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 Book Fifty Nine – The Book on Military Expeditions led by the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) (Al-Maghaazi)

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As Salamu Alaikum


Hadith Number 413.

Narrated by Jabir (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): The person who killed Khubaib was Abu Sarua (i.e. 'Uqba bin Al-Harith).


Hadith Number 414.

Narrated by 'Abdul Aziz: Anas (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said, "The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) sent seventy men, called Al-Qurra’ for some purpose. The two groups of Bani Sulaim called Ri'l and Dhakwan, appeared to them near a well called Bir Ma'una. The people (i.e. Al-Qurra) said, 'By Allah, we have not come to harm you, but we are passing by you on our way to do something for the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam).' But (the infidels) killed them. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) therefore invoked evil upon them for a month during the morning prayer. That was the beginning of Al-Qunut (*) and we used not to say Qunut before that." A man asked Anas about Al-Qunut, "Is it to be said after the Bowing (in the prayer) or after finishing the Recitation (i.e. before Bowing)?" Anas replied, "No, but (it is to be said) after finishing the Recitation."

* 'Qunut' means invocation in the prayer.



Hadith Number 415.

Narrated by Anas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said Al-Qunut for one month after the posture of Bowing, invoking evil upon some 'Arab tribes.


Hadith Number 416.

Narrated by Anas bin Malik (Radhi Allahu Anhu): (The tribes of) Ri’l, Dhakwan, 'Usaiya and Bani Lihyan asked Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) to provide them with some men to support them against their enemy. He therefore provided them with seventy men from the Ansar whom we used to call Al-Qurra' in their lifetime. They used to collect wood by daytime and pray at night. When they were at the well of Ma'una, the infidels killed them by betraying them. When this news reached the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), he said Al-Qunut for one month in the morning prayer, invoking evil upon some of the 'Arab tribes, upon Ril, Dhakwan, 'Usaiya and Bani Libyan. We used to read a verse of the Qur'an revealed in their connection, but later the verse was cancelled. It was: "convey to our people on our behalf the information that we have met our Lord, and He is pleased with us, and has made us pleased." (Anas bin Malik added:) Allah's Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said Qunut for one month in the morning prayer, invoking evil upon some of the 'Arab tribes (namely), Ri’l, Dhakwan, Usaiya, and Bani Libyan. (Anas added:) Those seventy Ansari men were killed at the well of Mauna.


Hadith Number 417.

Narrated by Anas (Radhi Allahu Anhu): That the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) sent his uncle, the brother of Um Sulaim at the head of seventy riders. The chief of the pagans, 'Amir bin At-Tufail proposed three suggestions (to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)) saying, "Choose one of three alternatives: (1) that the bedouins will be under your command and the townspeople will be under my command; (2) or that I will be your successor, (3) or otherwise I will attack you with two thousand from Bani Ghatafan." But 'Amir was infected with plague in the House of Um so-and-so. He said, "Shall I stay in the house of a lady from the family of so-and-so after having a (swelled) gland like that she-camel? Get me my horse." So he died on the back of his horse. Then Haram, the brother of Um Sulaim and a lame man along with another man from so-and-so (tribe) went towards the pagans (i.e. the tribe of 'Amir). Haram said (to his companions), "Stay near to me, for I will go to them. If they (i.e. infidels) should give me protection, you will be near to me, and if they should kill me, then you should go back to your companions. Then Haram went to them and said, "Will you give me protection so as to convey the message of Allah's Messenger?" So, he started talking to them but they signalled to a man (to kill him) and he went behind him and stabbed him (with a spear). He (i.e. Haram) said, "Allahu Akbar! I have succeeded, by the Lord of the Ka'bah!" The companion of Haram was pursued by the infidels, and then they (i.e. Haram's companions) were all killed except the lame man who was at the top of a mountain. Then Allah revealed to us a verse that was among the cancelled ones later on. It was: 'We have met our Lord and He is pleased with us and has made us pleased.' (After this event) the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) invoked evil on the infidels every morning for 30 days. He invoked evil upon the (tribes of) Ril, Dhakwan, Bani Lihyan and Usaiya who disobeyed Allah and His Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam).




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As Salamu Alaikum

Hadith Number 418.

Narrated by Anas bin Malik (Radhi Allahu Anhu): That when Haram bin Milhan, his uncle was stabbed on the day of Bir Ma'una he sprinkled his blood over his face and his head this way and then said, "I have succeeded, by the Lord of the Ka'bah."


Hadith Number 419.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): Abu Bakr (Radhi Allahu Anhu) asked the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) to allow him to go out (of Makkah) when he was greatly annoyed (by the infidels). But the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said to him, ''Wait." Abu Bakr (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said, O Allah's Messenger! Do you hope that you will be allowed (to migrate)?" Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) replied, "I hope so." So Abu Bakr waited for him till one day Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) came at noon time and addressed him saying "Let whoever is present with you, now leave you." Abu Bakr said, "None is present but my two daughters." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Have you noticed that I have been allowed to go out (to migrate)?" Abu Bakr said, "O Allah's Messenger, I would like to accompany you." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "You will accompany me." Abu Bakr said, "O Allah's Messenger! I have got two she-camels which I had prepared and kept ready for (our) going out." So he gave one of the two (she-camels) to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and it was Al-Jad'a. They both rode and proceeded till they reached the Cave at the mountain of Thaur where they hid themselves. Amir bin Fuhaira was the slave of 'Abdullah bin Al-Tufail bin Sakhbara 'Aishah’s (Radhi Allahu Anha) brother from her mother's side. Abu Bakr had a milch she-camel. Amir used to go with it (i.e. the milch she-camel) in the afternoon and come back to them before noon by setting out towards them in the early morning when it was still dark and then he would take it to the pasture so that none of the shepherds would be aware of his job. When the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and Abu Bakr (Radhi Allahu Anhu) went away (from the Cave), he (i.e. 'Amir) too went along with them and they both used to make him ride at the back of their camels in turns till they reached Al-Madinah. 'Amir bin Fuhaira was martyred on the day of Bir Ma'una.

Narrated 'Urwa: When those (Muslims) at Bir Ma'una were martyred and 'Amr bin Umaiya Ad-Damri was taken prisoner, 'Amir bin At-Tufail, pointing at a killed person, asked Amr, "Who is this?" 'Amr bin Umaiya said to him, "He is 'Amir bin Fuhaira." 'Amir bin At-Tufail said, "I saw him lifted to the sky after he was killed till I saw the sky between him and the earth, (*) and then he was brought down upon the earth. Then the news of the killed Muslims reached the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and he announced the news of their death saying, "Your companions (of Bir Ma'una) have been killed, and they have asked their Lord saying, 'O our Lord! Inform our brothers about us as we are pleased with You and You are pleased with us." So Allah informed them (i.e. the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and his companions) about them (i.e. martyrs of Bir Mauna).

On that day, 'Urwa bin Asma bin As-Salt who was one of them, was killed, and Urwa (bin Az-Zubair) was named after 'Urwa bin Asma and Mundhir (bin Az-Zubair) was named after Mundhir bin 'Amr (who had also been martyred on that day).

* The angels hid him from the pagans.



Hadith Number 420.

Narrated by Anas (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said Al-Qunut after Bowing (i.e. Ar-Ruku') for one month, invoking evil upon (the tribes of) Ril and Dhakwan. He used to say, "Usaiya disobeyed Allah and His Messenger."


Hadith Number 421.

Narrated by Anas bin Malik (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) invoked evil upon those (people) who killed his companions at Bir Mauna for 30 days (in the morning prayer). He invoked evil upon (tribes of) Ril, Lihyan and Usaiya who disobeyed Allah and His Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam). Allah revealed a Quranic Verse to His Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) regarding those who had been killed, i.e. the Muslims killed at Bir Ma'una, and we recited the Verse till later it was cancelled. (The Verse was:) 'Inform our people that we have met our Lord, and He is pleased with us, and we are pleased with Him."




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As Salamu Alaikum


Hadith Number 422.

Narrated by Asim Al-Ahwal: I asked Anas bin Malik (Radhi Allahu Anhu) regarding Al-Qunut during the prayer. Anas replied, "Yes (Al-Qunut was said by the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) in the prayer)." I said, "Is it before Bowing or after Bowing?" Anas replied, "(It was said) before (Bowing)." I said, "So-and-so informed me that you told him that it was said after Bowing." Anas replied, "He was mistaken, for Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said Al-Qunut after Bowing for one month. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) had sent some people called Al-Qurra who were seventy in number, to some pagan people who had concluded a peace treaty with Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam). But those who had concluded the treaty with Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) violated the treaty (and martyred all the seventy men). So Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said Al-Qunut after Bowing (in the prayer) for one month, invoking evil upon them.


Hadith Number 423.

Narrated by Ibn Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): That the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) inspected him on the day of Uhud while he was fourteen years old, and the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) did not allow him to take part in the battle. He was inspected again by the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) on the day of Al-Khandaq (i.e. battle of the Trench) while he was fifteen years old, and the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) allowed him to take part in the battle.


Hadith Number 424.

Narrated by Sahl bin Sad (Radhi Allahu Anhu): We were with Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) in the Trench, and some were digging the trench while we were carrying the earth on our shoulders. Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, 'O Allah! There is no life except the life of the Hereafter, so please forgive the Emigrants and the Ansar."


Hadith Number 425.

Narrated by Anas (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) went out towards the Khandaq (i.e. Trench) and saw the Emigrants and the Ansar digging the trench in the cold morning. They had no slaves to do that (work) for them. When the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) saw their hardship and hunger, he said, 'O Allah! The real life is the life of the Hereafter, so please forgive Ansar and the Emigrants." They said in reply to him, "We are those who have given the Pledge of allegiances to Muhammad for to observe Jihad as long as we live."


Hadith Number 426.

Narrated by Anas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): Al-Muhajirun (i.e. the Emigrants) and the Ansar were digging the trench around Al-Madinah and were carrying the earth on their backs while saying, "We are those who have given the pledge of allegiance to Muhammad for Islam as long as we live." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said in reply to their saying, "O Allah! There is no goodness except the goodness of the Hereafter; so please grant Your Blessing to the Ansar and the Emigrants." The people used to bring a handful of barley, and a meal used to be prepared thereof by cooking it with a cooking material (i.e. oil, fat and butter having a change in color and smell) and it used to be presented to the people (i.e. workers) who were hungry, and it used to stick to their throats and had a nasty smell.


Hadith Number 427.

Narrated by Jabir (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): We were digging (the trench) on the day of (Al-Khandaq (i.e. Trench)) and we came across a big solid rock. We went to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and said, "Here is a rock appearing across the trench." He said, "I am coming down." Then he got up, and a stone was tied to his belly for we had not eaten anything for three days. So the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) took the spade and struck the big solid rock and it became like sand. I said, "O Allah's Messenger! Allow me to go home." (When the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) allowed me) I said to my wife, "I saw the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) in a state that I cannot treat lightly. Have you got something for him to eat?" She replied, "I have barley and a she goat." So I slaughtered the she-kid and she ground the barley; then we put the meat in the earthenware cooking pot. Then I came to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) when the dough had become soft and fermented and (the meat in) the pot over the stone trivet had nearly been well-cooked, and said, "I have got a little food prepared, so get up O Allah's Messenger, you and one or two men along with you (for the food)." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) asked, "How much is that food?" I told him about it. He said, "It is abundant and good. Tell your wife not to remove the earthenware pot from the fire and not to take out any bread from the oven till I reach there." Then he said (to all his companions), "Get up." So the Muhajirn (i.e. Emigrants) and the Ansar got up. When I came to my wife, I said, "Allah's Mercy be upon you! The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) came along with the Muhajirin and the Ansar and those who were present with them." She said, "Did the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) ask you (how much food you had)?" I replied, "Yes." Then the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Enter and do not throng." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) started cutting the bread (into pieces) and put the cooked meat over it. He covered the earthenware pot and the oven whenever he took something out of them. He would give the food to his companions and take the meat out of the pot. He went on cutting the bread and scooping the meat (for his companions) till they all ate their fill, and even then, some food remained. Then the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said (to my wife), "Eat and present to others as the people are struck with hunger."




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As Salamu Alaikum


Hadith Number 428.

Narrated by Jabir bin 'Abdullah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): When the Trench was dug, I saw the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) in the state of severe hunger. So I returned to my wife and said, "Have you got anything (to eat), for I have seen Allah's Messenger in a state of severe hunger." She brought out for me, a bag containing one Sa of barley, and we had a domestic she animal (i.e. a kid) which I slaughtered then, and my wife ground the barley and she finished at the time I finished my job (i.e. slaughtering the kid). Then I cut the meat into pieces and put it in an earthenware (cooking) pot, and returned to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam). My wife said, "Do not disgrace me in front of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and those who are with him." So I went to him and said to him secretly, "O Allah's Messenger! I have slaughtered a she-animal (i.e. kid) of ours, and we have ground a Sa of barley which was with us. So please come, you and another person along with you." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) raised his voice and said, "O people of Trench! Jabir has prepared a meal so let us go." Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said to me, "Don't put down your earthenware meat pot (from the fireplace) or bake your dough till I come." So I came (to my house) and Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) too, came, proceeding before the people. When I came to my wife, she said, "May Allah do so-and-so to you." (*) I said, "I have told the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) of what you said." Then she brought out to him (i.e. the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) the dough, and he spat in it and invoked for Allah's Blessings in it. Then he proceeded towards our earthenware meat-pot and spat in it and invoked for Allah's Blessings in it. Then he said (to my wife). Call a lady-baker to bake along with you and keep on taking out scoops from your earthenware meat-pot, and do not put it down from its fireplace." They were one-thousand (who took their meals), and by Allah they all ate, and when they left the food and went away, our earthenware pot was still bubbling (full of meat) as if it had not decreased, and our dough was still being baked as if nothing had been taken from it.

* She means "You have invited too many people, though we do not have enough food".



Hadith Number 429.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): As regards the following Quranic Verse: "When they came on you from above and from below you (from east and west of the valley) and when the eyes grew wild and the hearts reached up to the throats..." (Surah Al-Ahzab 33:10) That happened on the day of Al-Khandaq (i.e. Trench).


Hadith Number 430.

Narrated by Al-Bara (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) was carrying earth on the day of Al-Khandaq till his abdomen was fully covered with dust, and he was saying, "By Allah, without Allah we would not have been guided, neither would we have given in charity, nor would we have prayed. So (O Allah), please send Sakina (i.e. calmness) upon us, and make our feet firm if we meet the enemy as the enemy have rebelled against us, and if they intended affliction, (i.e. want to frighten us and fight against us then we would not flee but withstand them)." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) used to raise his voice saying, "Abaina! Abaina! (i.e. we would not, we would not)."


Hadith Number 431.

Narrated by Ibn Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "I have been made victorious by As-Saba (i.e. an easterly wind) and the Ad nation was destroyed by Ad-Dabur (i.e. a westerly wind)."


Hadith Number 432.

Narrated by Al-Bara (Radhi Allahu Anhu): When it was the day of Al-Ahzab (i.e. the clans) and Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) dug the trench, I saw him carrying earth out of the trench till dust made the skin of his abdomen out of my sight and he was a hairy man. I heard him reciting the poetic verses composed by Ibn Rawaha while he was carrying the earth, "O Allah! Without You we would not have been guided, nor would we have given in charity, nor would we have prayed. So, (O Allah), please send Sakina (i.e. calmness) upon us and make our feet firm if we meet the enemy, as they have rebelled against us. And if they intend affliction (i.e. want to frighten us, and fight against us) then we would not (flee but withstand them)." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) would then prolong his voice at the last words.




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As Salamu Alaikum


Hadith Number 433.

Narrated by Ibn Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): The first day (i.e. Ghazwa) I participated in, was the day of Al-Khandaq (i.e. Trench).


Hadith Number 434.

Narrated by Ikrima bin Khalid: Ibn 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma) said, "I went to Hafsa while water was dribbling from her twined braids. I said, 'The condition of the people is as you see, (*) and no authority has been given to me.' Hafsa said, (to me), 'Go to them, and as they (i.e. the people) are waiting for you, and I am afraid your absence from them will produce division amongst them.' " So Hafsa did not leave Ibn 'Umar till we went to them. When the people differed, Muawiya addressed the people saying, "'If anybody wants to say anything in this matter of the Caliphate, he should show up and not conceal himself, for we are more rightful to be a Caliph than he and his father." On that, Habib bin Masalama said (to Ibn 'Umar), "Why don't you reply to him (i.e. Muawiya)?" 'Abdullah bin 'Umar said, "I untied my garment that was going round my back and legs while I was sitting and was about to say, 'He who fought against you and against your father for the sake of Islam, is more rightful to be a Caliph,' (**) but I was afraid that my statement might produce differences amongst the people and cause bloodshed, and my statement might be interpreted not as I intended. (So I kept quiet) remembering what Allah has prepared in the Gardens of Paradise (for those who are patient and prefer the Hereafter to this worldly life)." Habib said, "You did what kept you safe and secure (i.e. you were wise in doing so)."

* The fighting (between 'Ali and Mu'awiya) in Siffin.

** Ibn Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma) here means Ali bin Abi Talib (Radhi Allahu Anhu) who had fought with Mu’awiya, and Abu Sufyan (i.e. Mu’awiya’s father) in the battles of Uhud and Al-Khandaq.



Hadith Number 435.

Narrated by Sulaiman bin Surd (Radhi Allahu Anhu): On the day of Al-Ahzab (i.e. clans) the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, (After this battle) we will go to attack them (i.e. the infidels) and they will not come to attack us."


Hadith Number 436.

Narrated by Sulaiman bin Surd (Radhi Allahu Anhu): When the clans were driven away, I heard the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) saying, "From now onwards we will go to attack them (i.e. the infidels) and they will not come to attack us, but we will go to them."


Hadith Number 437.

Narrated by 'Ali (Radhi Allahu Anhu): On the day of Al-Khandaq (i.e. Trench), the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said '(Let) Allah fill their (i.e. the infidels') houses and graves with fire just as they have prevented us from offering the Middle Prayer (i.e. 'Asr prayer) till the sun had set."


Hadith Number 438.

Narrated by Jabir bin 'Abdullah (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): Umar bin Al-Khattab (Radhi Allahu Anhu) came on the day of Al-Khandaq after the sun had set and he was abusing the infidels of Quraish saying, "O Allah's Messenger! I was unable to offer the ('Asr) prayer till the sun was about to set." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "By Allah, I have not offered this (i.e. 'Asr) prayer." So we came down along with the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) to Buthan where he performed ablution for the prayer and then we performed the ablution for it. Then he offered the 'Asr prayer after the sun had set, and after it he offered the Maghrib prayer.


Hadith Number 439.

Narrated by Jabir (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): On the day of Al-Ahzab (i.e. clans), Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, 'Who will bring us the news of the people (i.e. the clans of Quraish infidels)?" Az-Zubair (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said, "I." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) again said, "Who will bring us the news of the people?" Az-Zubair (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said, "I." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) again said, "Who will bring us the news of the people?" Az-Zubair said, "I." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) then said, "Every Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) has his Hawari (i.e. disciple-special helper); my disciple is Az-Zubair.





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As Salamu Alaikum

Hadith Number 440.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) used to say, "None has the right to be worshipped except Allah Alone (Who) honored His Warriors and made His Slave victorious, and He (Alone) defeated the (infidel) clans; so there is nothing after Him.”


Hadith Number 441.

Narrated by 'Abdullah bin Abi 'Aufa (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) invoked evil upon the clans saying, "Allah, the Revealer of the Holy Book (i.e. the Quran), the Quick Taker of the accounts! Please defeat the clans. O Allah! Defeat them and shake them."


Hadith Number 442.

Narrated by 'Abdullah (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): Whenever Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) returned from a Ghazwa, Hajj or 'Umrah, he used to start (saying), "Allahu-Akbar," thrice and then he would say, "None has the right to be worshipped except Allah alone Who has no partners. To Him belongs the Kingdom, all praises are for Him, and He is able to do all things (i.e. Omnipotent). We are returning with repentance (to Allah) worshipping, prostrating, and praising our Lord. Allah has fulfilled His Promise, made His Slave victorious, and He (Alone) defeated the clans (of infidels)."


Hadith Number 443.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): When the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) returned from Al-Khandaq (i.e. Trench) and laid down his arms and took a bath, Jibril (Alayhi Salam) came and said (to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)), You have laid down your arms? By Allah, we angels have not laid them down yet. So set out for them." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Where to go?" Jibril (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said, "Towards this side," pointing towards Banu Quraiza. So the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) went out towards them.


Hadith Number 444.

Narrated by Anas (Radhi Allahu Anhu): As if I am just now looking at the dust rising in the street of Banu Ghanm (in Al-Madinah) because of the marching of Jibril's (Alayhi Salam) regiment when Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) set out to Banu Quraiza (to attack them).


Hadith Number 445.

Narrated by Ibn Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): On the day of Al-Ahzab (i.e. Clans) the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "None of you (Muslims) should offer the 'Asr prayer but at Banu Quraiza's place." The 'Asr prayer became due for some of them on the way. Some of those said, "We will not offer it till we reach it, the place of Banu Quraiza," while some others said, "No, we will pray at this spot, for the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) did not mean that for us." Later on it was mentioned to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and he did not berate any of the two groups.


Hadith Number 446.

Narrated by Anas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): Some (of the Ansar) used to present date palm trees to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) till Banu Quraiza and Banu An-Nadir were conquered (then he returned to the people their date palms). My people ordered me to ask the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) to return some or all the date palms they had given to him, but the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) had given those trees to Um Aiman (Radhi Allahu Anha). On that, Um Aiman came and put the garment around my neck and said, "No, by Him except Whom none has the right to be worshipped, he will not return those trees to you as he (i.e. the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)) has given them to me." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) go said (to her), "Return those trees and I will give you so much (instead of them)." But she kept on refusing, saying, "No, by Allah," till he gave her ten times the number of her date palms.





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As Salamu Alaikum


Hadith Number 447.

Narrated by Abu Said Al-Khudri (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The people of (Banu) Quraiza agreed to accept the verdict of Sad bin Mu'adh (Radhi Allahu Anhu). So the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) sent for Sad, and the latter came (riding) a donkey and when he approached the Masjid, the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said to the Ansar, "Get up for your chief or for the best among you." (*) Then the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said (to Sa'd)." These (i.e. Banu Quraiza) have agreed to accept your verdict." Sa'd said, "Kill their (men) warriors and take their offspring as captives, "On that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "You have judged according to Allah's Judgment," or said, "according to the King's judgment."

* The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) asked them to help Sa'd because he was sick.



Hadith Number 448.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): Sad (Radhi Allahu Anhu) was wounded on the day of Khandaq (i.e. Trench) when a man from Quraish, called Hibban bin Al-'Araqa hit him (with an arrow). The man was Hibban bin Qais from (the tribe of) Bani Mais bin 'Amir bin Lu'ai who shot an arrow at Sad's medial arm vein (or main artery of the arm). The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) pitched a tent (for Sad) in the Masjid so that he might be near to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) to visit. When the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) returned from the (battle) of Al-Khandaq (i.e. Trench) and laid down his arms and took a bath Jibril (Alayhi Salam) came to him while he (i.e. Jibril) was shaking the dust off his head, and said, "You have laid down the arms?" By Allah, I have not laid them down. Go out to them (to attack them)." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Where?" Jibril pointed towards Bani Quraiza. So Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) went to them (i.e. Banu Quraiza) (i.e. besieged them). They then surrendered to the Prophet’s (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) judgment but he directed them to Sad to give his verdict concerning them. Sad (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said, "I give my judgment that their warriors should be killed, their women and children should be taken as captives, and their properties distributed."

Narrated Hisham: My father informed me that 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) said, "Sad said, "O Allah! You know that there is nothing more beloved to me than to fight in Your Cause against those who disbelieved Your Messenger and turned him out (of Makkah). O Allah! I think you have put to an end the fight between us and them (i.e. Quraish infidels). And if there still remains any fight with the Quraish (infidels), then keep me alive till I fight against them for Your Sake. But if you have brought the war to an end, then let this wound burst and cause my death thereby.' So blood gushed from the wound. There was a tent in the Masjid belonging to Banu Ghifar who were surprised by the blood flowing towards them. They said, 'O people of the tent! What is this thing which is coming to us from your side?' Behold! Blood was flowing profusely out of Sad's wound. Sad then died because of that."


Hadith Number 449.

Narrated by Al-Bara (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said to Hassan, "Abuse them (with your poems), and Jibril is with you (i.e, supports you)." (Through another group of sub narrators) Al-Bara bin Azib said, "On the day of Quraiza's (besiege), Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said to Hassan bin Thabit, 'Abuse them (with your poems), and Jibril is with you (i.e. supports you).'"


Hadith Number 450.

Narrated by Abu Burda: Abu Musa (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said, "We went out in the company of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) for a Ghazwa and we were six persons having one camel which we rode in rotation. So, (due to excessive walking) our feet became thin and my feet became thin and my nail dropped, and we used to wrap our feet with the pieces of cloth, and for this reason, the Ghazwa was named Dhat-ur-Riqa (*) as we wrapped our feet with rags." When Abu- Musa narrated this (Hadith), he felt regretful to do so and said, as if he disliked to have disclosed a good deed of his.

* Dhat-ur-Riqa' literally means 'of the rags'.



Hadith Number 451.

Narrated by Salih bin Khawwat: Concerning those who witnessed the Fear Prayer that was performed in the battle of Dhat-ur-Riqa' in the company of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam); one batch lined up behind him while another batch (lined up) facing the enemy. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) led the batch that was with him in one Rak'ah, and he stayed in the standing posture while that batch completed their (two Rakat) prayer by themselves and went away, lining in the face of the enemy, while the other batch came and he (i.e. the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)) offered his remaining Rak'a with them, and then, kept on sitting till they completed their prayer by themselves, and he then finished his prayer with Taslim along with them.

Narrated Ibn Az-Zubair (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Jabir said, "We were with the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) at Nakhl," and then he mentioned the fear prayer.

Narrated Al-Qasim bin Muhammad: The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) offered the Fear prayer in the Ghazwa of Banu Anmar.





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As Salamu Alaikum

Hadith Number 452.

Narrated by Sahl bin Abi Hathma: (Describing the Fear prayer): The Imam stands up facing the Qiblah and one batch of them (i.e. the army) (out of the two) prays along with him and the other batch faces the enemy. The Imam offers one Rak'ah with the first batch they themselves stand up alone and offer one bowing and two prostrations while they are still in their place, and then go away to relieve the second batch, and the second batch comes (and takes the place of the first batch in the prayer behind the Imam) and he offers the second Rak'ah with them. So he completes his two-Rak'at and then the second batch bows and prostrates two prostrations (i.e. complete their second Rak'ah and thus all complete their prayer)


Hadith Number 453.

Narrated by Salih bin Hathma: The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said as above (Hadith 452).


Hadith Number 454.

Narrated by Salih bin Khawwat: Sahl said as above (Hadith 452).


Hadith Number 455.

Narrated by Ibn 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): I took part in a Ghazwa towards Najd along with Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and we clashed with the enemy, and we lined up for them.


Hadith Number 456.

Narrated by 'Abdullah bin 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) led the Fear-prayer with one of the two batches of the army while the other (batch) faced the enemy. Then the first batch went away and took places of their companions (i.e. second batch) and the second batch came and he led his second Rak'ah with them. Then he (i.e. the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam): finished his prayer with Taslim and then each of the two batches got up and completed their remaining one Rak'ah.


Hadith Number 457.

Narrated by Sinan and Abu Salama: Jabir (Radhi Allahu Anhu) mentioned that he had participated in a Ghazwa towards Najd in the company of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam).


Hadith Number 458.

Narrated by Jabir bin 'Abdullah (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): That he fought in a Ghazwa towards Najd along with Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and when Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) returned, he too, returned along with him. The time of the afternoon nap overtook them when they were in a valley full of thorny trees. Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) dismounted and the people dispersed amongst the thorny trees, seeking the shade of the trees. Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) took shelter under a Samura tree and hung his sword on it. We slept for a while when Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) suddenly called us, and we went to him, to find a bedouin sitting with him. Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "This (bedouin) took my sword out of its sheath while I was asleep. When I woke up, the naked sword was in his hand and he said to me, 'Who can save you from me?, I replied, 'Allah.' Now here he is sitting." Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) did not punish him (for that).

Through another group of narrators, Jabir said, "We were in the company of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) (during the battle of) Dhat-ur-Riqa', and we came across a shady tree and we left it for the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) (to take rest under its shade). A man from the pagans came while the Prophet’s (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) sword was hanging on the tree. He took it out of its sheath secretly and said (to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)), 'Are you afraid of me?' The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, 'No.' He said, 'Who can save you from me?' The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, ‘Allah.' The companions of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) threatened him, then the Iqamah for the prayer was announced and the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) offered a two Rakat Fear prayer with one of the two batches, and that batch went aside and he offered two Rak'at with the other batch. So the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) offered four Rakat but the people offered two Rakat only." (The sub-narrator) Abu Bishr added, "The man was Ghaurath bin Al-Harith and the battle was waged against Muharib Khasafa." Jabir added, "We were with the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) at Nakhl and he offered the Fear prayer." Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said, "I offered the Fear prayer with the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) during the Ghazwa (i.e. the battle) of Najd." Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu) came to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) during the day of Khaibar.


Hadith Number 459.

Narrated by Ibn Muhairiz: I entered the Masjid and saw Abu Said Al-Khudri and sat beside him and asked him about Al-Azl (i.e. coitus interruptus). Abu Said (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said, "We went out with Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) for the Ghazwa of Banu Al-Mustaliq and we received captives from among the Arab captives and we desired women and celibacy became hard on us and we loved to do coitus interruptus. So when we intended to do coitus interrupt us, we said, 'How can we do coitus interruptus before asking Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) who is present among us?" We asked (him) about it and he said, 'It is better for you not to do so, for if any soul (till the Day of Resurrection) is predestined to exist, it will exist."


Hadith Number 460.

Narrated by Jabir bin 'Abdullah (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): We took part in the Ghazwa of Najd along with Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and when the time for the afternoon rest approached while he was in a valley with plenty of thorny trees, he dismounted under a tree and rested in its shade and hung his sword (on it). The people dispersed amongst the trees in order to have shade. While we were in this state, Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) called us and we came and found a bedouin sitting in front of him. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "This (Bedouin) came to me while I was asleep, and he took my sword stealthily. I woke up while he was standing by my head, holding my sword without its sheath. He said, 'Who will save you from me?' I replied, 'Allah.' So he sheathed it (i.e. the sword) and sat down, and here he is." But Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) did not punish him.


Hadith Number 461.

Narrated by Jabir bin Abdullah Al-Ansari (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): I saw the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) offering his Nawafil prayer on his Mount facing the East during the Ghazwa of Anmar.






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As Salamu Alaikum

Hadith Number 462.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): Whenever Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) intended to go on a journey, he used to draw lots amongst his wives, and Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) used to take with him the one on whom the lot fell. He drew lots amongst us during one of the Ghazwat which he fought. The lot fell on me and so I proceeded with Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) after Allah's order of veiling (the women) had been revealed. I was carried (on the back of a camel) in my howdah and carried down while still in it (when we came to a halt). So we went on till Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) had finished from that Ghazwa of his and returned.

When we approached the city of Al-Madinah he announced at night that it was time for departure. So when they announced the news of departure, I got up and went away from the army camps, and after finishing from the call of nature, I came back to my riding animal. I touched my chest to find that my necklace which was made of Zifar beads (i.e. Yemenite beads partly black and partly white) was missing. So I returned to look for my necklace and my search for it detained me. (In the meanwhile) the people who used to carry me on my camel, came and took my howdah and put it on the back of my camel on which I used to ride, as they considered that I was in it. In those days women were light in weight for they did not get fat, and flesh did not cover their bodies in abundance as they used to eat only a little food. Those people therefore, disregarded the lightness of the howdah while lifting and carrying it; and at that time I was still a young girl. They made the camel rise and all of them left (along with it). I found my necklace after the army had gone.

Then I came to their camping place to find no call maker of them, nor one who would respond to the call. So I intended to go to the place where I used to stay, thinking that they would miss me and come back to me (in my search). While I was sitting in my resting place, I was overwhelmed by sleep and slept. Safwan bin Al-Muattal As-Sulami Adh-Dhakwani was behind the army. When he reached my place in the morning, he saw the figure of a sleeping person and he recognized me on seeing me as he had seen me before the order of compulsory veiling (was prescribed). So I woke up when he recited Istirja' (i.e. "Inna lillahi wa inna llaihi raji'un") (*) as soon as he recognized me. I veiled my face with my head cover at once, and by Allah, we did not speak a single word, and I did not hear him saying any word besides his Istirja'. He dismounted from his camel and made it kneel down, putting his leg on its front legs and then I got up and rode on it. Then he set out leading the camel that was carrying me till we overtook the army in the extreme heat of midday while they were at a halt (taking a rest). (Because of the event) some people brought destruction upon themselves (**) and the one who spread the Ifk (i.e. slander) more, was 'Abdullah bin Ubai Ibn Salul."

('Urwa said, "The people propagated the slander and talked about it in his (i.e. 'Abdullah's) presence and he confirmed it and listened to it and asked about it to let it prevail." Urwa also added, "None was mentioned as members of the slanderous group besides ('Abdullah) except Hassan bin Thabit and Mistah bin Uthatha and Hamna bint Jahsh along with others about whom I have no knowledge, but they were a group as Allah said. It is said that the one who carried most of the slander was 'Abdullah bin Ubai bin Salul." Urwa added, "'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) disliked to have Hassan abused in her presence and she used to say, 'It was he who said: My father and his (i.e. my father's) father and my honor are all for the protection of Muhammad's honor from you.").

'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) added, "After we returned to Al-Madinah, I became ill for a month. The people were propagating the forged statements of the slanderers while I was unaware of anything of all that, but I felt that in my present ailment, I was not receiving the same kindness from Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) as I used to receive when I got sick. (But now) Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) would only come, greet me and say,' How is that (lady)?' and leave. That roused my doubts, but I did not discover the evil (i.e. slander) till I went out after my convalescence, I went out with Um Mistah to Al-Manasi' where we used to answer the call of nature and we used not to go out (to answer the call of nature) except at night, and that was before we had latrines near our houses. And this habit of our concerning evacuating the bowels, was similar to the habits of the old 'Arabs living in the deserts, for it would be troublesome for us to take latrines near our houses. So I and Um Mistah who was the daughter of Abu Ruhm bin Al-Muttalib bin Abd Manaf, whose mother was the daughter of Sakhr bin 'Amir and the aunt of Abu Bakr As-Siddiq and whose son was Mistah bin Uthatha bin 'Abbas bin Al-Muttalib, went out. I and Um Mistah returned to my house after we finished answering the call of nature. Um Mistah stumbled by getting her foot entangled in her covering sheet and on that she said, 'Let Mistah be ruined!' I said, 'What a hard word you have said. Do you abuse a man who took part in the battle of Badr?' On that she said, 'O you Hantah! Didn't you hear what he (i.e. Mistah) said? 'I said, 'What did he say?'

Then she told me the slander of the people of Ifk. So my ailment was aggravated, and when I reached my home, Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) came to me, and after greeting me, said, 'How is that (lady)?' I said, 'Will you allow me to go to my parents?' as I wanted to be sure about the news through them. Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) allowed me (and I went to my parents) and asked my mother, 'O mother! What are the people talking about?' She said, 'O my daughter! Don't worry, for scarcely is there a charming woman who is loved by her husband and whose husband has other wives besides herself that they (i.e. women) would find faults with her.' I said, 'Subhan-Allah! (I testify the uniqueness of Allah). Are the people really talking in this way?' I kept on weeping that night till dawn I could neither stop weeping nor sleep then in the morning again, I kept on weeping, when the Divine Inspiration was delayed.

Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) called 'Ali bin Abi Talib and Usama bin Zaid (Radhi Allahu Anhuma) to ask and consult them about divorcing me. Usama bin Zaid said what he knew of my innocence, and the respect he preserved in himself for me. Usama (Radhi Allahu Anhuma) said, 'O Allah's Messenger! She is your wife and we do not know anything except good about her.' 'Ali bin Abi Talib (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said, 'O Allah's Messenger! Allah does not put you in difficulty and there are plenty of women other than she, yet, ask the maid-servant who will tell you the truth.' On that Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) called Barira (i.e. the maid-servant) and said, 'O Barira! Did you ever see anything which aroused your suspicion?' Barira said to him, 'By Him Who has sent you with the Truth. I have never seen anything in her (i.e. 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha)) which I would conceal, except that she is a young girl who sleeps leaving the dough of her family exposed so that the domestic goats come and eat it.'

So, on that day, Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) got up on the pulpit and complained about 'Abdullah bin Ubai (bin Salul) before his companions, saying, 'O you Muslims! Who will relieve me from that man who has hurt me with his evil statement about my family? By Allah, I know nothing except good about my family and they have blamed a man about whom I know nothing except good and he used never to enter my home except with me.' Sad bin Mu'adh (Radhi Allahu Anhu) the brother of Banu 'Abd Al-Ashhal got up and said, 'O Allah's Messenger! I will relieve you from him; if he is from the tribe of Al-Aus, then I will chop his head off, and if he is from our brothers, i.e. Al-Khazraj, then order us, and we will fulfill your order.' On that, a man from Al-Khazraj got up. Um Hassan, his cousin, was from his branch tribe, and he was Sad bin Ubada, chief of Al-Khazraj. Before this incident, he was a pious man, but his love for his tribe goaded him into saying to Sad (bin Mu'adh). 'By Allah, you have told a lie; you shall not and cannot kill him. If he belonged to your people, you would not wish him to be killed.'

On that, Usaid bin Hudair who was the cousin of Sad (bin Mu'adh) got up and said to Sad bin 'Ubada, 'By Allah! You are a liar! We will surely kill him, and you are a hypocrite arguing on the behalf of hypocrites.' On this, the two tribes of Al-Aus and Al Khazraj got so much excited that they were about to fight while Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) was standing on the pulpit. Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) kept on quietening them till they became silent and so did he. All that day I kept on weeping with my tears never ceasing, and I could never sleep.

In the morning my parents were with me and I wept for two nights and a day with my tears never ceasing and I could never sleep till I thought that my liver would burst from weeping. So, while my parents were sitting with me and I was weeping, an Ansari woman asked me to grant her admittance. I allowed her to come in, and when she came in, she sat down and started weeping with me. While we were in this state, Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) came, greeted us and sat down. He had never sat with me since that day of the slander. A month had elapsed and no Divine Inspiration came to him about my case. Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) then recited Tashah-hud and then said, 'Amma Badu, O 'Aishah! I have been informed so-and-so about you; if you are innocent, then soon Allah will reveal your innocence, and if you have committed a sin, then repent to Allah and ask Him for forgiveness for when a slave confesses his sins and asks Allah for forgiveness, Allah accepts his repentance.'

When Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) finished his speech, my tears ceased flowing completely that I no longer felt a single drop of tear flowing. I said to my father, 'Reply to Allah's Messenger on my behalf concerning what he has said.' My father said, 'By Allah, I do not know what to say to Allah's Messenger.' Then I said to my mother, 'Reply to Allah's Messenger on my behalf concerning what he has said.' She said, 'By Allah, I do not know what to say to Allah's Messenger.' In spite of the fact that I was a young girl and had a little knowledge of Quran, I said, 'By Allah, no doubt I know that you heard this (slanderous) speech so that it has been planted in your hearts (i.e. minds) and you have taken it as a truth. Now if I tell you that I am innocent, you will not believe me, and if confess to you about it, and Allah knows that I am innocent, you will surely believe me. By Allah, I find no similitude for me and you except that of Yusuf’s (Joseph's) father when he said, '(For me) patience in the most fitting against that which you assert; it is Allah (Alone) Whose Help can be sought.' Then I turned to the other side and lay on my bed; and Allah knew then that I was innocent and hoped that Allah would reveal my innocence. But, by Allah, I never thought that Allah would reveal about my case, Divine Inspiration, that would be recited (forever) as I considered myself too unworthy to be talked of by Allah with something of my concern, but I hoped that Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) might have a dream in which Allah would prove my innocence. But, by Allah, before Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) left his seat and before any of the household left, the Divine inspiration came to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam).

So there overtook him the same hard condition which used to overtake him, (when he used to be inspired divinely). The sweat was dropping from his body like pearls though it was a wintry day and that was because of the weighty statement which was being revealed to him. When that state of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) was over, he got up smiling, and the first word he said was, 'O 'Aishah! Allah has declared your innocence!' Then my Mother said to me, 'Get up and go to him (i.e. Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)). I replied, 'By Allah, I will not go to him, and I praise none but Allah. So Allah revealed the ten Verses: "Verily! They who spread the slander are a gang, among you..." (Surah An-Nur 24:11-20)

Allah revealed those Quranic Verses to declare my innocence. Abu Bakr As-Siddiq who used to disburse money for Mistah bin Uthatha because of his relationship to him and his poverty, said, 'By Allah, I will never give to Mistah bin Uthatha anything after what he has said about 'Aishah.' Then Allah revealed:

"And let not those among you who are good and wealthy swear not to give (any sort of help) to their kinsmen, those in need, and those who have left their homes for Allah's cause, let them pardon and forgive. Do you not love that Allah should forgive you? And Allah is oft-Forgiving Most Merciful." (Surah An-Nur 24:22)

Abu Bakr As-Siddiq (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said, 'Yes, by Allah, I would like that Allah forgive me.' and went on giving Mistah the money he used to give him before. He also added, 'By Allah, I will never deprive him of it at all.'

'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) further said:" Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) also asked Zainab bint Jahsh (i.e. his wife) about my case. He said to Zainab, 'What do you know and what did you see?" She replied, "O Allah's Messenger! I refrain from claiming falsely that I have heard or seen anything. By Allah, I know nothing except good (about 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha)).' From amongst the wives of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) Zainab was my peer (in beauty and in the love she received from the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)) but Allah saved her from that evil because of her piety. Her sister Hamna, started struggling on her behalf (***) and she was destroyed along with those who were destroyed. The man who was blamed said, 'Subhan-Allah! By Him in Whose Hand my soul is, I have never uncovered the cover (i.e. veil) of any female.' (****) Later on the man was martyred in Allah's Cause."

* This saying literally means: "Truly to Allah we belong and truly to Him we shall return" (Surah Al-Baqarah 2:156). It is recommended to be said when one is in distress or difficulty.

** By slandering 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) (Radhi Allahu Anha).

*** By spreading the slander so that her sister would not have a rival in the love of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam).

**** This is a figurative expression, meaning, 'I have never had sexual relation with any female.



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As Salamu Alaikum

Hadith Number 463.

Narrated by Az-Zuhri: Al-Walid bin 'Abdul Malik said to me, "Have you heard that 'Ali' (Radhi Allahu Anhu) was one of those who slandered 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha)?" I replied, "No, but two men from your people (named) Abu Salama bin 'Abdur-Rahman and Abu Bakr bin Abdur-Rahman bin Al-Harith have informed me that 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) told them that 'Ali remained silent about her case."


Hadith Number 464.

Narrated by Masruq bin Al-Aida: Um Ruman, the mother of 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) said that while 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) and she were sitting, an Ansari woman came and said, "May Allah harm such and-such a person!" Um Ruman said to her, What is the matter?" She replied, "My son was amongst those who talked of the story (of the Slander)." Um Ruman said, "What is that?" She said, "So-and-so..." and narrated the whole story. On that 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) said, "Did Allah's Messenger hear about that?" She replies, "yes." 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) further said, "And Abu Bakr too?" She replied, "Yes." On that, 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) fell down fainting, and when she came to her senses, she had got fever with rigors. I put her clothes over her and covered her. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) came and asked, "What is wrong with this (lady)?" Um Ruman replied, "O Allah's Messenger! She (i.e. 'Aishah) has got temperature with rigors." He said, "Perhaps it is because of the story that has been talked about?" She said, "Yes." 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) sat up and said, "By Allah, if I took an oath (that I am innocent), you would not believe me, and if I said (that I am not innocent), you would not excuse me. My and your example is like that of Yaqub (Jacob) and his sons (as Jacob said): 'It is Allah (Alone) Whose Help can be sought against that you assert.' Um Ruman said, "The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) then went out saying nothing. Then Allah declared her innocence. On that, 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) said (to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)), "I thank Allah only; thank neither anybody else nor you."


Hadith Number 465.

Narrated by Ibn Abi Malaika: 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) used to recite this Verse: 'Ida taliqunahu bi-alsinatikum' (Surah An-Nur 24:15) (*) "(As you tell lie with your tongues.)" and used to say "Al-Walaq" means "telling of a lie. "She knew this Verse more than anybody else as it was revealed about her.

* The word 'Taliqunahu' which means 'tell lies', may be read as 'Talaqqaunahu' which means 'receive'.



Hadith Number 466.

Narrated by Hisham's father: I started abusing Hassan in front of 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha). She said, "Do not abuse him as he used to defend Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) (against the infidels). 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) added, "Once Hassan took the permission from the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) to say poetic verses against the infidels. On that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, 'How will you exclude my forefathers (from that)? Hassan replied, 'I will take you out of them as one takes a hair out of the dough." Hisham's father added, "I abused Hassan as he was one of those who spoke against 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha)."





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As Salamu Alaikum

Hadith Number 467.

Narrated by Masruq: We went to 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) while Hassan bin Thabit was with her reciting poetry to her from some of his poetic verses, saying "A chaste wise lady about whom nobody can have suspicion. She gets up with an empty stomach because she never eats the flesh of indiscreet (ladies)." (*) 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) said to him, "But you are not like that." I said to her, "Why do you grant him admittance, though Allah said "and as for him among them, who had the greater share therein, his will be a severe torment." (Surah An-Nur 24:11)

On that, 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) said, "And what punishment is more than blinding?" (**) She, added, "Hassan used to defend or say poetry on behalf of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) (against the infidels)."

* Eating the flesh of other people means back-biting them.

** Hassan had become blind then.



Hadith Number 468.

Narrated by Zaid bin Khalid: We went out with Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) in the year of Al-Hudaibiya. One night it rained and Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) led us in the Fajr prayer and (after finishing it), turned to us and said, " Do you know what your Lord has said?" We replied, "Allah and His Messenger know it better." He said, "Allah said: "(Some of) My slaves got up believing in Me, And (some of them) disbelieving in Me. The one who said: We have been given rain through Allah's Mercy and Allah's Blessing and Allah's Bounty, Then he is a believer in Me, and is a Disbeliever in the star. And whoever said: We have been given rain because of such-and-such star, then he is a believer in the star, and is a disbeliever in Me."


Hadith Number 469.

Narrated by Anas (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) performed four 'Umrahs, all in the month of Dhul-Qa'dah, except the one which he performed with his Hajj (i.e. in Dhul-Hijjah). He performed one 'Umrah from Al-Hudaibiya in Dhul-Qa'dah, another 'Umrah in the following year in Dhul Qa'dah a third from Al-Jirana where he distributed the war booty of Hunain, in Dhul Qa'dah, and the fourth 'Umrah he performed was with his Hajj.


Hadith Number 470.

Narrated by Abu Qatada (Radhi Allahu Anhu): We set out with the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) in the year of Al-Hudaibiya, and all his companions assumed the state of Ihram but I did not.


Hadith Number 471.

Narrated by Al-Bara: Do you (people) consider the conquest of Makkah, the Victory (referred to in the Qur'an 48:1). Was the conquest of Makkah a victory? We really consider that the actual Victory was the Ar-Ridwan Pledge of allegiance which we gave on the day of Al-Hudaibiya (to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)). On the day of Al-Hudaibiya we were fourteen hundred men along with the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) Al-Hudaibiya was a well, the water of which we used up leaving not a single drop of water in it. When the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) was informed of that, he came and sat on its edge. Then he asked for a utensil of water, performed ablution from it, rinsed (his mouth), invoked (Allah), and poured the remaining water into the well. We stayed there for a while and then the well brought forth what we required of water for ourselves and our riding animals.





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As Salamu Alaikum


Hadith Number 472.

Narrated by Al-Bara bin Azib: That they were in the company of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) on the day of Al-Hudaibiya and their number was 1400 or more. They camped at a well and drew its water till it was dried. When they informed Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) of that, he came and sat over its edge and said, "Bring me a bucket of its water." When it was brought, he spat and invoked (Allah) and said, "Leave it for a while." Then they quenched their thirst and watered their riding animals (from that well) till they departed.


Hadith Number 473.

Narrated by Salim: Jabir (Radhi Allahu Anhuma) said "On the day of Al-Hudaibiya, the people felt thirsty and Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) had a utensil containing water. He performed ablution from it and then the people came towards him. Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, 'What is wrong with you?' The people said, 'O Allah's Messenger! We haven't got any water to perform ablution with or to drink, except what you have in your utensil.' So the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) put his hand in the utensil and the water started spouting out between his fingers like springs. So we drank and performed ablution." I said to Jabir, "What was your number on that day?" He replied, "Even if we had been one hundred thousand, that water would have been sufficient for us. Anyhow, we were 1500."


Hadith Number 474.

Narrated by Qatada: I said to Sa'id bin Al-Musaiyab, "I have been informed that Jabir bin 'Abdullah said that the number (of Al-Hudaibiya Muslim warriors) was 1400." Sa'id said to me, "Jabir narrated to me that they were 1500 who gave the Pledge of allegiance to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) on the day of Al-Hudaibiya."


Hadith Number 475.

Narrated by Jabir bin 'Abdullah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): On the day of Al-Hudaibiya, Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said to us "You are the best people on the earth!" We were 1400 then. If I could see now, I would have shown you the place of the Tree (beneath which the Pledge of allegiance was given by us)," Salim said, "Our number was 1400." 'Abdullah bin Abi Aufa said, "The people (who gave the Pledge of allegiance) under the Tree numbered 1300 and the number of Bani Aslam was 1/8 of the Emigrants."


Hadith Number 476.

Narrated by Mirdas Al-Aslami: Who was among those (who had given the Pledge of allegiance) under the Tree: Pious people will die in succession, and there will remain the dregs of society who will be like the useless residues of dates and barley and Allah will pay no attention to them.


Hadith Number 477.

Narrated by Marwan and Al-Miswar bin Makhrama (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) went out in the company of 1300 to 1500 of his companions in the year of Al-Hudaibiya, and when they reached Dhul-Hulaifa, he garlanded and marked his Hadi and assumed the state of Ihram.


Hadith Number 478.

Narrated by Kab bin Ujra (Radhi Allahu Anhu): That Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) saw him with the lice falling (from his head) on his face. Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Are your lice troubling you? Ka'b said, "Yes." Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) thus ordered him to shave his head while he was at Al-Hudaibiya. Up to then there was no indication that all of them would finish their state of Ihram and they hoped that they would enter Makkah. Then the order of Al-Fidya was revealed, so Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) ordered Kab to feed six poor persons with one Faraq of food or slaughter a sheep or fast for three days. (*)

* The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and his companions were then in the state of Ihram. They could not enter Makkah in that year and had to finish their Ihram at Al-Hudaibiya. Ka'b had to pay Fidya for shaving his head because he shaved his head and finished his Ihram before the others were ordered to finish their Ihram when they learned that they could not enter Makkah.



Hadith Number 479.

Narrated by Aslam: Once I went with 'Umar bin Al-Khattab (Radhi Allahu Anhu) to the market. A young woman followed 'Umar and said, "O chief of the believers! My husband has died, leaving little children. By Allah, they have not even a sheep's trotter to cook; they have no farms or animals. I am afraid that they may die because of hunger, and I am the daughter of Khufaf bin Ima Al-Ghafari, and my father witnessed the Pledge of allegiance) of Al-Hudaibiya with the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam).' Umar stopped and did not proceed, and said, "I welcome my near relative." Then he went towards a strong camel which was tied in the house, and carried on to it, two sacks he had loaded with food grains and put between them money and clothes and gave her its rope to hold and said, "Lead it, and this provision will not finish till Allah gives you a good supply." A man said, "O chief of the believers! You have given her too much." "Umar said disapprovingly. "May your mother be bereaved of you! By Allah, I have seen her father and brother besieging a fort for a long time and conquering it, and then we were discussing what their shares they would have from that war booty."




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As Salamu Alaikum


Hadith Number 480.

Narrated by Said bin Al-Musaiyab: That his father said, "I saw the Tree (of the Ar-Ridwan Pledge of allegiance and when I returned to it later, I was not able to recognize it. (The sub-narrator MahmiJd said, Al-Musaiyab said, 'Then; forgot it (i.e., the Tree).)"


Hadith Number 481.

Narrated by Tariq bin 'Abdur-Rahman: When I set out for Hajj, I passed by some people offering a prayer, I asked, "What is this Masjid?" They said, "This is the Tree where Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) took the Ar-Ridwan Pledge of allegiance. Then I went to Sa'id bin Musaiyab and informed him about it. Said said, "My father said that he was amongst those who had given the Pledge of allegiance to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) beneath the Tree. He (i.e. my father) said, "When we set out the following year, we forgot the Tree and were unable to recognize it. "Then Said said (perhaps ironically) "The companions of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) could not recognize it; nevertheless, you do recognize it; therefore you have a better knowledge."


Hadith Number 482.

Narrated by Said bin Al-Musaiyab: That his father was amongst those who had given the Pledge of allegiance (to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)) beneath the Tree, and the next year when they went towards the Tree, they were not able to recognize it.


Hadith Number 483.

Narrated by Tariq: (The tree where the Ridwan Pledge of allegiance was taken by the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)) was mentioned before Said bin Al-Musaiyab. On that he smiled and said, "My father informed me (about it) and he had witnessed it (i.e. the Pledge)."


Hadith Number 484.

Narrated by Abdullah bin Abi Aufa: (Who was one of those who had given the Pledge of allegiance to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) beneath the Tree) When the people brought Sadaqah (i.e. Zakat) to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) he used to say, "O Allah! Bless them with your Mercy." Once my father came with his Sadaqa to him whereupon he (i.e. the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)) said. "O Allah! Bless the family of Abu Aufa."


Hadith Number 485.

Narrated by 'Abbas bin Tamim: When it was the day (of the battle) of Al-Harra (*) the people were giving Pledge of allegiance to Abdullah bin Hanzala. (**) Ibn Zaid said, "For what are the people giving Pledge of allegiance to Abdullah bin Hanzala?" It was said to him, "For death." Ibn Zaid said, "I will never give the Pledge of allegiance for that to anybody else after Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)." Ibn Zaid was one of those who had witnessed the day of Al-Hudaibiya with the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam).

* A battle that took place between the army of Yazid bin Mu'awiya and the people of Al-Madinah.

** 'Abdullah bin Hanzala was the governor of Al-Madinah, appointed by 'Abdullah bin Az-Zubair.


Hadith Number 486.

Narrated by Iyas bin Salama bin Al-Akwa: My father who was amongst those who had given the Pledge of allegiance to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) beneath the Tree, said to me, "We used to offer the Jumu'ah prayer with the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and then depart at a time when the walls had no shade for us to take shelter in."


Hadith Number 487.

Narrated by Yazid bin Abi Ubaid: I said to Salama bin Al-Akwa, "For what did you give the Pledge of allegiance to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) on the day of Al-Hudaibiya?" He replied, "For death (in the Cause of Islam.)."


Hadith Number 488.

Narrated by Al-Musaiyab: I met Al-Bara bin 'Azib (Radhi Allahu Anhu) and said (to him). "May you live prosperously! You enjoyed the company of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and gave him the Pledge of allegiance (of Al-Hudaibiya) under the Tree." On that, Al-Bara' said, "O my nephew! You do not know what we have done after him (i.e. his death)."


Hadith Number 489.

Narrated by Abu Qilaba: That Thabit bin Ad-Dahhak had informed him that he was one of those who had given the Pledge of allegiance (of Al-Hudaibiya) beneath the Tree.


Hadith Number 490.

Narrated by Anas bin Malik: Regarding Allah's Statement: "Verily! We have granted you (O, Muhammad) Manifest victory." (Surah Al-Fath 48:1) It refers to the Al-Hudaibiya Pledge. And the companions of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said (to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)), "Congratulations and happiness for you; but what reward shall we get?" So Allah revealed: "That He may admit the believing men and women to gardens beneath which rivers flow." (Surah Al-Fath 48:5)


Hadith Number 491.

Narrated by Zahir Al-Aslami: (Who was one of those who had witnessed (the Pledge of allegiance beneath) the Tree) While I was making fire beneath the cooking pots containing donkey's meat, the announcer of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) announced, "Allah's Messenger forbids you to eat donkey's meat."

The same narration was told by Majzaa from a man called Uhban bin Aus who was one of those who had witnessed (the Pledge of allegiance beneath) the Tree., and who had some trouble in his knee so that while doing prostrations, he used to put a pillow underneath his knee.





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As Salamu Alaikum

Hadith Number 492.

Narrated by Suwaid bin An-Numan: Who was one of those who witnessed (the Pledge of allegiance beneath) the Tree: Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and his companions were given Sawiq (*) and they chewed it.

* Sawiq


Hadith Number 493.

Narrated by Abu Jamra: I asked Aidh bin Amr (Radhi Allahu Anhu), who was one of the companions of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) one of those who gave the allegiance to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) under the Tree: "Can the Witr prayer be repeated (in one night)?" He said, "If you have offered it in the first part of the night, you should not repeat it in the last part of the night." (See Fateh-al-Bari page 458 Vol 8th).


Hadith Number 494.

Narrated by Zaid bin Aslam: My father said, "Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) was proceeding at night on one of his journeys and 'Umar bin Al-Khattab (Radhi Allahu Anhu) was going along with him. 'Umar bin Al-Khattab asked him (about something) but Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) did not answer him. 'Umar asked him again, but he did not answer him. He asked him again (for the third time) but he did not answer him. On that Umar bin Al-Khattab addressed himself saying, "May your mother be bereaved of you, O 'Umar, for you have asked Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) thrice, yet he has not answered you." 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said, "Then I made my camel run fast and took it in front of the other Muslims, and I was afraid that something might be revealed in my connection. I had hardly waited for a moment when I heard somebody calling me. I said, 'I was afraid that something might have been revealed about me.' Then I came to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and greeted him. He (i.e. the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)) said, 'Tonight there has been revealed to me, a Surah which is dearer to me than (all the world) on which the sun rises,' and then he recited: 'Verily! We have granted you (O Muhammad) a manifest victory." (Surah Al-Fath 48:1)


Hadith Number 495.

Narrated by Al-Miswar bin Makhrama and Marwan bin Al-Hakam: (One of them said more than his friend): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) set out in the company of more than one-thousand of his companions in the year of Al-Hudaibiya, and when he reached Dhul-Hulaifa, he garlanded his Hadi (i.e. sacrificing animal), assumed the state of Ihram for 'Umrah from that place and sent a spy of his from Khuzi'a (tribe). The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) proceeded on till he reached (a village called) Ghadir-al-Ashtat. There his spy came and said, "The Quraish (infidels) have collected a great number of people against you, and they have collected against you the Ethiopians, and they will fight with you, and will stop you from entering the Ka'bah and prevent you." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "O people! Give me your opinion. Do you recommend that I should destroy the families and offspring of those who want to stop us from the Ka'bah? If they should come to us (for peace) then Allah will destroy a spy from the pagans, or otherwise we will leave them in a miserable state." On that Abu Bakr said, "O Allah Messenger! You have come with the intention of visiting this House (i.e. Ka'bah) and you do not want to kill or fight anybody. So proceed to it, and whoever should stop us from it, we will fight him." On that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Proceed on, in the Name of Allah!"


Hadith Number 496.

Narrated by Urwa bin Az-Zubair: That he heard Marwan bin Al-Hakam and Al-Miswar bin Makhrama relating one of the events that happened to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) in the 'Umrah of Al-Hudaibiya. They said, "When Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) concluded the truce with Suhail bin 'Amr on the day of Al-Hudaibiya, one of the conditions which Suhail bin 'Amr stipulated, was his saying (to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)), "If anyone from us (i.e. infidels) ever comes to you, though he has embraced your religion, you should return him to us, and should not interfere between us and him." Suhail refused to conclude the truce with Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) except on this condition. The believers disliked this condition and got disgusted with it and argued about it. But when Suhail refused to conclude the truce with Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) except on that condition, Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) concluded it. Accordingly, Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) then returned Abu Jandal bin Suhail to his father, Suhail bin 'Amr, and returned every man coming to him from them during that period even if he was a Muslim. The believing women Emigrants came (to Al-Madinah) and Um Kulthum, the daughter of 'Uqba bin Abi Mu'ait was one of those who came to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and she was an adult at that time. Her relatives came, asking Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) to return her to them, and in this connection, Allah revealed the Verses dealing with the believing (women). 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) said, "Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) used to test all the believing women who migrated to him, with the following Verse: "O Prophet! When the believing Women come to you, to give the pledge of allegiance to you." (Surah Al-Mumtahanah 60:12)

'Urwa's uncle said, "We were informed when Allah ordered His Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) to return to the pagans what they had given to their wives who lately migrated (to Al-Madinah) and we were informed that Abu Basir..." relating the whole narration.




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As Salamu Alaikum

Hadith Number 497.

Narrated by Nafi: Abdullah bin Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma) set out for Umrah during the period of afflictions, and he said, "If I should be stopped from visiting the Ka’bah, I will do what we did when we were with Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)." He assumed Ihram for 'Umrah in the year of Al-Hudaibiya.


Hadith Number 498.

Narrated by Nafi: Ibn 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhu) assumed Ihram and said, "If something should intervene between me and the Ka'bah, then I will do what the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) did when the Quraish infidels intervened between him and (the Ka'bah). Then Ibn 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhu) recited: "You have indeed in Allah's Messenger. A good example to follow." (Surah Al-Ahzab 33:.21)


Hadith Number 499.

Narrated by Nafi: One of 'Abdullah's sons said to 'Abdullah (bin Umar) (Radhi Allahu Anhu) "I wish you would stay this year (and not perform Hajj) as I am afraid that you will not be able to reach the Ka'bah." On that he (i.e. 'Abdullah bin Umar) said, "We went out with the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) (for 'Umrah), and when the Quraish infidel intervened between us and the Ka'bah, the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) slaughtered his Hadi and shaved (his head), and his companions cut short their hair." Then 'Abdullah bin Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said, "I make you witness that I have intended to perform 'Umrah and if I am allowed to reach the Ka'bah, I will perform the Tawaf, and if something (i.e. obstacles) intervene between me and the Ka'bah, then I will do what Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) did." Then after going for a while, he said, "I consider the ceremonies (of both 'Umrah and Hajj as one and the same, so I would like you to witness that I have intended to perform Hajj along with my 'Umrah." So he performed only one Tawaf and one Sai (between Safa and Marwa) and finished the Ihram of both Umrah and Hajj).


Hadith Number 500.

Narrated by Nafi: The people used to say that Ibn 'Umar had embraced Islam before 'Umar. This is not true. What happened is that 'Umar sent 'Abdullah (Radhi Allahu Anhuma) to bring his horse from an Ansari man so as to fight on it. At that time the people were giving the Pledge of allegiance to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) near the Tree, and 'Umar was not aware of that. So Abdullah (bin Umar) gave the Pledge of Allegiance (to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)) and went to take the horse and brought it to 'Umar. While 'Umar was putting on the armor to get ready for fighting, 'Abdullah informed him that the people were giving the Pledge of allegiance to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) beneath the Tree. So 'Umar set out and 'Abdullah accompanied him till he gave the Pledge of allegiance to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), and it was this event that made people say that Ibn 'Umar had embraced Islam before 'Umar. "Abdullah bin 'Umar added, "The people were along with the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) on the day of Al-Hudaibiya spreading in the shade of the trees. Suddenly the people surrounded the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and started looking at him." 'Umar said, "O 'Abdullah! Go and see why the people are encircling Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and looking at him." 'Abdullah bin Umar then saw the people giving the Pledge of allegiance to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam). So he also gave the Pledge of allegiance and returned to 'Umar who went out in his turn and gave the Pledge of allegiance to the Prophet.'


Hadith Number 501.

Narrated by 'Abdullah bin Abi Aufa (Radhi Allahu Anhu): We were in the company of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) when he performed the 'Umrah. He performed the Tawaf and we did the same; he offered the prayer and we also offered the prayer with him. Then he performed the Sai between Safa and Marwa and we were guarding him against the people of Makkah so that nobody should harm him.


Hadith Number 502.

Narrated by Abu Wail: When Sahl bin Hunaif returned from (the battle of) Siffin, (*) we went to ask him (as to why he had come back). He replied, "(You should not consider me a coward) but blame your opinions. (**) I saw myself on the day of Abu Jandal (***) (inclined to fight), and if I had the power of refusing the order of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) then, I would have refused it (and fought the infidels bravely). Allah and His Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) know (what is convenient) better. Whenever we put our swords on our shoulders for any matter that terrified us, our swords led us to an easy agreeable solution before the present situation (of disagreement and dispute between the Muslims). When we mend the breach in one side, it opened in another, and we do not know what to do about it."

* A battle between 'Ali and Mu'awiya.

** They blamed him for not fighting properly in that battle, but he blamed them for fighting their Muslim brethren.

*** During the peace treaty of Al-Hudaibiya, Abu Jandal, a new convert, sought refuge with the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) from the infidels who had persecuted him. But the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), abiding by the conditions of the Treaty, returned him to the infidels. The companions of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) wished that he had not returned him and prepared to fight the infidels.




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As Salamu Alaikum

Hadith Number 503.

Narrated by Kab bin Ujra (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) came to me at the time of Al-Hudaibiya Pledge while lice were falling on my face. He said, "Are the lice of your head troubling you?" I said, "Yes." He said, "Shave your head and fast for three days, or feed six poor persons, or slaughter a sheep as sacrifice." (The sub-narrator, Aiyub said, "I do not know with which of these three options he started.")


Hadith Number 504.

Narrated by Ka'b bin Ujra (Radhi Allahu Anhu): We were in the company of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) at Al-Hudaibiya in the state of Ihram and the pagans did not allow us to proceed (to the Ka'bah). I had thick hair and lice started falling on my face. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) passed by me and said, "Are the lice of your head troubling you?" I replied, Yes." (The sub-narrator added, "Then the following Divine Verse was revealed: "And if anyone of you is ill or has an ailment in his scalp, (necessitating shaving) must pay a ransom (Fida) of either fasting or feeding the poor, Or offering a sacrifice." (Surah Al-Baqarah 2:196)


Hadith Number 505.

Narrated by Anas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): Some people of the tribe of 'Ukl and 'Uraina arrived at Al-Madinah to meet the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and embraced Islam and said, "O Allah's Prophet! We are the owners of milch livestock (i.e. bedouins) and not farmers (i.e. countrymen)." They found the climate of Al-Madinah unsuitable for them. So Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) ordered that they should be provided with some milch camels and a shepherd and ordered them to go out of Al-Madinah and to drink the camels' milk and urine (as medicine) So they set out and when they reached Al-Harra, they reverted to Heathenism after embracing Islam, and killed the shepherd of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and drove away the camels. When this news reached the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), he sent some people in pursuit of them. (So they were caught and brought back to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)). The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) gave his orders in their concern. So their eyes were branded with pieces of iron and their hands and legs were cut off and they were left away in Harra till they died in that state of theirs. (See Hadith 234 Book 4)


Hadith Number 506.

Narrated by Abu Raja: The freed slave of Abu Qilaba, who was with Abu Qilaba in Sham: 'Umar bin 'Abdul 'Aziz (Radhi Allahu Anhuma) consulted the people saying, "What do you think of Qasama." (*) They said, "'It is a right (judgment) which Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and the Caliphs before you acted on." Abu Qilaba was behind 'Umar's bed. 'Anbasa bin Said said, But what about the narration concerning the people of Uraina?" (**) Abu Qilaba said, "Anas bin Malik narrated it to me," and then narrated the whole story.

* If somebody is murderd somewhere and the people of that area deny the murder and do not know about the murderer, then fifty of them should take an oath to confirm their claim, and if they take such an oath, then the government pays the bloodmoney to the relatives of the deceased person.

** The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) did not ask the people of 'Uraina to take an oath concerning the murder of the shepherd, but he killed them.


Hadith Number 507.

Narrated by Salama bin Al-Akwa (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Once I went (from Al-Madinah) towards (Al-Ghaba) before the first Adhan of the Fajr Prayer. The she-camels of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) used to graze at a place called Dhi-Qarad. A slave of 'Abdur-Rahman bin 'Auf (Radhi Allahu Anhu) met me (on the way) and said, "The she-camels of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) had been taken away by force." I asked, "Who had taken them?" He replied "(The people of) Ghatafan." I made three loud cries (to the people of Al-Madinah) saying, "O Sabahah!" (*) I made the people between the two mountains of Al-Madinah hear me. Then I rushed onward and caught up with the robbers while they were watering the camels. I started throwing arrows at them as I was a good archer and I was saying, "I am the son of Al-Akwa', and today will perish the wicked people." I kept on saying like that till I restored the she-camels (of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)), I also snatched thirty Burda (i.e. garments) from them. Then the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and the other people came there, and I said, "O Allah's Prophet! I have stopped the people (of Ghatafan) from taking water and they are thirsty now. So send (some people) after them now." On that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "O the son of Al-Akwa'! You have over-powered them, so forgive them." Then we all came back and Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) seated me behind him on his she-camel till we entered Al-Madinah.

* A call for help.




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As Salamu Alaikum

Hadith Number 508.

Narrated by Suwaid bin An-Numan (Radhi Allahu Anhu): I went out in the company of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) in the year of Khaibar, and when we reached As Sahba' which is the lower part of Khaibar, the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) offered the Asr prayer and then asked the people to collect the journey food. Nothing was brought but Sawiq which the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) ordered to be moistened with water, and then he ate it and we also ate it. Then he got up to offer the Maghrib prayer. He washed his mouth, and we too washed our mouths, and then he offered the prayer without repeating his ablution.


Hadith Number 509.

Narrated by Salama bin Al-Akwa (Radhi Allahu Anhu): We went out to Khaibar in the company of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam). While we were proceeding at night, a man from the group said to 'Amir, "O 'Amir! Won't you let us hear your poetry?" 'Amir was a poet, so he got down and started reciting for the people poetry that kept pace with the camels' footsteps, saying: "O Allah! Without You we would not have been guided on the right path neither would be have given in charity, nor would we have prayed. So please forgive us, what we have committed (i.e. our defects); let all of us be sacrificed for Your Cause And send Sakina (i.e. calmness) upon us to make our feet firm when we meet our enemy, and if they will call us towards an unjust thing, we will refuse. The infidels have made a hue and cry to ask others' help against us." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) on that, asked, "Who is that (camel) driver (reciting poetry)?" The people said, "He is 'Amir bin Al-Akwa' (Radhi Allahu Anhu)."

Then the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "May Allah bestow His Mercy on him." A man amongst the people said, "O Allah's Prophet! Has (martyrdom) been granted to him. (*) Would that you let us enjoy his company longer." Then we reached and besieged Khaibar till we were afflicted with severe hunger. Then Allah helped the Muslims conquer it (i.e. Khaibar). In the evening of the day of the conquest of the city, the Muslims made huge fires. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "What are these fires? For cooking what, are you making the fire?" The people replied, "(For cooking) meat." He asked, "What kind of meat?" They (i.e. people) said, "The meat of donkeys." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Throw away the meat and break the pots!" Some man said, "O Allah's Messenger! Shall we throw away the meat and wash the pots instead?" He said, "(Yes, you can do) that too." So when the army files were arranged in rows (for the clash), 'Amir's sword was short and he aimed at the leg of a Jew to strike it, but the sharp blade of the sword returned to him and injured his own knee, and that caused him to die. When they returned from the battle, Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) saw me (in a sad mood). He took my hand and said, "What is bothering you?" I replied, "Let my father and mother be sacrificed for you! The people say that the deeds of 'Amir are lost." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Whoever says so, is mistaken, for 'Amir has got a double reward." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) raised two fingers and added, "He (i.e. Amir) was a persevering struggler in the Cause of Allah and there are few 'Arabs who achieved the like of (good deeds) 'Amir had done."

* The man, 'Umar, inferred from the invocation of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) that 'Amir would be granted martyrodm.



Hadith Number 510.

Narrated by Anas (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) reached Khaibar at night and it was his habit that, whenever he reached the enemy at night, he will not attack them till it was morning. When it was morning, the Jews came out with their spades and baskets, and when they saw him (i.e. the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)), they said, "Muhammad! By Allah! Muhammad and his army!" The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Khaibar is destroyed, for whenever we approach a (hostile) nation (to fight), then evil will be the morning for those who have been warned."

Narrated Anas bin Malik (Radhi Allahu Anhu): We reached Khaibar early in the morning (*) and the inhabitants of Khaibar came out carrying their spades, and when they saw the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) they said, "Muhammad! By Allah! Muhammad and his army!" The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Allahu-Akbar! Khaibar is destroyed, for whenever we approach a (hostile) nation (to fight) then evil will be the morning for those who have been warned." We then got the meat of donkeys (and intended to eat it), but an announcement was made by the announcer of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), "Allah and His Messenger forbid you to eat the meat of donkeys as it is an impure thing."

* They came at night and stayed near to Khaibar till morning when they attacked it.



Hadith Number 511.

Narrated by Anas bin Malik (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Someone came to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)s and said, "The donkeys have been eaten (by the Muslims)." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) kept quiet. Then the man came again and said, "The donkeys have been eaten." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) kept quiet. The man came to him the third time and said, "The donkeys have been consumed." On that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) ordered an announcer to announce to the people, "Allah and His Messenger forbid you to eat the meat of donkeys." Then the cooking pots were upset while the meat was still boiling in them.


Hadith Number 512.

Narrated by Anas (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) offered the Fajr Prayer near Khaibar when it was still dark and then said, "Allahu-Akbar! Khaibar is destroyed, for whenever we approach a (hostile) nation (to fight), then evil will be the morning for those who have been warned." Then the inhabitants of Khaibar came out running on the roads. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) had their warriors killed, their offspring and woman taken as captives. Safiya (Radhi Allahu Anhu) was amongst the captives, she first came in the share of Dahya Alkali but later on she belonged to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam). The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) made her manumission as her 'Mahr'. (*)

* The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) married her after manumitting her.





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As Salamu Alaikum


Hadith Number 513.

Narrated by 'Abdul 'Aziz bin Suhaib: Anas bin Malik (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said, "The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) took Safiya as a captive. He manumitted her and married her." Thabit asked Anas, "What did he give her as Mahr (i.e. marriage gift)?" Anas replied. "Her Mahr was herself, for he manumitted her."


Hadith Number 514.

Narrated by Sahl bin Sad As Saidi (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) (and his army) encountered the pagans and the two armies.,, fought and then Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) returned to his army camps and the others (i.e. the enemy) returned to their army camps. Amongst the companions of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) there was a man who could not help pursuing any single isolated pagan to strike him with his sword. Somebody said, "None has benefited the Muslims today more than so-and-so." On that Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "He is from the people of the Hell-Fire certainly." A man amongst the people (i.e. Muslims) said, "I will accompany him (to know the fact)." So he went along with him, and whenever he stopped he stopped with him, and whenever he hastened, he hastened with him. The (brave) man then got wounded severely, and seeking to die at once, he planted his sword into the ground and put its point against his chest in between his breasts, and then threw himself on it and committed suicide. On that the person (who was accompanying the deceased all the time) came to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and said, "I testify that you are the Messenger of Allah." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Why is that (what makes you say so)?" He said "It is concerning the man whom you have already mentioned as one of the dwellers of the Hell-Fire. The people were surprised by your statement, and I said to them, "I will try to find out the truth about him for you." So I went out after him and he was then inflicted with a severe wound and because of that, he hurried to bring death upon himself by planting the handle of his sword into the ground and directing its tip towards his chest between his breasts, and then he threw himself over it and committed suicide." Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) then said, "A man may do what seem to the people as the deeds of the dwellers of Paradise but he is from the dwellers of the Hell-Fire and another may do what seem to the people as the deeds of the dwellers of the Hell-Fire, but he is from the dwellers of Paradise."


Hadith Number 515.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu) : We witnessed (the battle of) Khaibar. Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said about one of those who were with him and who claimed to be a Muslim. "This (man) is from the dwellers of the Hell-Fire." When the battle started, that fellow fought so violently and bravely that he received plenty of wounds. Some of the people were about to doubt (the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)'s statement), but the man, feeling the pain of his wounds, put his hand into his quiver and took out of it, some arrows with which he slaughtered himself (i.e. committed suicide). Then some men amongst the Muslims came hurriedly and said, "O Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)! Allah has made your statement true so-and-so has committed suicide. "The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "O so-and-so! Get up and make an announcement that none but a believer will enter Paradise and that Allah may support the religion with an unchaste (evil) wicked man.


Hadith Number 516.

Narrated by Abu Musa Al-Ashari (Radhi Allahu Anhu): When Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) fought the battle of Khaibar, or when Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) went towards it, (whenever) the people, (passed over a high place overlooking a valley, they raised their voices saying, "Allahu-Akbar! Allahu-Akbar! None has the right to be worshipped except Allah." On that Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said (to them), "Lower your voices, for you are not calling a deaf or an absent one, but you are calling a Hearer Who is near and is with you." I was behind the riding animal of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and he heard me saying. "There Is neither might, nor power but with Allah," (*) On that he said to me, "O Abdullah bin Qais!" I said, "Labbaik. O Allah's Messenger!" He said, "Shall I tell you a sentence which is one of the treasures of Paradise" I said, "Yes, O Allah's Messenger! Let my father and mother be sacrificed for your sake." He said, "It is: There is neither might nor power but with Allah." (*)

* The Arabic version of this saying is: La Hawla wala quwata illa billah.





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As Salamu Alaikum



Hadith Number 517.

Narrated by Yazid bin Abi Ubaid: I saw the trace of a wound in Salama's leg. I said to him, "O Abu Muslim! What is this wound?" He said, "This was inflicted on me on the day of Khaibar and the people said, 'Salama has been wounded.' Then I went to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and he puffed his saliva in it (i.e. the wound) thrice., and since then I have not had any pain in it till this hour."


Hadith Number 518.

Narrated by Sahl (Radhi Allahu Anhu): During one of his Ghazawat, the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) encountered the pagans, and the two armies fought, and then each of them returned to their army camps. Amongst the (army of the) Muslims there was a man who would follow every pagan separated from the army and strike him with his sword. It was said, "O Allah's Messenger! None has fought so satisfactorily as so-and-so (namely, that brave Muslim). "The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "He is from the dwellers of the Hell-Fire." The people said, "Who amongst us will be of the dwellers of Paradise if this (man) is from the dwellers of the Hell-Fire?" Then a man from amongst the people said, "I will follow him and accompany him in his fast and slow movements." The (brave) man got wounded, and wanting to die at once, he put the handle of his sword on the ground and its tip in between his breasts, and then threw himself over it, committing suicide. Then the man (who had watched the deceased) returned to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and said, "I testify that you are Messenger of Allah." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "What is this?" The man told him the whole story. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "A man may do what may seem to the people as the deeds of the dwellers of Paradise, but he is of the dwellers of the Hell-Fire and a man may do what may seem to the people as the deeds of the dwellers of the Hell-Fire, but he is from the dwellers of Paradise."


Hadith Number 519.

Narrated by Abu Imran: Anas looked at the people wearing Tailsans (i.e. a special kind of head covering worn by Jews in old days). On that Anas said, "At this moment they (i.e. those people) look like the Jews of Khaibar." (*)

* Because the Jews of Khaibar used to wear such dresses. Anas did not mean that the wearing of such clothes was disliked, but he disapproved of their yellow colour.



Hadith Number 520.

Narrated by Salama (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Ali (Radhi Allahu Anhu) remained behind the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) during the Ghazwa of Khaibar as he was suffering from eye trouble. He then said, "(How can) I remain behind the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)," and followed him. So when he slept on the night of the conquest of Khaibar, the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "I will give the flag tomorrow, or tomorrow the flag will be taken by a man who is loved by Allah and His Messenger, and (Khaibar) will be conquered through him, (with Allah's help)" While every one of us was hopeful to have the flag, it was said, "Here is 'Ali" and the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) gave him the flag and Khaibar was conquered through him (with Allah's Help).


Hadith Number 521.

Narrated by Sahl bin Sad (Radhi Allahu Anhu): On the day of Khaibar, Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Tomorrow I will give this flag to a man through whose hands Allah will give us victory. He loves Allah and His Messenger, and he is loved by Allah and His Messenger." The people remained that night, wondering as to who would be given it. In the morning the people went to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and everyone of them was hopeful to receive it (i.e. the flag). The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Where is Ali bin Abi Talib?" It was said, "He is suffering from eye trouble O Allah's Messenger." He said, "Send for him." 'Ali was brought and Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) spat in his eye and invoked good upon him. So 'Ali was cured as if he never had any trouble. Then the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) gave him the flag. 'Ali said "O Allah's Messenger! I will fight with them till they become like us." Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Proceed and do not hurry. When you enter their territory, call them to embrace Islam and inform them of Allah's Rights which they should observe, for by Allah, even if a single man is led on the right path (of Islam) by Allah through you, then that will be better for you than the nice red camels.


Hadith Number 522.

Narrated by Anas bin Malik (Radhi Allahu Anhu): We arrived at Khaibar, and when Allah helped His Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) to open the fort, the beauty of Safiya bint Huyai bin Akhtaq whose husband had been killed while she was a bride, was mentioned to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam). The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) selected her for himself, and set out with her, and when we reached a place called Sidd-as-Sahba,' Safiya became clean from her menses then Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) married her. Hais (i.e. an 'Arabian dish) was prepared on a small leather mat. Then the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said to me, "I invite the people around you." So that was the marriage banquet of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and Safiya. Then we proceeded towards Al-Madinah, and I saw the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), making for her a kind of cushion with his cloak behind him (on his camel). He then sat beside his camel and put his knee for Safiya to put her foot on, in order to ride (on the camel).


Hadith Number 523.

Narrated by Anas bin Malik (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) stayed with Safiya bint Huyai for three days on the way of Khaibar where he consummated his marriage with her. Safiya was amongst those who were ordered to use a veil.




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As Salamu Alaikum


Hadith Number 524.

Narrated by Anas (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) stayed for three rights between Khaibar and Al-Madinah and was married to Safiya. He invited the Muslims to his marriage banquet and there was neither meat nor bread in that banquet but the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) ordered Bilal to spread the leather mats on which dates, dried yogurt and butter were put. The Muslims said amongst themselves, "Will she (i.e. Safiya) be one of the mothers of the believers, (i.e. one of the wives of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)) or just (a lady captive) of what his right-hand possesses" Some of them said, "If the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) makes her observe the veil, then she will be one of the mothers of the believers (i.e. one of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)'s wives), and if he does not make her observe the veil, then she will be his lady slave." So when he departed, he made a place for her behind him (on his camel and made her observe the veil.)


Hadith Number 525.

Narrated by 'Abdullah bin Mughaffal (Radhi Allahu Anhu): While we were besieging Khaibar, a person threw a leather container containing some fat and I ran to take it. Suddenly I looked behind, and behold! The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) was there. So I felt shy (to take it then).


Hadith Number 526.

Narrated by Ibn Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): On the day of Khaiber, Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) forbade the eating of garlic and the meat of donkeys.


Hadith Number 527.

Narrated by 'Ali bin Abi Talib (Radhi Allahu Anhu): On the day of Khaibar, Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) forbade the Mut'a (i.e. temporary marriage) and the eating of donkey-meat.


Hadith Number 528.

Narrated by Ibn Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): On the day of Khaibar, Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) forbade the eating of donkey meat.


Hadith Number 529.

Narrated by Ibn Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) forbade the eating of donkey-meat.


Hadith Number 530.

Narrated by Jabir bin Abdullah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): On the day of Khaibar, Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) forbade the eating of donkey meat and allowed the eating of horse meat.


Hadith Number 531.

Narrated by Ibn Abi Aufa (Radhi Allahu Anhu): We were afflicted with severe hunger on the day of Khaibar. While the cooking pots were boiling and some of the food was well-cooked, the announcer of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) came to say, "Do not eat anything the donkey-meat and upset the cooking pots." We then thought that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) had prohibited such food because the Khumus had not been taken out of it. Some others said, "He prohibited the meat of donkeys from the point of view of principle, because donkeys used to eat dirty things."


Hadith Number 532.

Narrated by Al-Bara and 'Abdullah bin Abl Aufa (Radhi Allahu Anhu): That when they were in the company of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), they got some donkeys which they (slaughtered and) cooked. Then the announcer of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Turn the cooking pots upside down (i.e. throw out the meat)."


Hadith Number 533.

Narrated by Al-Bara' and Ibn Abi Aufa (Radhi Allahu Anhu): On the day of Khaibar when the cooking pots were put on the fire, the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Turn the cooking pots upside down."


Hadith Number 534.

Narrated by Al-Bara (Radhi Allahu Anhu): We took part in a Ghazwa with the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) (same as Hadith No. 533).


Hadith Number 535.

Narrated by Al-Bara Bin Azib (Radhi Allahu Anhu): During the Ghazwa of Khaibar, the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) ordered us to throw away the meat of the donkeys whether it was still raw or cooked. He did not allow us to eat it later on.


Hadith Number 536.

Narrated by Ibn Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): I do not know whether the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) forbade the eating of donkey-meat (temporarily) because they were the beasts of burden for the people, and he disliked that their means of transportation should be lost, or he forbade it on the day of Khaibar permanently.


Hadith Number 537.

Narrated by Ibn 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): On the day of Khaibar, Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) divided (the war booty of Khaibar) with the ratio of two shares for the horse and one-share for the foot soldier. (The sub-narrator, Nafi' explained this, saying, "If a man had a horse, he was given three shares and if he had no horse, then he was given one share.")


Hadith Number 538.

Narrated by Jubair bin Mutim (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Uthman bin 'Affan (Radhi Allahu Anhu) and I went to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and said, "You had given Banu Al-Muttalib from the Khumus of Khaibar's booty and left us in spite of the fact that we and Banu Al-Muttalib are similarly related to you." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Banu Hashim and Banu Al-Muttalib only are one and the same." So the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) did not give anything to Banu Abd Shams and Banu Nawfal. (*)

* 'Uthman (Radhi Allahu Anhu) belonged to Banu Abd Shams and Jubair (Radhi Allahu Anhu) belonged to Banu Nawfal.





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As Salamu Alaikum


Hadith Number 539.

Narrated by Abu Musa (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The news of the migration of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) (from Makkah to Al-Madinah) reached us while we were in Yemen. So we set out as emigrants towards him. We were (three) I and my two brothers. I was the youngest of them, and one of the two was Abu Burda, and the other, Abu Ruhm, and our total number was either 53 or 52 men from my people. We got on board a boat and our boat took us to Negus in Ethiopia. There we met Ja'far bin Abi Talib (Radhi Allahu Anhu) and stayed with him. Then we all came (to Al-Madinah) and met the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) at the time of the conquest of Khaibar. Some of the people used to say to us, namely the people of the ship, "We have migrated before you." Asma' bint 'Umais (Radhi Allahu Anha) who was one of those who had come with us, came as a visitor to Hafsa, the wife the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam). She had migrated along with those other Muslims who migrated to Negus. 'Umar came to Hafsa while Asma' bint 'Umais was with her. 'Umar, on seeing Asma,' said, "Who is this?" She said, "Asma' bint 'Umais," 'Umar said, "Is she the Ethiopian? Is she the sea-faring lady?" Asma' replied, "Yes." 'Umar said, "We have migrated before you (people of the boat), so we have got more right than you over Allah's Messenger. " On that Asma' became angry and said, "No, by Allah, while you were with Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) who was feeding the hungry ones amongst you, and advised the ignorant ones amongst you, we were in the far-off hated land of Ethiopia, and all that was for the sake of Allah's Messenge. By Allah, I will neither eat any food nor drink anything till I inform Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) of all that you have said. There we were harmed and frightened. I will mention this to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and will not tell a lie or curtail your saying or add something to it." So when the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) came, she said, "O Allah's Prophet 'Umar has said so-and-so." He said (to Asma'), "What did you say to him?" Asma's aid, "I told him so-and-so." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "He (i.e. 'Umar) has not got more right than you people over me, as he and his companions have (the reward of) only one migration, and you, the people of the boat, have (the reward of) two migrations." Asma' later on said, "I saw Abu Musa and the other people of the boat coming to me in successive groups, asking me about this narration,, and to them nothing in the world was more cheerful and greater than what the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) had said about them."

Narrated Abu Burda: Asma' (Radhi Allahu Anha) said, "I saw Abu Musa requesting me to repeat this narration again and again."

Narrated Abu Burda: Abu Musa (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said, "The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "I recognize the voice of the group of Al-Ashariyun, when they recite the Qur'an, when they enter their homes at night, and I recognize their houses by (listening) to their voices when they are reciting the Qur'an at night although I have not seen their houses when they came to them during the day time. Amongst them is Hakim who, on meeting the cavalry or the enemy, used to say to them (i.e. the enemy). My companions order you to wait for them.'"


Hadith Number 540.

Narrated by Abu Musa (Radhi Allahu Anhu): We came upon the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) after he had conquered Khaibar. He then gave us a share (from the booty), but apart from us he did not give to anybody else who did not attend the Conquest.


Hadith Number 541.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): When we conquered Khaibar, we gained neither gold nor silver as booty, but we gained cows, camels, goods and gardens. Then we departed with Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) to the valley of Al-Qira, and at that time Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) had a slave called Mid'am who had been presented to him by one of Banu Ad-Dibbab. While the slave was dismounting the saddle of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) an arrow the thrower of which was unknown, came and hit him. The people said, "Congratulations to him for the martyrdom." Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "No, by Him in Whose Hand my soul is, the sheet (of cloth) which he had taken (illegally) on the day of Khaibar from the booty before the distribution of the booty, has become a flame of Fire burning him." On hearing that, a man brought one or two leather straps of shoes to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and said, "These are things I took (illegally)." On that Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "This is a strap, or these are two straps of Fire."




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As Salamu Alaikum

Hadith Number 542.

Narrated by 'Umar bin Al-Khattab (Radhi Allahu Anhu): By Him in Whose Hand my soul is, were I not afraid that the other Muslims might be left in poverty, I would divide (the land of) whatever village I may conquer (among the fighters), as the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) divided the land of Khaibar. But I prefer to leave it as a (source of) a common treasury for them to distribute it revenue amongst themselves.


Hadith Number 543.

Narrated by 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhu): But for the other Muslims (i.e. coming generations) I would divide (the land of) whatever villages the Muslims might conquer (among the fighters), as the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) divided (the land of) Khaibar.


Hadith Number 544.

Narrated by 'Anbasa bin Said: Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu) came to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and asked him (for a share from the Khaibar booty). On that, one of the sons of Said bin Al-'As said to him, "O Allah's Messenger! Do not give him." Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu) then said (to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)) "This is the murderer of Ibn Qauqal." Sa'id's son said, "How strange! A guinea pig coming from Qadum Ad-Dan!" (*)

Narrated Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) sent Aban from Al-Madinah to Najd as the commander of a Sariya. Aban and his companions came to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) at Khaibar after the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) had conquered it, and the reins of their horses were made of the fibre of date palm trees. I said, "O Allah's Messenger! Do not give them a share of the booty." on, that, Aban said (to me), "Strange! You suggest such a thing though you are what you are, O guinea pig coming down from the top of Ad-Dal (a lotus tree)! "On that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "O Aban, sit down! " and did not give them any share.

* Qadum Ad-Dan is the name of a mountain in the land of Abu Hurairah's tribe.



Hadith Number 545.

Narrated by Said: Aban bin Said came to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and greeted him. Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said, "O Allah's Messenger! This (Aban) is the murderer of the Ibn Qauqal." (On hearing that), Aban said to Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu), "How strange your saying is! You, a guinea pig, descending from Qadum Dan, blaming me for (killing) a person whom Allah favored (with martyrdom) with my hand, and whom He forbade to degrade me with his hand." (*)

* Aban wants to say, "If I had been killed by that person I would have been among the people of the Hell-Fire. Aban, before embracing Islam killed Ibn Qauqal who was a Muslim.





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As Salamu Alaikum


Hadith Number 546.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Fatima the daughter of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) sent someone to Abu Bakr (when he was a caliph), asking for her inheritance of what Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) had left of the property bestowed on him by Allah from the Fai (i.e. booty gained without fighting) in Al-Madinah, and Fadak, and what remained of the Khumus of the Khaibar booty. On that, Abu Bakr (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said, "Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Our property is not inherited. Whatever we leave, is Sadaqah, but the family of (the Prophet) Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) can eat of this property.' By Allah, I will not make any change in the state of the Sadaqah of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and will leave it as it was during the lifetime of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), and will dispose of it as Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) used to do." So Abu Bakr (Radhi Allahu Anhu) refused to give anything of that to Fatima. So she became angry with Abu Bakr and kept away from him, and did not talk to him till she died. She remained alive for six months after the death of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam).

When she died, her husband 'Ali, buried her at night without informing Abu Bakr (Radhi Allahu Anhu) and he said the funeral prayer by himself. When Fatima was alive, the people used to respect 'Ali much, but after her death, 'Ali noticed a change in the people's attitude towards him. So Ali sought reconciliation with Abu Bakr (Radhi Allahu Anhu) and gave him an oath of allegiance. 'Ali had not given the oath of allegiance during those months (i.e. the period between the Prophet’s (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) death and Fatima's death). 'Ali sent someone to Abu Bakr (Radhi Allahu Anhu) saying, "Come to us, but let nobody come with you," as he disliked that 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhu) should come, 'Umar said (to Abu Bakr), "No, by Allah, you shall not enter upon them alone" Abu Bakr (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said, "What do you think they will do to me? By Allah, I will go to them' So Abu Bakr (Radhi Allahu Anhu) entered upon them, and then 'Ali (Radhi Allahu Anhu) uttered Tashahhud (*) and said (to Abu Bakr), "We know well your superiority and what Allah has given you, and we are not jealous of the good what Allah has bestowed upon you, but you did not consult us in the question of the rule and we thought that we have got a right in it because of our near relationship to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)."

Thereupon Abu Bakr's (Radhi Allahu Anhu) eyes flowed with tears. And when Abu Bakr spoke, he said, "By Him in Whose Hand my soul is to keep good relations with the relatives of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) is dearer to me than to keep good relations with my own relatives. But as for the trouble which arose between me and you about his property, I will do my best to spend it according to what is good, and will not leave any rule or regulation which I saw Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) following, in disposing of it, but I will follow."

On that 'Ali said to Abu Bakr (Radhi Allahu Anhuma), "I promise to give you the oath of allegiance in this after noon." So when Abu Bakr had offered the Dhuhr prayer, he ascended the pulpit and uttered the Tashahhud and then mentioned the story of 'Ali and his failure to give the oath of allegiance, and excused him, accepting what excuses he had offered; Then 'Ali (got up) and praying (to Allah) for forgiveness, he uttered Tashahhud, praised Abu Bakr's right, and said, that he had not done what he had done because of jealousy of Abu Bakr or as a protest of that Allah had favored him with. 'Ali (Radhi Allahu Anhu) added, "But we used to consider that we too had some right in this affair (of rulership) and that he (i.e. Abu Bakr) did not consult us in this matter, and therefore caused us to feel sorry." On that all the Muslims became happy and said, "You have done the right thing." The Muslims then became friendly with 'Ali as he returned to what the people had done (i.e. giving the oath of allegiance to Abu Bakr).

* None has the right to be worshipped but Allah, and Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) is Messenger of Allah.



Hadith Number 547.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): When Khaibar was conquered, we said, "Now we will eat our fill of dates!"


Hadith Number 548.

Narrated by Ibn Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): We did not eat our fill except after we had conquered Khaibar.




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As Salamu Alaikum

Hadith Number 549.

Narrated by Abu Said Al-Khudri and Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) appointed a man as the ruler of Khaibar who later brought some Janib (i.e. dates of good quality) to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam). On that, Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said (to him). "Are all the dates of Khaibar like this?" He said, "No, by Allah, O Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)! But we take one Sa of these (dates of good quality) for two or three Sa's of other dates (of inferior quality)." On that, Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Do not do so, but first sell the inferior quality dates for money and then with that money, buy Janib." Abu Said and Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said, "The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) made the brother of Bani Adi from the Ansar as the ruler of Khaibar.


Hadith Number 550.

Narrated by 'Abdullah (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) gave (the land of) Khaibar to the Jews (of Khaibar) on condition that they would work on it and cultivate it and they would have half of its yield.


Hadith Number 551.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu : When Khaibar was conquered, a (cooked) sheep containing poison, was given as a present to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam).


Hadith Number 552.

Narrated by Ibn Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) appointed Usama bin Zaid (Radhi Allahu Anhu) as the commander of some people. Those people criticized his leadership. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "If you speak ill of his leadership, you have already spoken ill of his father's leadership before. By Allah, he deserved to be a Commander, and he was one of the most beloved persons to me and now this (i.e. Usama) is one of the most beloved persons to me after him.”


Hadith Number 553.

Narrated by Al-Bara (Radhi Allahu Anhu): When the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) went out for the 'Umrah in the month of Dhal-Qa'da, the people of Makkah did not allow him to enter Makkah till he agreed to conclude a peace treaty with them by virtue of which he would stay in Makkah for three days only (in the following year). When the agreement was being written, the Muslims wrote: "This is the peace treaty, which Muhammad, Messenger of Allah has concluded."

The infidels said (to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)), "We do not agree with you on this, for if we knew that you are Messenger of Allah we would not have prevented you for anything (i.e. entering Makkah, etc.), but you are Muhammad, the son of 'Abdullah." Then he said to 'Ali, "Erase (the name of) 'Messenger of Allah'." 'Ali said, "No, by Allah, I will never erase you (i.e. your name)." Then Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) took the writing sheet... and he did not know a better writing... and he wrote (*) or got it the following written: "This is the peace treaty which Muhammad, the son of 'Abdullah, has concluded: "Muhammad should not bring arms into Makkah except sheathed swords, and should not take with him any person of the people of Makkah even if such a person wanted to follow him, and if any of his companions wants to stay in Makkah, he should not forbid him."

(In the next year) when the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) entered Makkah and the allowed period of stay elapsed, the infidels came to Ali and said "Tell your companion (Muhammad) to go out, as the allowed period of his stay has finished." So the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) departed (from Makkah) and the daughter of Hamza followed him shouting "O Uncle, O Uncle!" Ali took her by the hand and said to Fatima, "Take the daughter of your uncle." So she made her ride (on her horse). (When they reached Al-Madinah) 'Ali, Zaid and Ja'far (Radhi Allahu Anhum) quarreled about her. 'Ali said, "I took her for she is the daughter of my uncle." Ja'far said, "She is the daughter of my uncle and her aunt is my wife." Zaid said, "She is the daughter of my brother." On that, the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) gave her to her aunt and said, "The aunt is of the same status as the mother." He then said to 'Ali, "You are from me, and I am from you," and said to Ja'far, "You resemble me in appearance and character," and said to Zaid, "You are our brother and our freed slave." 'Ali said to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) 'Won't you marry the daughter of Hamza?" The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "She is the daughter of my foster brother."

* See Fateh al-Bari P44, 45 Vol.9





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As Salamu Alaikum

Hadith Number 554.

Narrated by Ibn 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) set out with the intention of performing 'Umrah, but the infidels of Quraish intervened between him and the Ka'bah, so the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) slaughtered his Hadi (i.e. sacrificing animals and shaved his head at Al-Hudaibiya and concluded a peace treaty with them (i.e. the infidels) on condition that he would perform the 'Umrah the next year and that he would not carry arms against them except swords, and would not stay (in Makkah) more than what they would allow. So the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) performed the 'Umrah in the following year and according to the peace treaty, he entered Makkah, and when he had stayed there for three days, the infidels ordered him to leave, and he left.


Hadith Number 555.

Narrated by Mujahid: 'Urwa and I entered the Masjid and found 'Abdullah bin 'Umar sitting beside the dwelling place of 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha). 'Urwa asked (Ibn 'Umar), "How many 'Umrahs did the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) perform?" Ibn 'Umar replied, "Four, one of which was in Rajab." Then we heard 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) brushing her teeth whereupon 'Urwa said, "O mother of the believers! Don't you hear what Abu 'Abdur-Rahman is saying? He is saying that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) performed four 'Umrah, one of which was in Rajab." 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said, "The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) did not perform any 'Umrah but he (i.e. Ibn 'Umar) witnessed it. And he (the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)) never did any 'Umrah in (the month of) Rajab."


Hadith Number 556.

Narrated by Ibn Abi Aufa (Radhi Allahu Anhu): When Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) performed the 'Umrah (which he performed in the year following the treaty of Al-Hudaibiya) we were screening Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) from the infidels and their boys lest they should harm him.


Hadith Number 557.

Narrated by Ibn Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): When Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and his companions arrived (at Makkah), the pagans said, "There have come to you a group of people who have been weakened by the fever of Yathrib (i.e. Al-Madinah)." So the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) ordered his companions to do Ramal (*) (i.e. fast walking) in the first three rounds of Tawaf around the Ka'bah and to walk in between the two corners (i.e. the black stone and the Yemenite corner). The only cause which prevented the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) from ordering them to do Ramal in all the rounds of Tawaf, was that he pitied them.

* Ramal


Hadith Number 558.

Narrated by Ibn Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) hastened in going around the Ka'bah and between the Safa and Marwa in order to show the pagans his strength. Ibn 'Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma) added, "When the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) arrived (at Makkah) in the year of peace (following that of Al-Hudaibiya treaty with the pagans of Makkah), he (ordered his companions) to do Ramal in order to show their strength to the pagans and the pagans were watching (the Muslims) from (the hill of) Quaiqan.






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