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 Garden promised to the Righteous (Surah Muhammad 47:15)

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PostSubject: Garden promised to the Righteous (Surah Muhammad 47:15)   Garden promised to the Righteous (Surah Muhammad 47:15) EmptySun Nov 24, 2013 6:53 am

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Garden promised to the Righteous (Surah Muhammad 47:15) S47a1510





15. The description of Paradise which is promised to those who have Taqwa, (is that) in it are rivers of water that are not Asin, rivers of milk the taste of which never changes, rivers of wine delicious to those who drink it, and rivers of refined honey; and therein for them are all kinds of fruits, and forgiveness from their Lord. Can this be likened to those who abide eternally in the Fire and are given to drink boiling water that severs their intestines.


Description of Paradise and Its Rivers


The description of Paradise which is promised for those who have Taqwa... ` Ikrimah said,

The description of Paradise "This means its description.''

In it are rivers of water that are not Asin.  Ibn `Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him, Al-Hasan, and Qatadah all said, "It does not change.'' Qatadah, Ad-Dahhak, and `Ata' Al-Khurasani all said, "It is not foul-smelling.'' The Arabs say Asin if its (water) scent changes.

rivers of milk, the taste of which never changes, which means that the milk is of utmost whiteness, sweetness, and richness. It has been mentioned in a Hadith attributed to the Prophet "Their milk did not come out of the udders of cattle.''

rivers of wine delightful to those who drink it  which means that the wine does not have a bad taste or foul smell like that of the worldly life. Rather, it is good in its appearance, taste, smell, and effect, as Allah says,

it (the wine) has no bad effects, nor does it cause intoxication. (37:47) and,

From which (the wine) they will have no headache, nor will they be intoxicated. (56:19)

white, delicious to the drinkers.(37:46) It has been mentioned in a Hadith attributed to the Prophet , "Their wine was not pressed under men's feet.''

and rivers of refined honey; which means that the honey is of utmost purity and pleasant color, taste, and smell. It has been mentioned in a Hadith attributed to the Prophet, "Their honey did not come out of the bellies of bees.'' Imam Ahmad recorded from Hakim bin Mu`awiyah who narrated from his father that Allah's Messenger said,

Verily, there is in Paradise a lake of milk, a lake of water, a lake of honey, and a lake of wine. The rivers then gush out of them.  At-Tirmidhi reported this narration in his section of the Description of Paradise, and he said, "Hasan Sahih. In the Sahih, it is recorded that Allah's Messenger said,

When you ask Allah, ask Him for Al-Firdaws, because it is the central and highest part of the Paradise, and from it gush the rivers of the Paradise and above it is the Throne of the Most Merciful. Allah says,

...and therein for them are all kinds of fruits, ...  This similar to His saying,

They will call in it for every kind of fruit in peace and security. (44:55)  And His saying,

In them will be every kind of fruits in pairs. (55:52)  Allah says

. ..and forgiveness from their Lord, meaning, in addition to all of the above. Allah says,

Can this be likened to those who abide eternally in the Fire meaning, `can those that We have described their position in the Paradise be like those who will abide eternally in the Fire' They are not equal, and nor are those who will be in the high ranks (in the Paradise) and those who will be in the lowest depths (Hell).

and are given to drink boiling water meaning, extremely hot; so hot that it is unbearable.

that severs their intestines meaning, that will cut their insides -- both bowels and intestines. We seek refuge in Allah from that.


Reference: Tafsir ibn Kathir (abridged) English version.


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