ENJOINING RIGHT AND FORBIDDING WRONG
BY: IBN TAIMIYA
Translated by: Salim Morgan
ENJOINING RIGHT: OUR PROPHET AND THOSE BEFORE HIM
THIS NATION IS THE BEST NATION FOR THE PEOPLE
WHAT IS MA'RUF (RIGHT) AND MUNKAR (WRONG)?
LET YOUR ENJOINING OF GOOD BE ITSELF GOOD
BENEFITS MUST OUTWEIGH NEGATIVE CONSEQUENCES
METHODOLOGY OF ENJOINING RIGHT AND FORBIDDING WRONG
PITFALLS OF ENJOINING RIGHT AND FORBIDDING WRONG
REBELLION AGAINST THE IMAM OF THE MUSLIMS
THE GENERAL PRINCIPLE OF ENJOINING AND FORBIDDING
IT IS OBLIGATORY TO MEASURE ALL THINGS BY THE CRITERION OF THE SHARI'A
THE LOVE OF GOOD SHOULD BE IN HARMONY WITH WHAT ALLAH LOVES
THE LOVE AND HATE OF THE HEART
WHAT EXACTLY IS HAWAA
THE FOLLOWING OF HAWAA IN THE PREVIOUS RELIGIONS
WHAT A PERSON LOVES AND HATES MUST BE IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE ORDER OF ALLAH AND HIS PROPHET (SAS)
WHAT ARE "GOOD WORKS"?
ACTION IS NOT POSSIBLE EXCEPT WITH KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING
COMPASSION, PATIENCE AND FORBEARANCE ARE REQUIRED IN ENJOINING RIGHT
THE DIFFICULTY OF THESE REQUIREMENTS
DISOBEDIENCE TO ALLAH CAUSES DIFFICULTY, OBEDIENCE CAUSES EASE
ALLAH'S PUNISHMENT OF THE PREVIOUS NATIONS FOR THEIR DISOBEDIENCE
PUNISHMENT OF THE EVIL-DOERS IN THIS WORLD AND THE NEXT
PROMISES AND THREATS OF PUNISHMENT WERE THE FIRST PART OF REVELATION
DIFFERENCES ABOUT ENJOINING AND FORBIDDING ARE THE CAUSE OF DIVISION
SINS ARE DESIRED BY HUMAN NATURE
GREED IS THE CAUSE OF SLIPPING INTO DEVIATION
TYPES OF SINS
SUCCESS IN WORLDLY AFFAIRS IS BY JUSTICE
HUMAN NATURE: TYRANNY, ENVY AND OPPRESSION
CATEGORIES OF PEOPLE IN THIS ISSUE
GOOD MUST SUPPORT GOOD AS BAD SUPPORTS BAD
EVIL MUST BE MET WITH GOOD
THE SEVERITY OF THE TEST CAUSES ELEVATION OF RANK
PATIENCE IS NECESSARY IN THE DOING OF GOOD
THE NEED FOR CERTAINTY OF BELIEF
CRITICISM OF MISERLINESS AND COWARDICE
TYPES OF MISERLINESS
CRITICISM OF COWARDICE
HUMAN AFFAIRS WILL NOT GO STRAIGHT EXCEPT WITH COURAGE AND GENEROSITY
WHAT IS COURAGE?
A RETURN TO PATIENCE AND ITS TYPES
THE FORBIDDANCE OF TRANSGRESSING THE BOUNDS
FERVOR AND COURAGE WHICH IS PRAISEWORTHY
THE CHARACTER NEEDED BY THE BELIEVER
FEAR OF FALLING INTO TEMPTATION AS AN EXCUSE FOR NEGLECTING ENJOINING RIGHT
EVERY HUMAN BEING IS IN NEED OF ENJOINING AND FORBIDDING
THE SONS OF ADAM DO NOT LIVE EXCEPT IN SOCIETIES
THIS ENJOINING MUST BE WITH THAT WHICH ALLAH AND HIS PROPHET HAVE ENJOINED
WHO ARE "THOSE IN AUTHORITY AMONG YOU" WHO ENJOIN WHAT IS RIGHT?
PURE INTENTION TO PLEASE ALLAH IS REQUIRED IN ALL RIGHTEOUS DEEDS
ALLAH DOES NOT ACCEPT OTHER THAN ISLAM FROM ANYONE
THE MEANINGS OF ISLAM
THE MEANING OF SUBMITTING ONE'S FACE TO ALLAH
DEFINITION OF RIGHTEOUS ACTION
THE MEANING OF THE "SUNNAH" IN THE DISCOURSES OF THE SALAF
All praise is due to Allah. We praise Him, seek His aid, and seek His forgiveness. We seek refuge in Allah from the evil which is within our selves, and from the evil in our actions. Whoever Allah guides, none can send astray; whoever Allah sends astray, none can guide.
I bear witness that there is no deity other than Allah alone, and with no partner. And I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His messenger. Allah sent him with the guidance and the way of truth, that He might raise it above all other ways of life. Allah is sufficient as a witness. May Allah send His prayers and his greetings upon Muhammad and upon the people of Muhammad.
Enjoining right and forbidding wrong is that with which Allah sent the revealed books, and with it He sent His messengers, and it is an integral part of the way (i.e. the deen). The message of Allah is composed of informative and directive parts. As for the informative, it is Allah informing us about Himself, such as tauhid (theology), or His informing us about His creation, such as the stories of previous peoples and Prophets in which are contained for us lessons, threats and promises. The directive part consists of commands to do, commands not to do, and things left to our choice and discretion.
Thus, it has been mentioned in the hadith that the chapter of the Qur'an which starts out: [Say: He is Allah, the One...] is equal to one third of the Qur'an, because of its including the third of tauhid. The Qur'an consists of tauhid, commands, and historical events.ENJOINING RIGHT: OUR PROPHET AND THOSE BEFORE HIM
Allah said by way of description of Prophet Muhammad (sas):
[He orders them with that which is good and forbids them that which is bad. And he makes allowed for them that which is clean and good, and forbids them that which is unclean and detestable.] Qur'an 7/157.
This illustrates the perfection of the message of the Prophet Muhammad (sas). He is the one on whose tongue Allah has enjoined all that is good, forbidden all that is bad, allowed every clean thing and prohibited every unclean or harmful thing. For this reason, it is narrated that the Prophet said:
"I have been sent to complete the qualities of good character."
And he said in the agreed-upon hadith:
"My analogy in relation to the other prophets of Allah is like the analogy of a man who built a house. He completed and perfected everything about the house all except for the location of a single brick. The people used to pass by the house and express pleasure at its beauty, but they would say: "If only it weren't for that missing brick." I am that brick, and I am the seal of the Prophets."
Through Muhammad, Allah completed the way (deen) which includes the enjoining of all good, the forbidding of all evil, the allowing of everything clean, and the prohibition of everything unclean. As for the Prophets who came before him, their messages sometimes contained the prohibition of some clean and good things, as Allah said:
[Because of some crimes committed by the Jews, we forbad to them some clean things which had been allowed to them.] Qur'an 4/160
Also, their messages sometimes did not forbid all unclean things as Allah said:
[All food was once allowed to the children of Israel except that which they chose to forbid themselves before the sending down of the taurat.] Qur'an 3/93.
The forbidding of unclean things is included in the meaning of forbidding wrong, just as the allowing of all clean things is included in the meaning of enjoining right. This is because the prohibiting of clean and good things is part of what Allah has forbidden. Thus, the enjoining of all good and the forbidding of all bad did not reach completion except in the Prophethood of Muhammad (sas) by means of whom Allah completed the qualities of good character, which includes all that is good. Allah said:
[On this day I have perfected for you your way (deen), and have completed my favor upon you, and have accepted for you Islam as your way (deen)].
Allah has perfected for us the way, and completed His favor upon us, and accepted for us Islam (submission) as our way of life.
THIS NATION IS THE BEST NATION FOR THE PEOPLE.
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