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 Umm Aiman bint Tha'labah (Radhi Allahu Anha)

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PostSubject: Umm Aiman bint Tha'labah (Radhi Allahu Anha)   Umm Aiman bint Tha'labah (Radhi Allahu Anha) EmptyWed Apr 01, 2015 2:25 pm

As Salamu Alaikum

Umm Aiman bint Tha'labah radiyallah anha  

Umm Aiman bint Tha'labah (Radhi Allahu Anha) Ummaiman

Her real name was Barakah bint Tha'labah, but she came to be known by her son Aiman's name as Umm Aiman radiyallah anha  She was the lady who played the role of mother and took care of the young boy, Muhammad   Sallalahu aleihi wa   when his mother Aminah bint Wahab passed away while travelling from Makkah to Al-Madinah.

The Prophet  Sallalahu aleihi wa used to address her as 'mother' and said she would go to Paradise in the Hereafter. She was a lady who was like a member of the Prophet's family over the years. When Khadijah  radiyallah anha passed away, she was deeply affected and wept for her. She was the one who bathed and shrouded her, and prepared her body for burial. When the Prophet's daughter, Zainab  radiyallah anha passed away, again she was as grief-stricken as any member of the family. She also prepared her body for burial, with the help of Mother of the Believers Saudah  radiyallah anha and the Mother of the Believers Umm Salama radiyallah anha  She took part in the Battles of Uhud, Khaiber and Hunain. She also had the distinction of migrating twice- once to Abyssiniah and again to Al-Madinah.

She had been a slave of the Prophet's father,' Abdullah bin' Abdul Muttalib. She was originally from Abyssiniah. According to the tribal customs prevailing in the Arabia of the time, the Prophet Sallalahu aleihi wa spent his early years with the tribe Banu Sa'd. He was nursed by Halimah Sa'diah,  radiyallah anha  and was brought up by her. When he was five years old he was returned to Makkah to his mother. When he was six years old his mother decided to take him to Yathrib to meet his grandparents who were from the tribe of Banu Najjar. The slave girl Barakah bint Thu'labah also accompanied them. On the way back when they reached Abwa', his mother suddenly fell ill and died. They then buried her there. Barakah bint Tha'labah  radiyallah anha consoled the little boy, and tried her best to fill the gap of his mother.

When the Prophet  Sallalahu aleihi wa grew up to be a young man he freed her and married to 'Obaid bin Zaid Khazarji. When Umm Aiman radiyallah anha converted to Islam differences developed between them. He was not willing to swear the oath of allegiance and accept Allah Subhanahu wa ta\'ala and His Messenger  Sallalahu aleihi wa and so they separated.

By her first husband, 'Obaid, she had a son, Aiman. Thus she became known as Umm Aiman radiyallah anha . He grew up to be a very prominent Companion and was martyred in the Battle of Hunain. Her second marriage was to Zaid bin Harithah   radiyallahu anhu  He was the General of the Muslim army and was martyred in the battle of Mu'tah. They had a son, Usamah bin Zaid  radiyallahu anhu  who was another great General of the Muslim army.

When the Prophet  Sallalahu aleihi wa married Khadijah  radiyallah anha he asked Umm Aiman radiyallah anha for Zaid bin Harithah  radiyallahu anhu to serve him. She was very happy to give her son to him. The Prophet  Sallalahu aleihi wa was aware of her exemplary character, noble manners and purity of heart. He said that whosoever wished to marry a lady of Paradise should marry Umm Aiman  radiyallah anha

When Zaid bin Harithah  radiyallahu anhu , heard this statement of the Prophet Sallalahu aleihi wa based not on her looks, but on her character, he developed a liking for her and was only too happy to marry her. Their son, Usamah bin Zaid radiyallahu anhu  because of his praiseworthy character the was loved deeply by the Prophet  Sallalahu aleihi wa Zaid bin Harithah  radiyallahu anhu became famous because of the Prophet's love for him; so also his son, Usamah bin Zaid  radiyallahu anhu  he became famous as the Prophet's favorite.

The Prophet  Sallalahu aleihi wa had great respect for Umm Aiman radiyallah anha  and regarded her as his mother. Sometimes because of her nature, she would become insistent and stubborn. The Prophet  Sallalahu aleihi wa would then be very respectful and patient and try his utmost to please her. Anas bin Malik  radiyallahu anhu  says that the Ansar of Al-Madinah gave their date orchards to the Prophet  Sallalahu aleihi wa ; he in turn distributed them among the Muhajirs(migrants) from Makkah. When the Muslims triumphed over Banu Quraidhah and Banu Nadheer, the Prophet  Sallalahu aleihi wa started returning their property to the generous Ansar owners.  Anas bin Malik  radiyallahu anhu  relates that when he went to take back his orchards from Umm Aiman radiyallah anha , she refused point blank. On the other hand, she tied a cloth around his neck, jerked him and said that it was out of the question, that she would not return the orchards to him anyway.

When the Prophet  Sallalahu aleihi wa saw this he tried to persuade her to return the orchards. He said he would give her something of the same value in exchange, but she did not agree. Then he offered her something double the value; still she refused. Then he went on to offer three times the value and so on. At last, he offered her something ten times the value of the orchards, and she finally agreed. And Anas bin Malik radiyallahu anhu got his date orchards back.

The Prophet  Sallalahu aleihi wa often visited her. As soon as he saw her he would say that she was a reminder of his family and she was his mother who deserved respect. 'Aishah  radiyallah anha narrates that one day when all of them were seated together, the Prophet  Sallalahu aleihi wa drank some water. Umm Aiman radiyallah anha  asked him to fetch some water for her too. 'Aishah  radiyallah anha asked in a rather shocked tone if she was asking the Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa to get some water for her. She said, "Why not? I have served him often." He  Sallalahu aleihi wa fetched the water for her and offered it to her in a very respectful manner.

Anas bin Malik  radiyallahu anhu  narrates that he would sometimes visit Umm Aiman  radiyallah anha with the Prophet Sallalahu aleihi wa  She would express great pleasure on their arrival and serve delicious food and drinks. If the Prophet Sallalahu aleihi wa  refused to partake of it for some reason, she would be very angry and offended. She would ask him why he did not eat or drink. The Prophet  Sallalahu aleihi wa would smile at her getting upset in this manner. Sometimes it would so happen that he was fasting. Anas bin Malik Sallalahu aleihi wa said that one day, she started kneading dough to make some bread. He  Sallalahu aleihi wa asked her what she was doing. She answered she was making some bread for him as was the custom in her country, Ethiopia.

Usamah  radiyallahu anhu resembled his mother rather than his father. So the hypocrites used to taunt him, saying that he was not really the son of Zaid bin Harithah  radiyallahu anhu  This used to upset the Prophet  Sallalahu aleihi wa very much. 'Aishah said that once, the Prophet Sallalahu aleihi wa entered the house looking very happy and smiling. She asked him if there wa.s any special reason for this. He answered that something strange had happened. He said Zaid bin Harithah and Usamah bin Zaid (Radhi Allahu Anhuma) were lying asleep with their faces covered, but their feet could be seen from under the sheet. Majzaz Madalji, an expert in physiognomy saw them sleeping and said, "Looking at the bone structure of the feet: It seems that father and son are sleeping." The Prophet Sallalahu aleihi wa said he was very pleased to hear this.

Some miracles associated with Umm Aiman radiyallah anha  are to be found in books of history. In Tabqat lbn Sa'd it is mentioned that during her migration from Makkah to Al-Madinah, she experienced such severe thirst that she thought she would die. There were no signs of water in the vicinity. Suddenly she saw a bowl of water tied with an extremely beautiful pure white rope, descending gradually towards her from the sky. It came near her face and stopped. She put her lips to it and drank her fill to her heart's content. This cool water from the heavens was enough to ward off hunger, thirst and disease for the rest of her life. After that, she says she never experienced thirst for the rest of her life. Though she fasted during the hottest months possible she never experienced a desire for water.

Abu Nu'aym Asbahani, a noted biographer and historian, has mentioned this incident in his book Hiliyat-ul-Awlia'. He says Umm Aiman radiyallah anha  was a God-fearing, good-hearted, pious woman of pure character who Umm Aiman radiyallah anha fasted during the day and spent her nights in prayer.

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PostSubject: Re: Umm Aiman bint Tha'labah (Radhi Allahu Anha)   Umm Aiman bint Tha'labah (Radhi Allahu Anha) EmptySun Apr 05, 2015 4:05 pm

As Salamu Alaikum

Under the guidance of the Prophet Sallalahu aleihi wa she played an active role in jihad. She was active in various battles. In the battle of Uhud she gave herself up completely to nursing the wounded and providing water to the thirsty Mujahideen in the battlefield. In the battle of Khaiber she was one of the twenty women who fought against the enemy. When her son did not take part in this war because his horse was sick she called him a coward.

A devotee of the Prophet  Sallalahu aleihi wa and a poet of Islam, Hassan bin Thabit  radiyallahu anhu wrote poetry on this occasion, and elaborated on this point. The horse of Aiman  radiyallahu anhu had eaten poisoned grain and he could not take part in the battle because he had to tend to it.

In the battle of Hunain this same courageous and fearless warrior Aiman  radiyallahu anhu was martyred proving his valor as a warrior of Islam. When the Muslim army was losing ground a few of the Companions- Abu Bakr Siddique, 'Umar Farooq, 'Ali bin Abi Talib, 'Abbas bin 'Abdul Muttalib, Abu Sufyan, Harithah bin Nu'man, Usamah bin Zaid and Aiman bin 'Obaid (Radhi Allahu Anhum) were those noteworthy Companions who stood their ground with the Prophet  Sallalahu aleihi wa They did not falter and displayed unmatched loyalty and bravery.

During the battle of Hunain the Muslim army faced a very critical situation, the army panicked and scattered and the Mujahideen were on the verge of running away from the battlefield. It seemed that the earth that was spread out so wide was now closing in on them. At this stage when all seemed lost, the Prophet Sallalahu aleihi wa displayed extraordinary courage and said Sallalahu aleihi wa

'I am the Prophet no lie. I am the son of' Abdul Muttalib.'

He meant that he was standing steadfast in the field of battle and at that critical stage it was no trivial matter.

Umm Aiman radiyallah anha  lost her son Aiman  radiyallahu anhu in this battle, but she was a role model in patience and acceptance of the Will of Allah.

During the battle of Mu' tah Zaid bin Harithah  radiyallahu anhu was appointed General of the Muslim army. The Prophet  Sallalahu aleihi wa  said if Zaid bin Harithah was martyred, then Ja'far bin' Ali Talib should be made General. If he also was martyred, then' Abdullah bin Rawahah (Radhi Allahu Anhum) should take his place, and if he was martyred then the Mujahideen should choose anyone they thought suitable. And it was Allah's Will that all three of them were martyred one by one. Umm Aiman radiyallah anha bore the loss of her husband with great fortitude and asked her son, Usamah  radiyallahu anhu too to bear the loss of his father bravely.

Umm Aiman radiyallah anha being sometimes pronounced some words in the Ethiopian dialect. When the Prophet  Sallalahu aleihi wa  heard her pronunciation of certain words he would just smile pleasantly and correct her. She could not say Assalamu-u-Alaikum and would invariably say Assalam la Alaikum. he told her gently one day to just say Salam, as the meaning became the opposite the way she said it. In the same way she mispronounced certain expressions in supplications to Allah  Subhanahu wa ta\'ala  ; so he told her to keep silent.

She was a very straightforward person with absolutely no malice; she was very soft-hearted, sincere and sympathetic. On returning from the
Battle of Bani Mustalaq when the hypocrites spread slanderous gossip regarding the character of ' Aishah  radiyallah anha she vouched unhesitatingly for the purity of her character. This endeared her and increased her worth in the eyes of Aishah  radiyallah anha It is recorded in history books that 'Aishah  radiyallah anha said about Umm Aiman radiyallah anha , "My eyes and my ears have the best impressions about her."

The Prophet  Sallalahu aleihi wa prepared an army to crush the power and might of the Romans in Palestine; Usamah bin Zaid bin Harithah  radiyallahu anhu was appointed General of the Army. Such Companions as Abu Bakr Siddique and 'Umar Farooq (Radhi Allahu Anuhma); were also asked to serve under him. Some of the Mujahideen were not happy with this appointment. But the Prophet  Sallalahu aleihi wa remained very firm about his decision and said that Usamah bin Zaid  radiyallahu anhu would retain that position as he deserved it. He sent for Usamah bin Zaid  radiyallahu anhu and told him to start on his journey in the Name of Allah. The army had hardly reached Jaraf near Al-Madinah when Umm Aiman radiyallah anha sent a messenger to say that the Prophet Sallalahu aleihi wa was very ill. The army stopped and camped at Jaraf. When Usamah  radiyallahu anhu reached AI-Madinah, the Prophet Sallalahu aleihi wa passed away. It seemed that Umm Aiman radiyallah anha  could not withstand this sorrow.

Involuntarily, plunged in grief, she burst into tears. The people there were taken by total surprise; they had never heard anything like it before. She had nurtured him in his childhood and held him in her arms; she had seen him grow into a fine young man- a young man who then wore the mantle of the Prophet of Allah*· She witnessed him as a young bridegroom, when he wed Khadijah  radiyallah anha She also underwent the tortures and cruelties inflicted by the Quraish and the polytheists of Makkah against him and the new converts. She experienced the days when Makkah was like the Final Day of Judgement. She saw those historic days when he ruled over the newly founded Muslim Islamic state. And best of all she saw the miraculous revelations of Allah's radiance. All the golden pages of his life seemed to pass before her eyes.

A few days after the death of the Prophet  Sallalahu aleihi wa Abu Bakr Siddique and 'Umar Faroog (Radhi Allahu Anha) went to visit Umm Aiman radiyallah anha  to console with her. She started to cry remembering the Prophet Sallalahu aleihi wa They asked her why she was crying though she knew very well that he was in a far better world than this one with Allah Subhanahu wa ta\'ala She said that although she indeed knew this, she was crying because the revelations from Allah  Subhanahu wa ta\'ala had come to an end with his passing away. Hearing this they also started weeping.

One day Mu'awiyah bin Sufyan  radiyallahu anhu talking to Usamah bin Zaid  radiyallahu anhu praised his mother highly. Zaid  radiyallahu anhu agreed saying that she was more blessed than even his mother, Hind. Mu'awiyah bin Sufyan  radiyallahu anhu accepted the truth of this statement and said he was right. Then he said Allah Subhanahu wa ta\'ala also said so and quoted the following Ayah:

"Verily, the most honorable of you with Allah is the most piousamong you." (49:13)

She had looked after the Prophet Sallalahu aleihi wa from his childhood and given him a mother's love and care after Aminah bint Wahab's death. The Prophet  Sallalahu aleihi wa loved and regarded her highly; his Companions also treated her with great respect.

Sahih Muslim records that Umm Aiman radiyallah anha died just six months after the passing away of the Prophet Sallalahu aleihi wa But some others disagree and say that she died during the caliphate of 'Uthman bin' Affan  radiyallahu anhu She lived to a ripe old age.

Allah will be pleased with them and they with Him.

Source: Great Women of Islam
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Umm Aiman bint Tha'labah (Radhi Allahu Anha)
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