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 Chapter 361 - Undesirability of departing from or coming to a Place stricken by a Epidemic

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Amy-Amatullah
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PostSubject: Chapter 361 - Undesirability of departing from or coming to a Place stricken by a Epidemic   Thu Mar 23, 2017 10:07 am

bismillah4


Chapter 361

Undesirability of departing from or coming to a Place stricken by a Epidemic



Allah, the Exalted, says:


"Wheresoever you may be, death will overtake you even if you are in fortresses built up strong and high!'' (4:78)

"And do not throw yourselves into destruction.'' (2:195)




Hadith 1791

Ibn `Abbas (Radhi Allahu Huma) reported:`Umar bin Al-Khattab radiyallahu anhu set out for Ash-Sham (the region comprising Syria, Palestine, Lebanon and Jordan). As he reached at Sargh (a town by the side of Hijaz) he came across the governor of Al-Ajnad, Abu Ubaidah bin Al-Jarrah radiyallahu anhu and his companions. They informed him that an epidemic had broken out in Syria. Ibn `Abbas relates:

Umar radiyallahu anhu said to me: "Call to me the earliest Muhajirun (Emigrants).'' So I called them. He sought their advice and told them that an epidemic had broken out in Ash-Sham. There was a difference of opinion whether they should proceed further or retreat to their homes in such a situation. Some of them said: "You have set forth to fight the enemy, and therefore you should not go back;'' whereas some of them said: "As you have along with you many eminent Companions of Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa, we would not advice you to set forth to the place of the plague (and thus expose them deliberately to a danger).'' `Umar radiyallahu anhu said: "You can now go away.''

He radiyallahu anhu said: "Call to me the Ansar (the Helpers).'' So I called them to him, and he consulted them and they differed in their opinions as well. He said: "Now, you may go.'' He again said: "Call the old (wise people) of the Quraish who had emigrated before the conquest of Makkah.'' I called them. `Umar radiyallahu anhu consulted them in this issue and not even two persons among them differed in the opinions. They said: "We think that you should go back along with the people and do not take them to this scourge.

`Umar radiyallahu anhu made an announcement to the people, saying: "In the morning I intend to go back, and I want you to do the same.'' Abu 'Ubaidah bin Al-Jarrah radiyallahu anhu said: "Are you going to run away from the Divine Decree?'' Thereupon Umar radiyallahu anhu said: "O Abu 'Ubaidah! Had it been someone else to say this.'' ('Umar radiyallahu anhu did not like to differ with him). He said: "Yes, we are running from the Divine Decree to the Divine Decree. What do you think if you have camels and you happen to get down a valley having two sides, one of them covered with foliage and the other being barren, will you not act according to the Divine Decree if you graze them in vegetative land? In case you graze them in the barren land, even then you will be doing so according to the Divine Decree.

There happened to come `Abdur-Rahman bin `Auf radiyallahu anhu who had been absent for some of his needs. He radiyallahu anhu said: I have knowledge about it. I heard the Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa saying,

"If you get wind of the outbreak of plague in a land, you should not enter it; but if it spreads in the land where you are, you should not depart from it.''

Thereupon `Umar bin Khattab radiyallahu anhu praised Allah and went back. [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].


Commentary: "Ajnad'' stands for five regions of Syria: Palestine, Jordan, Damascus, Hims and Qansarin. (An-Nawawi). 'Umar radiyallahu anhu praised Allah for the reason that his own Ijtihad was in accordance with the Hadith of the Prophet Sallalahu aleihi wa. The opinion given by the groups of Ansar and Muhajirun before this Ijtihad was also based on some principles of Shari`ah: those who had advised not to return had evinced submission to the Will of Allah and their absolute trust in Him, and the other group which had preferred the way of precaution had suggested to avoid any such action which could prove harmful. Although such precautionary measures could not save them from the Divine Decree, they decided to take all possible precautions because this is what is ordained by Allah. In fact, this was the basis of the Ijtihad made by `Umar, the veracity of which was proved by the Hadith of the Prophet Sallalahu aleihi wa. This Hadith confirmed the point of view of Imam An-Nawawi. Thus, this Hadith highlights the following four important points:

1. The test of validity of any decision is its correspondence with Shari`ah.
2. The desirability of mutual consultation.
3. The power of the Imam to depart from the advice of the consultative body.
4. The responsibility of the Imam to make every possible effort for the security of his subjects.
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Amy-Amatullah
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PostSubject: Re: Chapter 361 - Undesirability of departing from or coming to a Place stricken by a Epidemic   Thu Mar 23, 2017 10:14 am

bismillah4

Hadith 1792

Usamah bin Zaid radiyallahu anhu said: The Prophet Sallalahu aleihi wa said,

"If you get wind of the outbreak of plague in a land, do not enter it; and if it breaks out in a land in which you are, do not leave it.'' [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
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