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 Chapter 86 - Fulfillment of Promises

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Amy-Amatullah
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PostSubject: Chapter 86 - Fulfillment of Promises   Tue Apr 26, 2016 5:44 pm

 bismillah1



Chapter 86

Fulfillment of Promises


Allah, the Exalted, says:

"And fulfill (every) covenant. Verily! The covenant will be questioned about. (17:34)

"And fulfill the Covenant of Allah (Bai`ah: pledge for Islam) when you have covenanted.'' (16:91)

"O you who believe! Fulfill (your) obligations.'' (5:1)

"O you who believe! Why do you say that which you do not do? Most hateful it is with Allah that you say that which you do not do.'' (61:2,3)


 

Hadith 689

Abu Hurairah radiyallahu anhu reported: The Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa said,

"Three are the signs of a hypocrite: When he speaks, he lies; when he makes a promise, he breaks it; and when he is trusted, he betrays his trust.'' [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].


Another narration adds the words:

 "Even if he observes Saum (fasts), performs Salat (prayer) and claims to be a Muslim.''


Commentary: This Hadith has already been mentioned in the chapter about trusts. See Commentary on Hadith No.201 Chapter 25 Its repetition here is meant to stress the point that a hypocrite is recognized by breaking his promise.



The Introduction of this Section is explained in the
Video included with Hadith No 687 of the previous section







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PostSubject: Re: Chapter 86 - Fulfillment of Promises   Tue Apr 26, 2016 5:58 pm

 bismillah1


Hadith 690

Abdullah bin `Amr bin Al-`as radiyallahu anhu reported: The Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa said,

"Four are the qualities which, when found in a person, make him a sheer hypocrite, and one who possesses one of them, possesses one characteristic of hypocrisy until he abandons it. These are: When he is entrusted with something, he betrays trust; when he speaks, he lies; when he promises, he acts treacherously; and when he argues, he behaves in a very imprudent, insulting manner.'' [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].


Commentary:
Theologically speaking, a disagreement between heart and tongue - or word and deed - about the declaration of faith in Islam is defined as hypocrisy. In the lifetime of the Prophet Sallalahu aleihi wa there existed a group of hypocrites whose traits of characters have been outlined in Ahadith. Humanly it is not possible to perceive malice hidden in one's heart. Even The Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa hardly knew what lay in the hearts of people because, despite having the exalted status of Prophethood, he was fundamentally a human. Allah, however, had revealed hearts to him. But today, we have no error-free source to pick hypocrites from the ranks of believers. Quite naturally, we fall back on the Hadith which provides us definite symptoms of the character and manners of hypocrites so as to distinguish them from sincere Muslims.

`Ulama' say that there are two aspects of hypocrisy, relating to faith and practice. In the first case, a hypocrite conceals his disbelief in his heart but verbally professes Islam. Anyone who belongs to this category of hypocrites will be, as stated in the Qur'an:  "In the lowest depths of the Fire.'' (4:145).  

In the second case, a man does have faith in his heart but in practice he portrays the characteristics of a hypocrite, unfortunately a majority of today's Muslims practically behave like hypocrites and possess their propensities. It is this hypocritical attitude and moral deficiencies of Muslims that have degraded them and made Islam unappealing. May Allah put Muslims on the right path! Ameen




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PostSubject: Re: Chapter 86 - Fulfillment of Promises   Tue Apr 26, 2016 6:07 pm

 bismillah1


Hadith 691

Jabir radiyallahu anhu reported: The Prophet Sallalahu aleihi wa said to me,

"When the revenues of Bahrain will arrive, I shall give you such and such and such.''  

He passed away before the revenues were received. When they arrive during the caliphate of Abu Bakr radiyallahu anhu , he ordered to be announced:

"Anyone whom The Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa promised or owed anything, should come to him.'' I went to him and said: "The Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa had said to me such and such.'' He took a double handful out of the money and gave it to me. I counted it and found that it was five hundred dirham. Then Abu Bakr radiyallahu anhu  said to me: "Take twice as much more of that amount.'' [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].


Commentary: The Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa  according to Al-Bukhari, spread his both hands thrice in a gesture and indicated to Jabir radiyallahu anhu  "I will give you double handfuls of money thrice''. Abu Bakr radiyallahu anhu , however, fulfilled the Prophet's promise during his Caliphate.

This Hadith is suggestive of fulfillment of the deceased pledge by the ascendant, that is, his death will not invalidate it. Rather, the responsibility of fulfilling his pledge devolves upon his inheritors. Similarly, a new ruler is under obligation to carry out the commitment made by his predecessor on the government level.



red cherries For an explanation of this Hadith by Dr Muhammad Salah view the video included in Hadith No. 690 pink necklace
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