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 Chapter 225 - The Excellence of Observing Saum (Fasting) in the months of Muharram and Sha'ban and the Sacred Months

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Amy-Amatullah
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PostSubject: Chapter 225 - The Excellence of Observing Saum (Fasting) in the months of Muharram and Sha'ban and the Sacred Months   Mon Nov 07, 2016 3:43 pm

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Chapter 225

The Excellence of Observing Saum (Fasting) in the months of
Muharram and Sha'ban and the Sacred Months



Hadith 1246


Abu Hurairah radiyallahu anhu reported: The Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa said,

"The best month for observing Saum (fasting) next after Ramadan is the month of Allah, the Muharram; and the best Salat (prayer) next after the prescribed Salat is Salat at night (Tahajjud prayers).'' [Muslim].


Commentary: Reference of the month to Allah is a sign of its distinction and auspiciousness like Baitullah, Naqatullah etc. Muharram is one of the sacred months and it is this month with which the Islamic year starts. The other three sacred months are Rajab, Dhul-Qa'dah, and Dhul-Hijjah. The Hadith points out that fasting in the month of Muharram is better than any other month of the year after Ramadan.
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Amy-Amatullah
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PostSubject: Re: Chapter 225 - The Excellence of Observing Saum (Fasting) in the months of Muharram and Sha'ban and the Sacred Months   Mon Nov 07, 2016 3:46 pm

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Hadith 1247


Aishah radiyallah anha reported: The Prophet Sallalahu aleihi wa did not observe voluntary Saum (fasting) so frequently during any other month as he did during Sha`ban. He observed Saum throughout the month of Sha'ban.

Another narration is: He Sallalahu aleihi wa observed Saum during the whole month of Sha'ban except a few days.[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].


Commentary: We learn from another Hadith the reason why the Prophet Sallalahu aleihi wa kept greater number of Saum in the month of Sha`ban. He did so because deeds are presented before Allah during this month. For this reason, he liked that when his deeds were presented, he should be observing Saum (Nasa'i on the authority of Usamah radiyallahu anhu . In spite of this distinction of Sha`ban, Muslims have been ordered to observe Saum in the first fortnight only, and not in the second in order to maintain their energy and vitality for the obligatory Saum (i.e., Ramadan). The Prophet Sallalahu aleihi wa had greater spiritual strength and Saum did not cause him weakness due to this strength. Again, by virtue of this strength he would sometimes even observe Saum which is termed "Saum-al-Wisal'' (observing Saum continuous without a break in the evening). But he has forbidden his followers from such Saum.
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PostSubject: Re: Chapter 225 - The Excellence of Observing Saum (Fasting) in the months of Muharram and Sha'ban and the Sacred Months   Mon Nov 07, 2016 3:52 pm

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Hadith 1248


Reported Mujibah Al-Bahiliyah on the authority of her father or uncle that he visited the Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa once and then went to see him again after a year. His appearance had totally changed. He asked the Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa if he had recognized him. The Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa asked,

"Who are you?''

He replied: "I am Al-Bahili who visited you last year.'' The Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa said,

"You were quite handsome, what has changed your appearance so much?''

He replied, "Since my departure from here, I have not eaten anything except at night.'' The Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa remarked,

"You have put yourself to torture. Observe Saum (fasting) during the Month of Patience (i.e., Ramadan) and fast one day from each month.''

He submitted, "Permit me to observe more voluntary fasts because I have capacity to do so.'' The Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa said,

"Then observe fasts for two days in every month.''

He said, "Permit me to observe more.'' The Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa said,

"Observe fasts on three days in every month.''

He requested that he should be allowed to observe more fasts. The Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa said,

"Fast three days during the sacred months and omit fasting for three days alternately.''

He Sallalahu aleihi wa joined his three fingers together and left them apart while repeating this sentence thrice. [Abu Dawud].


Commentary: The name of Mujibah Bahiliyah's father was Abdullah bin Harith Al-Bahli, and if this incident relates to his uncle, his name is not well-known. In any case, he used to take meal at night only, that is, he used to observe Saum daily. Because of this routine, his health was greatly affected and the Prophet Sallalahu aleihi wa prohibited him from observing Saum daily and stressed that he should keep Saum thrice a month only, especially in the sacred months. With the formula of ten-fold reward, he could thus get reward of thirty days Saum in a month. This is how he would be reckoned as one who observes Saum throughout the year. People with weak health should not observe more than three Saum in a month. Those who are healthy, are allowed to observe more Saum, but it will be well if they do so in the style of Prophet Dawud, that is, on alternate days.
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Chapter 225 - The Excellence of Observing Saum (Fasting) in the months of Muharram and Sha'ban and the Sacred Months
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