anas bin Malik (Radhi Allahu Anhu): When the mountain of Uhud appeared before Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) he said, "This is a mountain that loves us and is loved by us. O, Allah! Ibrahim made Makkah a Sanctuary, and I have made Al-Madinah (i.e. the area between its two mountains) a Sanctuary as well."


Hadith Number 411.

Narrated by Uqba (Radhi Allahu Anhu): One day the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) went out and offered the (funeral) prayer for the people (i.e. martyrs) of Uhud as he used to offer a funeral prayer for any dead person, and then (after returning) he ascended the pulpit and said, "I am your predecessor before you, and I am a witness upon you, and I am looking at my Tank just now, and I have been given the keys of the treasures of the world (or the keys of the world). By Allah, I am not afraid that you will worship others besides Allah after me, but I am afraid that you will compete with each other for (the pleasures of) this world."


Hadith Number 412.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) sent a Sariya (*) of spies and appointed 'Asim bin Thabit, (Radhi Allahu Anhu) the grandfather of 'Asim bin 'Umar bin Al-Khattab, as their leader. So they set out, and when they reached (a place) between 'Usfan and Makkah, they were mentioned to one of the branch tribes of Bani Hudhail called Lihyan. So, about one-hundred archers followed their traces till they (i.e. the archers) came to a journey station where they (i.e. 'Asim and his companions (Radhi Allahu Anhum)) had encamped and found stones of dates they had brought as journey food from Al-Madinah.

The archers said, "These are the dates of Al-Madinah," and followed their traces till they took them over. When 'Asim and his companions were not able to go ahead, they went up a high place, and their pursuers encircled them and said, "You have a covenant and a promise that if you come down to us, we will not kill anyone of you." 'Asim (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said, "As for me, I will never come down on the security of an infidel. O Allah! Inform Your Prophet about us." So they fought with them till they killed 'Asim along with seven of his companions with arrows, and there remained Khubaib, Zaid and another man to whom they gave a promise and a covenant. So when the infidels gave them the covenant and promise, they came down. When they captured them, they opened the strings of their arrow bows and tied them with it. The third man who was with them said, "This is the first breach in the covenant," and refused to accompany them. They dragged him and tried to make him accompany them, but he refused, and they killed him. Then they proceeded on taking Khubaib and Zaid (Radhi Allahu Anhuma) till they sold them in Makkah. The sons of Al-Harith bin 'Amr bin Naufal bought Khubaib. It was Khubaib who had killed Al-Harith bin 'Amr on the day of Badr. Khubaib stayed with them for a while as a captive till they decided unanimously to kill him. (At that time) Khubaib borrowed a razor from one of the daughters of Al-Harith to shave his pubic hair. She gave it to him. She said later on, "I was heedless of a little baby of mine, who moved towards Khubaib, and when it reached him, he put it on his thigh.

When I saw it, I got scared so much that Khubaib noticed my distress while he was carrying the razor in his hand. He said 'Are you afraid that I will kill it? Allah willing, I will never do that,' " Later on she used to say, "I have never seen a captive better than Khubaib. Once I saw him eating from a bunch of grapes although at that time no fruits were available at Makkah, and he was fettered with iron chains, and in fact, it was nothing but food bestowed upon him by Allah." So they took him out of the Sanctuary (of Makkah) to kill him. He said, "Allow me to offer a two-Rak'at prayer." Then he went to them and said, "Had I not been afraid that you would think I was afraid of death, I would have prayed for a longer time." So it was Khubaib (Radhi Allahu Anhu) who first set the tradition of praying two Rakat before being executed. He then said, "O Allah! Count them one by one," and added, 'When I am being martyred as a Muslim, I do not care in what way I receive my death for Allah's Sake, because this death is in Allah's Cause. If He wishes, He will bless the cut limbs." Then 'Uqba bin Al-Harith got up and martyred him. The narrator added: The Quraish (infidels) sent some people to 'Asim in order to bring a part of his body so that his death might be known for certain, for 'Asim had killed one of their chiefs on the day of Badr. But Allah sent a cloud of wasps which protected his body from their messengers who could not harm his body consequently.

* Sariya




Book Fifty Nine – The Book on Military Expeditions led by the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) (Al-Maghaazi) S20a1110
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Book Fifty Nine – The Book on Military Expeditions led by the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) (Al-Maghaazi)
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