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 Chapter 96 - Bidding Farewell and Advising on the Eve of Departure for a Journey or other Things

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Amy-Amatullah
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PostSubject: Chapter 96 - Bidding Farewell and Advising on the Eve of Departure for a Journey or other Things   Wed May 11, 2016 1:35 pm

 bismillah1




Chapter 96

Bidding Farewell and Advising on the Eve of Departure for a Journey or other Things



Allah, the Exalted, says:

"And this (submission to Allah, Islam) was enjoined by Ibrahim (Abraham) upon his sons and by Ya`qub (Jacob) (saying), `O my sons! Allah has chosen for you the (true) religion, then die not except in the Faith of Islam (as Muslims - Islamic Monotheism).' Or were you witnesses when death approached Ya`qub (Jacob)? When he said unto his sons, `What will you worship after me?' They said, `We shall worship your Ilah (God - Allah) the Ilah (God) of your fathers, Ibrahim (Abraham), Isma`il (Ishmael), Ishaq (Isaac). One Ilah (God), and to Him we submit (in Islam)'.'' (2:132,133)




Hadith 712

Yazid bin Haiyan reported: I went along with Husain bin Sabrah and `Amr bin Muslim to Zaid bin Arqam (Radhi Allahu Anhu) and, as we sat by his side, Husain said to him: "O Zaid, you acquired great merits that you saw The Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa, listened to his talk, fought by his side in (different) battles, and offered Salat behind him. You have in fact earned great merits, Zaid! Could you then tell us what you heard from the Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa?''

He  radiyallahu anhu  said: "O my cousin! By Allah! I have grown old and have almost spent up my age and I have forgotten some of the things which I remembered in connection with The Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa, so accept what I narrate to you, and what I fail to narrate, do not compel me to narrate that.'' He then said: "One day The Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa stood up to deliver a Khutbah at a watering place known as Khumm between Makkah and Al-Madinah. He Sallalahu aleihi wa   praised Allah, extolled Him and delivered the Khutbah and exhorted (us) and said,  

`Amma Ba`du (now then)! O people, certainly I am a human being. I am about to receive the Messenger (the angel of death) from my Rabb and I, in response to Allah's Call, but I am leaving among you two weighty things: the Book of Allah in which there is right guidance and light, so hold fast to the Book of Allah and adhere to it.'


He exhorted (us) (to hold fast) to the Book of Allah and then Sallalahu aleihi wa  said,

 `The second are the members of my household, I remind you (of your duties) to the members of my family.'''


Commentary:  The Prophet Sallalahu aleihi wa told his Companions with reference to his human nature that he too could not escape death because it was a grim reality. So he left his example to others with regard to making a will before death. The Hadith points out the desirability of giving good counsel to one's family and friends, exhorting them to observe uprightness and establish Faith, upon parting either for a journey or while one is on deathbed.


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Amy-Amatullah
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PostSubject: Re: Chapter 96 - Bidding Farewell and Advising on the Eve of Departure for a Journey or other Things   Wed May 11, 2016 2:18 pm

 bismillah1


Hadith 713

Malik bin Al-Huwairith radiyallahu anhu reported: We came to the Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa when we were all young men of nearly equal age. We stayed with him for twenty days. He was extremely kind and considerate. He perceived that we missed our families so he asked us about those we left behind, and we informed him. Then he Sallalahu aleihi wa said,

"Go back to your families, stay with them, teach them (about Islam) and exhort them to do good. Perform such Salat (prayer) at such a time and such Salat at such a time. When the time for Salat is due, one of you should announce Adhan (call for prayer) and the oldest among you should lead Salat.''
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].


Commentary: This Hadith sheds light on seven points.

First, we are informed of certain young men who had left their homes and come to the Prophet Sallalahu aleihi wa in order to receive religious training from him. This shows that a student of knowledge should not hesitate to set forth on a journey in the pursuit of knowledge.
Second, a teacher/mentor is supposed to have firsthand information about the affairs and requirements of students and to take measures accordingly.
Third, after graduation or the completion of an orientation course in religious studies, the beneficiaries are also required to impart religious knowledge and training to those who lack it.
Fourth, they should also tell people to do what is commanded by the Shari`ah (Islamic Law) and to shun what it prohibits.
Fifth, an arrangement must be made for a Mu'adhdhin to call people to Salat (prayers).
Sixth, in case each one of the congregation is equally qualified to lead the Salat, the one who is most senior in age should perform the duty. The first prerequisite of becoming an Imam is the ability to recite Qur'an well and in the right manner. The second in priority is that person who is well-grounded in the religion - Qur'an and Hadith. In other words, a good Qari (reciter) is most fit to become an Imam and the second choice should be the one who has the mastery of religious knowledge.
Seventh, the crux of the matter is that on all occasions and at all places, believers are under obligation to take care to establish congregational prayer after the prayer-call.


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PostSubject: Re: Chapter 96 - Bidding Farewell and Advising on the Eve of Departure for a Journey or other Things   Wed May 11, 2016 2:21 pm

 bismillah1


Hadith 714

Umar bin Al-Khattab radiyallahu anhu reported: I sought permission of the Prophet Sallalahu aleihi wa to perform `Umrah, and he granted me leave and said,

 "Brother, do not forget us in your supplications.''

I would not exchange these words of his for the whole world.

Another narration is: He Sallalahu aleihi wa said,

"Include us, my brother, in your supplications.''
[Abu Dawud and At-Tirmidhi].


Commentary: This Hadith is being repeated here to prove that a highly-ranked person in virtue and excellence may ask his inferior to pray for him. Furthermore, it reflects the Prophet's  Sallalahu aleihi wa  humility that he asks his followers to pray for him. This Hadith is enough evidence that supplications benefit the living people.


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PostSubject: Re: Chapter 96 - Bidding Farewell and Advising on the Eve of Departure for a Journey or other Things   Wed May 11, 2016 3:06 pm

 bismillah1


Hadith 715

Salim bin `Abdullah bin `Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma) reported: When a man was to set out on a journey, `Abdullah bin `Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma) would say to him: "Draw near so that I may bid farewell to you as The Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa used to bid farewell to us. (The Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa used to say:

"`Astaudi`ullaha dinaka, wa amanataka, wa khawatima `amalika' (I entrust Allah with your Deen, your trust and your last deeds).'' [At-Tirmidhi].


Commentary:
Herein, we note a provision for uttering benedictory words and praying for a person on the occasion of seeing him off. The benedictory utterances are: "I entrust your Deen, your (religious) trust (i.e., religious obligations) and your last deeds with Allah.''



red cherries For an explanation of this Hadith by Dr Muhammad Salah view the video included in Hadith No. 714 pink necklace
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PostSubject: Re: Chapter 96 - Bidding Farewell and Advising on the Eve of Departure for a Journey or other Things   Wed May 11, 2016 3:09 pm

 bismillah1


Hadith 716

Abdullah bin Yazid Al-Khatmi radiyallahu anhu reported: When The Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa intended to bid farewell to his army he would say:

"Astau-di'ullaha dinakaum, wa amanatakum, wa khawatima `amalikum (I entrust Allah with your Deen, your trust and your last deeds).'' [Abu Dawud].


Commentary: This Hadith presents the same benediction as stated above. Yet, here its addresses are the plural number of second person, whereas in the previous Hadith it was singular number. The Hadith points out the virtue desirability of the leader to bid farewell to his army before they set out for the battlefield, and to advise them using the Prophet's  Sallalahu aleihi wa words stated above, reminding them to hold fast to their religion for which they have left everything behind to fight for it and to win Allah's Mercy.


red cherries  For an explanation of this Hadith by Dr Muhammad Salah view the video included in Hadith No. 714   pink necklace
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Amy-Amatullah
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PostSubject: Re: Chapter 96 - Bidding Farewell and Advising on the Eve of Departure for a Journey or other Things   Wed May 11, 2016 3:17 pm

 bismillah1


Hadith 717


Anas radiyallahu anhu reported: A man came to the Prophet Sallalahu aleihi wa and said: "O The Messenger of Allah! I intend to go on a journey, so supplicate for me.'' He Sallalahu aleihi wa said,

"May Allah grant you the provision of piety.''
 

The man said: "Please supplicate more for me.'' He Sallalahu aleihi wa said,

"May He forgive your sins!''  

The man repeated: "Please supplicate more for me.'' The Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa said,  

"May He facilitate for you the doing of good wherever you are.''
[At-Tirmidhi].


Commentary: Spiritually speaking, the most beneficial thing that a traveller can bank upon is a benediction. So, it is desirable for a traveller to visit his fellow Muslim brother to pray for him before he starts his journey.

red cherries  For an explanation of this Hadith by Dr Muhammad Salah view the video included in Hadith No. 714   pink necklace
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