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 Surah Az-Zalzalah (099)

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PostSubject: Surah Az-Zalzalah   Surah Az-Zalzalah (099) EmptyFri Sep 25, 2009 4:08 pm

As Salamu Alaikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuhu

Surah Az-Zalzalah

Surah Az-Zalzalah (099) Sur099impless

In the Name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful

1. When the earth is shaken with its (final) earthquake.

2. And when the earth throws out its burdens.

3. And man will say: "What is the matter with it?''

4. That Day it will declare its information (about all what happened over it of good or of evil).

5. Because your Lord will inspire it.

6. That Day mankind will proceed in scattered groups that they may be shown their deeds.

7. So, whosoever does good equal to the weight of an atom shall see it.

8. And whosoever does evil equal to the weight of an atom (or a small ant) shall see it.

It's Name

It is called Az-Zalzalah or Az-Zilzal (The Earthquake) because it begins by informing us about the fierce earthquake that will take place just prior to the Day of Judgement.

The Subject Matter of this Surah

A description of the Day of Judgement and the recompense for good and evil.

Its Relation to What is Before it.

Allah Almighty described in the previous Surah Al-Baiyyinah-the warning to the disbeliever and the promise for the believer, the fire of Hell for the former and the Paradise for the latter. Here Allah Almighty clarifies the time for giving those rewards and mentions what will happen just prior to that time, that there will be an earthquake and the earth will throw out is burdens. And Allah Almighty informs us that we will be rewarded for a deed even if it is the size of the smallest thing.

The Virtues of This Surah

At-Tirmithi recorded a Hadith – and he said it was Hasan from Anas bin Malik (Radhi Allahu Anhu) that the Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu 'Alayhi wa Sallam) said that this Surah is equivalent to one-fourth of the Qur'an.

In What Context was this Surah Revealed

Since the disbelievers would frequently ask about the time of the Hour and the Day of Reckoning, Allah Almighty here mentions not the exact time, but some of the signs of its coming, letting them know that the knowledge of when that time will arrive is with Allah Almighty alone. Therefore there is no way for us to specify when that time will come.
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PostSubject: Re: Surah Az-Zalzalah (099)   Surah Az-Zalzalah (099) EmptyFri Sep 25, 2009 4:12 pm

As Salamu Alaikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuhu

The Meanings of it Words

Ibn Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said:

Itha Zulzilatil-Ardhu-Zilzaalahaa:
The shaking of the bottom of the earth. Allah Almighty informs us about the Day of Judgement, and that the earth will shake and give a violent jolt, causing all the buildings and structures to fall; the mountains will be crushed and the hills will be leveled; the earth will become like a level floor with no crookedness in it.

Wa Akhrajtil-Ardhu Athqaalahaa
meaning the earth will throw out its treasures and the dead.

Wa Qaalal Insaanu Ma Lahaa:
(When he sees the enormous matters that are happening) Man will say: "What is happening to it?"

Yawma'ithin tuhaddithu Akhbaarahaa:

The earth will bear witness to what mankind perpetrated over it, both the good and bad of it. The earth is one of the many witnesses that will give testimony regarding the deeds of Allah's creatures. Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu) related that the Prophet (Sallallahu 'Alayhi wa Sallam) recited:

Yawma'ithin tuhaddithu Akhbaarahaa:

And He (Sallallahu 'Alayhi wa Sallam) said;
"Do you know what its information is? "

The Companions said, "Allah and His Messenger know best." He (Sallallahu 'Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

Its news is that it will give testimony about the deeds performed over it, by every male and female slave (of Allah). It will say, ' Such and such person performed such and such deeds on such and such day': that will be its information."

Bianna Rabbaka Awha Lahaa
Because your Lord has inspired it

Ibn Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said, "Its Lord will say, 'Speak,' and it will speak." Mujahid (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said. "It means that He orders it to speak of those deeds that were performed over it, and it will not disobey His Order."

Yawma'ithin Yasdurun-Naasu Ashtaatan:
It is about the Resurrection. Ashtaat means divided groups, some miserable and some happy, some ordered to go to Paradise and other ordered to go to the Fire.

Li Yuraw A'maalahum:
So that Allah Almighty may show them their good and bad deeds, and the rewards they receive for them.

Faman Ya'mal Mithqaala Tharratin Khairan Yarah, Wa man Ya'mal Mithqaala Tharratin Sharran Yarah.
Tharrah means the weight of the smallest ant. So when one sees a good deed equal to that weight in his book (of deeds), he will be pleased by it. The principle is the same for both the righteous and the wicked persons, for each bad deed performed one has one sin held against him, and for each good deed performed, one has ten good deeds written for him. And on the day of Judgement, Allah Almighty further multiplies the good deeds of the believers. Here it is important to understand that since the smallest of deeds is judged, any deed that is greater than that will also be judged. Allah Almighty say:

On the Day when every person will be confronted with all the good he has done, and all the evils he has done, he will wish that there were a great distance between him and his evil. (Surah Aal-'Imran 3:30)

And they will find all that they did, placed before them. (Surah Al-Kahf 18:49)

Allah Almighty encourages us to do good deeds – even if they are small- and warns us against performing evil deeds – even if they are small, which is why the Prophet (Sallallahu 'Alayhi wa Sallam) used to say:

"Protect yourselves from the Fire, even if you do so with a part of a date (by giving it in charity); when one doesn’t find (anything) then with a good word."

He (Sallallahu 'Alayhi wa Sallam) also said:

"O 'Aishah! Stay away from those sins that are belittled for indeed, they will be taken account of by Allah."

Muslim and At-Tirmidhi recorded from Abu Hurairah, (Radhi Allahu Anhu) that Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu 'Alayhi wa Sallam) said:

"The earth will spew forth its treasure, such a pillars of gold and silver. The murderer will come and say, 'For this I have killed.' The one who breaks ties with relatives will come and say, 'For this I have broken ties (with relatives).' And the thief will come and say, 'For this my hand was cut off." Then all of them will leave (the treasures), taking nothing from it.

Last edited by Zaza on Fri Sep 25, 2009 4:39 pm; edited 1 time in total
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PostSubject: Re: Surah Az-Zalzalah (099)   Surah Az-Zalzalah (099) EmptyFri Sep 25, 2009 4:28 pm

As Salamu Alaikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuhu

The Meaning in Summary

When Allah wills for the end of this world to occur and the time of the Hour to begin, He will order the earth to shake, and it will quake with unprecedented violence. It will throw up its burdens and those things buried inside; when man sees this epic occurrence, he will say "What is the matter with it?" Meaning, what is happening to the earth, for neither has its like occurred nor is its cause known.

At that time, the earth will speak its information to you, and it will articulate with the language of events not with the language of speech, as was said by the great scholar, At-Tabari in his Tafsir. For these are events occurring in the earth without a precedence or apparent reason, but by Allah's inspiration to it. Even though some things occur in the universe by an obvious cause and others by a hidden cause, all that takes place in the universe happens by Allah's Will and Command.

People will come out of their graves in scattered groups, and each person will be shown his deeds. Whoever does a good deed equal to the weight of the smallest ant, he will be rewarded for it; whoever does an evil deed equal to the weight of the smallest ant, he will be recompensed according to the deed. Allah Almighty say:

And We shall set up Balance for justice on the Day of Resurrection, then none will be dealt with unjustly in any thing. And if there be the weight of a mustard seed, We will bring it. And Sufficient are We as Reckoners.
(Surah Al-Anbiya' 21:47)

In this Surah, we are equally encouraged to do good deeds and warned against perpetrating evil ones.

What can be derived from These Verses

1. The Belief in the Resurrection and recompense are acknowledged.

2. We are informed of an epic transformation, the transformation of the earth and the heavens into another earth and other heavens.

3. Inanimate objects speaking is from Allah's signs that indicates His perfect Ability, Knowledge, and Wisdom; moreover, it indicates His divine and complete power, which necessitates from us that we worship Him Alone, without associating partners with Him.

4. It supports the authentic Hadith:

Protect yourselves from the Fire, even if you do so with a part of a date (by giving it in charity.)

5. The disbeliever reaps the rewards of his good deeds in this world, but not in the Hereafter.

6. The believer is recompensed for evil in this world, and his good deeds are saved to help him in the Hereafter.

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