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 Regarding His (Sallallahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) Rulings on Marriage and Matters Relating to it

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Amy-Amatullah


Regarding His (Sallallahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) Rulings on Marriage and Matters Relating to it Empty
PostSubject: Regarding His (Sallallahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) Rulings on Marriage and Matters Relating to it   Regarding His (Sallallahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) Rulings on Marriage and Matters Relating to it EmptySat Dec 28, 2013 10:00 am

As Salamu Alaikum


Regarding His  Sallalahu aleihi wa  Rulings on Marriage and Matters Relating to it

Excerpt from the Book: Provisions for the Hereafter
Mukhtasar Zaad-al-Maad
by Ibn Qayyim


It has been authentically reported from him Sallalahu aleihi wa that he rejected the marriage of a matron who had been given in marriage by her father against her will.

And in the 'Sunan', it is reported from him Sallalahu aleihi wa that he allowed a virgin whose father had given her in marriage against her will to choose (whether or not she accepted the marriage).


And it has been authentically reported from him  Sallalahu aleihi wa that he said:

"A virgin should not be married until her permission is sought and her permission is her silence." [1]


And he  Sallalahu aleihi wa ruled that the orphan girl may be consulted and he said:


"There is no orphanhood after puberty." [2]


This proves the permissibility of marrying an orphan and it is proven by the Qur'an [3]


And also in the 'Sunan', it is reported from him Sallalahu aleihi wa that he said:

"There is no marriage without (the consent of) a legal guardian." [4]




Also in the 'Sunan', it is reported that he  Sallalahu aleihi wa said:

"A woman may not give herself in marriage, for it is the adulteress who gives herself in marriage." [5]



And he   Sallalahu aleihi wa ruled that if a woman is given in marriage by two guardians, she is for the first (suitor). [6]

And he Sallalahu aleihi wa ruled regarding a man who had married a woman without fixing a dowry for her and who did not have sexual intercourse with her before he died, that she should have the same dowry as other women of her status, no less and no more, that she should have a share of his inheritance and that she must observe a waiting period ('Iddah) of four months and ten days [7]



In 'Sunan At-Tirmidhi', it is reported that he  Sallalahu aleihi wa said to a man:

"Do you accept that I should marry you to so-and-so?"

He said: "Yes." Then he said to the woman:

"Do you accept that I should marry you to so-and-so?"

She replied: "Yes." So he married them and the man consummated the marriage, but he had not fixed a dowry for her and he had not given her anything, so when death approached him, he compensated her with his share of the booty from Khaibar. [8]

These rulings imply the permissibility of marrying without naming a dowry, the permissibility of consummating the marriage before naming the dowry, the fixing of a dowry equal to that which other women of similar status receive, if the husband should die, even if he has not consummated the marriage, that she is obliged to observe the waiting period of death, even though he had not consummated the marriage; this was the view taken by Ibn Mas'ud  radiyallahu anhu and the scholars of 'Iraq.

These rulings also imply the permissibility of taking the responsibility of giving both parties in marriage and that it is sufficient to say: "I have married so-and-so to so-and-so," restricting oneself to this.

And he  Sallalahu aleihi wa commanded those who embraced Islam and had more than four wives to choose four of them. And he Sallalahu aleihi wa ordered those who embraced Islam and had as wives two sisters to choose one of them. This implies the validity of the marriage of the disbelievers and that he should choose whom he wishes from the among those whom he married before embracing Islam and (if he retained less than four) from others after embracing Islam and that is the opinion of the majority of scholars. At-Tirmidhi has reported in a Hadeeth which he declared to be Hasan, that the Prophet  Sallalahu aleihi wa said:

"If a slave marries without the permission of his masters, he is an adulterer." [9]


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[1] Narrated by Ahmad, on the authority of 'Abdullah Ibn 'Amr  radiyallahu anhu 
[2] Narrated by Abu Dawud, on the authority of Abu Hurairah  radiyallahu anhu 
[3] Narrated by Al-Bukhari, Muslim, At-Tirmidhi, An-Nasa'i, Ahmad and Ad-Darimi, on the authority of Abu Hurairah  radiyallahu anhu 
[4] Narrated by Al-Bukhari, At-Tirmidhi, Abu Dawud, Ibn Majah, Ahmad and Ad-Darimi.
[5] Narrated by Ibn Majah, on the authority of Abu Hurairah  radiyallahu anhu 
[6] Narrated by At-Tirmidhi, An·Nasa'i, Abu Dawud, Ahmad and Ad-Darimi, on the authority of Samurah Ibn Jundub  radiyallahu anhu 
[7] Narrated by Muslim, At·Tirmidhi, An-Nasa'i, Abu Dawud and Ahmad.
[8] Narrated by Abu Dawud, on the authority of 'Uqbah Ibn 'Amir  radiyallahu anhu 
[9] Narrated by At-Tirmidhi, Abu Dawud, Ahmad and Ad-Darimi, on the authority of Jabir Ibn 'Abdillah  radiyallahu anhu 


Pages 492-494



red cherries Provisions for the Hereafter -Zaad-al-Maad by Ibn Qayyim can be downloaded here red cherries


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