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 Chapter 236 - The Merit of Emancipation of Slaves

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Amy-Amatullah
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PostSubject: Chapter 236 - The Merit of Emancipation of Slaves   Wed Nov 16, 2016 7:32 pm

bismillah1


Chapter 236

The Merit of Emancipation of Slaves


Allah, the Exalted, says:

"But he has not attempted to pass on the path that is steep (i.e., the path which will lead to goodness and success). And what will make you know the path that is steep? (It is) freeing a neck (slave).'' (90:11-13)



Hadith 1358


Abu Hurairah radiyallahu anhu reported: The Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa said,

"He who sets free a Muslim slave, Allah will deliver from the fire of Hell every limb of his body in return for every limb of the slave's body, even his private parts.'' [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].


Commentary:
It was the result of such instructions that the Companions of the Prophet Sallalahu aleihi wa did their best for the liberation of slaves. Abu Bakr As-Siddiq radiyallahu anhu bought many slaves and set them free. `Abdur-Rahman bin `Auf released as many as thirty thousand slaves. Abdullah bin `Umar liberated more than a thousand of them. It is stated that some Companions of the Prophet Sallalahu aleihi wa released eight thousand slaves within one day. May Allah be pleased with all of them. (Ibn `Allan and Nuzhat Al-Muttaqin).
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PostSubject: Re: Chapter 236 - The Merit of Emancipation of Slaves   Wed Nov 16, 2016 7:35 pm

bismillah1


Hadith 1359


Abu Dharr radiyallahu anhu reported: I asked the Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa,

"Which deed is most excellent?'' He Sallalahu aleihi wa replied,

"Faith in Allah and Jihad in His path.''

I then asked, "Which slaves are most excellent (to set free)?'' He Sallalahu aleihi wa replied,

"Those who are held in high esteem by their people and whose value is higher.'' [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].


Commentary: It is evident that a slave who is more valuable in the eyes of his master will be difficult to part with, whether he is purchased to set free or liberated on one's own accord. Hence, it will be more meritorious to free such a slave than ordinary ones. This conduct furnishes the principle that the reward of sacrificing something for Allah goes with its quality. The more precious the thing sacrificed, the greater its reward will be. The Qur'an expressly states:

"By no means shall you attain Al-Birr - piety, righteousness - here it means Allah's reward, i.e., Jannah), unless you spend (in Allah's Cause) of that which you love.'' (3:92).

The institution of slavery is now finished, but its other forms do exist, i.e., debtor, guarantor, prisoners, etc. To liberate these from their burden is a meritorious act, and all these forms are covered by the Qur'anic phrase "freeing a neck'' (slave, etc.).



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Chapter 236 - The Merit of Emancipation of Slaves
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