This means that Allah will show man the deeds he performed in this world, and he will admit what he did; at that time, people will take the rights that are due to them from others, and all of that is most easy for Allah. That the accountability and judgement will take place is proven by many verses from the Qur'an, as well as Ahadith of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) such as these two verses: Then surely, We shall question those (people) to whom it (the Book) was sent and verily, We shall question the Messengers. (Surah Al-A’raf 7: 6)
And they will be set before your Lord in (lines as) rows, (and Allah will say): "Now indeed, you have come to Us as We created you the first time.” (Surah Al-Kahf 18:48)
Allah will Himself take account of man's deeds, for 'Adi bin Hatim (Radhi Allahu Anhu), related that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said: There is not one from you except that Allah will speak to him; there will not be between Him (Allah) and him any interpreter. He (man) will look to his right and see only that which he put forth; he will look to his left and see only that which he put forth. And he will look before him and will see only the Hellfire, which will reach his face. So, protect yourselves from the Fire, even if you do so with part of a date (by giving it in charity). (Recorded by Al-Bukhari) The Hawdh
The Hawdh is a huge basin from which the nation of Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)will drink, except for those who went against his guidance and who changed his religion after him. As the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) was among his Companions (Radhi Allahu Anhum), he said: I am at the Hawdh waiting for whoever from you comes to me (to drink); by Allah, some men will be blocked from coming to me, and I will say, "My Lord, they are from me and from my nation." It will be said, "Indeed, you do not know what they did after you; they continued to go back on their heels." (Recorded by Al-Bukhari)
This Hadith establishes the reality of the Hawdh and that people who innovate in religion or people who go against the guidance of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) will be prevented from drinking from it. The Hadiths regarding the Hawdh are so many that its existence is positively established. 'Abdul-Malik bin 'Umair said, "I heard Jundub (Radhi Allahu Anhu) saying, 'I heard the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) say:
I am your predecessor at the Hawdh.'" (Recorded by Al¬-Bukhari) The Scale (or The Balance)
A scale is an apparatus for weighing things. The Scale of the Hereafter is real: it has two real pans upon which the deeds of Allah's worshippers will be placed. The Scale exhibits Allah's justice, for He doesn't wrong any soul. So Allah will bring forth the deeds of men, including deeds that in weight are equal to a grain or a mustard seed. Those deeds will be weighed: one will be rewarded according to the results of the weighing. The Scale of deeds may be one or many, and Allah is capable over all things. Here are two of the proofs that establish the reality of the Scale:
1) Allah Almighty says: And We shall set up Balances of justice on the Day of Resurrection, then none will be dealt with unjustly in anything. And if there be the weight of a mustard seed, We will bring it. And Sufficient are We as Reckoners. (Surah Al-Anbiya’ 21: 47)
2) The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said: Two words, beloved to the Most Merciful, light on the tongue, and heavy on the Scale: Subhaanallahi wa Biham¬dihee (How perfect Allah is and with His praise) and Subhaanallahil-‘Azeem (How perfect Allah, the Magnificent). (Recorded by Al-Bukhari)
The previous proofs establish the weighing of deeds on the Scale, the success that results from good deeds being heavy, and the loss that results from the good deeds being light. As-Sirat
As-Sirat means the path, and here it refers to the bridge that is erected over the Hellfire and that leads to Paradise. All must pass over this bridge, and only by passing across it does one enter Paradise. The existence of the bridge is established in both the Qur'an and the Sunnah. Allah Almighty says: There is not one of you but will pass over it (Hell); this is with your Lord, a Decree which must be accomplished. Then We shall save those who use to fear Allah and were dutiful to Him. And We shall leave the wrongdoers therein (humbled) to their knees (in Hell). (Surah Maryam 19: 71-72)
Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu), related in a long 'Hadith that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said: And the Sirat is placed over the Hellfire. I and my nation will be the first to cross it. (Recorded by Muslim) Ash-Shafa'ah (Intercession)
Ash-Shaf means to attach something to what is similar to it. And Ash-Shafa'ah signifies means or a request. Here it means to intercede for others to bring benefit or drive harm away.
In most cases, it is used to mean that someone who is higher in ranking or status intercedes for someone who is lower in ranking. And two conditions must be fulfilled for intercession to occur on the Day of Judgement with Allah:
1) That Allah gives permission to the intercessor to intercede. Allah Almighty says:
Who is he that can intercede with Him except with His Permission?
(Surah Al-Baqarah 2: 255)
2) That Allah is pleased with the one who is being interceded for. Allah Almighty says:
And they cannot intercede except for him with whom He is pleased. (Surah Al-Anbiya’ 21: 28)Categories of Intercession There are Two Categories of Intercession:
- The first is specific to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)
- The second is general - for him (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and for others. The First Category includes the Following
1) The greater intercession; it is specific to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and it is the highest position of praise and glory that Allah promised him:
It may be that your Lord will raise you to Maqam Mahmud (the highest position of praise and glory).
(Surah Al-Isra’ 17: 79)
This refers to when the standing becomes difficult for the people on the Day or Judgement, and they will be searching for intercession. They will go in succession to Adam, Ibrahim, Musa, and then to 'Iesa (Alayhum Salam)- all of these Prophets will say, "Myself, myself." Then finally, they will reach our Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) who will say:
I am to do this. (Recorded by Al-Bukhari)
2) Intercession for entering Paradise: Anas bin Malik (Radhi Allahu Anhu), related that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said: I am the first of people to intercede regarding Paradise and among the Prophets I have the most followers. (Recorded by Muslim)
3) The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) will intercede to have punishment lightened for his uncle, Abu Talib. Abu Sa'id Al-Khudri (Radhi Allahu Anhu) related that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) mentioned his uncle Abu Talib to him, and then he (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said: Perhaps my intercession will benefit him on the Day of Judgement, so that he is placed in a shallow part of the Fire, and from it his brain will boil.
However, as one who died not upon Tawhid, he will not benefit from intercession to the extent of being taken out of the Hellfire.
And Allah knows best. The Second Category consists of the Following
1) Intercession for those people of Tawhid who perpetrated great sins, people who were placed in the Hellfire but are then taken out of it. This kind of intercession has been related by a great many sources in Ahadith, so many so that its occurrence is positively established. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) will intercede many times for the people of this category; other intercessors in this case are the angels, the Prophets, and the believers.
The Mu'tazilah and the Khawarij, two deviant sects, reject this category of intercession. They reject it based on their false belief that one who perpetrates great sins is in the Hellfire for eternity, thus making intercession useless in his case.
2) Intercession will occur for the people of Paradise, that they may be raised to a position higher than the one that their situation calls for.
3) Some people will be interceded for, so that they can enter Paradise without being reckoned. When 'Ukashah bin Mihsan (Radhi Allahu Anhu) asked the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) to supplicate for him to make him from the seventy thousand who will enter Paradise without reckoning, the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said:
O Allah, make him from them. Paradise And Hell
Paradise is the abode that Allah prepared for the righteous ones to inhabit in the Hereafter.
Hell is the abode that Allah prepared for the disbelievers to inhabit in the Hereafter.
Both of them are created and exist now, for Allah Almighty says about Paradise:
Prepared for the pious (Surah Aal ‘Imran 3:133)
And about Hell:
For the disbelievers. (Surah Aal ‘Imran 3:131)
When the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) prayed the Eclipse Prayer, he (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said: Indeed I have seen Paradise and I reached for a cluster from it. Were I to have taken it, you would have eaten from it as long as the world would remain. I also saw the Hellfire, and I have never seen anything more horrible than it. (Agreed upon)
Paradise and Hellfire will never cease to exist, for Allah Almighty says:
Their reward with their Lord is 'Adn (Eden) Paradise (Gardens of Eternity, underneath which rivers flow, they will abide therein forever. (Surah Al-Bayyinah 98: 8)