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 Hadeeth 3: The Pillars of Islaam

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Hadeeth 3: The Pillars of Islaam Empty
PostSubject: Hadeeth 3: The Pillars of Islaam   Hadeeth 3: The Pillars of Islaam EmptySun Apr 12, 2009 9:40 pm

As-Salaamu alaikum

Hadeeth 3: The Pillars of Islaam  

  عن أبي عـبد الرحمن عبد الله بن عـمر بـن الخطاب رضي الله عـنهما ، قـال : سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسـلم يقـول :( بـني الإسـلام على خـمـس : شـهـادة أن لا إلـه إلا الله وأن محمد رسول الله ، وإقامة الصلاة ، وإيـتـاء الـزكـاة ، وحـج البيت ، وصـوم رمضان ) رواه البخاري [ رقم : 8 ] ومسلم [ رقم : 16 ]

On the authority of Aboo `Abd ir-Rahmaan `Abdullaah, the son of `Umar ibn al-Khattab radiAllaahu 'anhumaa, who said: I heard the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) say:

 Islaam has been built on five [pillars]: testifying that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allaah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah, establishing the salaah (prayer), paying the zakaah (obligatory charity), making the Hajj (pilgrimage) to the House, and fasting in Ramadaan. [related by al-Bukhaari and Muslim]  


Explanations of this hadeeth can be found at the following links:


Audio link for the hadith in Arabic :

Hadeeth 3: The Pillars of Islaam Bluera10

If the link doesn't work then see this page:

Transliteration of Hadith #3

3an abi 3AbdilRaHmaan 3Abdillaah ibn 3Umar(a) bnil KhaTTaab(i) raDhiy Allahu 3anhumma qaala:

sami’tu RasoolAllahi Sal Allahu 3alaihi wa sallama yaqool(u):

((buniya al Islaamu 3ala khams(in):

Shahaadati an la ilaha ilallahu wa anna Muhammadan Rasoolullah(i), wa iqaami
Salaat(i), wa eetaa’ee zakaa(ti), wa Hajjil bayt(i),
wa Sawmi RamaDhaan))

Rawah ul Bukhaari wa Muslim

Graphics for the english and arabic versions of this hadith can be found in our sister site ' Easel and Ink' here inshaAllah.

Next hadeeth: Hadeeth 4: Deeds are by their Final Actions

Last edited by Aisha on Wed Dec 10, 2014 1:20 am; edited 2 times in total
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Hadeeth 3: The Pillars of Islaam Empty
PostSubject: Re: Hadeeth 3: The Pillars of Islaam   Hadeeth 3: The Pillars of Islaam EmptyWed Apr 30, 2014 11:05 pm

As-Salaamu alaikum 

Explanation of Hadeeth 3
Aboo al-'Abbaas al-Qurtubee (rahimahu Allaahu) has said that this hadeeth means that these five matters are the foundation and basic principles upon which the religion of al-Islaam is built. With these five matters does Islaam make itself apparent. And the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam particularised these five matters and did not mention Jihaad along with them (even though it is through Jihaad that Islaam is made uppermost and the resistance of the Disbelievers is belittled) because these five matters are obligatory at all times upon all Muslims, whereas Jihaad is a Fard Kifaayah which may not be required during certain times. [Note: a Fard Kifaayah is an obligation that is required of the Muslims such that if a group of them fulfill it then the obligation is lifted from the community as a whole].
And in some of the narrations of this hadeeth (such as the one quoted above), mention of the Hajj is made before mention of the Fasting in Ramadaan. However, and Allaah knows best, the correct form is the placing of the Fasting before the Hajj, as is narrated from Ibn 'Umar that he corrected a narrator who changed the order and said "This is how I have heard it from the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam)". This incident shows us the precision of the Sahaabah and the scholars of Hadeeth after them in preserving the words of the Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam, and how can this not be when Allaah 'azza wa jall has said:
"Verily We have sent down the Dhikr and We shall preserve it"
and the Dhikr or Wahee sent down to the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam includes both the Qur'aan and the Sunnah, as Allaah has said:
"Nor does he speak of (his own) desire; It is only an Inspiration that is inspired."
And it is also narrated from Ibn 'Umar radiAllaahu 'anhu that the Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:
"Islaam is built upon that you worship Allaah (alone) and disbelieve in (the worship of) all that is other than Him, and the establishment of the Prayer, ...(till the end of the hadeeth)"
And in the hadeeth occurs the phrase 'establishment' of the prayer (iqaam as-salaah), as opposed to 'performance' of the prayer. The scholars have mentioned how this indicates that the Prayer must be performed in the most perfect manner, after having completed the wudoo' in the most perfect manner, and in the Masjid with the jamaa'ah for the men, and so on and so forth. That is, simply performing the motions of the Prayer in the most minimal fashion is not what is desired from us - but rather we should exert ourselves in this affair, bearing in mind that the Prayer is the first matter that will be judged on the Day of Resurrection - if it is accepted then the rest of our actions will be accepted, and if it is rejected then the rest of our actions will also be rejected.
That Islaam is indeed built on the five principles of:
1) Witnessing that Allaah is our only deity and Muhammad (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) is His Messenger to show us how to fulfill our existence on this earth as Muslims,
2) Prayer,
3) Zakaah,
4) Fasting and
5) Hajj
So one must strive to fulfill these pillars with the utmost care, concern and priority, and one must do so normally before one gets involved with other aspects of the Deen.
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