As Salamu Alaikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuhu
The Meaning in Summary
Many of the scholars of Tafsir said that the beginning of this Surah is grammatically connected to the end of the Surah preceding it, meaning: We dealt in the way We did with the companions of the Elephant for the sake of the Quraish, for their safety, for
Their welfare, for their trade and profits, so that they could make the winter journey to Yemen and the summer journey to Sham.
Allah destroyed those who intended to do evil to the Quraish while He raised the status of the inviolable city of Makkah and its inhabitants. So venerated became the Quraish in the hearts of the Arabs that the latter would not stand in the way of the former whenever they wanted to travel anywhere.
That is why Allah ordered them to be grateful: He said:
So let them worship (Allah) the Lord of this House. (Ayah3)
So let them worship Him, making that worship pure for Him alone.
Who has fed them against hunger, and has made them safe
from fear. (Ayah4)
Bountiful provisions and safety are some of the greatest of worldly blessings, blessings that require gratefulness to Allah. For You, O Allah, is praise and gratitude - for Your apparent favors and for Your favours that we do not perceive. The Prophet ;saws: said:
Whosoever dawns safe in his bed, healthy in his body, while he has enough to sustain him for his day and night, then it is as if he has gained the entire world.
Allah has specified His Lordship over the House, even though He is the Lord of all that exists; He singled out the mention of the House to honor it.
And made them save from fear. (Ayah 4)
Because He has given them the favor of safety and stability, they should worship Him alone without associating partners with him, and without worshipping anyone other than Him, such as a statue, a rival, or a child.
Ibn Kathir said, "Whoever answers this command, Allah will give him both safety in this world and in the Hereafter. Whoever disobeys Him, He Almighty will take it away from him in both worlds. Allah Almighty says: And Allah puts forward the example of a township (Makkah), that dwelt secure and well content; its provision coming to it in abundance from every place, but it (its people) denied the favors of Allah (with ungratefulness). So Allah made it taste the extreme hunger (famine) and fear, because of that which they used to do. And verily, there had come to them a Messenger from among themselves, but they denied him, so the torment overtook them while they were wrongdoers. (Surah An-Nahl 16-112-113)
What Can Be Derived From These Verses
1. When one reflects on this Surah, one appreciates Allah's wisdom, mercy, and planning. How perfect He is! The All-Wise, Most Merciful.
2. Allah Almighty relates His favors on the Quraish: the destruction of their enemies. preventing those enemies from entering Makkah, providing them with safety, giving them abundant provisions - all of which require gratitude.
3. It is compulsory to worship Allah Almighty alone and to leave the worship of anyone other than Him.
4. We must be thankful for Allah's blessings by praising Him and by using His favors in a way that pleases Him.
5. Life revolves around two: food to protect one from hunger and safety from fear.