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 Book Seventy Four – The Book on Asking Permission

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As Salamu Alaikum

Bismillah

Book Seventy Four – The Book on Asking Permission


Hadith Number 246.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Allah created Adam in His picture (*) sixty cubits (about 30 meters) in height. When He created him, He said (to him), "Go and greet that group of angels sitting there, and listen what they will say in reply to you, for that will be your greeting and the greeting of your offspring." Adam (went and) said, 'As-Salamu Alaikum (Peace be upon you).' They replied, 'As-Salamu-'Alaika wa Rahmatullah (Peace and Allah's Mercy be on you) So they increased 'Wa Rahmatullah' The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) added 'So whoever will enter Paradise, will be of the shape and form of Adam. Since then the creation of Adam's (offspring) (i.e. stature of human beings is being diminished continuously) to the present time."

* ‘ His picture’ means that Adam has been bestowed with life knowledge, power of hearing, seeing, understanding, etc., but the features etc. of Adam are different from that of Allah, only the names are the same e.g., Allah has life and knowledge and power of understanding and Adam also has that, but there is no comparison between the Creator and the created thing. (Allah does not eat or sleep, while Adam eats and sleeps.)



Hadith Number 247.

Narrated by 'Abdullah bin 'Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): Al-Fadl bin 'Abbas rode behind the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) as his companion rider on the back portion of his she camel on the Day of Nahr (slaughtering of sacrifice, 10th Dhul-Hijjah) and Al-Fadl was a handsome man. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) stopped to give the people verdicts. In the meantime, a beautiful woman from the tribe of Khath'am came, asking the verdict of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam). Al-Fadl started looking at her as her beauty attracted him. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) looked behind while Al-Fadl was looking at her; so the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) held out his hand backwards and caught the chin of Al-Fadl and turned his face (to the other side in order that he should not gaze at her. She said, "O Allah's Messenger! The obligation of performing Hajj enjoined by Allah on His worshipers, has become due (compulsory) on my father who is an old man and who cannot sit firmly on the riding animal. Will it be sufficient that I perform Hajj on his behalf?" He said, "Yes."


Hadith Number 248.

Narrated by Abu Sa'id Al-Khudri (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, 'Beware! Avoid sitting on the roads." They (the people) said, "O Allah’s Messenger! We can't help sitting (on the roads) as these are (our places) here we have talks." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, “If you refuse but to sit, then pay the road its right ' They said, "What is the right of the road, O Allah's Messenger?" He said, 'Lowering your gaze, refraining from harming others, returning greeting, and enjoining what is good, and forbidding what is evil."


Hadith Number 249.

Narrated by 'Abdullah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): When we prayed with the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) we used to say: As-Salam be on Allah from His worshipers, As-Salam be on Jibril, As-Salam be on Michael, As-Salam be on so-and-so. When the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) finished his prayer, he faced us and said, "Allah Himself is As-Salam (Peace), so when one sits in the prayer, one should say, 'At-Tahiyatu-lillahi Was-Salawatu, Wat-Taiyibatu, As-Salamu 'Alaika aiyuhan-Nabiyyu wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuhu, As-Salamu 'Alaina wa 'ala 'Ibadillahi assalihin, [/color] (*) for if he says so, then it will be for all the pious slave of Allah in the Heavens and the Earth. (Then he should say), 'Ash-hadu an la ilaha illalllahu wa ash-hadu anna Muhammadan 'Abduhu wa rasuluhu, (**) and then he can choose whatever speech (i.e. invocation) he wishes." (See Hadith No. 797, Book 12)

* All the compliments and the best regards are for Allah, and all the prayers and the good things are for Allah. Peace be on you, O Prophet, and Allah's Mercy and Blessings be on you. Peace be on us and on the true pious worshippers of Allah.
** I testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah; and I testify that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger.


Hadith Number 250.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "The young should greet the old, the passer by should greet the sitting one, and the small group of persons should greet the large group of persons."


Hadith Number 251.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "The riding one should greet the walking one, and the walking one should greet the sitting one, and the small number of persons should greet the large number of persons."






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As Salamu Alaikum



Hadith Number 252A.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "The riding person should greet the walking one, and the walking one should greet the sitting one, and the small number of persons should greet the large number of persons."


Hadith Number 252B.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "The younger person should greet the older one, and the walking person should greet the sitting one, and the small number of persons should greet the large number of persons."


Hadith Number 253A.

Narrated by Al-Bara' bin 'Azib (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) ordered us to do seven (things): to visit the sick, to follow the funeral processions, to say Tashmit (*) to a sneezer, to help the weak, to help the oppressed ones, to propagate As-Salam (greeting), and to help others to fulfill their oaths (if it is not sinful). He forbade us to drink from silver utensils, to wear gold rings, to ride on silken saddles, to wear silk clothes, Dibaj (thick silk cloth), Qassiy and Istabraq (two kinds of silk). (See Hadith No. 539, Book 70)

* Tashmit means to say “May Allah bestow His Mercy on you” to the sneezer who has already said, “Praise be to Allah.”


Hadith Number 253B.

Narrated by 'Abdullah bin 'Amr (Radhi Allahu Anhu): A man asked the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), "What Islamic traits are the best?" The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Feed the people, and greet those whom you know and those whom you do not know."


Hadith Number 254.

Narrated by Abu Aiyub (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "It is not lawful for a Muslim to desert (not to speak to) his brother Muslim for more than three days while meeting, one turns his face to one side and the other turns his face to the other side. Lo! The better of the two is the one who starts greeting the other."


Hadith Number 255.

Narrated by Anas bin Malik (Radhi Allahu Anhu): That he was a boy of ten at the time when the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) emigrated to Al-Madinah. He added: I served Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) for ten years (the last part of his life time) and I know more than the people about the occasion whereupon the order of Al-Hijab was revealed (to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)). Ubai bin Ka'b used to ask me about it. It was revealed (for the first time) during the marriage of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) with Zainab bint Jahsh. In the morning, the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) was a bridegroom of her and he invited the people, who took their meals and went away, but a group of them remained with Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and they prolonged their stay. Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) got up and went out, and I too, went out along with him till he came to the lintel of 'Aisha's dwelling place. Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) thought that those people had left by then, so he returned, and I too, returned with him till he entered upon Zainab and found that they were still sitting there and had not yet gone. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) went out again, and so did I with him till he reached the lintel of 'Aisha's dwelling place, and then he thought that those people must have left by then, so he returned, and so did I with him, and found those people had gone. At that time the Divine Verse of Al-Hijab was revealed, and the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) set a screen between me and him (his family).


Hadith Number 256.

Narrated by Anas (Radhi Allahu Anhu): When the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) married Zainab, the people came and were offered a meal, and then they sat down (after finishing their meals) and started chatting. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) showed as if he wanted to get up, but they did not get up. When he noticed that, he got up, and some of the people also got up and went away, while some others kept on sitting. When the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) returned to enter, he found the people still sitting, but then they got up and left. So I told the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) of their departure and he came and went in. I intended to go in but the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) put a screen between me and him, for Allah revealed: 'O you who believe! Enter not the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)'s houses..." (Surah Al-Ahzab 33: 53)





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As Salamu Alaikum


Hadith Number 257.

Narrated by 'Aisha (Radhi Allahu Anha): (The wife of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)) 'Umar bin Al-Khattab (Radhi Allahu Anhu) used to say to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) "Let your wives be veiled" But he did not do so. The wives of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) used to go out to answer the call of nature at night only at Al-Manasi.' Once Sauda, the daughter of Zam'a went out and she was a tall woman. 'Umar bin Al-Khattab saw her while he was in a gathering, and said, "I have recognized you, O Sauda!" He ('Umar) said so as he was anxious for some Divine orders regarding the veil (the veiling of women.) So Allah revealed the Verse of veiling. (Al-Hijab; a complete body cover excluding the eyes). (See Hadith No. 148, Book 4)


Hadith Number 258.

Narrated by Sahl bin Sa'd (Radhi Allahu Anhu): A man peeped through a round hole into the dwelling place of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), while the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) had a “Midrai” (an iron comb) with which he was scratching his head. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, " Had I known you were looking (through the hole), I would have pierced your eye with it (i.e., the comb)." Verily! The order of taking permission to enter has been enjoined because of that sight, (that one should not look unlawfully at the state of others). (See Hadith No. 807, Book 72)


Hadith Number 259.

Narrated by Anas bin Malik (Radhi Allahu Anhu): A man peeped into a room of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam). The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) stood up, holding an arrow head. It is as if I am just looking at him, trying to stab the man.


Hadith Number 260.

Narrated by Ibn 'Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): I have not seen a thing resembling 'lamam' (minor sins) than what Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu) 'narrated from the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) who said "Allah has written for Adam's son his share of adultery which he commits inevitably. The adultery of the eyes is the sight (to gaze at a forbidden thing), the adultery of the tongue is the talk, and the inner self wishes and desires and the private parts testify all this or deny it."


Hadith Number 261.

Narrated by Anas (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Whenever Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) greeted somebody, he used to greet him three times, (*) and if he spoke a sentence, he used to repeat it thrice.

* This was his custom when he asked permission to enter. If he was not admitted after the third time, he would leave.


Hadith Number 262.

Narrated by Abu Sa'id Al-Khudri (Radhi Allahu Anhu): While I was present in one of the gatherings of the Ansar, Abu Musa (Radhi Allahu Anhu) came as if he was scared, and said, "I asked permission to enter upon 'Umar three times, but I was not given the permission, so I returned." (When 'Umar came to know about it) he said to Abu Musa, "Why did you not enter?'. Abu Musa replied, "I asked permission three times, and I was not given it, so I returned, for Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "If anyone of you asks the permission to enter thrice, and the permission is not given, then he should return.' " 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said, "By Allah! We will ask Abu Musa to bring witnesses for it." (Abu Musa went to a gathering of the Ansar and said). "Did anyone of you hear this from the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) ?" Ubai bin Ka'b said, "By Allah, none will go with you but the youngest of the people (as a witness)." (Abu Said) was the youngest of them, so I went with Abu Musa and informed 'Umar that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) had said so. (See Hadith No. 277, Book 34)


Hadith Number 263.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): I entered (the house) along with Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam). There he found milk in a basin. He said, "O Abu Hirr! Go and call the people of Suffa to me." I went to them and invited them. They came and asked permission to enter, and when it was given, they entered. (See Hadith No. 459 Book 76 for details)


Hadith Number 264.

Narrated by Anas bin Malik (Radhi Allahu Anhu): That he passed by a group of boys and greeted them and said, "The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) used to do so."


Hadith Number 265.

Narrated by Abu Hazim : Sahl said (Radhi Allahu Anhu), "We used to feel happy on Fridays." I asked Sahl, "Why?" He said, "There was an old woman of our acquaintance who used to send somebody to Buda'a (Ibn Maslama said, "Buda'a was a garden of date-palms at Al-Madinah). She used to pull out the silq (a kind of vegetable) from its roots and put it in a cooking pot, adding some powdered barley over it (and cook it). After finishing the Jumu'ah (Friday) prayer we used to (pass by her and) greet her, whereupon she would present us with that meal, so we used to feel happy because of that. We used to have neither a midday nap, nor meals, except after the Friday prayer." (See Hadith No. 60, Book 13)


Hadith Number 266.

Narrated by 'Aisha (Radhi Allahu Anha): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "O 'Aisha! This is Jibril sending his greetings to you." I said, "Peace, and Allah's Mercy be on him (Jibril). You see what we do not see." (She was addressing Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)).


Hadith Number 267.

Narrated by Jabir (Radhi Allahu Anhu): I came to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) in order to consult him regarding my father's debt. When I knocked on the door, he asked, "Who is that?" I replied, "I" He said, "I, I?" He repeated it as if he disliked it.





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As Salamu Alaikum


Hadith Number 268.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): A man entered the Masjid while Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) was sitting in one side of the Masjid. The man prayed, came, and greeted the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam). Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said to him, "Wa 'Alaikas Salam (returned his greeting). Go back and pray as you have not prayed (properly)." The man returned, repeated his prayer, came back and greeted the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam). The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Wa alaikas-Salam (returned his greeting). Go back and pray again as you have not prayed (properly)." The man said at the second or third time, "O Allah's Messenger! Kindly teach me how to pray". The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "When you stand for prayer, perform ablution properly and then face the Qiblah and say Takbir (Allahu-Akbar), and then recite what you know from the Qur'an, and then bow with calmness till you feel at ease then rise from bowing, till you stand straight, and then prostrate calmly (and remain in prostration) till you feel at ease, and then raise (your head) and sit with calmness till you feel at ease and then prostrate with calmness (and remain in prostration) till you feel at ease, and then raise (your head) and sit with calmness till you feel at ease in the sitting position, and do likewise in whole of your prayer." And Abu Usama added, "Till you stand straight." (See Hadith No. 759, Book 12)


Hadith Number 269.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said (in the above narration No. 268), "And then raise your head till you feel at ease while sitting."


Hadith Number 270.

Narrated by 'Aisha (Radhi Allahu Anha): That the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said to her, "Jibril sends Salam (greetings) to you." She replied, "Wa 'alaihis-Salam Wa Rahmatullah." (Peace and Allah's Mercy be on him).


Hadith Number 271.

Narrated by 'Urwa bin Az-Zubair: Usama bin Zaid (Radhi Allahu Anhuma) said, "The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) rode over a donkey with a saddle underneath which there was a thick soft Fadakiya velvet sheet. Usama bin Zaid was his companion rider, and he was going to pay a visit to Sa'd bin Ubada (who was sick) at the dwelling place of Bani Al-Harith bin Al-Khazraj, and this incident happened before the battle of Badr. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) passed by a gathering in which there were Muslims and pagan idolaters and Jews, and among them there was 'Abdullah bin Ubai bin Salul, and there was 'Abdullah bin Rawaha (Radhi Allahu Anhu) too. When a cloud of dust raised by the animal covered that gathering, 'Abdullah bin Ubai covered his nose with his Rida (sheet) and said (to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)), "Don't cover us with dust."

The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) greeted them and then stopped, dismounted and invited them to Allah (i.e., to embrace Islam) and also recited to them the Holy Quran. 'Abdullah bin Ubai' bin Salul said, "O man! There is nothing better than what you say, if what you say is the truth. So do not trouble us in our gatherings. Go back to your mount (or house,) and if anyone of us comes to you, tell (your tales) to him." On that 'Abdullah bin Rawaha said, "(O Allah's Messenger!) Come to us and bring it (what you want to say) in our gatherings, for we love that." So the Muslims, the pagans and the Jews started quarreling till they were about to fight and clash with one another. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) kept on quietening them (till they all became quiet).

He then rode his animal, and proceeded till he entered upon Sa'd bin 'Ubada, he said, "O Sa'd, didn't you hear what Abu Habbab said? (He meant 'Abdullah bin Ubai). He said so-and-so." Sa'd bin 'Ubada said, "O Allah's Messenger! Excuse and forgive him, for by Allah, Allah has given you what He has given you. The people of this town decided to crown him (as their chief) and make him their king. But when Allah prevented that with the Truth which He had given you, it choked him, and that was what made him behave in the way you saw him behaving." So the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) excused him.


Hadith Number 272.

Narrated by 'Abdullah bin Ka'b: I heard Ka'b bin Malik (Radhi Allahu Anhu) narrating (when he did not join the battle of Tabuk): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) forbade all the Muslims to speak to us. I would come to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and greet him, and I would wonder whether the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) did move his lips to return to my greetings or not till fifty nights passed away. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) then announced (to the people) Allah's forgiveness for us (acceptance of our repentance) at the time when he had offered the Fajr (morning) prayer.


Hadith Number 273.

Narrated by 'Aisha (Radhi Allahu Anha): A group of Jews came to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and said, "As-samu 'Alaika " (Death be on you), and I understood it and said to them, "Alaikum AsSamu wa-lla'na (Death and curse be on you)." (*) Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Be calm! O 'Aisha, for Allah loves that one should be kind and lenient in all matters." I said. "O Allah's Messenger! Haven't you heard what they have said?" Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "I have (already) said (to them), 'Alaikum (upon you).'"

* Note the similarity between 'As-Samu' (death) and 'As-Salamu' (peace).


Hadith Number 274.

Narrated by 'Abdullah bin 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "When the Jews greet you, they usually say, 'As-Samu 'alaikum (Death be on you),' so you should say (in reply to them), 'Wa'alaikum (And on you)."


Hadith Number 275.

Narrated by Anas bin Malik (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "If the people of the Scripture greet you, then you should say (in reply), 'Wa'alaikum (And on you).'"


Hadith Number 276.

Narrated by 'Ali (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) sent me, Az-Zubair bin Al-Awwam and Abu Marthad Al-Ghanawi, (Radhi Allahu Anhuma) and all of us were horsemen, and he said, "Proceed till you reach Rawdat Khakh, where there is a woman from the pagans carrying a letter sent by Hatib bin Abi Balta'a to the pagans (of Makkah)." So we overtook her while she was proceeding on her camel at the same place as Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) told us. We said (to her) "Where is the letter which is with you?" She said, "I have no letter with me." So we made her camel kneel down and searched her mount (baggage etc) but could not find anything. My two companions said, "We do not see any letter." I said, "I know that Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) did not tell a lie. By Allah, if you (the lady) do not bring out the letter, I will strip you of your clothes. When she noticed that I was serious, she put her hand into the knot of her waist sheet, for she was tying a sheet round herself, and brought out the letter.

So we proceeded to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) with the letter. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said (to Habib), "What made you o what you have done, O Hatib?" Hatib replied, "I have done nothing except that I believe in Allah and His Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), and I have not changed or altered (my religion). But I wanted to do the favor to the people (pagans of Makkah) through which Allah might protect my family and my property, as there is none among your companions but has someone in Makkah through whom Allah protects his property (against harm). The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Habib has told you the truth, so do not say to him (anything) but good." 'Umar bin Al-Khattab (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said, "Verily he has betrayed Allah, His Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), and the believers! Allow me to chop his neck off!" The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "O 'Umar! What do you know; perhaps Allah looked upon the Badr warriors and said, 'Do whatever you like, for I have ordained that you will be in Paradise.'" On that 'Umar wept and said, "Allah and His Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) know best."






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As Salamu Alaikum


Hadith Number 277.

Narrated by Abu Sufyan bin Harb (Radhi Allahu Anhu): That Heraclius had sent for him to come along with a group of the Quraish who were trading in Sha'm, and they came to him. Then Abu Sufyan mentioned the whole narration and said, "Heraclius asked for the letter of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam). When the letter was read, its contents were as follows: 'In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful. From Muhammad, Allah's slave and His Messenger to Heraclius, the Chief of Byzantines: Peace be upon him who follows the right path (guidance)! Amma ba'du (to proceed)...'" (See Hadith No 6, Book 1 for details)


Hadith Number 278.

Narrated by Abu Sa'id (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The people of (the tribe of) Quraiza agreed upon to accept the verdict of Sa'd. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) sent for him (Sa'd) and he came. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said (to those people), "Get up for your chief or the best among you!" Sa'd sat beside the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said (to him), "These people have agreed to accept your verdict." Sa'd said, "So I give my judgment that their warriors should be killed and their women and children should be taken as captives." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "You have judged according to the King's (Allah's) judgment." (See Hadith No. 447, Book 59)


Hadith Number 279.

Narrated by Qatada: I asked Anas (Radhi Allahu Anhu), "Was it a custom of the companions of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) to shake hands with one another?" He said, "Yes."


Hadith Number 280.

Narrated by 'Abdullah bin Hisham (Radhi Allahu Anhu): We were in the company of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and he was holding the hand of 'Umar bin Al-Khattab (Radhi Allahu Anhu).


Hadith Number 281.

Narrated by Ibn Mas'ud (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) taught me the Tashahhud as he taught me a Surah from the Quran, while my hand was between his hands. (Tashahhud was) all the best compliments and the prayers and the good things are for Allah. Peace and Allah's Mercy and Blessings be on you, O Prophet ! Peace be on us and on the pious slaves of Allah, I testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah, and I also testify that Muhammad is Allah's slave and His Messenger. (We used to recite this in the prayer) during the lifetime of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) , but when he had died, we used to say, "Peace be on the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)."


Hadith Number 282.

Narrated by 'Abdullah bin 'Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): 'Ali bin Abu Talib (Radhi Allahu Anhu) came out of the house of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) during his fatal ailment. The people asked ('Ali), "O Abu Hasan! How is the health of Allah's Messenger this morning?" 'Ali said, "This morning he is better, with the grace of Allah." Al-'Abbas held Ali by the hand and said, "Don't you see him (about to die)? By Allah, within three days you will be the slave of the stick (i.e., under the command of another ruler). By Allah, I think that Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) will die from his present ailment, for I know the signs of death on the faces of the offspring of 'Abdul Muttalib. So let us go to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) to ask him who will take over the Caliphate. If the authority is given to us, we will know it, and if it is given to somebody else we will request him to recommend us to him. 'Ali said, "By Allah! If we ask Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) for the rulership and he refuses, then the people will never give it to us. Besides, I will never ask Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) for it." (See Hadith No.728, Book 59)


Hadith Number 283.

Narrated by Muadh (Radhi Allahu Anhu): While I was a companion rider with the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) he said, "O Mu'adh!" I replied, "Labbaik wa Sa'daik." He repeated this call three times and then said, "Do you know what Allah's Right on His slaves is?" I replied, "No." He said, Allah's Right on His slaves is that they should worship Him (Alone) and should not join partners in worship with Him." He said, "O Mu'adh!" I replied, "Labbaik wa Sa'daik." He said, "Do you know what the right of (Allah's) salves on Allah is, if they do that (worship Him Alone and join none in His worship)? It is that He will not punish them."


Hadith Number 284.

Narrated by Mu'adh (Radhi Allahu Anhu): As above, No. 283.


Hadith Number 285.

Narrated by Abu Dhar (Radhi Allahu Anhu): While I was walking with the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) at the Hurra of Al-Madinah in the evening, the mountain of Uhud appeared before us. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "O Abu Dhar! I would not like to have gold equal to Uhud (mountain) for me, unless nothing of it, not even a single Dinar remains of it with me, for more than one day or three days, except that single Dinar which I will keep for repaying debts. I will spend all of it (the whole amount) among Allah's slaves like this and like this and like this." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) pointed out with his hand to illustrate it and then said, "O Abu Dhar!" I replied, "Labbaik wa Sa'daik, O Allah's Messenger!" He said, "Those who have much wealth (in this world) will be the least rewarded (in the Hereafter) except those who do like this and like this (i.e., spend their money in charity)." Then he ordered me, "Remain at your place and do not leave it, O Abu Dhar, till I come back." He went away till he disappeared from me. Then I heard a voice and feared that something might have happened to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), and I intended to go (to find out) but I remembered the statement of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) that I should not leave, my place, so I kept on waiting (and after a while the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) came), and I said to him, "O Allah's Messenger, I heard a voice and I was afraid that something might have happened to you, but then I remembered your statement and stayed (there). The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "That was Jibril who came to me and informed me that whoever among my followers died without joining others in worship with Allah, would enter Paradise." I said, "O Allah's Messenger! Even if he had committed illegal sexual intercourse and theft?" He said, "Even if he had committed illegal sexual intercourse and theft."


Hadith Number 286.

Narrated by Ibn 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "A man should not make another man get up from his (the latter's) seat (in a gathering) in order to sit there.





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As Salamu Alaikum


Hadith Number 287.

Narrated by Ibn 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) forbade that a man should be made to get up from his seat so that another might sit on it, but one should make room and spread out. Ibn 'Umar disliked that a man should get up from his seat and then somebody else sit at his place.


Hadith Number 288.

Narrated by Anas bin Malik (Radhi Allahu Anhu): When Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) married Zainab bint Jahsh, he invited the people who took their meals and then remained sitting and talking. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) pretended to be ready to get up, but the people did not get up. When he noticed that, he got up, and when he had got up, some of those people got up along with him and there remained three (who kept on sitting). Then the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) came back and found those people still sitting. Later on those people got up and went away. So I went to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and informed him that they had left.

The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) came, and entered (his house). I wanted to enter (along with him) but he dropped a curtain between me and him. Allah then revealed: 'O you who believe! Do not enter the Prophet's Houses until leave is given... (to His statement)... Verily! That shall be an enormity, in Allah's sight." (Surah Al-Ahzab 33:53)


Hadith Number 289.

Narrated by Ibn 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): I saw Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) in the courtyard of the Ka'bah in the Ihtiba.' posture putting his hand round his legs like this.


Hadith Number 290.

Narrated by Abu Bakra (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Shall I inform you of the biggest of the great sins?" They said, "Yes, O Allah's Messenger!" He said, "To join partners in worship with Allah, and to be undutiful to one's parents."


Hadith Number 291.

Narrated by Bishr (Radhi Allahu Anhu): As above (No. 290) adding: The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) was reclining (leaning) and then he sat up saying, "And I warn you against giving a false statement." And he kept on saying that warning so much so that we said, "Would that he had stopped."


Hadith Number 292.

Narrated by 'Uqba bin Al-Harith (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Once the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) offered the 'Asr prayer and then he walked quickly and entered his house.


Hadith Number 293.

Narrated by 'Aisha (Radhi Allahu Anha): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) used to offer his prayer (while standing) in the midst of the bed, and I used to lie in front of him between him and the Qiblah. It I had any necessity for getting up and I used to dislike to get up and face him (while he was in prayer), but I would gradually slip away from the bed.


Hadith Number 294.

Narrated by 'Abdullah bin 'Amr (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): The news of my fasting was mentioned to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam). So he entered upon me and I put for him a leather cushion stuffed with palm-fibres. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) sat on the floor and the cushion was between me and him. He said to me, "Isn't it sufficient for you (that you fast) three days a month?" I said, "O Allah's Messenger! (I can fast more than this)." He said, "You may fast) five days a month." I said, "O Allah's Messenger! (I can fast more than this)." He said, "(You may fast) seven days." I said, "O Allah's Messenger!" He said, "Nine." I said, "O Allah's Messenger!" He said, "Eleven." I said, "O Allah's Messenger!" He said, "No fasting is superior to the fasting of (the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) David) which was one half of a year, and he used, to fast on alternate days. (See Hadith No. 300, Book 31)


Hadith Number 295.

Narrated by Ibrahim: 'Alaqama went to Sham and came to the Masjid and offered a two-Rak'at prayer, and invoked Allah: "O Allah! Bless me with a (pious) good companion." So he sat beside Abu Ad-Darda' (Radhi Allahu Anhu) who asked, "From where are you?" He said, "From the people of Kufa." Abu Darda' said, "Wasn't there among you the person who keeps the secrets (of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)) which nobody knew except him (i.e., Hudhaifa (bin Al-Yaman)). And isn't there among you the person whom Allah gave refuge from Shaitan through the request (tongue) of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)? (i.e., 'Ammar). Isn't there among you the one who used to carry the Siwak and the cushion (or pillows (of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam))? (i.e., Ibn Mas'ud). How did Ibn Mas'ud use to recite 'By the night as it conceals (the light)?" (Surah Al-Lail (92)). 'Alqama said, "Wadhdhakari Wal Untha' (And by male and female.") Abu Ad-Darda added. 'These people continued to argue with me regarding it till they were about to cause me to have doubts although I heard it from Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)."


Hadith Number 296.

Narrated by Sahl bin Sa'd (Radhi Allahu Anhu): We used to have a midday nap and take our meals after the Jumu'ah (prayer).


Hadith Number 297.

Narrated by Sahl bin Sa'd (Radhi Allahu Anhu): There was no name dearer to 'Ali than his nickname Abu Turab (the father of dust). He used to feel happy whenever he was called by this name. Once Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) came to the house of Fatima but did not find 'Ali in the house. So he asked "Where is your cousin?" She replied, "There was something (a quarrel) between me and him whereupon he got angry with me and went out without having a midday nap in my house." Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) asked a person to look for him. That person came, and said, "O Allah's Messenger! He (Ali) is sleeping in the Masjid." So Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) went there and found him lying. His upper body cover had fallen off to one side of his body, and so he was covered with dust. Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) started cleaning the dust from him, saying, "Get up, O Abu Turab! Get up, Abu Turab!" (See Hadith No. 432, Book 8)





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As Salamu Alaikum


Hadith Number 298.

Narrated by Thumama: Anas (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said, "Um Sulaim used to spread a leather sheet for the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and he used to take a midday nap on that leather sheet at her home." Anas added, "When the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) had slept, she would take some of his sweat and hair and collect it (the sweat) in a bottle and then mix it with Suk (a kind of perfume) while he was still sleeping. "When the death of Anas bin Malik approached, he advised that some of that Suk be mixed with his Hanut (perfume for embalming the dead body), and it was mixed with his Hanut.


Hadith Number 299.

Narrated by Anas bin Malik (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Whenever Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) went to Quba, he used to visit Um Haram bint Milhan who would offer him meals; and she was the wife of 'Ubada bin As-Samit. One day he went to her house and she offered him a meal, and after that he slept, and then woke up smiling. She (Um Haram) said, "I asked him, 'What makes you laugh, O Allah's Messenger?' He said, 'Some people of my followers were displayed before me as warriors fighting for Allah's Cause and sailing over this sea, kings on thrones,' or said, 'like kings on thrones.' (The narrator, Ishaq is in doubt about it.) I (Um Haram) said, 'O Allah's Messenger! Invoke Allah that He may make me one of them.' He invoked (Allah) for her and then lay his head and slept again and then woke up smiling. I asked, 'What makes you laugh, O Allah's Messenger?' He said, 'Some people of my followers were displayed before me as warriors fighting for Allah's Cause and sailing over this sea, kings on the thrones,' or said, 'like kings on the thrones.' I (Um Haram) said, 'O Allah's Messenger! Invoke Allah that He may make me one of them.' He said, You will be amongst the first ones." It is said that Um Haram sailed over the sea at the time of Muawiya, and on coming out of the sea, she fell down from her riding animal and died.


Hadith Number 300.

Narrated by Abu Sa'id Al-Khudri (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) forbade two kinds of dresses and two kinds of bargains; Ishtimal As-Samma and Al-Ihtiba in one garment with no part of it covering one's private parts. (The two kinds of bargains were:) Al-Mulamasa and Al-Munabadha.


Hadith Number 301.

Narrated by 'Aisha (Radhi Allahu Anha) the Mother of the believers: “We the wives of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) were all sitting with the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and none of us had left when Fatima (Radhi Allahu Anhuma) came walking, and by Allah, her gait was very similar to that of Allah’s Messenger (Radhi Allahu Anhu).

When he saw her, he welcomed her, saying “Welcome, O my daughter!” Then he made her sit on his right or left, confided something to her, whereupon she wept bitterly. When he noticed her sorrow, he confided something else to her for the second time, and she started laughing.

Only I from among the Prophet’s (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) wives said to her, ‘(O Fatima) Allah’s Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) selected you from among us for the secret talk and still you weep?’ When Allah’s Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) got up ( and went away), I asked her, ‘What did he confide to you?’ She said, ‘I wouldn’t disclose the secrets of Allah’s Messenger.’

But when he died I asked her, ‘I beseech you earnestly by what right I have on you, to tell me (that secret talk which the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) had with you.’ She said, ‘As you ask me now, yes, (I will tell you.) She informed me, saying, ‘When he talked to me secretly the first time, he said that Jibril used to review the Qur'an with him once every year.

He added, 'But this year he reviewed it with me twice, and therefore I think that my time of death has approached. So, be afraid of Allah, and be patient, for I am the best predecessor for you (in the Hereafter).' " Fatima added, "So I wept as you ('Aisha) witnessed. And when the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) saw me in this sorrowful state, he confided the second secret to me saying, 'O Fatima! Will you not be pleased that you will be chief of all the believing women (or chief of the women of this nation i.e. my followers?")


Hadith Number 302.

Narrated the uncle of 'Abbad bin Tamim (Radhi Allahu Anhu): I saw Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) lying on his back in the Masjid and putting one of his legs over the other.


Hadith Number 303.

Narrated by 'Abdullah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said "When three persons are together, then no two of them should hold secret counsel excluding the third person."


Hadith Number 304.

Narrated by Anas bin Malik (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) confided to me a secret which I did not disclose to anybody after him. And Um Sulaim asked me (about that secret) but I did not tell her.


Hadith Number 305.

Narrated by 'Abdullah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "When you are three persons sitting together, then no two of you should hold secret counsel excluding the third person until you are with some other people too, for that would grieve him."


Hadith Number 306.

Narrated by 'Abdullah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): One day the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) divided and distributed something amongst the people whereupon an Ansari man said, "In this division Allah's Countenance has not been sought." (*) I said, "By Allah! I will go (and inform) the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)." So I went to him while he was with a group of people, and I secretly informed him of that, whereupon he became so angry that his face became red, and he then said, "May Allah bestow His Mercy on Musa (for) he was hurt more than that, yet he remained patient."

* i.e., The distribution was not fair.


Hadith Number 307.

Narrated by Anas (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Iqamah for the prayer was announced while a man was talking to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) privately. He continued talking in that way till the Prophet’s (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) companions slept, and afterwards the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) got up and offered the prayer with them. (*)

* The companions got up too, and the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) led them in the 'Isha prayer then.









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As Salamu Alaikum


Hadith Number 308.

Narrated by Salim's father (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Do not keep the fire burning in your houses when you go to bed."


Hadith Number 309.

Narrated by Abu Musa (Radhi Allahu Anhu): One night a house in Al-Madinah was burnt with its occupants. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) spoke about them, saying, "This fire is indeed your enemy, so whenever you go to bed, put it out to protect yourselves."


Hadith Number 310.

Narrated by Jabir bin 'Abdullah (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "(At bedtime) cover the utensils, close the doors, and put out the lights, lest the evil creature (the rat) should pull away the wick and thus burn the people of the house."


Hadith Number 311.

Narrated by Jabir (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah’s Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "When you intend going to bed at night, put out the lights, close the doors, tie the mouths of the water skins, and cover your food and drinks." Hammam said, "I think he (the other narrator) added, 'even with piece of wood across the utensil.'"


Hadith Number 312.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said "Five things are in accordance with Al-Fitra (i.e. the tradition of Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)): to be circumcised, to shave the pelvic region, to pull out the hair of the armpits, to cut short the moustaches, and to clip the nails.'


Hadith Number 313.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said "The Prophet Ibrahim circumcised himself after he had passed the age of eighty years and he circumcised himself with an adze."

Narrated Sa'id bin Jubair: Ibn 'Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhu) was asked, "How old were you when the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) died?" He replied. "At that time I had been circumcised." At that time, people did not circumcise the boys till they attained the age of puberty. Sa'id bin Jubair said, "Ibn 'Abbas said, 'When the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) died, I had already been circumcised."


Hadith Number 314.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Whoever among you takes an oath wherein he says, 'By Al-Lat and Al-'Uzza,' names of two Idols worshipped by the Pagans, he should say, 'None has the right to be worshipped but Allah; And whoever says to his friend, 'Come, let me gamble with you ! He should give something in charity. "(*) (See Hadith No. 645 Book 78)

* The expiation for swearing by other than Allah heedlessly, is to say: 'La Ilaha Illallah'; and the expiation for inviting somebody to gamble even if jokingly is to give something in charity.


Hadith Number 315.

Narrated by Ibn 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): During the life-time of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) I built a house with my own hands so that it might protect me from the rain and shade me from the sun; and none of Allah's creatures assisted me in building it.


Hadith Number 316.

Narrated by 'Amr: Ibn 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma) said, "By Allah, I have not put a brick over a brick (i.e. constructed a building) or planted any date-palm tree since the death of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)." Sufyan (the sub narrator) said, "I told this narration (of Ibn 'Umar) to one of his (Ibn 'Umar's) relatives, and he said, 'By Allah, he did build (something.' "Sufyan added, "I said, 'He must have said (the above narration) before he built."



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