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 The Command to have Taqwa (Surah An-Nisa’ 4: 1)

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PostSubject: The Command to have Taqwa (Surah An-Nisa’ 4: 1)   The Command to have Taqwa (Surah An-Nisa’ 4: 1) EmptyWed Apr 03, 2019 9:29 pm

As Salamu Alaikum

The Command to have Taqwa, a Reminder about Creation, and Being Kind to Relatives

Surah An-Nisa’ 4: 1

The Command to have Taqwa (Surah An-Nisa’ 4: 1) S4a110

The Command to have Taqwa, a Reminder about Creation, and Being Kind to Relatives

Allah commands His creatures to have Taqwa of Him by worshipping Him Alone without partners. He also reminds to them of His ability, in that He created them all from a single person, Adam, (Alayhi Salam)

And from him He created his wife  Hawwa' (Eve), who was created from Adam's left rib, from his back while he was sleeping. When Adam woke up and saw Hawwa', he liked her and had affection for her, and she felt the same toward him. An authentic Hadith states,

Woman was created from a rib. Verily, the most curved portion of the rib is its upper part, so, if you should try to straighten it, you will break it, but if you leave it as it is, it will remain crooked.

Allah's statement,

And from them both He created many men and women;  means, Allah created from Adam and Hawwa' many men and women and distributed them throughout the world in various shapes, characteristics, colors and languages. In the end, their gathering and return will be to Allah. Allah then said,

And have Taqwa of Allah through Whom you demand your mutual (rights) and revere the wombs,  protect yourself from Allah by your acts of obedience to Him. Allah's statement,

through Whom you demand your mutual (rights),  is in reference to when some people say, "I ask you by Allah, and then by the relation of the Rahim (the womb, i.e. my relationship to you)'', according to Ibrahim, Mujahid and Al-Hasan. Ad-Dahhak said; "Fear Allah Whom you invoke when you conduct transactions and contracts.'' "And revere the womb by not cutting the relations of the womb, but keep and honor them, as Ibn `Abbas, `Ikrimah, Mujahid, Al-Hasan, Ad-Dahhak, Ar-Rabi`, and others have stated. Allah's statement,

Surely, Allah is always watching over you. means, He watches all your deeds and sees your every circumstance. In another Ayah, Allah said;

And Allah is Witness over all things. [58:6]. An authentic Hadith states,

Worship Allah as if you see Him, for even though you cannot see Him, He sees you.  This part of the Ayah encourages having a sense of certainty that Allah is always watching, in a complete and perfect manner. Allah mentioned that He has created mankind from a single father and a single mother, so that they feel compassion for each other and are kind to the weaker among them. In his Sahih, Muslim recorded that Jarir bin `Abdullah Al-Bajali said that a delegation from Mudar came to the Messenger of Allah , and he saw their state, wearing striped woolen clothes due to poverty. After the Dhuhr prayer, the Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) stood up and gave a speech in which he recited,

O mankind! Have Taqwa of your Lord, Who created you from a single person, until the end of the Ayah. He also recited,O you who believe! Have Taqwa of Allah. And let every person look to what he has sent forth for the tomorrow [59:18]. He also encouraged them to give charity, saying,

A man gave Sadaqah from his Dinar, from his Dirham, from his Sa` of wheat, from his Sa` of dates. until the end of the Hadith. This narration was also collected by Ahmad and the Sunan compilers from Ibn Mas`ud.

Source: Tafsir ibn Kathir (Abridged)  

Tafsir of this Ayah by Shaikh Ibrahim Zidan

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