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 Various Fatawa on Missed Fast

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PostSubject: Various Fatawa on Missed Fast   Sun Aug 09, 2009 5:51 pm

As Salamu Alaikum

Delaying making up fasts

One year I did not fast the days when I had my monthly period, and I have not been able to fast them until now. Many years have gone by and I want to make up the fasts that I owe, but I do not know how many days I have to make up. What should I do?.



Praise be to Allaah.

You have to do three things:

1 – You have to repent to Allaah for this delay, and regret your past negligence; you must also resolve not to do such a thing again, because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“And all of you beg Allaah to forgive you all, O believers, that you may be successful”

[al-Noor 24]

This delay is a sin, so it is essential to repent to Allaah from that.

2 – You must hasten to fast the number of days you think you missed, and (remember that) Allaah does not burden any person beyond his scope. However many days you think you missed, you have to fast that number of days. So if you think that it was ten days, then fast for ten days; if you think that it was more or less than that, fast as many days as you think, because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“Allaah burdens not a person beyond his scope”

[al-Baqarah 2]

“So keep your duty to Allaah and fear Him as much as you can”

[al-Taghaabun 64]

3 – Feed one poor person for each day if you can afford to do that, even if you give it all to one poor person. But if you are poor and cannot feed another person, then you do not have to do anything apart from fasting and repenting.

What is meant by feeding a poor person here is giving half a saa’ of the local staple food for each day; half a saa’ is equivalent to one and a half kilograms.

Majmoo’ Fataawa al-Maqaalaat li’l-Shaykh Ibn Baaz, 6/19.

http://islamqa.com/en/ref/21710


Last edited by Zaza on Sat Jul 17, 2010 5:33 pm; edited 2 times in total
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PostSubject: Re: Various Fatawa on Missed Fast   Sun Aug 09, 2009 5:56 pm

As-Salaamu alaikum

She did not make up her missed fasts for many years


There is a woman who has reached the age of fifty. When she got her period in Ramadaan she did not fast those days, but then she did not make them up because she was unaware that it is obligatory to make up missed fasts. Now she has come to know that it is obligatory to make up missed fasts. What should she do?.


Praise be to Allaah.


She has to make up those days, and to be on the safe side she should feed one poor person for each day.

Shaykh Ibn Baaz (15/184) was asked:

I have a sister who for several years did not make up the fasts that she missed because of her period, because she was unaware of the ruling, especially since some of the common folk told her that she did not have to make up the fasts that she missed. What should she do?

He replied:

She has to ask Allaah for forgiveness and repent to Him, and she has to fast the days that she missed and feed one poor person for each day, as was stated by a number of the companions of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). This means giving half a saa’, which is equivalent to one and a half kilograms. What some ignorant women told her about her not having to do anything does not mean that this obligation is waived. ‘Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) said: “We were commanded to make up the missed fasts but we were not told to make up the prayers.” Agreed upon.

If another Ramadaan comes before she makes up the missed fasts, then she is sinning and she has to make up the missed fasts and repent, and also feed one poor person for each day if she is able to. If she is poor and cannot feed others then fasting and repentance is sufficient, and she does not have to feed others. If she cannot remember how many days she has to fast, she should proceed on the basis of what she thinks is most likely, and fast the days that she thinks she missed during Ramadaan, and that will be sufficient, because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“So keep your duty to Allaah and fear Him as much as you can”

[al-Taghaabun 64:16] The Standing Committee (10/151) was asked about an elderly woman who had reached the age of sixty, and she was unaware of the ruling on menstruation for all the years during which she used to menstruate, so she did not make up any missed Ramadaan fasts because she thought that she did not have to make them up, based on what she had heard from the common folk. The committee replied:


She has to repent to Allaah from that, because she did not ask the people of knowledge. As well as that she also has to make up the days that she did not fast, according to what she thinks is most likely to be the number of days that she missed, and she should offer expiation for each day by feeding one poor person half a saa’ of wheat, dates, rice or whatever is the staple food of the country, if she is able to do so. If she cannot feed others then she does not have to do that, and it is sufficient for her to make up the fasts.

For more information on the ruling on feeding the poor, please see question no. 26865.

Islam Q&A

http://islamqa.com/en/ref/40695


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PostSubject: Re: Various Fatawa on Missed Fast   Tue Aug 11, 2009 1:18 pm

As Salamu Alaikum
When making up missed Ramadaan fasts, they need not be done consecutively


I missed five days in Ramadaan when I did not fast because I was sick. Do I have to fast them consecutively, or can I fast one day each week?.


Praise be to Allaah.


The imams are agreed that in order to make up missed Ramadaan fasts, one must fast a number of days equal to the number of days when you did not fast, because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“and whoever is ill or on a journey, the same number [of days which one did not observe Sawm (fasts) must be made up] from other days”

[al-Baqarah 2:185] It is not essential that these days be consecutive; you may fast them one after the other, or you may fast them separately, whether you fast one day each week or each month, or whatever is easy for you. The evidence for that is the verse quoted above, because it does not specify that the days fasted to make up missed Ramadaan fasts should be consecutive, rather it only stipulates that the number of days fasted be equal to the number of days missed.
See al-Majmoo’, 6/167; al-Mughni, 4/408.


The Standing Committee was asked: is it permissible to make up missed Ramadaan fasts on separate days?

They replied: Yes, it is permissible to make up missed fasts on separate days, because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“and whoever is ill or on a journey, the same number [of days which one did not observe Sawm (fasts) must be made up] from other days”

[al-Baqarah 2:185]

And Allaah did not stipulate that these days must be consecutive.

Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah, 10/346.

In Fataawa al-Shaykh Ibn Baaz (15/352) it says: If a person did not fast for two or three or more days, he must make up those fasts but they do not have to be on consecutive days. If he does that, it is better, but if he does not there is nothing wrong with that. And Allaah knows best.


Islam Q&A

http://www.islam-qa.com/en/ref/21697


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PostSubject: Re: Various Fatawa on Missed Fast   Sat Aug 15, 2009 4:31 pm

As Salamu Alaikum

Hasten to make up for the missed days of fasting before the advent


I missed one day of fasting last Ramadhaan, and I have not made up for it yet. Now, there are only fourteen days before the advent of Ramadhaan, and I want to know whether I am required to offer expiation in addition to making up for this day or not.

Fatwa:

All perfect praise be to Allaah, the Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allaah, and that Muhammad, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, is His Slave and Messenger.

You must make up for the days of fasting that you missed last Ramadhaan during the remaining days of Sha‘baan, (i.e., before the advent of the next Ramadhaan). In such a case, you are not required to offer an expiation, as ‘Aa’ishah, may Allaah be pleased with her, sometimes made up for the missed days of Ramadhaan during Sha‘baan. She, may Allaah be pleased with her, said in a Hadeeth that was narrated on the authority of Abu Salamah, may Allaah be pleased with him, “Sometimes I could not make up for the days of fasting that I missed in Ramadhaan except in the month of Sha‘baan.” Yahya, a sub-narrator of this Hadeeth, said, “She would be busy serving the Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam.” [Al-Bukhaari]

The Hadeeth which forbids fasting during the second half of Sha‘baan, if considered authentic, does not apply to making up for the missed days of Ramadhaan.

Allaah Knows best.

Fatwa answered by: The Fatwa Center at Islamweb

www.islamweb.net

http://www.islamweb.net/ver2/Fatwa/ShowFatwa.php?lang=E&Id=111860&Option=FatwaId


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PostSubject: Re: Various Fatawa on Missed Fast   Sat Aug 15, 2009 4:41 pm

As Salamu Alaikum

Wife asking husband's permission to make up fasting


Salam Alaykom. I am currently in the process alhamdouillah of fasting for the last year's Ramadan I wasn't able to fast due to my period. I also have 60 days to fast due to being pregnant twice. My question is: I know I have to ask my husband if I want to fast and then he tells me ok, is he allowed to tell me not to fast a particular day, like for instance I tell him I am fasting today (with his permission) and then later on he says "don't fast today." Should I obey him or should I continue fasting since I am trying to hurry and make up all these days that I didn't fast? Jazak'allah Khair. Salam

Fatwa:

All perfect praise be to Allaah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allaah, and that Muhammad, sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam, is His slave and Messenger.

First of all, the Imaams of the four Schools of jurisprudence and the majority of the former and contemporary scholars, may Allaah have mercy upon them, agreed that the women who broke the fast for a valid reason, like menses and pregnancy are not obliged to make it up immediately after the month of Ramadhaan and that they have time until the next Ramadhaan comes. However, it is not permissible for them to delay it until the month of Sha'baan of the next year is over.

Therefore, a woman who has to make up some missed days of Ramadhaan and her husband is present with her and he has a need for sexual intercourse with her, then she should not hasten to make up for the missed days except with his permission since there is plenty of time to do so. However, if there is not much time left to make up the fasting, then a wife is not obliged to seek the permission of her husband in order to fast, and he has no right to prevent her from fasting the days she is obliged to make up since there is not much time left for doing so. When the scholars, may Allaah have mercy upon them, interpreted the Hadeeth "It is not permissible for a woman to fast when her husband is present except with his permission.", they interpreted the expression "except with his permission" to mean optional fasting other than the missed days of Ramadhaan; the same thing applies to the obligatory fasting when there is not much time left to make it up [i.e. that she does not need to seek his permission].

Therefore, you are not obliged to seek your husband's permission in order to make up for the obligatory missed days of fasting when there is not too much time left [for the starting of the next Ramadhaan], and your husband has no right to prevent you. Similarly, if he gives you permission to fast and then he changes his mind and wants you to break the fast after you already started fasting, then you are not obliged to obey him, as he has no right to prevent you then.

For more benefit, please refer to Fatwa 85464.

Allaah Knows best.

Fatwa answered by: The Fatwa Center at Islamweb

www.islamweb.net

http://www.islamweb.net/ver2/Fatwa/ShowFatwa.php?lang=E&Id=103918&Option=FatwaId


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