Theme of Juz Twenty Two - Tawheed
The 22nd Juz begins in the middle of Surah Al-Ahzaab
which has already been discussed. The next two Surahs in this Juz are very similar in their themes. Surah Saba and Surah Faatir
are both Makkan Surahs focusing on the Oneness of Allah.
These are the last two of the five Surahs in the Qur’an which begin with the words “Alhamdulillah” (All praise is for Allah) and those opening words indicate the theme of these Surahs. Both of these Surahs are about the greatness of Allah and the importance of worshipping Him alone.
Surah Saba discusses the power and dominion of Allah, and His Greatness, and reminds us that these are reasons to worship Him. The examples of Prophet Dawud and Prophet Sulaiman (Alayhuma Salam) are presented as examples of servants who worshipped Allah out of gratitude for all the good that He has given them. The lesson is that we should worship Allah at times of success and ease out of gratitude to Him, and not limit our worship to times of difficulty when we need Him.
The Surah also reminds us of Shaytaan’s plot to make people fall into Shirk and the fate that awaits the disbelievers in the Afterlife for committing Shirk.
Surah Faatir continues on this same theme and reminds us that Allah is the Faatir (Originator) of everything in this universe, and that He has the ability to create whatever He wills. Many of the favors of Allah are mentioned in this Surah, with an emphasis on being grateful to Allah for these favors by worshipping Him alone and obeying Him.
Both of these Surahs also contain many of the names and attributes of Allah that should be reflected over, in order to understand His Power and Greatness. There is a special emphasis on the fact that Allah alone provides for all His servants whatever they need, and that He has knowledge of all things.
The Juz ends in the middle of Surah Yaseen.
This is a famous Makkan Surah, although most of the virtues attributed to it are based on weak or fabricated Hadiths. The theme of the Surah is once again Tawheed, but in this Surah there are three different methods used to show the Oneness of Allah.
The first is through the concept of Prophethood. The Surah begins with a reminder of why Allah sent down the message and then a story of three unnamed messengers who were sent to a city to call them to the Oneness of Allah, but only one person in the entire city believed. There were thousands of prophets sent throughout history to different nations, even though the Qur’an names only a few, and they all shared the same central message, the Oneness of Allah.
The Surah then moves on to discuss the signs of Allah all around us, and that each of these signs are evidence of the existence of One All Powerful Creator. In this way, its theme is the same as that of the two Surahs before it, as all three Surahs focus on the signs of Allah in His Creation.
Surah Yaseen ends in the next Juz, and its final section deals with the concept of Judgment in the Afterlife. Every human will one day stand before their Creator to answer for how they lived their lives, and on that day Tawheed will be the main factor in deciding their faith. “So Glory is for Allah, in whose Hands are the dominion of all things, and to Him you will all return.” (36:83)
Source: Themes of the Qur'an by Abu Muawiyah Ismail Kamdar