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 Lesson One -Isti'adhah and Basmalah

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Safiyyah
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PostSubject: Lesson One -Isti'adhah and Basmalah   Sun Nov 13, 2016 12:09 pm

bismillah4


Isti'adhah - Seeking refuge (الاستعاذة)


The meaning of: (الاستعاذة) is “asking for refuge, or protection”
When the reader says:


" ( أعوذ بالله من الشيطان الرجيم )”


he is seeking the protection and refuge with Allah from Satan before starting reading.
Allah in the Qur’an said:

{ فإذا قرأت القرآن فاستعذ بالله من الشيطان الرجيم (98) } النحل
(and when you read the Qur’an seek refuge with Allah from the rejected Satan) An-Nahl 98.

If the reader is reading silently, he then seeks refuge silently, or if he is alone.

If one is about to pray the seeking refuge is also done silently.

If one is reading aloud, and others are present that will hear, the seeking refuge is done out loud.

If the reading is done by turns (as in a classroom situation), the first reader seeks refuge out loud and the rest do it silently.

If the reading is cut off by coughing, sneezing, or by talk referring to the reading or meaning of the verses, then there is no need for repeating the seeking refuge.

If the reading is cut off by work or normal conversation, or by eating, then the seeking refuge should be repeated before beginning to read the Qur’an again.






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Saying the “Basmalah” ( البسملة )



He who says "bismillah" has said the basmalah. The proper way to say the basmalah is:

بـســــم الله الرحمن الرحيـــــــم


It is necessary to read it before the beginning of every surah of the Qur'an with the exception of "At-Tawbah" which is also called “Baraa’ah.”
..
Ways of Seeking refuge when starting recitation with the basmalah and with the beginning of a surah

If the reader wishes to start his reading at the beginning of a surah, he needs to seek refuge, say the basmalah and then start reciting the surah. There are four ways of doing this.

1. Cutting all three off from each other.
Meaning;
Seeking refuge, stopping, saying the basmalah, stopping, then starting the surah.

2. Joining all three with each other.
Seeking refuge, saying the basmalah, and starting the surah all in one breath without stopping.

3. Joining the basmalah and the beginning of the surah.
This means seeking refuge, then stopping, then saying the basmalah and the beginning of the surah in one breath.

4. Joining seeking refuge with the basmalah.
This means the seeking refuge and the basmalah are joined with one breath, then the reader stops then starts the surah.


Question:

Shaykh, would you kindly comment on saying the "seeking refuge" and saying the basmalah when reciting from the middle of a Surah, whether reciting in Salah or normal recitation? Example: In Salah we recite Surah Fatiha then recite a few Ayaat from somewhere in Surah Baqarah, do we say the basmalah?

1.You say the isti'adhah and basmallah before reciting Surat alfatihah.
2. When you start a surah after alfatihah, you only recite the Basmallah except if you are starting Surat at-Tawbah
3. If you are reciting from the middle of a surah I.e not the beginning, you don't say isti'adhah nor Basmallah.

Allah knows best!

Note: I intentionally avoided mentioning the difference among the jurists.





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The Basmalah between two surahs

Hafs (the way of recitation we are explaining) always reads the basmalah between two surahs. Meaning we read the basmalah before starting the next consecutive surah when reading the Qur’an, except between Al-Anfal and At-Tawbah.

There are four ways of completing a surah and continuing on reading to the next surah with the basmalah in between them. Three of them are allowed, and one not allowed.

1. Cutting off all from each other (قطع الجميع)
The reader finishes the surah, then stops and takes a breath, reads the basmalah, stops and takes a breath, then reads the beginning of the next surah. As in the following example: (refer to the video in the next post)
2. Joining all of them together (وصل الجميع)
The reader ends the surah, joining it with the appropriate vowels with the basmalah, continuing with the same breath the reader then joins the basmalah with the beginning of the next surah. As in: (refer to the video in the next post)

3.Joining the basmalah with the beginning of the surah  (وصل البسملة بأول السورة)
In this way the reader finishes the last verse of the surah, stops and takes a breath, then reads the basmalah joining it in the same breath and proper vowels with the beginning of the next surah. As in: (refer to the video in the next post)

4. Not Allowed: Joining the basmalah with the end of the surah, then stopping, then starting the next surah.

This incorrect way leads the listener to imagine that the basmalah is the last aayah of the surah that was just finished. Here, the reader would join the end of the surah with the basmalah, then stops and takes a breath, then starts reading the next surah.

This is not allowed.
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Safiyyah
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PostSubject: Re: Lesson One -Isti'adhah and Basmalah   Sun Nov 13, 2016 12:45 pm

bismillah4


Lesson One -Isti'adhah and Basmalah



https://www.facebook.com/mamdouh.mahmoud.92/videos/10210634364205880/



For those who don't have a Facebook Account

can benefit from these short YouTube videos,


Lesson One -Isti'adhah and Basmalah has Two Parts.

Part One








Part Two







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Lesson One -Isti'adhah and Basmalah
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