Chapter 12328. The woman whose husband has died refrains from adornments, perfumes. going out (except for a necessity) etc .. for a period of four months and ten days after the death of her husband which is her Iddah.
'Iddah and Ihdad (328)
1145. Al-Miswar bin Makhramah narrated that Subaiah al-Aslamiyah
gave birth (to a child) a few nights after the death of her husband. She went to the Prophet
and asked his permission to get married, so he permitted her to do so and she did.'(329) Related by Al-Bukhari.
In another narration, 'She gave birth forty nights after the death of her husband.'
In Muslim's version, Az-Zuhari said, 'I see nothing wrong with her getting married while she is still in her post birth bleeding but on condition that her husband does not touch her till she becomes pure.'329.The 'Iddah of the pregnant woman ends when she gives birth whether divorced or a widow.
1146. Aishah (RAA)narrated, 'I commanded Barirah to observe her 'Iddah for three menstrual periods.' Related by Ibn Majah.
1147. Ash-Shi 'bi narrated on the authority of Fatimah bint Qais
that the Messenger of Allah
said regarding a woman who is divorced three times (irrevocable divorce), "She has no right for maintenance or housing.' Related by Muslim.
1148. Umm Atiyah
narrated that the Messenger of Allah
said, "It is not lawful for a woman who believes in Allah and the Hereafter to mourn for a dead person for more than three days, except for her husband (she is to mourn) for four months and ten days. She is not to wear a dyed garment, except for a garment of 'Asb (special clothes made in Yemen). She must not apply Kuhl nor perfume. But what is permissible is that when she is purified from her menses, she may use a small amount of Kust (type of incense, to get rid of the smell of the blood)." Agreed upon and the wording is from Muslim.
Abu Dawud and an-Nasa'i added the following, 'She must not apply Henna.' an-Nasa'i added, "or comb her hair."
1149. Umm Salamah
narrated, 'I applied aloe juice to my eyes after the death of Abu Salamah.' The Messenger of Allah
said, "It gives the face a nice glow (makes it look fresh), so use it only at night and remove it in the daytime and do not comb your hair with scent or henna as it is a type of dye," I then asked him, 'What should I use when I comb my hair?' He said, "Use lote-tree leaves (Sidr)." Related by An-Nasa'i and Abu Dawud with a good chain of narrators.
1150. Umm Salamah
narrated, 'A woman came to the Messenger of Allah
and said, '0 Messenger of Allah! My daughter's husband died, and she is suffering from a disease in her eyes. Shall we apply Kuhl to it?' He replied, 'No.' Agreed upon.
narrated, 'My maternal aunt was divorced thrice. and she wanted to reap some dates of hers, but a man saw her and blamed her for going out. She came to the Messenger of Allah
to complain, and he said to her,"Certainly, go and reap your palms, so you may give in charity thereof or do a good deed." Related by Muslim.
1152. Furaiah bint Malik
narrated, 'My husband went out in search of some of his slaves, and they killed him. I asked the Messenger of Allah
to go back to my people, for my husband left me without a house that belonged to him or maintenance.' He said to me, "Yes (go to your family):' When I was in my room he called me and said, "Stay at your place until you finish your prescribed 'Iddah;" She said, 'So I stayed there for four months and ten days.' She added,"Uthman used to follow the same ruling later on (i.e. for the Iddah of the woman whose husband died).' Related by Ahmad and the four Imams. At-Tirmidhi, adh-Dhuhali, Ibn Hibban and al-Hakim graded it as Sahih.
1153. Fatimah bint Qais
narrated, 'I said: 0 Messenger of Allah! My husband divorced me thrice and I am afraid that someone may attack me (as she was staying in a deserted place).' The Messenger of Allah gave her permission to move to another house (to spend her Iddah there.)' Related by Muslim.