The Wonderful Library & Islamic Resource Center

World of Islamic Dawah: Islamic Library & Resource Center
 
HomePortalGallerySearchRegisterLog in

As-Salaamu alaikum and welcome readers. Please check our Portal for regular updates and news. Dear readers, you may have noticed that some of our graphics are not showing. We are busy updating broken links and would like to apologise for any inconvenience.

Why not try our Weekly Islamic Quiz?


 

 Chapter 02 - Issues related to al-Mudabbar, al-Mukatib and Umm al-Walad

Go down 
AuthorMessage
Amy-Amatullah
Bookroom Assistant
Bookroom Assistant
Amy-Amatullah


Chapter 02 - Issues related to al-Mudabbar, al-Mukatib and Umm al-Walad Empty
PostSubject: Chapter 02 - Issues related to al-Mudabbar, al-Mukatib and Umm al-Walad   Chapter 02 - Issues related to al-Mudabbar, al-Mukatib and Umm al-Walad EmptySun Sep 15, 2013 3:40 pm

bismillah4 


Chapter 2
Issues related to al-Mudabbar (440), al-Mukatib (441) and Ummal-Walad (442)
440. A slave who is told by his master that he will be free after his (the master's) death.
441.  A slave who makes an agreement with his master to pay him a certain amount of money in return for gaining his freedom.
442. This literary means the mother of a child. She is the slave woman, who gives birth to her master's children, who would be born free.






1474. Jabir bin 'Abdullah radiyallahu anhu narrated that a man from the Ansar declared that his slave lad would be free after his death (would be Mudabbar), yet he had no other property. When the Prophet Sallalahu aleihi wa heard of that he said, "Who will buy him from me?" And Nu’aim bin Abdullah bought him for eight hundred Dirhams. Agreed upon.

In a narration by Al-Bukhari: 'The man became needy,' (so the Prophet Sallalahu aleihi wa  took the slave and said ...).'

A version by An-Nasa'i says, 'The man had a debt, so the Prophet Sallalahu aleihi wa sold the slave for eight hundred Dirhams and gave him the money and said, "Pay off your debt."




fountain 


1475. "Amro bin Shuaib narrated on the authority of his father, on the authority of his grandfather radiyallahu anhu that the Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa  said, "A slave who entered into an agreement to buy his freedom is still a slave as long as a Dirham of the agreed price remains to be paid." (443) Related by Abu Dawud with a good chain of narrators. The full Hadith is related by Ahmad and the three Imams. Al-Hakim graded it to be Sahih.

443. This refers to a/•Mukatib who remains under the same rulings, which are applicable to a slave until he pays the full amount. Agreed upon




fountain


1476. Umm Salamah :radiyallahu annarrated that the Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa said, "When a slave of one of your women has made an agreement to pay for his freedom (i.e, he is a Mukatib)and can pay the full price, she must veil herself from him." Related by Ahmad and the four Imams. At-Tirmidhi graded it as Sahih.





fountain


1477. Ibn 'Abbas radiyallahu anhu narrated that the Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa said, "The Diyah (Blood money) of a slave who had made an agreement to buy his freedom (Mukatib) and had been killed, is paid at the rate paid for a free man (as a Diyah) as much as he has paid of the amount agreed upon, and at the rate paid for a slave as the remainder is concerned” (444)  Related by Ahmad,  Abu Dawud and An-Nasa'i.

444.This Hadith seems to be contradictory to the Hadith of "Amro bin Shu 'aib (1461 Chapter 01) that a slave 'is still a slave as long as a Dirham of the agreed price remains to be paid.' But most scholars are of the opinion that a Mukatib is still a slave regarding legal punishments and blood money as long as he still owes his Owner one Dirham. Some scholars still believe that that this is not the case, taking this Hadith as their evidence but some scholars said that it is abrogated and the first Hadith is the more established one.






fountain


1478. "Amro bin al-Harith, the brother of Juwairiyah the mother of Believers (the wife of the Prophet Sallalahu aleihi wa ) narrated, 'When Allah's Messenger :saw: died, he did not leave a Dinar or a Dirham, a slave or a slave-woman, or anything but his white she-mule, his weapons and a piece of land which he appointed as Sadaqah.' Related by Al-Bukhari.







fountain


1479. Ibn 'Abbas radiyallahu anhu  narrated that Allah's Messenger Sallalahu aleihi wa said, "When a man's slave-woman bears him a child she becomes free at his death." Related by Ibn Majah and Al-Hakim with a weak chain of narrators.






fountain


1480. Sahl bin Hunaif radiyallahu anhu  narrated that the Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa  said, "He who assists a Mujahid  for Allah's sake, a debtor who is in distress (being unable to pay his debt) or a slave who had made an agreement to buy his freedom, Allah will shade him, with His Shade, on the Day when there will be no shade but His." Related by Ahmad and Al-Hakim graded it as Sahih.
Back to top Go down
 
Chapter 02 - Issues related to al-Mudabbar, al-Mukatib and Umm al-Walad
Back to top 
Page 1 of 1

Permissions in this forum:You cannot reply to topics in this forum
The Wonderful Library & Islamic Resource Center :: Hadeeth Section :: Hadith-related information & Major Ahadith collections :: Bulugh Al Maram :: The Book of Emancipation-
Jump to: