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 Chapter 153 - The Ruling of crying and wailing over a Dead Person and Chapter 154 - Prohibition of Disclosing the Physical defects of the Deceased

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Amy-Amatullah
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PostSubject: Chapter 153 - The Ruling of crying and wailing over a Dead Person and Chapter 154 - Prohibition of Disclosing the Physical defects of the Deceased   Mon Sep 05, 2016 3:33 pm

 bismillah4



Chapter 153

The Ruling of crying and wailing over a Dead Person


Wailing is unanimously forbidden (Haram) as will be mentioned later on. There are some Ahadith which forbid us from crying over somebody's death, and which inform us that the dead will be tormented in their graves as a result of their relatives crying over their death. This prohibition applies only to those cases where crying is accompanied with lamenting and wailing. Weeping without these two is, permissible; and the Ahadith in support of this are many, including the following:
 


Hadith 925


Ibn `Umar (Radhi Allahu Huma) reported: The Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa visited Sa`d bin `Ubadah during his illness. He was accompanied by `Abdur-Rahman bin `Auf, Sa`d bin Abu Waqqas and `Abdullah bin Mas`ud (Radhi Allahu Huma). The Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa began to weep. When his Companions saw this, their tears also started flowing. He Sallalahu aleihi wa said,

"Do you not hear, Allah does not punish for the shedding of tears or the grief of the heart, but punishes or bestows mercy for the utterances of this (and he pointed to his tongue).'' [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].


Commentary: Under the stress of grief, man becomes heavy-hearted and tears flow out from his eyes. This is something natural and beyond human control. Rather the outflow of tears results from Divine compassion. This is neither forbidden nor subject to accountability. It is only wailing which is Haram, and is punishable. Yet, man is blessed with Divine mercy if he gives expression to patience and gratefulness by his tongue.

Moreover, to mention the merits and excellence of a departed soul is in itself a good thing because others may be stimulated to adopt them. But to recount them by way of wailing is disliked. A Hadith says that a dead person is tormented because of the weeping of his household. Here weeping means lamenting and wailing. Otherwise, to weep is human instinct and no curbs can be put over it. Besides, this warning is meant for such a person who might have been accustomed to wailing during his lifetime. Or he might have left a will to his family for wailing over his death. May be he consciously avoided giving a predeath warning to his kith and kin against wailing. In all the three situations, he will be equally held accountable with his soul being tormented for the wailing of his relatives.

In case, he is uninvolved in any of the situations, he will remain free from hellish torments. Instead the wailers will have to bear the brunt of their sin. As the Qur'an says, "No one laden with burdens can bear another's burden.'' (17:15).
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Amy-Amatullah
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PostSubject: Re: Chapter 153 - The Ruling of crying and wailing over a Dead Person and Chapter 154 - Prohibition of Disclosing the Physical defects of the Deceased   Mon Sep 05, 2016 3:37 pm

bismillah4


Hadith 926


Usamah bin Zaid radiyallahu anhu reported: A grandson (child of the daughter) of the Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa was presented to him while the child was at his last breath. Tears began to flow from the eyes of the Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa. Sa'd said to him: "What is this, O Messenger of Allah?'' He Sallalahu aleihi wa said,

"It is mercy which Allah has placed in the hearts of his salves. Allah bestows His Mercy on the merciful among His slaves.'' [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
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PostSubject: Re: Chapter 153 - The Ruling of crying and wailing over a Dead Person and Chapter 154 - Prohibition of Disclosing the Physical defects of the Deceased   Mon Sep 05, 2016 3:40 pm

 bismillah4


Hadith 927


Anas radiyallahu anhu reported: The Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa came to his son Ibrahim radiyallahu anhu when he was breathing his last. The eyes of the Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa began shedding tears. `Abdur-Rahman bin `Auf radiyallahu anhu said, "O Messenger of Allah, you too weep?'' He Sallalahu aleihi wa said,

"O Ibn `Auf! It is mercy.'' Then he  Sallalahu aleihi wa began to weep and said,

"The eyes are shedding tears and the heart is grieved, and we will not say except what pleases our Rabb. O Ibrahim! Indeed we are grieved by your departure.'' [Al-Bukhari].


Commentary: The death of the Prophet's son, Ibrahim, born of Miriyah radiyallah anha had occurred in the tenth year of Hijra. The Ahadith clearly prove that weeping over a loved one's death is permissible. But it should be void of wailing.
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PostSubject: Chapter 154 - Prohibition of Disclosing the Physical defects of the Deceased   Mon Sep 05, 2016 3:44 pm

 bismillah1



Chapter 154

Prohibition of Disclosing the Physical defects of the Deceased


 


Hadith 928


Abu Rafi` Aslam :Radiyallahuanh , the freed slave of the Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa reported: The Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa said,

"He who washes a dead body and conceals what he notices of physical defects, he will be forgiven forty times.'' [Al-Hakim].


Commentary: If during washing a man's dead body, the washer has noticed some physical defect or some sort of deformation in it, he should avoid disclosing it to others so that a bad name may not come to the departed soul. Yet, the deformity in his body may have come as a Divine vengeance for the sinful and heretic life led by him in this world. In this case, there will be room for such a disclosure. Because on being dreaded and warned of a horrible end, people will come to adopt a clean and pure life in accordance with the religious principles.
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