The Wonderful Library & Islamic Resource Center

World of Islamic Dawah: Islamic Library & Resource Center
 
HomePortalGallerySearchRegisterLog in

As-Salaamu alaikum and welcome readers. Please check our Portal for regular updates and news. Dear readers, you may have noticed that some of our graphics are not showing. We are busy updating broken links and would like to apologise for any inconvenience.

Why not try our Weekly Islamic Quiz?


Share
 

 Prohibiting the People of the Book From Going to Extremes in Religion (Surah An-Nisa’ 4: 171)

Go down 
AuthorMessage
Safiyyah
Bookroom Assistant
Bookroom Assistant
Safiyyah


Prohibiting the People of the Book From Going to Extremes in Religion (Surah An-Nisa’ 4: 171) Empty
PostSubject: Prohibiting the People of the Book From Going to Extremes in Religion (Surah An-Nisa’ 4: 171)   Prohibiting the People of the Book From Going to Extremes in Religion (Surah An-Nisa’ 4: 171) EmptyMon Apr 08, 2019 7:39 pm

Prohibiting the People of the Book From Going to Extremes in Religion (Surah An-Nisa’ 4: 171) Asw10411


Prohibiting the People of the Book From Going to Extremes in Religion

Surah An-Nisa’ 4: 171



Prohibiting the People of the Book From Going to Extremes in Religion (Surah An-Nisa’ 4: 171) S4a17111

Prohibiting the People of the Book From Going to Extremes in Religion

Allah forbids the People of the Scriptures from going to extremes in religion, which is a common trait of theirs, especially among the Christians. The Christians exaggerated over `Isa (Alayhi Salam) until they elevated him above the grade that Allah gave him. They elevated him from the rank of Prophethood to being a god, whom they worshipped just as they worshipped Allah. They exaggerated even more in the case of those who they claim were his followers, claiming that they were inspired, thus following every word they uttered whether true or false, be it guidance or misguidance, truth or lies. This is why Allah said,

They took their rabbis and their monks to be their lords besides Allah.{Surah At-Taubah 9: 31]

Imam Ahmad recorded that Ibn `Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said that `Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said that the Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said,

Do not unduly praise me like the Christians exaggerated over `Isa, son of Maryam. Verily, I am only a servant, so say, `Allah's servant and His Messenger.' This is the wording of Al-Bukhari.

Imam Ahmad recorded that Anas bin Malik (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said that a man once said, "O Muhammad! You are our master and the son of our master, our most righteous person and the son of our most righteous person...'' The Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said,

O people! Say what you have to say, but do not allow Shaytan to trick you. I am Muhammad bin `Abdullah, Allah's servant and Messenger. By Allah! I do not like that you elevate me above the rank that Allah has granted me.

Allah's statement,

nor say of Allah except the truth means, do not lie and claim that Allah has a wife or a son, Allah is far holier than what they attribute to Him. Allah is glorified, praised, and honored in His might, grandure and greatness, and there is no deity worthy of worship nor Lord but Him. Allah said;

Al-Masih `Isa, son of Maryam, was (no more than) a Messenger of Allah and His Word, which He bestowed on Maryam and a spirit from [created by] Him;  `Isa is only one of Allah's servants and one of His creatures. Allah said to him, `Be', and he was, and He sent him as a Messenger. `Isa was a word from Allah that He bestowed on Maryam, meaning He created him with the word `Be' that He sent with Jibril to Maryam. Jibril blew the life of `Isa into Maryam by Allah's leave, and `Isa came to existence as a result. This incident was in place of the normal conception between man and woman that results in children. This is why `Isa was a word and a Ruh (spirit) created by Allah, as he had no father to conceive him. Rather, he came to existence through the word that Allah uttered, `Be,' and he was, through the life that Allah sent with Jibril. Allah said,

Al-Masih [`Isa], son of Maryam, was no more than a Messenger; many were the Messengers that passed away before him. His mother [Maryam] was a Siddiqah. They both ate food. {Surah Al-Ma’idah 5: 75}  

And Allah said,

Verily, the likeness of `Isa before Allah is the likeness of Adam. He created him from dust, then (He) said to him: "Be! ـ and he was. [Surah Al-‘Imran 3: 59]

And she who guarded her chastity, We breathed into her (garment) and We made her and her son [`Isa] a sign for all that exits. (Surah Al-Anbiya’ 21:91)

And Maryam, the daughter of `Imran who guarded her chastity, [Surah At-Tahrim 66: 12]  


and Allah said concerning the Messiah,

He [`Isa] was not more than a servant. We granted Our favor to him. [Surah Az-Zukhruf 43: 59]


The Meaning of "His Word and a spirit from Him”

`Abdur-Razzaq narrated that Ma`mar said that Qatadah said that the Ayah,

And His Word, which He bestowed on Maryam and a spirit from [created by] Him; means, He said, Be and he was. Ibn Abi Hatim recorded that Ahmad bin Sinan Al-Wasiti said that he heard Shadh bin Yahya saying about Allah's statement,

and His Word, which He bestowed on Maryam and a spirit from [created by] Him; "` Isa was not the word. Rather, `Isa came to existence because of the word.'' Al-Bukhari recorded that `Ubadah bin As-Samit said that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said,

If anyone testifies that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah Alone Who has no partners, and that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger, and that `Isa is Allah's servant and Messenger and His Word which He bestowed on Maryam and a spirit created by Him, and that Paradise is true and Hell is true, then Allah will admit him into Paradise with the deeds which he performed. In another narration, the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said,

...through any of the eight doors of Paradise he wishes.  Muslim also recorded it. Therefore, `Ruh from Allah', in the Ayah and the Hadith is similar to Allah's statement,

And has subjected to you all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth; it is all from Him. [s45: 13] meaning, from His creation. `from Him' does not mean that it is a part of Him, as the Christians claim, may Allah's continued curses be upon them. Saying that something is from Allah, such as the spirit of Allah, the she-camel of Allah or the House of Allah, is meant to honor such items. Allah said,

This is the she-camel of Allah... [Surah Al-A’raf 7: 73]   and,

and sanctify My House for those who circumambulate it. [Surah Al-Baqarah 2: 125]

An authentic Hadith states,

I will enter on my Lord in His Home  

All these examples are meant to honor such items when they are attributed to Allah in this manner. Allah said,

so believe in Allah and His Messengers;  believe that Allah is One and Alone and that He does not have a son or wife. Know and be certain that `Isa is the servant and Messenger of Allah. Allah said after that,

Say not: "Three!";  do not elevate `Isa and his mother to be gods with Allah. Allah is far holier than what they attribute to Him. In Surah Al-Ma'idah (chapter 5), Allah said,

Surely, disbelievers are those who said: "Allah is the third of the three.'' But there is none who has the right to be worshipped but One God.  

Allah said by the end of the same Surah,

And (remember) when Allah will say (on the Day of Resurrection: "O `Isa, son of Maryam! Did you say unto men: `Worship me'''   and in its beginning,

Surely, in disbelief are they who say that Allah is the Messiah, son of Maryam.  The Christians, may Allah curse them, have no limit to their disbelief because of their ignorance, so their deviant statements and their misguidance grows. Some of them believe that `Isa is Allah, some believe that he is one in a trinity and some believe that he is the son of Allah. Their beliefs and creeds are numerous and contradict each other, prompting some people to say that if ten Christians meet, they would end up with eleven sects!


The Christian Sects

Sa`id bin Batriq, the Patriarch of Alexandria and a famous Christian scholar, mentioned in the year four hundred after the Hijrah, that a Christian Council convened during the reign of Constantine, who built the city that bears his name. In this Council, the Christians came up with what they called the Great Trust, which in reality is the Great Treachery. There were more than two thousand patriarchs in this Council, and they were in such disarray that they divided into many sects, where some sects had twenty, fifty or a hundred members, etc.! When the king saw that there were more than three hundred Patriarchs who had the same idea, he agreed with them and adopted their creed. Constantine who was a deviant philosopher -- gave his support to this sect for which, as an honor, churches were built and doctrines were taught to young children, who were baptized on this creed, and books were written about it. Meanwhile, the king oppressed all other sects. Another Council produced the sect known as the Jacobites, while the Nestorians were formed in a third Council. These three sects agreed that `Isa was divine, but disputed regarding the manner in which `Isa's divinity was related to his humanity; were they in unity or did Allah incarnate in `Isa! All three of these sects accuse each other of heresy and, we believe that all three of them are disbelievers. Allah said,

Cease! (it is) better for you. meaning, it will be better for you,

For Allah is (the only) One God, hallowed be He above having a son;  and He is holier than such claim, To Him belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth. And Allah is All-Sufficient as a Disposer of affairs, for all are creatures, property and servants under His control and disposal, and He is the Disposer of the affairs. Therefore, how can He have a wife or a son among them,

He is the originator of the heavens and the earth. How can He have children. [Surah Al-An’am 6: 101]   and

And they say: "The Most Gracious (Allah) has begotten a son. Indeed you have brought forth (said) a terrible evil thing.' [Surah Maryam 19: 88-89]   Up to His saying,

Alone. [Surah Maryam 19: 5]

Source: Tafsir ibn Kathir (Abridged)  
Back to top Go down
 
Prohibiting the People of the Book From Going to Extremes in Religion (Surah An-Nisa’ 4: 171)
Back to top 
Page 1 of 1

Permissions in this forum:You cannot reply to topics in this forum
The Wonderful Library & Islamic Resource Center :: Quran Section :: Islam a Universal Religion-
Jump to: