Theme of Juz Twenty Five – Revelation
The series of Aqeedah-themed Makkan Surahs continues in the 25th Juz which comprises primarily of four Makkan Surahs: Surah Ash-Shuraa, Surah Az-Zukhruf, Surah Ad-Dukhaan and Surah Al-Jaathiyah
which, like Surah Fussilat which starts this Juz, focus on the importance of revelation.
Surah Ash-Shuraa focuses on the revelation and a warning to those who reject the revelation. The message of this Surah could be summed up in the following, “And like that, We revealed to you an Arabic Qur’an so that you can warn the chief city (Makkah) and those around it, and warn of the Day of Gathering about which there is no doubt. A group will be in and a group will be in the Fire. If Allah wanted, He could have made you all one nation, but He enters whomever He wills into His Mercy. As for the oppressors, they do not have any Guardian or Supporter.” (42:78)
These verse explain the purpose of the Qur’an, and both the worldly and Afterlife consequences of accepting or rejecting it.
Surah Az-Zukhruf continues talking about the importance of revelation: “Indeed We revealed it as an Arabic Qur’an so that you may think.” (43:3)
The Qur’an is the thinking man’s revelation and that is why blind followers are wary of reading it as it challenges their beliefs and asks for evidence. That is exactly what this Surah does, it challenges the beliefs of the people of Makkah, showing how baseless their beliefs are because they are not supported by revelation, and through that showing the importance of revelation itself.
The examples of Prophets Ibrahim, Musa and Eesa(Alayhum Salam) are mentioned to show that Messengers before also came with Revelation, and to show the consequences of those who rejected their Messages. Without revelation, we have no basis for our beliefs and people end up inventing false beliefs which gain popularity over time.
Surah Ad-Dukhaan is another short reminder about the purpose of the Qur’an and its revelation. It discusses how the Qur’an was revealed on Layl Al-Qadar and goes on to describe the consequence of rejecting the revelation. The Surah ends with another reminder as to why the Qur’an was revealed in Arabic, making it the fourth Surah in a row to discuss this theme, “Definitely We made it easy (to understand) in your native language (Arabic) so that they may reflect.” (44:58)
The final Surah of this Juz is Surah Al-Jaathiyah which once again mentions the Qur’an and its importance but then shifts the theme to the other important evidence of Allah’s existence, His Signs in the world around us. The belief in Tawheed is based on two main sources, the revelation and the universe, both of which are referred to as Ayaat (signs/miracles) in the Qur’an.
In this Surah, Allah reminds us that He subjugated many of the things of this world to the human race so that we may benefit from them, and in each of these things around us are signs of the existence of the perfect Designer.
Between the Qur’an and the natural world, there is no excuse not to believe in the Oneness of Allah: “These are the signs of Allah which We recite to you in truth, so, after Allah and His Signs, what statement would they believe in?” (45:6)
Source: Themes of the Qur'an by Abu Muawiyah Ismail Kamdar