As Salamu Alaikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuhu
The Invasion of Tabuk and its Far-Reaching Ramifications
The effect of this invasion is great as regards extending and confirming the Muslims’ influence and domination on the Arabian Peninsula. It was quite obvious to everybody that no power but Islam’s would live long among the Arabs. The remainders of Jahiliyin and hypocrites — who used to conspire steadily against the Muslims and who perpetually relied on Byzantine power when they were in need of support or help — these people lost their expectations and desires of ever reclaiming their ex-influence. Realizing that there was no way out and that they were to submit to the fait accompli, they gave up their attempts.
From that time on, hypocrites were no longer treated leniently or even gently by the Muslims. Allah not only bade Muslims to treat them severely but He also forbade them to take their gift charities or perform prayer on their dead, or ask Allah’s forgiveness for them or even visit their tombs. Allah bade the Muslims to demolish the mosque, which they verily appointed and used as a hiding place where they might practise their plots, conspiracy and deceit. Some Qur’anic verses were sent down disclosing them publicly and utterly so that everybody in Madinah got to know their reality.
The great impact that this invasion produced could be perceived in of the great number of delegations who came successively to meet the Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam). Naturally, deputations used to come to meet him at the end of an invasion particularly after Makkah Conquest but they were not as many as these nor were they as frequent as they were then in the wake of Tabuk event. It was certainly the greatest.
The Qur’anic Verses Relating to this Invasion:
Many a verse of Bara’a (Tauba) Chapter handling the event of Tabuk were revealed. Some verses were revealed before the march, while others after setting out for Tabuk, i.e. in the context of the battle. Some other verses were also revealed on the Prophet’s arrival in Madinah. All of which covered the incidents that featured this invasion: the immanent circumstances of the battle, exposure of the hypocrites, the prerogatives and special rank earmarked for the strivers in the cause of Allah, acceptance of the repentance of the truthful believers who slackened and those who hung back, etc.
Some Important Events that featured that Year:
During this year many events of great significance took place. They were:
1. After the Messenger’s (Radhi Allahu Anhu) return from Tabuk, the sworn allegation of infidelity between ‘Uwaimir Al-‘Ajlani and his wife took place. *
2. Pelting with stones the Ghamidiyah woman who confessed committing adultery. She was pelted with stones only after weaning her child off her breast milk.
3. Negus Ashama; the king of Abyssinia (Ethiopia), died so the Prophet (Sallallahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) performed prayer in absentia for him.
4. The death of Umm Kulthum, the daughter of the Prophet (Sallallahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam), the Prophet (Sallallahu 'Alayhi wa Sallam) felt extremely sad at her death. “Had I got a third daughter, I would let you marry her.” He said to ‘Uthman (Radhi Allahu Anhu).
5. The death of ‘Abdullah bin Abi Salul, the head of hypocrites, after the Prophet’s return from Tabuk. The Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) asked Allah’s forgiveness for him. He also prayed for him in spite of ‘Umar’s (Radhi Allahu Anhu) disapproval and his attempt to prevent him from doing that. Later on a Qur’anic verse was revealed attesting to ‘Umar’s (Radhi Allahu Anhu) right viewpoint.
* In cases of an infidelity accusation that lacks evidence, both husband and wife swear by Allah that they are innocent and did not commit infidelity. The husband invokes Allah’s curses on himself[ if he is lying and the wife invokes Allah’s wrath on her if she is lying.