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 Book Ninety Two – The Book on Holding Fast to the Qur'an and Sunnah

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As Salamu Alaikum

Bismillah

Book Ninety Two – The Book on Holding Fast to the Qur'an and Sunnah


Hadith Number 373.

Narrated by Tariq bin Shihab: A Jew said to 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhu), "O Chief of the Believers, if this verse: 'This day I have perfected your religion for you, completed My favors upon you, and have chosen for you, Islam as your religion.' (Surah Al-Ma’idah 5:3) had been revealed upon us, we would have taken that day as an 'Id (festival) day." 'Umar said, "I know definitely on what day this Verse was revealed; it was revealed on the day of 'Arafat, on a Friday."


Hadith Number 374.

Narrated by Anas bin Malik (Radhi Allahu Anhu): That he heard 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhu) speaking while standing on the pulpit of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) in the morning (following the death of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)), when the people had sworn allegiance to Abu Bakr. He said the Tashahhud before Abu Bakr (Radhi Allahu Anhu), and said, "Amma Ba'du (then after) Allah has chosen for his Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) what is with Him (Paradise) rather than what is with you (the world). This is that Book (Qur’an) with which Allah guided your Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), so stick to it, for then you will be guided on the right path as Allah guided His Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) with it."


Hadith Number 375.

Narrated by Ibn 'Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) embraced me and said, "O Allah! Teach him (the knowledge of) the Book (Qur’an)."


Hadith Number 376.

Narrated by Abal Minhal: Abu Barza (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said, "(O people!) Allah makes you self-sufficient or has raised you high with Islam and with Muhammad."


Hadith Number 377.

Narrated by Abdullah bin Dinar: 'Abdullah Bin 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma) wrote to 'Abdul Malik bin Marwan, swearing allegiance to him: 'I swear allegiance to you in that I will listen and obey what is in accordance with the Laws of Allah and the Tradition of His Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) as much as I can.'


Hadith Number 378.

Narrated by Said bin Al-Musaiyab: Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said that Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "I have been sent with 'Jawami-al-Kalim ' (the shortest expression with the widest meaning) and have been made victorious with awe (cast in my enemy's hearts), and while I was sleeping, I saw that the keys of the treasures of the world were placed in my hand." Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu) added: Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) has gone, and you people are utilizing those treasures, or digging those treasures out." or said a similar sentence.


Hadith Number 379.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "There was no Prophet among the Prophets but was given miracles because of which people had security or had belief, but what I was given was the Divine Inspiration which Allah revealed to me. So I hope that my followers will be more than those of any other Prophet on the Day of Resurrection."


Hadith Number 380.

Narrated by Abu Wail: I sat with Shaiba in this Masjid (Al-Masjid-Al-Haram), and he said, "'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhu) once sat beside me here as you are now sitting, and said, 'I feel like distributing all the gold and silver that are in it (i.e., the Ka'bah) among the Muslims'. I said, 'You cannot do that.' 'Umar said, 'Why?' I said, 'Your two (previous) companions (the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and Abu Bakr) did not do it. 'Umar said, 'They are the two persons whom one must follow.'" (See Hadith No. 664, Book 26)






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As Salamu Alaikum


Hadith Number 381.

Narrated by Hudhaifa (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said to us, "Honesty descended from the Heavens and settled in the roots of the hearts of men (faithful believers), and then the Qur’an was revealed and the people read the Qur’an, (and learnt it from it) and also learnt it from the Sunnah." Both Quran and Sunnah strengthened their (the faithful believers') honesty. (See Hadith No. 208 Book 87)


Hadith Number 382.

Narrated by 'Abdullah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The best talk (speech) is Allah's Book 'Quran), and the best way is the way of Muhammad, and the worst matters are the heresies (those new things which are introduced into the religion); and whatever you have been promised will surely come to pass, and you cannot escape (it).


Hadith Number 383.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah and Zaid bin Khalid (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): We were with the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) when he said (to two men), "I shall judge between you according to Allah's Book (Laws)."


Hadith Number 384.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "All my followers will enter Paradise except those who refuse." They said, "O Allah's Messenger! Who will refuse?" He said, "Whoever obeys me will enter Paradise, and whoever disobeys me is the one who refuses (to enter it)."


Hadith Number 385.

Narrated by Jabir bin 'Abdullah (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): Some angels came to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) while he was sleeping. Some of them said, "He is sleeping." Others said, "His eyes are sleeping but his heart is awake." Then they said, "There is an example for this companion of yours." One of them said, "Then set forth an example for him." Some of them said, "He is sleeping." The others said, "His eyes are sleeping but his heart is awake." Then they said, "His example is that of a man who has built a house and then offered therein a banquet and sent an inviter (messenger) to invite the people. So whoever accepted the invitation of the inviter, entered the house and ate of the banquet, and whoever did not accept the invitation of the inviter, did not enter the house, nor did he eat of the banquet." Then the angels said, "Interpret this example to him so that he may understand it." Some of them said, "He is sleeping.'' The others said, "His eyes are sleeping but his heart is awake." And then they said, "The houses stands for Paradise and the call maker is Muhammad; and whoever obeys Muhammad, obeys Allah; and whoever disobeys Muhammad, disobeys Allah. Muhammad separated the people (i.e., through his message, the good is distinguished from the bad, and the believers from the disbelievers)."


Hadith Number 386.

Narrated by Hammam: Hudhaifa (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said, "O the Group of Al-Qurra! (*) Follow the straight path, for then you have taken a great lead (and will be the leaders), but if you divert right or left, then you will go astray far away."

* Qurra: Religious scholars in the knowledge of Qur'an and Sunnah.


Hadith Number 387.

Narrated by Abu Musa (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "My example and the example of what I have been sent with is that of a man who came to some people and said, 'O people! I have seen the enemy's army with my own eyes, and I am the naked warner; so protect yourselves!' Then a group of his people obeyed him and fled at night proceeding stealthily till they were safe, while another group of them disbelieved him and stayed at their places till morning when the army came upon them, and killed and ruined them completely So this is the example of that person who obeys me and follows what I have brought (the Qur’an and the Sunnah), and the example of the one who disobeys me and disbelieves the truth I have brought."


Hadith Number 388.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): When Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) died and Abu Bakr (Radhi Allahu Anhu) was elected as a Caliph after him, some of the Arabs reverted to disbelief, 'Umar said to Abu Bakr (Radhi Allahu Anhuma), "How dare you fight the people while Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, I have been ordered to fight the people till they say 'None has the right to be worshipped but Allah' And whoever says: None has the right to be worshipped but Allah.' waves his wealth and his life from me unless he deserves a legal punishment lusty, and his account will be with Allah! Abu Bakr (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said, "By Allah, I will fight him who discriminates between Zakat and prayers, for Zakat is the Compulsory right to be taken from the wealth by Allah, if they refuse to give me even a tying rope which they use to give to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), I would fight them for withholding it." 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said, 'By Allah, It was nothing, except I saw that Allah had opened the chest of Abu Bakr to the fight, and I came to know for certain that was the truth."





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As Salamu Alaikum


Hadith Number 389.

Narrated by 'Abdullah bin 'Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): Uyaina bin Hisn bin Hudhaifa bin Badr came and stayed (at Al-Madinah) with his nephew Al-Hurr bin Qais bin Hisn who has one of those whom 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhu) used to keep near him, as the Qurra' (learned men knowing Qur’an by heart) were the people of Umar's (Radhi Allahu Anhu) meetings and his advisors whether they were old or young. 'Uyaina said to his nephew, "O my nephew! Have you an approach to this chief so as to get for me the permission to see him?" His nephew said, "I will get the permission for you to see him." (Ibn 'Abbas added): So he took the permission for 'Uyaina, and when the latter entered, he said, "O the son of Al-Khattab! By Allah, you neither give us sufficient provision nor judge among us with justice." On that 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhu) became so furious that he intended to harm him. Al-Hurr, said, "O Chief of the Believers!" Allah said to His Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) 'Hold to forgiveness, command what is good (right), and leave the foolish (i.e. do not punish them).' (Surah Al-A’raf 7: 199) and this person is among the foolish." By Allah, 'Umar did not overlook that Verse when Al-Hurr recited it before him, and 'Umar said to observe (the orders of) Allah's Book strictly." (See Hadith No. 166, Book 60)


Hadith Number 390.

Narrated by Asma' bint Abu Bakr (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): I came to 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) during the solar eclipse. The people were standing (offering prayer) and she too, was standing and offering prayer. I asked, "What is wrong with the people?" She pointed towards the sky with her hand and said, Subhan Allah!'' I asked her, "Is there a sign?" She nodded with her head meaning, yes. When Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) finished (the prayer), he glorified and praised Allah and said, "There is not anything that I have not seen before but I have seen now at this place of mine, even Paradise and Hell. It has been revealed to me that you people will be put to trial nearly like the trial of Ad-Dajjal, in your graves. As for the true believer or a Muslim (the sub-narrator is not sure as to which of the two (words Asma' had said) he will say, 'Muhammad came with clear signs from Allah, and we responded to him (accepted his teachings) and believed (what he said)' It will be said (to him) 'Sleep in peace; we have known that you were a true believer who believed with certainty.' As for a hypocrite or a doubtful person, (the sub-narrator is not sure as to which word Asma' said) he will say, 'I do not know, but I heard the people saying something and so I said the same.'"


Hadith Number 391.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Leave me as I leave you, (*) for the people who were before you were ruined because of their questions and their differences over their Prophets. So, if I forbid you to do something, then keep away from it. And if I order you to do something, then do of it as much as you can."

* The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) tells his companions not to ask him about things which have not happened but are still hypothetical.


Hadith Number 392.

Narrated by Sa'd bin Abi Waqqas (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "The most sinful person among the Muslims is the one who asked about something which had not been prohibited, but was prohibited because of his asking."


Hadith Number 393.

Narrated by Zaid bin Thabit (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) took a room made of date palm leaves mats in the Masjid. Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) prayed in it for a few nights till the people gathered (to pray the night prayer (Tarawih) (behind him.) Then on the 4th night the people did not hear his voice and they thought he had slept, so some of them started humming in order that he might come out. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) then said, "You continued doing what I saw you doing till I was afraid that this (Tarawih prayer) might be enjoined on you, and if it were enjoined on you, you would not continue performing it. Therefore, O people! Perform your prayers at your homes, for the best prayer of a person is what is performed at his home except the compulsory (congregational) prayer." (See Hadith No. 229, Book 32) (See Hadith No. 134, Book 73)


Hadith Number 394.

Narrated by Abu Musa Al-Ash'ari (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) was asked about things which he disliked, and when the people asked too many questions, he became angry and said, "Ask me (any question)." A man got up and said, "O Allah's Messenger! Who is my father?" The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) replied, "Your father is Hudhaifa." Then another man got up and said, "O Allah's Messenger! Who is my father?" The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Your father is Salim, Maula Shaiba." When 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhu) saw the signs of anger on the face of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), he said, "We repent to Allah."


Hadith Number 395.

Narrated by Warrad: (The clerk of Al-Mughira) Muawiya wrote to Al-Mughira (Radhi Allahu Anhu): 'Write to me what you have heard from Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam).' So he (Al-Mughira) wrote to him: Allah's Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) used to say at the end of each prayer: "La ilaha illalla-h wahdahu la sharika lahu, lahul Mulku, wa lahul Hamdu wa hula ala kulli shai'in qadir. 'Allahumma la mani' a lima a'taita, wala mu'tiya lima mana'ta, wala yanfa'u dhuljadd minkal-jadd." (*) He also wrote to him that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) used to forbid (1) Qil and Qal (idle useless talk or that you talk too much about others), (2) Asking too many questions (in disputed Religious matters); (3) And wasting one's wealth by extravagance; (4) and to be undutiful to one's mother (5) and to bury the daughters alive (6) and to prevent your favors (benevolence to others (i.e. not to pay the rights of others (7) And asking others for something (except when it is unavoidable).

* None has the right to be worshipped but Allah the Alone Who has no partner. His is the Kingdom, and to Him Praises must be, and nobody can give what You withhold; and the luck of a lucky person does not benefit him against Your Will.







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As Salamu Alaikum


Hadith Number 396.

Narrated by Anas (Radhi Allahu Anhu): We were with 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhu) and he said, "We have been forbidden to undertake a difficult task beyond our capability (i.e. to exceed the religious limits e.g., to clean the inside of the eyes while doing ablution)."


Hadith Number 397.

Narrated by Anas bin Malik: The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) came out after the sun had declined and offered the Dhuhr prayer (in congregation). After finishing it with Taslim, he stood on the pulpit and mentioned the Hour and mentioned there would happen great events before it. Then he said, "Whoever wants to ask me any question, may do so, for by Allah, you will not ask me about anything but I will inform you of its answer as long as I am at this place of mine." On this, the Ansar wept violently, and Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) kept on saying, "Ask Me! "Then a man got up and asked, ''Where will my entrance be, O Allah's Messenger?" The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "(You will go to) the Fire." Then 'Abdullah bin Hudhaifa got up and asked, "Who is my father, O Allah's Messenger?" The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) replied, "Your father is Hudhaifa." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) then kept on saying (angrily), "Ask me! Ask me!" 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhu) then knelt on his knees and said, "We have accepted Allah as our Lord and Islam as our religion and Muhammad as an Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)." Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) became quiet when 'Umar said that. Then Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "By Him in Whose Hand my life is, Paradise and Hell were displayed before me across this wall while I was praying, and I never saw such good and evil as I have seen today."


Hadith Number 398.

Narrated by Anas bin Malik (Radhi Allahu Anhu): A man said, "O Allah's Prophet! Who is my father?" The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Your father is so-and-so." And then the Divine Verse: "O you who believe! Ask not questions about things..."(5.101)


Hadith Number 399.

Narrated by Anas bin Malik (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "People will not stop asking questions till they say, 'This is Allah, the Creator of everything, then who created Allah?'"


Hadith Number 400.

Narrated by Ibn Masud (Radhi Allahu Anhu): I was with the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) at one of the farms of Al-Madinah while he was leaning on a date palm leaf-stalk. He passed by a group of Jews and some of them said to the other, ask him (the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)) about the spirit. Some others said, "Do not ask him, lest he should tell you what you dislike" But they went up to him and said, "O Abul Qasim! Inform us bout the spirit." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) stood up for a while, waiting. I realized that he was being Divinely Inspired, so I kept away from him till the inspiration was over. Then the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "(O Muhammad) they ask you regarding the spirit, Say: The spirit its knowledge is with my Lord (i.e., nobody has its knowledge except Allah)" (Surah Al-Isra' 17: 85) (This is a miracle of the Qur'an that all the scientists up till now do not know about the spirit, i.e, how life comes to a body and how it goes away at its death.) (See Hadith No. 245, Book 60)


Hadith Number 401.

Narrated by Ibn 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) wore a gold ring and then the people followed him and wore gold rings too. Then the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "I had this golden ring made for myself. He then threw it away and said, "I shall never put it on." Thereupon the people also threw their rings away.


Hadith Number 402.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said (to his companions), "Do not fast Al-Wisal." (*) They said, "But you fast Al-Wisail." He said, "I am not like you, for at night my Lord feeds me and makes me drink." But the people did not give up Al-Wisal, so the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) fasted Al-Wisal with them for two days or two nights, and then they saw the crescent whereupon the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "If the crescent had delayed, I would have continued fasting (because of you)," as if he wanted to vanquish them completely (because they had refused to give up Al Wisal).

* Al-Wisal is a long fast for more than one day (continuously).






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As Salamu Alaikum


Hadith Number 403.

Narrated by Ibrahim At Tamii's father : Ali (Radhi Allahu Anhu) addressed us while he was standing on a brick pulpit and carrying a sword from which was hanging a scroll He said "By Allah, we have no book to read except Allah's Book and whatever is on this scroll," And then he unrolled it, and behold, in it was written what sort of camels were to be given as blood money, and there was also written in it: ‘Al-Madinah is a sanctuary from 'Air (mountain) to such and such place so whoever innovates in it an heresy or commits a sin therein, he will incur the curse of Allah, the angles, and all the people and Allah will not accept his compulsory or optional good deeds.' There was also written in it: 'The asylum (pledge of protection) granted by any Muslims is one and the same, (even a Muslim of the lowest status is to be secured and respected by all the other Muslims, and whoever betrays a Muslim in this respect (by violating the pledge) will incur the curse of Allah, the angels, and all the people, and Allah will not accept his compulsory or optional good deeds.' There was also written in it: 'Whoever (freed slave) befriends (takes as masters) other than his real masters (manumitters) without their permission will incur the curse of Allah, the angels, and all the people, and Allah will not accept his compulsory or optional good deeds.' (See Hadith No. 94, Book 30)


Hadith Number 404.

Narrated by 'Aisha (Radhi Allahu Anha): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) did something as it was allowed from the religious point of view but some people refrained from it. When the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) heard of that, he, after glorifying and praising Allah, said, "Why do some people refrain from doing something which I do? By Allah, I know Allah more than they."


Hadith Number 405.

Narrated by Ibn Abi Mulaika (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Once the two righteous men, i.e., Abu Bakr and 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma) were on the verge of destruction (and that was because): When the delegate of Bani Tamim came to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), one of them (either Abu Bakr or 'Umar) recommended Al-Aqra' bin Habis At-Tamimi Al-Hanzali, the brother of Bani Majashi (to be appointed as their chief), while the other recommended somebody else. Abu Bakr said to 'Umar, "You intended only to oppose me." 'Umar said, "I did not intend to oppose you!" Then their voices grew louder in front of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) whereupon there was revealed: 'O you who believe! Do not raise your voices above the voice of the Prophet)... a great reward.' (Surah Al-Hujurat 49: 2-3) Ibn Az-Zubair said, 'Thence forward when 'Umar talked to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), he would talk like one who whispered a secret and would even fail to make the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) hear him, in which case the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) would ask him (to repeat his words)."


Hadith Number 406.

Narrated by 'Aisha (Radhi Allahu Anha): (The mother of believers) Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) during his fatal ailment said, "Order Abu Bakr to lead the people in prayer." I said, "If Abu Bakr stood at your place (in prayers, the people will not be able to hear him because of his weeping, so order 'Umar to lead the people in prayer." He again said, "Order Abu Bakr to lead the people in prayer " Then I said to Hafsa, "Will you say (to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)), 'If Abu Bakr stood at your place, the people will not be able to hear him be cause of his weeping, so order 'Umar to lead the people in prayer?" Hafsa did so, whereupon Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "You are like the companions of Yusuf (See Qur'an, Surah Yusuf 12: 30-32). Order Abu Bakr to lead the people in prayer." Hafsa then said to me, "I have never received any good from you!"


Hadith Number 407.

Narrated by Sahl bin Sa'd As-Sa'idi (Radhi Allahu Anhu): 'Uwaimir Al-'Ajlani came to 'Asim bin 'Adi and said, "If a man found another man with his wife and killed him, would you sentence the husband to death (in Qisas,) i.e., equality in punishment)? O 'Asim! Please ask Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) about this matter on my behalf." 'Asim asked the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) but the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) disliked the question and disapproved of it. 'Asim returned and informed 'Uwaimir that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) disliked that type of question. 'Uwaimir said, "By Allah, I will go (personally) to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)." 'Uwaimir came to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) when Allah had already revealed Qur'anic Verses (in that respect), after 'Asim had left (the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)). So the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said to 'Uwaimir, "Allah has revealed Qur'anic Verses regarding you and your wife." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) then called for them, and they came and carried out the order of Li'an.

Then 'Uwaimir said, "O Allah's Messenger! Now if I kept her with me, I would be accused of telling a lie." So 'Uwaimir divorced her although the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) did not order him to do so. Later on this practice of divorcing became the tradition of couples involved in a case of Li'an. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said (to the people). "Wait for her! If she delivers a red short (small) child like a Wahra (a short red animal). then I will be of the opinion that he ('Uwaimir) has told a lie but if she delivered a black big-eyed one with big buttocks, then I will be of the opinion that he has told the truth about her." 'Ultimately she gave birth to a child that proved the accusation. (See Hadith No. 269, Book 60)






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As Salamu Alaikum


Hadith Number 408.

Narrated by Malik bin Aus An-Nadri: I proceeded till I entered upon 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhu) (and while I was sitting there), his gate-keeper Yarfa came to him and said, " 'Uthman, 'Abdur-Rahman, Az-Zubair and Sa'd (Radhi Allahu Anhum) ask your permission to come in." 'Umar allowed them. So they entered, greeted, and sat down. (After a while the gatekeeper came) and said, "Shall I admit 'Ali and 'Abbas?'' 'Umar allowed them to enter. Al-'Abbas said "O Chief of the believers! Judge between me and the oppressor ('Ali)." Then there was a dispute (regarding the property of Bani Nadir) between them ('Abbas and 'Ali). 'Uthman and his companions said, "O Chief of the Believers! Judge between them and relieve one from the other." Umar said, "Be patient! I beseech you by Allah, with Whose permission the Heaven and the Earth Exist! Do you know that Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, 'Our property is not to be inherited, and whatever we leave is to be given in charity,' and by this Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) meant himself?" On that the group said, "He verily said so." 'Umar then faced 'Ali and 'Abbas and said, "I beseech you both by Allah, do you both know that Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said so?" They both replied, "Yes". 'Umar then said, "Now I am talking to you about this matter (in detail). Allah favored Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) with some of this wealth which He did not give to anybody else, as Allah said: 'What Allah bestowed as Fai (Booty on His Messenger for which you made no expedition...' (Surah Al-Hashr 59: 6)

So that property was totally meant for Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), yet he did not collect it and ignore you, nor did he withhold it with your exclusion, but he gave it to you and distributed it among you till this much of it was left behind, and the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), used to spend of this as the yearly expenditures of his family and then take what remained of it and spent it as he did with (other) Allah's wealth. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) did so during all his lifetime, and I beseech you by Allah, do you know that?" They replied, "Yes." 'Umar then addressed 'Ali and 'Abbas, saying, "I beseech you both by Allah, do you know that?" Both of them replied, "Yes." 'Umar added, "Then Allah took His Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) unto Him. Abu Bakr then said 'I am the successor of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)' and took over all the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)'s property and disposed of it in the same way as Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) used to do, and you were present then." Then he turned to 'Ali and 'Abbas and said, "You both claim that Abu Bakr did so-and-so in managing the property, but Allah knows that Abu Bakr was honest, righteous, intelligent, and a follower of what is right in managing it.

Then Allah took Abu Bakr unto Him, 'I said: I am the successor of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and Abu Bakr.' So I took over the property for two years and managed it in the same way as Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), and Abu Bakr used to do. Then you both ('Ali and 'Abbas) came to me and asked for the same thing! (O 'Abbas! You came to me to ask me for your share from nephew's property; and this ('Ali) came to me asking for his wives share from her father's property, and I said to you both, 'If you wish, I will place it in your custody on condition that you both will manage it in the same way as Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and Abu Bakr did and as I have been doing since I took charge of managing it; otherwise, do not speak to me anymore about it.'

Then you both said, 'Give it to us on that (condition).' So I gave it to you on that condition. Now I beseech you by Allah, did I not give it to them on that condition?" The group (whom he had been addressing) replied, "Yes." 'Umar then addressed 'Abbas and 'Ali saying, "I beseech you both by Allah, didn't I give you all that property on that condition?" They said, "Yes." 'Umar then said, "Are you now seeking a verdict from me other than that? By Him with Whose Permission the Heaven and the Earth exists I will not give any verdict other than that till the Hour is established; and if you both are unable to manage this property, then you can hand it back to me, and I will be sufficient for it on your behalf." (See, Hadith No. 326, Book 53)


Hadith Number 409.

Narrated by 'Asim: I said to Anas (Radhi Allahu Anhu), "Did Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) make Al-Madinah a sanctuary?" He replied, "Yes, (Al-Madinah is a sanctuary from such-and-such place to such-and-such place. It is forbidden to cut its trees, and whoever innovates a heresy in it or commits a sin therein, will incur the curse of Allah, the angels, and all the people." Then Musa bin Anas told me that Anas added, "...or gives refuge to such a heretic or a sinner..."


Hadith Number 410.

Narrated by 'Abdullah bin 'Amr (Radhi Allahu Anhu): I heard the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) saying, "Allah will not deprive you of knowledge after he has given it to you, but it will be taken away through the death of the religious learned men with their knowledge. Then there will remain ignorant people who, when consulted, will give verdicts according to their opinions whereby they will mislead others and go astray."






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As Salamu Alaikum


Hadith Number 411.

Narrated by Al-A'mash: I asked Abu Wail, "Did you witness the battle of Siffin between 'Ali and Muawiya?" He said, "Yes," and added, "Then I heard Sahl bin Hunaif (Radhi Allahu Anhu) saying, 'O people! Blame your personal opinions in your religion. No doubt, I remember myself on the day of Abi Jandal; if I had the power to refuse the order of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), I would have refused it. (*) We have never put our swords on our shoulders to get involved in a situation that might have been horrible for us, but those swords brought us to victory and peace, except this present situation.' "Abu Wail said, "I witnessed the battle of Siffin, and how nasty Siffin was!"

* Sahl and the other companions of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) obeyed the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) regarding the conclusion of the Hudaibiya Treaty with the pagans although some of them thought that it was not in the favour of the Muslims. Thus, one should not follow own opinion if it disagrees with that of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam).


Hadith Number 412.

Narrated by Jabir bin 'Abdullah (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): I fell ill, Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and Abu Bakr (Radhi Allahu Anhu) came to visit me on foot. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) came to me while I was unconscious. Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) performed ablution and poured the remaining water of his ablution over me whereupon I became conscious and said, 'O Allah's Messenger! How should I spend my wealth? Or how should I deal with my wealth?" But the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) did not give me any reply till the Verse of the laws of inheritance was revealed.


Hadith Number 413.

Narrated by Abu Sa'id (Radhi Allahu Anhu): A woman came to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and said, "O Allah's Messenger! Men (only) benefit by your teachings, so please devote to us from (some of) your time, a day on which we may come to you so that you may teach us of what Allah has taught you." Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Gather on such-and-such a day at such-and-such a place." They gathered and Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) came to them and taught them of what Allah had taught him. He then said, "No woman among you who has lost her three children (died) but that they will screen her from the Fire." A woman among them said, "O Allah's Messenger! If she lost two children?" She repeated her question twice, whereupon the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Even two, even two, even two!" (See Hadith No. 341, Book 23)


Hadith Number 414.

Narrated by Al-Mughira bin Shu'ba (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "A group of my follower swill remain predominant (victorious) till Allah's Order (the Hour) comes upon them while they are still predominant (victorious)."


Hadith Number 415.

Narrated by Humaid: I heard Muawiya bin Abi Sufyan delivering a sermon. He said, "I heard the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) saying, "If Allah wants to do a favor to somebody, He bestows on him, the gift of understanding the Qur’an and Sunnah. I am but a distributor, and Allah is the Giver. (*) The state of this nation will remain good till the Hour is established, or till Allah's Order comes." (**)

* The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) taught his followers whatever he received from Allah without partiality, while it is Allah Who gives whomever He will the gift of understanding.
** This means that, till the Hour, there will be good Muslims protecting Islam against its enemies.


Hadith Number 416.

Narrated by Jabir bin 'Abdullah (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): When the (following) Verse was revealed to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam): 'Say: He has power to send torment on you from above,'...(Surah Al-An’am 6: 65) he said, "O Allah! I seek refuge with Your Face (from that punishment)." And when this was revealed: '...or from beneath your feet.' (Surah Al-An’am 6: 65) he said, "O Allah! I seek refuge with Your Face (from that)." And when this Verse was revealed: '...or to cover you with confusion in party-strife, and make you to taste the violence of one another,'...(Surah Al-An’am 6: 65) he said: "These two warnings are easier (than the previous ones)."


Hadith Number 417.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): A Bedouin came to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and said, "My wife has delivered a black boy, and I suspect that he is not my child." Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said to him, "Have you got camels?" The Bedouin said, "Yes." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "What color are they?" The Bedouin said, "They are red." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Are any of them grey?" He said, "There are grey ones among them." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Whence do you think this color came to them?" The Bedouin said, "O Allah's Messenger! It resulted from hereditary disposition." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "And this (i.e., your child) has inherited his color from his ancestors." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) did not allow him to deny his paternity of the child.





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As Salamu Alaikum


Hadith Number 418.

Narrated by Ibn 'Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): A woman came to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and said, "My mother vowed to perform the Hajj but she died before performing it. Should I perform the Hajj on her behalf?" He said, "Yes! Perform the Hajj on her behalf. See, if your mother had been in debt, would you have paid her debt?" She said, "Yes." He said, "So you should pay what is for Him as Allah has more right that one should fulfill one's obligations to Him."


Hadith Number 419.

Narrated by 'Abdullah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Do not wish to be like anybody except in two cases: The case of a man whom Allah has given wealth and he spends it in the right way, and that of a man whom Allah has given religious wisdom (i.e., Qur'an and Sunnah) and he gives his verdicts according to it and teaches it." (*) (to others i.e., religious knowledge of Qur'an and Sunnah (Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)'s Traditions))."

* One should wish to be one of these two men.


Hadith Number 420.

Narrated by Al-Mughira bin Shu'ba (Radhi Allahu Anhu): 'Umar bin Al-Khattab (Radhi Allahu Anhu) asked (the people) about the Imlas of a woman, i.e., a woman who has an abortion because of having been beaten on her abdomen, saying, "Who among you has heard anything about it from the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)?" I said, "I did.'' He said, "What is that?" I said, "I heard the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) saying, "Its Diya (blood money) is either a male or a female slave.' " 'Umar said, "Do not leave till you present witness in support of your statement." So I went out, and found Muhammad bin Maslama. I brought him, and he bore witness with me that he had heard the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) saying, "Its Diya (blood money) is either a male slave or a female slave."


Hadith Number 421.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "The Hour will not be established till my followers copy the deeds of the previous nations and follow them very closely, span by span, and cubit by cubit (i.e., inch by inch)." It was said, "O Allah's Messenger! Do you mean by those (nations) the Persians and the Byzantines?" The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Who can it be other than they?"


Hadith Number 422.

Narrated by Abu Sa'id Al-Khudri (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "You will follow the ways of those nations who were before you, span by span and cubit by cubit (i.e., inch by inch) so much so that even if they entered a hole of a mastigure, you would follow them." We said, "O Allah's Messenger! (Do you mean) the Jews and the Christians?" He said, "Whom else?"


Hadith Number 423.

Narrated by 'Abdullah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "None is killed unjustly, but the first son of Adam will have a part of its burden." Sufyan said, "...a part of its blood because he was the first to establish the tradition of murdering"


Hadith Number 424A.

Narrated by Jabir bin 'Abdullah As-Salami (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): A Bedouin gave the Pledge of allegiance for embracing Islam to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), and then he got an attack of fever in Al-Madinah and came to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam): and said, "O Allah's Messenger! Cancel my pledge." Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) refused to do so. The Bedouin came to him again and said, "Cancel my pledge," but he refused again, and then again, the Bedouin came to him and said, "Cancel my pledge," and Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) refused. The Bedouin finally went away, and Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Al-Madinah is like a pair of bellows (furnace), it expels its impurities while it brightens and clears its good."


Hadith Number 424B.

Narrated by Narrated Ibn 'Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): I used to teach Qur'an to 'Abdur-Rahman bin Auf. When Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhu) performed his last Hajj, 'Abdur-Rahman said (to me) at Mina, "Would that you had seen Chief of the believers today! A man came to him and said, "So-and-so has said, "If Chief of the Believers died, we will give the oath of allegiance to such-and-such person,' 'Umar said, 'I will get up tonight and warn those who want to usurp the people's rights.' I said, 'Do not do so, for the season (of Hajj) gathers the riffraff mob who will form the majority of your audience, and I am afraid that they will not understand (the meaning of) your saying properly and may spread (an incorrect statement) everywhere. You should wait till we reach Medina, the place of migration and the place of the Sunnah (the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)'s Traditions). There you will meet the companions of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) from the Muhajirin and the Ansar who will understand your statement and place it in its proper position' 'Umar said, 'By Allah, I shall do so the first time I stand (to address the people) in Medina.' When we reached Al-Madinah, 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhu) (in a Friday Khutbah-sermon) said, "No doubt, Allah sent Muhammad with the Truth and revealed to him the Book (Quran), and among what was revealed, was the Verse of Ar-Rajm (stoning adulterers to death).'" (See Hadith No. 817, Book 82)


Hadith Number 425.

Narrated by Muhammad: We were with Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu) while he was wearing two linen garments dyed with red clay. He cleaned his nose with his garment, saying, "Bravo! Bravo! Abu Hurairah is cleaning his nose with linen! There came a time when I would fall senseless between the pulpit of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and 'Aishah's (Radhi Allahu Anha) dwelling whereupon a passerby would come and put his foot on my neck, considering me a mad man, but in fact, I had no madness, I suffered nothing but hunger."





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As Salamu Alaikum


Hadith Number 426.

Narrated by 'Abdur-Rahman bin 'Abis: Ibn 'Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma) was asked, "Did you offer the Id prayer with the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)?" He said, "Yes, had it not been for my close relation to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), I would not have performed it (with him) because of my being too young. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) came to the mark which is near the home of Kathir bin As-Salt and offered the Id prayer and then delivered the sermon. I do not remember if any Adhan or Iqamah were pronounced for the prayer. (*) Then the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) ordered (the women) to give alms, and they started stretching out their hands towards their ears and throats (giving their ornaments in charity), and the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) ordered Bilal to go to them (to collect the alms), and then Bilal returned to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)."

* No Adhan or Iqamah is pronounced for the Id prayers.


Hadith Number 427.

Narrated by Ibn 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) used to go to the Quba' mosque, sometimes walking, sometimes riding.


Hadith Number 428.

Narrated by Hisham's father: 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) said to 'Abdullah bin Az-Zubair, "Bury me with my female companions (i.e. the wives of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)) and do not bury me with the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) in the house, for I do not like to be regarded as sanctified (just for being buried there).''

Narrated Hisham's father: 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhu) sent a message to 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha), saying, "Will you allow me to be buried with my two companions (the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and Abu Bakr) ?" She said, "Yes, by Allah." though it was her habit that if a man from among the companions (of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)) sent her a message asking her to allow him to be buried there, she would say, "No, by Allah, I will never give permission to anyone to be buried with them."


Hadith Number 429.

Narrated by Anas bin Malik (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) used to perform the 'Asr prayer and then one could reach the 'Awali (a place in the outskirts of Al-Madinah) while the sun was still quite high.

Narrated Yunus: The distance of the 'Awali (from Al-Madinah) was four or three miles.


Hadith Number 430.

Narrated by As-Sa'ib bin Yazid: The Sa' (a kind of measure) during the lifetime of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) used to be equal to the one Mudd (another kind of measure) and one third of a Mudd which we use today, but the Sa' of today has become large. (*)

* During the Caliphate of 'Umar bin 'Abdul 'Aziz.



Hadith Number 431.

Narrated by Anas bin Malik (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "O Allah! Bestow Your Blessings on their measures, and bestow Your Blessings on their Sa' and Mudd." He meant those of the people of Al-Madinah.


Hadith Number 432.

Narrated by Ibn 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): The Jews brought a man and a woman who had committed illegal sexual intercourse, to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) ordered them to be stoned to death, and they were stoned to death near the Masjid where the biers used to be placed.





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As Salamu Alaikum


Hadith Number 433.

Narrated by Anas bin Malik (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Mountain of Uhud came in sight of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) who then said, "This is a mountain that loves us and is loved by us. O Allah! Ibrahim made Makkah a sanctuary and I make the area between its (Al-Madinah’s) two mountains a sanctuary."


Hadith Number 434.

Narrated by Sahl (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The distance between the pulpit and the wall of the Masjid on the side of the Qiblah was just sufficient for a sheep to pass through.


Hadith Number 435.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Between my house and my pulpit there is a garden from one of the gardens of Paradise, and my pulpit is over my Lake-Tank. (Kauthar)."


Hadith Number 436.

Narrated by Nafi: 'Abdullah (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said, "The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) arranged for a horse race, and the prepared horses were given less food for a few days before the race to win the race, and were allowed to run from Al-Hafya to Thaniyat-al-Wada', and the unprepared horses were allowed to run between Thaniyat-al-Wada' and the mosque of Bani Zuraiq," 'Abdullah was one of those who participated in the race.


Hadith Number 437.

Narrated by Ibn 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): I heard 'Umar (delivering a sermon) on the pulpit of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam).


Hadith Number 438.

Narrated by As-Sa'ib bin Yazid: That he heard 'Uthman bin 'Affan (Radhi Allahu Anhu) delivering a sermon on the pulpit of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam).


Hadith Number 439.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): This big copper vessel used to be put for me and Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and we would take water from it together (on taking a bath).


Hadith Number 440.

Narrated by Anas (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) brought the Ansar and the Quraish people into alliance in my house at Al-Madinah, and he invoked Allah for one month against the tribe of Bani Sulaim in (the last Rak'ah of each compulsory) prayer.


Hadith Number 441.

Narrated by Abu Burda: When I arrived at Al-Madinah, 'Abdullah bin Salam met me and said to me, "Accompany me to my house so that I may make you drink from a bowl from which Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) used to drink, and that you may offer prayer in the Masjid in which the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) used to pray." I accompanied him, and he made me drink Sawiq and gave me dates to eat, and then I prayed in his Masjid.


Hadith Number 442.

Narrated by 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said to me, "Someone came to me tonight from my Lord while I was in the 'Aqiq (valley), (*) and said to me, "Offer prayer in this blessed valley and say: 'Labbaik' for the (performance of) 'Umrah and Hajj."

* A well-known valley near Al-Madinah about 10 Kilometers from it.





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As Salamu Alaikum


Hadith Number 443.

Narrated by 'Abdullah bin Dinar: Ibn 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma) said, "The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) fixed Qarn as the Miqat (for assuming the Ihram) for the people of Najd, and Al-Juhfa for the people of Sham, and Dhul-Hulaifa for the people of Al-Madinah." Ibn 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma) added, "I heard this from the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), and I have been informed that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, 'The Miqat for the Yemenites is Yalamlam.' "When Iraq was mentioned, he said, "At that time it was not a Muslim country."


Hadith Number 444.

Narrated by 'Abdullah bin 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) had a dream in the last portion of the night when he was sleeping at Dhul-Hulaifa. (I n the dream) it was said to him, "You are in a blessed Batha' (i.e., valley)."


Hadith Number 445.

Narrated by Ibn 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): That he heard the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), after raising his head from the bowing in morning prayer, saying, "O Allah, our Lord! All the praises are for you." And in the last (Rak'ah) he said, "O Allah! Curse so-and-so and so-and-so." And then Allah revealed: 'Not for you (O Muhammad) is the decision, (but for Allah), whether He turns in mercy to them or punish them, for they are indeed wrongdoers.' (Surah Al-‘Imran 3: 128)


Hadith Number 446.

Narrated by 'Ali bin Abi Talib (Radhi Allahu Anhu): That Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) came to him and Fatima the daughter of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) at their house at night and said, "Won't you pray?" 'Ali replied, "O Allah's Messenger! Our souls are in the Hands of Allah and when he wants us to get up, He makes us get up." When 'Ali said that to him, Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) left without saying anything to him. While the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) was leaving, 'Ali heard him striking his thigh (with his hand) and saying, "But man is quarrelsome more than anything else." (Surah Al-Kahf 18: 54)


Hadith Number 447.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): While we were in the Masjid, Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) came out and said, "Let us proceed to the Jews." So we went out with him till we came to Bait-al-Midras. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) stood up there and called them, saying, "O assembly of Jews! Surrender to Allah (embrace Islam) and you will be safe!" They said, "You have conveyed Allah's message, O Abul-Qasim" Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) then said to them, "That is what I want; embrace Islam and you will be safe." They said, "You have conveyed the message, O Abul-Qasim." Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) then said to them, "That is what I want," and repeated his words for the third time and added, "Know that the earth is for Allah and I want to exile you from this land, so whoever among you has property he should sell it, otherwise, know that the land is for Allah and His Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)."


Hadith Number 448.

Narrated by Abu Sa'id Al-Khudri (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Nuh will be brought (before Allah) on the Day of Resurrection, and will be asked, 'Did you convey the message of Allah?" He will reply, 'Yes, O Lord.' And then Nuh’s nation will be asked, 'Did he (Nuh) convey Allah's message to you?' They will reply, 'No warner came to us.' Then Nuh will be asked, 'Who are your witnesses?' He will reply. '(My witnesses are) Muhammad and his followers.' Thereupon you (Muslims) will be brought and you will bear witness." Then the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) recited: 'And thus We have made of you (Muslims) a just and the best nation, that you might be witness over the nations, and the Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) a witness over you.' (Surah Al-Baqarah 2:143)


Hadith Number 449.

Narrated by Abu Sa'id Al-Khudri and Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) sent the brother of the tribe of Bani Adi Al-Ansari as governor of Khaibar. Then the man returned, bringing Janib (a good kind of date). Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) asked him, "Are all the dates of Khaibar like that?" He replied, "No, by Allah, O Allah's Messenger! We take one Sa' of these (good) dates for two Sas of mixed dates." Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) then said, "Do not do so. You should either take one Sa of this (kind) for one Sa' of the other; or sell one kind and then buy with its price the other kind (of dates), and you should do the same in weighing."





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As Salamu Alaikum


Hadith Number 450.

Narrated by 'Amr bin Al-'As (Radhi Allahu Anhu): That he heard Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) saying, "If a judge gives a verdict according to the best of his knowledge and his verdict is correct (i.e. agrees with Allah and His Messenger’s (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) verdict) he will receive a double reward, and if he gives a verdict according to the best of his knowledge and his verdict is wrong, (i.e. against that of Allah and His Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)) even then he will get a reward."


Hadith Number 451.

Narrated by 'Ubai bin 'Umar: Abu Musa (Radhi Allahu Anhu) asked permission to enter upon 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhu), but seeing that he was busy, he went away. 'Umar then said, "Didn't I hear the voice of 'Abdullah bin Qais? Allow him to come in." He was called in and 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said to him, "What made you do what you did." He replied, "We have been instructed thus by the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)" (*) 'Umar said, "Bring proof (witness) for this, other wise I will do so-and-so to you." Then 'Abdullah bin Qais went to a gathering of the Ansar who then said, "None but the youngest of us will give the witness for it." So Abu Sa'id Al-Khudri (Radhi Allahu Anhu) got up and said, "We used to be instructed thus (by the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam))." 'Umar said, "This tradition of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) remained hidden from me. Business in the market kept me busy."

* i.e. To ask permission three times, and if not granted, one should leave.


Hadith Number 452.

Narrated by Al-A'raj: Abu Hurairah said, "You people claim that Abu Hurairah narrates many narrations of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam). (Anyhow) with Allah will be our appointment. (*) I was a poor man, and used to stick to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) contented with what will fill my stomach, and the Muhajirin (emigrants) used to be busy trading in the markets, and the Ansar used to be busy looking after their properties. One-day I heard Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) saying, 'Who will spread his Rida' (a garment covering the upper part of the body) till I finished my speech and then fold it, (i.e. wrap it over your body), in which case he will never forget anything he had heard from me." So I spread my garment which I was wearing; and by Him Who sent Muhammad with the Truth, ever since, I have never forgotten whatever I heard from him (the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam))." (See, Hadith No. 119, Book 3)

* "On the Day of Judgement we will know whether you are right or I".


Hadith Number 453.

Narrated by Muhammad bin Al-Munkadir (Radhi Allahu Anhu): I saw Jabir bin 'Abdullah swearing by Allah that Ibn Sayyad was the Dajjal. I said to Jabir, "How can you swear by Allah?" Jabir said, "I have heard 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhu) swearing by Allah regarding this matter in the presence of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) did not disapprove of it." (*)

* Perhaps Jabir and 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma) thought that Ibn Sayyad will be of the minor Dajjals who will be thirty or more according to the Prophet’s (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) saying, and who will appear before the appearance of the real (major) Dajjal.


Hadith Number 454.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Horses may be used for three purposes: For a man they may be a source of reward (in the Hereafter); for another, a means of protection; and for another, a source of sin. The man for whom they are a source of reward, is the one who keeps them for Allah's Cause and ties them with long ropes and lets them graze in a pasture or garden. Whatever those long ropes allow them to eat of that pasture or garden, will be written as good deeds for him and if they break their ropes and run one or two rounds, then all their footsteps and dung will be written as good deeds for him, and if they pass a river and drink from it though he has had no intention of watering them, even then, that will be written as good deeds for him. So such horses are a source of reward for that man. For the man who keeps horses for his livelihood in order not to ask others for help or beg his bread, and at the same time he does not forget Allah's right of what he earns through them and of their backs (that he presents it to be used in Allah's Cause), such horses are a shelter for him (from poverty). For the man who keeps them just out of pride and for showing off, they are a source of sin." Then Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) was asked about donkeys. He said, "Allah has not revealed anything to me regarding them except this comprehensive Verse:

"Then anyone who has done good, equal to the weight of an atom (or a small ant) shall see it, and any one who has done evil, equal to the weight of an atom (or a small ant) shall see it." (Surah Az-Zalzalah 99:7-8)





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As Salamu Alaikum


Hadith Number 455.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): A woman asked the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) (Hadith 456).


Hadith Number 456.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): A woman asked the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) about the periods: How to take a bath after the periods. He said, "Take a perfumed piece of cloth and clean yourself with it." She said,' "How shall I clean myself with it, O Allah's Messenger?" The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Clean yourself" She said again, "How shall I clean myself, O Allah's Messenger?" The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Clean yourself with it." Then I knew what Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) meant. So I pulled her aside and explained it to her.


Hadith Number 457.

Narrated by Ibn 'Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): Um Hufaid bint Al-Harith bin Hazn presented the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) with some butter, dried yoghurt (curd milk) and mastigures as a gift. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) then asked for a meal (mastigures etc. to be put) and it was eaten over his table cloth, but the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) did not eat of it, as he had aversion to it. But if it had been illegal to eat, it would not have been eaten over his table cloth nor would he have ordered that (mastigures meat) to be eaten.


Hadith Number 458.

Narrated by Jabir bin Abdullah (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Whoever has eaten garlic or onion, should keep away from us, or should keep away from our Masjid and should stay at home." Ibn Wahb said, "Once a plate full of cooked vegetables was brought to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) at Badr. Detecting a bad smell from it, he asked about the dish and was informed of the kinds of vegetables in contained. He then said, "Bring it near," and so it was brought near to one of his companions who was with him. When the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) saw it, he disliked eating it and said (to his companion), "Eat, for I talk in secret to ones whom you do not talk to." (*)

* The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) talks to the angels.



Hadith Number 459.

Narrated by Jubair bin Mutim (Radhi Allahu Anhu): A lady came to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and she talked to him about something, and he gave her some order. She said, "O Allah's Messenger! If I should not find you?" He said, "If you should not find me, then go to Abu Bakr." Ibrahim bin Sa'd said, "As if she meant the death (of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam))."


Hadith Number 460.

Narrated by Abu Huraira (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The people of the Book used to read the Taurat in Hebrew and then explain it in Arabic to the Muslims. Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said (to the Muslims). "Do not believe the people of the Book, nor disbelieve them, but say, 'We believe in Allah and whatever is revealed to us, and whatever is revealed to you.'"


Hadith Number 461.

Narrated by Ubaidullah: Ibn 'Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma) said, "Why do you ask the people of the scripture about anything while your Book (Qur’an) which has been revealed to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) is newer and the latest? You read it pure, undistorted and unchanged, and Allah has told you that the people of the scripture (Jews and Christians) changed their scripture and distorted it, and wrote the scripture with their own hands and said, 'It is from Allah,' to sell it for a little gain. Does not the knowledge which has come to you prevent you from asking them about anything? No, by Allah, we have never seen any man from them asking you regarding what has been revealed to you!"


Hadith Number 462.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): After the slanderers had given a forged statement against her, Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) called 'Ali bin Abi Talib and Usama bin Zaid (Radhi Allahu Anhu) when the Divine Inspiration was delayed. He wanted to ask them and consult them about the question of divorcing me. Usama gave his evidence that was based on what he knew about my innocence, but 'Ali said, "Allah has not put restrictions on you and there are many women other than her. Furthermore you may ask the slave girl who will tell you the truth." So the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) asked Barira (my slave girl), "Have you seen anything that may arouse your suspicion?" She replied, "I have not seen anything more than that she is a little girl who sleeps, leaving the dough of her family (unguarded) that the domestic goats come and eat it." Then the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) stood on the pulpit and said, "O Muslims! Who will help me against the man who has harmed me by slandering my wife? By Allah, I know nothing about my family except good." The narrator added: Then the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) mentioned the innocence of 'Aishah. (See Hadith No. 274, Book 60)


Hadith Number 463.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) addressed the people, and after praising and glorifying Allah, he said, "What do you suggest me regarding those people who are abusing my wife? I have never known anything bad about her." The sub-narrator, 'Urwa, said: When 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) was told of the slander, she said, "O Allah's Messenger! Will you allow me to go to my parents' home?" He allowed her and sent a slave along with her. An Ansari man said, "Subhanaka! (*) It is not right for us to speak about this. Subhanaka! This is a great lie!"

* Subhanaka: Glorified be He (Allah) for what they ascribe to Him.









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As Salamu Alaikum


Hadith Number 464.

Narrated by Ata: I heard Jabir bin 'Abdullah (Radhi Allahu Anhuma) in a gathering saying, "We, the companions of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) assumed the state of Ihram to perform only Hajj without 'Umrah." Jabir added, "The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) arrived (at Makkah) on the fourth of Dhul-Hijjah. And when we arrived (in Makkah) the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) ordered us to finish the state of Ihram, saying, "Finish your lhram and go to your wives (for sexual relation)." Jabir added, "The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) did not oblige us (to go to our wives) but he only made that legal for us. Then he heard that we were saying, "When there remains only five days between us and the Day of Arafat he orders us to finish our Ihram by sleeping with our wives in which case we will proceed to 'Arafat with our male organs dribbling with semen?' (Jabir pointed out with his hand illustrating what he was saying). Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) stood up and said, 'You (People) know that I am the most Allah-fearing, the most truthful and the best doer of good deeds (pious) from among you. If I had not brought the Hadi with me, I would have finished my Ihram as you will do, so finish your Ihram. If I had formerly known what I came to know lately, I would not have brought the Hadi with me.' So we finished our Ihram and listened to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and obeyed him." (See Hadith No. 713, Book 26)


Hadith Number 465.

Narrated by 'Abdullah Al Muzani (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Perform (an optional) prayer before Maghrib prayer." (He repeated it thrice) and the third time he said, "Whoever wants to offer it can do so," lest the people should take it as a Sunnah (tradition). (See Hadith No. 277, Book 21)


Hadith Number 466.

Narrated by Jundab bin 'Abdullah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Recite (and study) the Quran as long as you are in agreement as to its interpretation and meanings, but when you have differences regarding its interpretation and meanings, then you should stop reciting it (for the time being.) (See Hadith No 581, Vol. 6)


Hadith Number 467.

Narrated by Jundab bin 'Abdullah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Recite (and study) the Qur'an as long as your hearts are in agreement as to its meanings, but if you have differences as regards its meaning, stop reading it then."


Hadith Number 468.

Narrated by Ibn 'Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): When the time of the death of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) approached (*) while there were some men in the house, and among them was 'Umar bin Al-Khattab (Radhi Allahu Anhu) , the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Come near let me write for you a writing after which you will never go astray." 'Umar said, "The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) is seriously ill, and you have the Qur’an, so Allah's Book is sufficient for us." The people in the house differed and disputed. Some of them said, "Come near so that Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) may write for you a writing after which you will not go astray," while some of them said what 'Umar said. When they made much noise and differed greatly before the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), he said to them, "Go away and leave me." Ibn 'Abbas used to say, "It was a great disaster that their difference and noise prevented Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) from writing that writing for them. (**)

* See Hadith No. 114 Book 3
** The fact that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) did not contradict 'Umar's statement indicates that he approved of his opinion. Please see Hadith No. 114 Book 3.


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