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 Chapter 12 - 'Iddah and Ihdad

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Amy-Amatullah
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PostSubject: Chapter 12 - 'Iddah and Ihdad    Chapter 12 - 'Iddah and Ihdad  EmptyMon Jun 03, 2013 3:16 pm

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Chapter 12


'Iddah and Ihdad (328)


328. The woman whose husband has died refrains from adornments, perfumes. going out (except for a necessity) etc .. for a period of four months and ten days after the death of her husband which is her Iddah.



1145. Al-Miswar bin Makhramah narrated that Subaiah al-Aslamiyah radiyallah anha gave birth (to a child) a few nights after the death of her husband. She went to the Prophet Sallalahu aleihi wa and asked his permission to get married, so he permitted her to do so and she did.'(329) Related by Al-Bukhari.

In another narration, 'She gave birth forty nights after the death of her husband.'

In Muslim's version, Az-Zuhari said, 'I see nothing wrong with her getting married while she is still in her post birth bleeding but on condition that her husband does not touch her till she becomes pure.'

329.The 'Iddah of the pregnant woman ends when she gives birth whether divorced or a widow.





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1146. Aishah (RAA)narrated, 'I commanded Barirah to observe her 'Iddah for three menstrual periods.' Related by Ibn Majah.







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1147. Ash-Shi 'bi narrated on the authority of Fatimah bint Qais radiyallahu anhu that the Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa said regarding a woman who is divorced three times (irrevocable divorce), "She has no right for maintenance or housing.' Related by Muslim.





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1148. Umm Atiyah radiyallah anha narrated that the Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa said, "It is not lawful for a woman who believes in Allah and the Hereafter to mourn for a dead person for more than three days, except for her husband (she is to mourn) for four months and ten days. She is not to wear a dyed garment, except for a garment of 'Asb (special clothes made in Yemen). She must not apply Kuhl nor perfume. But what is permissible is that when she is purified from her menses, she may use a small amount of Kust (type of incense, to get rid of the smell of the blood)." Agreed upon and the wording is from Muslim.

Abu Dawud and an-Nasa'i added the following, 'She must not apply Henna.' an-Nasa'i added, "or comb her hair."






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1149. Umm Salamah radiyallah anha narrated, 'I applied aloe juice to my eyes after the death of Abu Salamah.' The Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa said, "It gives the face a nice glow (makes it look fresh), so use it only at night and remove it in the daytime and do not comb your hair with scent or henna as it is a type of dye," I then asked him, 'What should I use when I comb my hair?' He said, "Use lote-tree leaves (Sidr)." Related by An-Nasa'i and Abu Dawud with a good chain of narrators.





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1150. Umm Salamah radiyallah anha narrated, 'A woman came to the Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa and said, '0 Messenger of Allah! My daughter's husband died, and she is suffering from a disease in her eyes. Shall we apply Kuhl to it?' He replied, 'No.' Agreed upon.







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1151. Jabir radiyallahu anhu narrated, 'My maternal aunt was divorced thrice. and she wanted to reap some dates of hers, but a man saw her and blamed her for going out. She came to the Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa to complain, and he said to her,"Certainly, go and reap your palms, so you may give in charity thereof or do a good deed." Related by Muslim.





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1152. Furaiah bint Malik radiyallah anha narrated, 'My husband went out in search of some of his slaves, and they killed him. I asked the Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa to go back to my people, for my husband left me without a house that belonged to him or maintenance.' He said to me, "Yes (go to your family):' When I was in my room he called me and said, "Stay at your place until you finish your prescribed 'Iddah;" She said, 'So I stayed there for four months and ten days.' She added,"Uthman used to follow the same ruling later on (i.e. for the Iddah of the woman whose husband died).' Related by Ahmad and the four Imams. At-Tirmidhi, adh-Dhuhali, Ibn Hibban and al-Hakim graded it as Sahih.





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1153. Fatimah bint Qais radiyallah anha narrated, 'I said: 0 Messenger of Allah! My husband divorced me thrice and I am afraid that someone may attack me (as she was staying in a deserted place).' The Messenger of Allah gave her permission to move to another house (to spend her Iddah there.)' Related by Muslim.



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Amy-Amatullah
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PostSubject: Re: Chapter 12 - 'Iddah and Ihdad    Chapter 12 - 'Iddah and Ihdad  EmptyMon Jun 03, 2013 3:46 pm

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1154. 'Amro bin al-'As radiyallahu anhu narrated, 'Do not confuse us about the Sunnah of our Prophet Sallalahu aleihi wa The Iddah of the slave woman, who is the mother of a child (born free), and her master died, is four months and ten days.' Related by Ahmad, Abu Dawud and Ibn Majah. Al-Hakim graded it as




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1155. Ibn 'Umar radiyallahu anhu narrated, 'The slave woman has only two pronouncements of divorce (unlike the free woman who has three), and her 'Iddah is only for two menstrual cycles.' Related by Ad-Daraqutni.



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1156. Abu Dawud, At-Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah related the same Hadith on the authority of 'A'ishah radiyallah anha Al-Hakim graded it as Sahih but some scholars rendered it weak.





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1157. Ruwaifi' bin Thabit radiyallahu anhu narrated that the Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa said, "It is not lawful for a man who believes in Allah and the Day of Resurrection to have intercourse with a slave woman (newly bought) who is already pregnant." (330) Related by Abu Dawud and At-Tirmidhi. Ibn Hibban graded it as Sahih.

330. If a man buys a slave woman and discovers that she is already pregnant he is not allowed to have intercourse with her until she delivers the child. If he is not sure that she is pregnant, then she must have 'lddah for one menstrual period before he can have intercourse with her.




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1158. Ibn 'Umar radiyallahu anhu narrated concerning the wife of a lost man (who is absent and his news ceases to reach her), that she must wait for four years and then have an Iddah for four months and ten days (assuming that he died). Related by Malik and Ash-Shafi'




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1159. Al-Mughirah bin Shu'bah narrated that the Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa said, "The wife of a lost man remains his wife, until she gets certain news. about his fate!' Related by Ad-Daraqutni with a weak chain of narrators.




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1160. Jabir bin 'Abdullah radiyallahu anhu narrated that the Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa said, "No man is allowed to spend the night in the house of another woman unless he is married to her, or of her Mahrams (who are not allowed to marry her.)" Related by Muslim.




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1161. Ibn 'Abbas radiyallahu anhu narrated that the Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa said, "No man should be alone with a woman unless it is in the presence of one of her Mahrams(male relatives that she cannot marry)." 'Related by Al-Bukhari.





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1162. Abu Sa'id Al-Khudri radiyallahu anhu narrated that the Messenger ofAllah Sallalahu aleihi wa said regarding the captive women taken in Autas (the
location of a battle), "You should not have intercourse with a pregnant woman until she gives birth, nor with a non-pregnant woman until she has one menstrual cycle." Related by Abu Dawud, Al-Hakim graded it as Sahih.




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1163. There is a similar Hadith transmitted by Ad-Daraqutni on the authority of Ibn Abbas radiyallahu anhu





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1164. Abu Hurairah radiyallahu anhu narrated that the Messenger of Sallalahu aleihi wa said, "The child is to be attributed to the one on whose bed he is born, and as for a woman adulterer she is to be stoned!' Agreed upon.




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1165, 1166, 1167. An-Nasa'i transmitted the same hadith on the authority of 'Aishah radiyallah anha and Ibn Masud radiyallahu anhu Abu Dawud related it on the authority of 'Uthman radiyallahu anhu .



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