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 Volume Seven - Book Sixty Two – The Book on Wedlock, Marriage (Nikah)

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As Salamu Alaikum

Bismillah

Volume Seven


Book Sixty Two – The Book on Wedlock, Marriage (Nikah)



Hadith Number 001.

Narrated by Anas bin Malik (Radhi Allahu Anhu): A group of three men came to the houses of the wives of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) asking how the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) worshipped (Allah), and when they were informed about that, they considered their worship insufficient and said, "Where are we from the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) as his past and future sins have been forgiven." Then one of them said, "I will offer the prayer throughout the night forever." The other said, "I will fast throughout the year and will not break my fast." The third said, "I will keep away from the women and will not marry forever." Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) came to them and said, "Are you the same people who said so-and-so? By Allah, I am more submissive to Allah and more afraid of Him than you; yet I fast and break my fast, I do sleep and I also marry women. So he who does not follow my tradition in religion, is not from me (not one of my followers)."


Hadith Number 002.

Narrated by 'Urwa: That he asked 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) about the Statement of Allah: 'If you fear that you shall not be able to deal justly with the orphan girls, then marry (other) women of your choice, two or three or four; but if you fear that you shall not be able to deal justly (with them), then only one, or (the captives) that your right hands possess. That will be nearer to prevent you from doing injustice.' (Surah An-Nisa' 4: 3) 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) said, "O my nephew! (This Verse has been revealed in connection with) an orphan girl under the guardianship of her guardian who is attracted by her wealth and beauty and intends to marry her with a Mahr less than what other women of her standard deserve. So they (such guardians) have been forbidden to marry them unless they do justice to them and give them their full Mahr, and they are ordered to marry other women instead of them."


Hadith Number 003.

Narrated by 'Alqama: While I was with Abdullah, 'Uthman (Radhi Allahu Anhuma) met him at Mina and said, "O Abu 'Abdur-Rahman! I have something to say to you." So both of them went aside and 'Uthman said, "O Abu 'Abdur-Rahman! Shall we marry you to a virgin who will make you remember your past days?" When 'Abdullah felt that he was not in need of that, he beckoned me (to join him) saying, "O 'Alqama!" Then I heard him saying (in reply to 'Uthman), "As you have said that, (I tell you that) the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) once said to us, 'O young people! Whoever among you is able to marry, should marry, and whoever is not able to marry, is recommended to fast, as fasting diminishes his sexual power.


Hadith Number 004.

Narrated by 'Abdullah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): We were with the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) while we were young and had no wealth whatever. So Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "O young people! Whoever among you can marry, should marry, because it helps him lower his gaze and guard his modesty (i.e. his private parts from committing illegal sexual intercourse etc.), and whoever is not able to marry, should fast, as fasting diminishes his sexual power."


Hadith Number 005.

Narrated by 'Ata: We presented ourselves along with Ibn 'Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma) at the funeral procession of Maimuna (Radhi Allahu Anhuma) at a place called Sarif. Ibn 'Abbas said, "This is the wife of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) so when you lift her bier, do not Jerk it or shake it much, but walk smoothly because the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) had nine wives and he used to observe the night turns with eight of them, and for one of them there was no night turn."


Hadith Number 006.

Narrated by Anas (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) I used to go round (have sexual relations with) all his wives in one night, and he had nine wives.


Hadith Number 007.

Narrated by Sa'id bin Jubair: Ibn 'Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma) asked me, "Are you married?" I replied, "No." He said, "Marry, for the best person of this (Muslim) nation (i.e., Muhammad) of all other Muslims, had the largest number of wives."





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As Salamu Alaikum



Hadith Number 008.

Narrated by 'Umar bin Al-Khattab (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "The rewards (of deeds) are according to the intention, and everybody will get the reward for what he has intended. So whoever emigrated for Allah's and His Messenger’s(Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) sake, his emigration was for Allah and His Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam); and whoever emigrated for worldly benefits, or to marry a woman, then his emigration was for the thing for what he emigrated for." (*)

* His reward will be according to his intentions, not to his apparent deed, for one and the same deed may be done by different persons with different intentions.



Hadith Number 009.

Narrated by Ibn Masud (Radhi Allahu Anhu): We used to fight in the holy battles in the company of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and we had no wives with us. So we said, "O Allah's Messenger! Shall we get castrated?" The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) forbade us to do so.


Hadith Number 010.

Narrated by Anas bin Malik (Radhi Allahu Anhu): 'Abdur-Rahman bin 'Auf came (from Makkah to Al-Madinah) and the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) made a bond of brotherhood between him and Sad bin Ar-Rabi' Al-Ansari. Al-Ansari had two wives, so he suggested that 'Abdur-Rahman take half, his wives and property. 'Abdur-Rahman replied, "May Allah bless you with your wives and property. Kindly show me the market." So 'Abdur-Rahman went to the market and gained (in bargains) some dried yoghurt and some butter. After a few days the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) saw Abdur-Rahman with some yellow stains on his clothes and asked him, "What is that, O 'Abdur-Rahman?" He replied, "I had married an Ansari woman." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) asked, "How much Mahr did you give her?" He replied, "The weight of one (date) stone of gold." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Offer a banquet, even with one sheep."


Hadith Number 011.

Narrated by Sa'd bin Abi Waqqas (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) forbade 'Uthman bin Maz'un to abstain from marrying (and other pleasures) and if he had allowed him, we would have gotten ourselves castrated. (*)

* Sa'd by saying , "We would have got ourselves castrated," did not mean the actual castration, but he meant excessive abstention from all kinds of pleasures, for castration is forbidden in Islam.



Hadith Number 012.

Narrated by Sa'd bin Abi Waqqas (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) prevented 'Uthman bin Mazun from that (not marrying), and had he allowed him, we would have got ourselves castrated.


Hadith Number 013A.

Narrated by 'Abdullah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): We used to participate in the holy battles led by Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and we had nothing (no wives) with us. So we said, "Shall we get ourselves castrated?" He forbade us that and then allowed us to marry women with a temporary contract (*) and recited to us: 'O you who believe ! Make not unlawful the good things which Allah has made lawful for you, but commit no transgression.' (Surah Al-Ma’idah 5: 87)

* This sort of marriage was later on forbidden forever.


Hadith Number 013B.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): I said, "O Allah's Messenger! I am a young man and I am afraid that I may commit illegal sexual intercourse and I cannot afford to marry." He kept silent, and then repeated my question once again, but he kept silent. I said the same (for the third time) and he remained silent. Then repeated my question (for the fourth time), and only then the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "O Abu Hurairah! The pen has dried after writing what you are going to confront. (**) So (it does not matter whether you) get yourself castrated or not." (*)

* Your fate has been destined for you.
* *This means, You cannot change your fortune by getting castrated, so there is no benefit in doing so.



Hadith Number 014.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): I said, "O Allah's Messenger! Suppose you landed in a valley where there is a tree of which something has been eaten and then you found trees of which nothing has been eaten, of which tree would you let your camel graze?" He said, "(I will let my camel graze) of the one of which nothing has been eaten before." (The sub-narrator added: 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) meant that Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) had not married a virgin besides herself.)





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As Salamu Alaikum



Hadith Number 015.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said (to me), "You have been shown to me twice in (my) dreams. A man was carrying you in a silken cloth and said to me, 'This is your wife.' I uncovered it; and behold, it was you. I said to myself, 'If this dream is from Allah, He will cause it to come true.'"


Hadith Number 016.

Narrated by Jabir bin Abdullah (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): While we were returning from a Ghazwa (Holy Battle) with the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), I started driving my camel fast, as it was a lazy camel. A rider came behind me and pricked my camel with a spear he had with him, and then my camel started running as fast as the best camel you may see. Behold! The rider was the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) himself. He said, 'What makes you in such a hurry?" I replied, I am newly married. "He said, "Did you marry a virgin or a matron? I replied, "A matron." He said, "Why didn't you marry a young girl so that you may play with her and she with you?" When we were about to enter (Al-Madinah), the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Wait so that you may enter (Al-Madinah) at night so that the lady of unkempt hair may comb her hair and the one whose husband has been absent may shave her pubic region.


Hadith Number 017.

Narrated by Jabir bin 'Abdullah (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): When I got married, Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said to me, "What type of lady have you married?" I replied, "I have married a matron' He said, "Why, don't you have a liking for the virgins and for fondling them?" Jabir also said: Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Why didn't you marry a young girl so that you might play with her and she with you?'


Hadith Number 018.

Narrated by 'Urwa (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) asked Abu Bakr for 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha)'s hand in marriage. Abu Bakr (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said "But I am your brother." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "You are my brother in Allah's religion and His Book, but she ('Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha)) is lawful for me to marry."


Hadith Number 019.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "The best women are the riders of the camels and the righteous among the women of Quraish. They are the kindest women to their children in their childhood and the more careful women of the property of their husbands."


Hadith Number 020.

Narrated by Abu Burda's father: Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, any man who has a slave girl whom he educates properly, teaches good manners, manumits and marries her, will get a double reward And if any man of the people of the Scriptures believes in his own Prophet then believes in me too, he will (also) get a double reward And any slave who fulfills his duty to his master and to his Lord, will (also) get a double reward."


Hadith Number 021.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said: Ibrahim did not tell lies except three. (One of them was) when Ibrahim passed by a tyrant and (his wife) Sara was accompanying him (Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu) then mentioned the whole narration and said:) (The tyrant) gave her Hajar. Sara said, "Allah saved me from the hands of the Kafir (i.e. infidel) and gave me Hajar to serve me." (Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu) added:) That (Hajar) is your mother, O Banu Ma'-As-Sama' (i.e., the Arabs).


Hadith Number 022.

Narrated by Anas (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) stayed for three days between Khaibar and Al-Madinah, and there he consummated his marriage to Safiyya bint Huyai. I invited the Muslims to the wedding banquet in which neither meat nor bread was offered. He ordered for leather dining-sheets to be spread, and dates, dried yoghurt and butter were laid on it, and that was the Prophet’s (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) wedding banquet. The Muslims wondered, "Is she (Safiyya) considered as his wife or his slave girl?" Then they said, "If he orders her to veil herself, she will be one of the mothers of the Believers; but if he does not order her to veil herself, she will be a slave girl. So when the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) proceeded from there, he spared her a space behind him (on his she-camel) and put a screening veil between her and the people.





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As Salamu Alaikum

Hadith Number 023.

Narrated by Anas bin Malik (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) manumitted Safiyya and regarded her manumission as her Mahr.


Hadith Number 024.

Narrated by Sahl bin Sa'd As-Sa'idi (Radhi Allahu Anhu): A woman came to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and said, "O Allah's Messenger! I have come to give you myself in marriage (without Mahr)." Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) looked at her. He looked at her carefully and fixed his glance on her and then lowered his head. When the lady saw that he did not say anything, she sat down. A man from his companions got up and said, "O Allah's Messenger! If you are not in need of her, then marry her to me." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Have you got anything to offer?" The man said, "No, by Allah, O Allah's Messenger!" The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said (to him), "Go to your family and see if you have something." The man went and returned, saying, "No, by Allah, I have not found anything." Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "(Go again) and look for something, even if it is an iron ring." He went again and returned, saying, "No, by Allah, O Allah's Messenger! I could not find even an iron ring, but this is my Izar (*) (waist sheet)." He had no rida. (**) He added, "I give half of it to her." Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "What will she do with your Izar? If you wear it, she will be naked, and if she wears it, you will be naked." So that man sat down for a long while and then got up (to depart). When Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) saw him going, he ordered that he be called back. When he came, the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "How much of the Quran do you know?" He said, "I know such Surah and such Surah," counting them. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Do you know them by heart?" He replied, "Yes." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Go, I marry her to you for that much of the Quran which you have."

* A garment to cover the lower part of the body.
** A garment to cover the upperpart of the body.


Hadith Number 025.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): Abu Hudhaifa bin 'Utba bin Rabi'a bin Abdi Shams who had witnessed the battle of Badr along with the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) adopted Salim as his son, to whom he married his niece, Hind bint Al-Walid bin 'Utba bin Rabi'a; and Salim was the freed slave of an Ansar woman, just as the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) had adopted Zaid as his son. It was the custom in the Pre-lslamic Period that if somebody adopted a boy, the people would call him the son of the adoptive father and he would be the latter's heir. But when Allah revealed the Divine Verses: 'Call them by (the names of) their fathers... your freed-slaves,' (Surah Al-Ahzab 33: 5) the adopted persons were called by their fathers' names. The one whose father was not known, would be regarded as a Maula and your brother in religion. Later on Sahla bint Suhail bin 'Amr Al-Quraishi Al-'Amiri and she was the wife of Abu- Hudhaifa bin 'Utba came to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and said, "O Allah's Messenger! We used to consider Salim as our (adopted) son, and now Allah has revealed what you know (regarding adopted sons)." The sub-narrator then mentioned the rest of the narration.


Hadith Number 026.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) entered upon Dubaa bint Az-Zubair and said to her, "Do you have a desire to perform the Hajj?" She replied, "By Allah, I feel sick." He said to her, "Intend to perform Hajj and stipulate something by saying, 'O Allah, I will finish my Ihram at any place where You stop me (i.e. I am unable to go further). (*) " She was the wife of Al-Miqdad bin Al-Aswad.

* If the ailment got aggravated, she would abandon her Ihram .


Hadith Number 027.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu) : The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "A woman is married for four things, i.e., her wealth, her family status, her beauty and her religion. So you should marry the religious woman (otherwise) you will be a losers.


Hadith Number 028.

Narrated by Sahl (Radhi Allahu Anhu): A man passed by Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and Allah’s Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) asked (his companions) "What do you say about this (man)?" They replied "If he asks for a lady's hand, he ought to be given her in marriage; and if he intercedes (for someone) his intercessor should be accepted; and if he speaks, he should be listened to." Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) kept silent, and then a man from among the poor Muslims passed by, and Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) asked (them) "What do you say about this man?" They replied, "If he asks for a lady's hand in marriage he does not deserve to be married, and he intercedes (for someone), his intercession should not be accepted; And if he speaks, he should not be listened to.' Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "This poor man is better than so many of the first as filling the earth."


Hadith Number 029.

Narrated by 'Urwa: That he asked 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) regarding the Verse: 'If you fear that you shall not be able to deal justly with the orphans (Surah An-Nisa' 4:3) [/color] She said, "O my nephew! This Verse refers to the orphan girl who is under the guardianship of her guardian who likes her beauty and wealth and wishes to (marry her and) curtails her Mahr. Such guardians have been forbidden to marry them unless they do justice by giving them their full Mahr, and they have been ordered to marry other than them. The people asked for the verdict of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) after that, so Allah revealed: 'They ask your instruction concerning the women... whom you desire to marry.' (Surah An-Nisa' 4: 127) So Allah revealed to them that if the orphan girl had beauty and wealth, they desired to marry her and for her family status. They can only marry them if they give them their full Mahr. And if they had no desire to marry them because of their lack of wealth and beauty, they would leave them and marry other women. So, as they used to leave them, when they had no interest, in them, they were forbidden to marry them when they had such interest, unless they treated them justly and gave them their full Mahr Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, 'If at all there is evil omen, it is in the horse, the woman and the house." a lady is to be warded off. And the Statement of Allah: 'Truly, among your wives and your children, there are enemies for you (i.e may stop you from the obedience of Allah)' (Surah At-Taghabun 64:14)


Hadith Number 030.

Narrated by Abdullah bin 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Evil omen is in the women, the house and the horse." (*)

* The bad omen of a women is her bad character, of a house is the bad neighbours, and of a horse is that one does not use it for Jihad in Allah's Cause .




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As Salamu Alaikum


Hadith Number 031.

Narrated by Ibn 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): Evil omen was mentioned before the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "If there is evil omen in anything, it is in the house, the woman and the horse."


Hadith Number 032.

Narrated by Sahl bin Sa'd (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "If at all there is bad omen, it is in the horse, the woman, and the house."


Hadith Number 033.

Narrated by Usama bin Zaid (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "After me I have not left any affliction more harmful to men than women."


Hadith Number 034.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): Three principles were established because of Barira: (i) When Barira was manumitted she was given the option (to remain with her slave husband or not). (ii) Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said "The Wala (of the slave) is for the one who manumits (the slave). (iii) When Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) entered (the house), he saw a cooking pot on the fire but he was given bread and meat soup from the soup of the home. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Didn't I see the cooking pot (on the fire)?" It was said, "That is the meat given in charity to Barira, and you do not eat the (things given in) charity." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "It is an object of charity for Barira, and it is a present for us."


Hadith Number 035.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): (Regarding) the Verse: 'And if you fear that you shall not be able to deal justly with the orphans...' (Surah An-Nisa' 4: 3) It is about the orphan girl who is in the custody of a man who is her guardian, and he intends to marry her because of her wealth, but he treats her badly and does not manage her property fairly and honestly. Such a man should marry women of his liking other than her, two or three or four. 'Prohibited to you (for marriage) are: your foster-mothers (who suckled you).' (Surah An-Nisa' 4: 23) Marriage is prohibited between persons having a foster suckling relationship corresponding to a blood relationship which renders marriage unlawful.


Hadith Number 036.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): (The wife of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)) that while Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) was with her, she heard a voice of a man asking permission to enter the house of Hafsa (Radhi Allahu Anhu). 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) added: I said, "O Allah's Messenger! This man is asking permission to enter your house." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "I think he is so-and-so," naming the foster-uncle of Hafsa. 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) said, "If so-and-so," naming her foster uncle, "were living, could he enter upon me?" The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Yes, for foster suckling relations make all those things unlawful which are unlawful through corresponding birth (blood) relations." (*)

* It is rather sad now, all over the European and American countries there are Human Milk Banks and all the newly born babies are fed with this human milk from the Milk Bank which makes them as brothers and sisters. This means, a foster brother may marry his foster sister without being aware of the existence of such relationship, and such marriage is unlawful in Islam and even in other religions.



Hadith Number 037.

Narrated by Ibn 'Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): It was said to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), "Won't you marry the daughter of Hamza?" He said, "She is my foster niece (brother's daughter)."


Hadith Number 038.

Narrated by Um Habiba (Radhi Allahu Anha): (Daughter of Abu Sufyan) I said, "O Allah's Messenger! Marry my sister. the daughter of Abu Sufyan." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Do you like that?" I replied, "Yes, for even now I am not your only wife and I like that my sister should share the good with me." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "But that is not lawful for me." I said, We have heard that you want to marry the daughter of Abu Salama." He said, "(You mean) the daughter of Um Salama?" I said, "Yes." He said, "Even if she were not my step-daughter, she would be unlawful for me to marry as she is my foster niece. I and Abu Salama were suckled by Thuwaiba. So you should not present to me your daughters or your sisters (in marriage)." Narrated 'Ursa; Thuwaiba was the freed slave girl of Abu Lahb whom he had manumitted, and then she suckled the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam). When Abu Lahb died, one of his relatives saw him in a dream in a very bad state and asked him, "What have you encountered?" Abu Lahb said, "I have not found any rest since I left you, except that I have been given water to drink in this (the space between his thumb and other fingers) and that is because of my manumitting Thuwaiba."


Hadith Number 039.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): That the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) entered upon her while a man was sitting with her. Signs of anger seemed to appear on his face as if he disliked that. She said, "Here is my (foster) brother." He said, "Be sure as to who is your foster brother, for foster suckling relationship is established only when milk is the only food of the child." (*)

* Sucking which brings about foster relations is that which is done when the baby is under two years of age.




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As Salamu Alaikum


Hadith Number 040.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): That Aflah the brother of Abu Al-Qu'ais, her foster uncle, came, asking permission to enter upon her after the Verse of Al-Hijab (the use of veils by women) was revealed. 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) added: I did not allow him to enter, but when Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) came, I told him what I had done, and he ordered me to give him permission.


Hadith Number 041.

Narrated by 'Uqba bin Al-Harith (Radhi Allahu Anhu): I married a woman and then a black lady came to us and said, "I have suckled you both (you and your wife)." So I came to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and said, "I married so-and-so and then a black lady came to us and said to me, 'I have suckled both of you.' But I think she is a liar." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) turned his face away from me and I moved to face his face, and said, "She is a liar." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "How (can you keep her as your wife) when that lady has said that she has suckled both of you? So abandon (i.e., divorce) her (your wife)."


Hadith Number 042.

Narrated by Um Habiba (Radhi Allahu Anha): I said, "O Allah's Messenger! Do you like to have (my sister) the daughter of Abu Sufyan?" The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "What shall I do (with her)?" I said, "Marry her." He said, "Do you like that?" I said, "(Yes), for even now I am not your only wife, so I like that my sister should share you with me." He said, "She is not lawful for me (to marry). (*) " I said, "We have heard that you want to marry." He said, "The daughter of Um Salama?" I said, "Yes." He said, "Even if she were not my stepdaughter, she should be unlawful for me to marry, for Thuwaiba suckled me and her father (Abu Salama). (**) So you should neither present your daughters, nor your sisters, to me."

* Because it is prohibited to marry the sister of one's wife if that wife is still alive.
* *This means that the daughter of Um Salama was the foster niece of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam).

Hadith Number 043.

Narrated by Um Habiba (Radhi Allahu Anha): I said, "O Allah's Messenger! Marry my sister, the daughter of Abu Sufyan." He said, "Do you like that?" I said, "Yes, for even now I am not your only wife; and the most beloved person to share the good with me is my sister." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "But that is not lawful for me (i.e., to be married to two sisters at a time.)" I said, "O Allah's Messenger! By Allah, we have heard that you want to marry Durra, the daughter of Abu Salama." He said, "You mean the daughter of Um Salama?" I said, "Yes." He said, "By Allah! Even if she were not my stepdaughter, she would not be lawful for me to marry, for she is my foster niece, for Thuwaiba has suckled me and Abu Salama; so you should neither present your daughters, nor your sisters to me."


Hadith Number 044.

Narrated by Jabir (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) forbade that a woman should be married to man along with her paternal or maternal aunt.


Hadith Number 045.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "A woman and her paternal aunt should not be married to the same man; and similarly, a woman and her maternal aunt should not be married to the same man."


Hadith Number 046.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) forbade that a woman should be married to a man along with her paternal aunt or with her maternal aunt (at the same time). Az-Zuhri (the sub-narrator) said: There is a similar order for the paternal aunt of the father of one's wife, for 'Ursa told me that 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) said, "What is unlawful because of blood relations, is also unlawful because of the corresponding foster suckling relations."


Hadith Number 047.

Narrated by Ibn 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) forbade Ash-Shighar, which means that somebody marries his daughter to somebody else, and the latter marries his daughter to the former without paying Mahr.


Hadith Number 048.

Narrated by Hisham's father: Khaula bint Hakim (Radhi Allahu Anha) was one of those ladies who presented themselves to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) for marriage. 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) said, "Doesn't a lady feel ashamed for presenting herself to a man?" But when the Verse:[color=green] "(O Muhammad) You may postpone (the turn of) any of them (your wives) that you please,' (Surah Al-Ahzab 33: 51) was revealed, " 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) said, 'O Allah's Messenger! I do not see, but, that your Lord hurries in pleasing you.'"


Hadith Number 049.

Narrated by Ibn 'Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) got married while he was in the state of Ihram.


Hadith Number 050.

Narrated by 'Ali (Radhi Allahu Anhu): I said to Ibn 'Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma), "During the battle of Khaibar the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) forbade (Nikah) Al-Mut'a (*) and the eating of donkey's meat."


* [Nikah Mut’a


Hadith Number 051.

Narrated by Abu Jamra: I heard Ibn Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma) (giving a verdict) when he was asked about the Mut'a with the women, and he permitted it (Nikah-al-Mut'a). On that a freed slave of his said to him, "That is only when it is very badly needed and women are scarce." On that, Ibn 'Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said, "Yes."


Hadith Number 052.

Narrated by Jabir bin 'Abdullah and Salama bin Al-Akwa' (Radhi Allahu Anhum): While we were in an army, Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) came to us and said, "You have been allowed to do the Mut'a (marriage), so do it." Salama bin Al-Akwa' said: Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "If a man and a woman agree (to marry temporarily), their marriage should last for three nights, and if they like to continue, they can do so; and if they want to separate, they can do so." I do not know whether that was only for us or for all the people in general. Abu Abdullah (Al-Bukhari) said: 'Ali (Radhi Allahu Anhu) made it clear that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "The Mut'a marriage has been cancelled (made unlawful)."




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As Salamu Alaikum


Hadith Number 053.

Narrated by Thabit Al-Banani : I was with Anas while his daughter was present with him. Anas said, "A woman came to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and presented herself to him, saying, 'O Allah's Messenger, have you any need for me (i.e. would you like to marry me)?' "Thereupon Anas's daughter said, "What a shameless lady she was ! Shame! Shame!" Anas said, "She was better than you; she had a liking for the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) so she presented herself for marriage to him."


Hadith Number 054.

Narrated by Sahl bin Sa'd (Radhi Allahu Anhu): A woman presented herself to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) (for marriage). A man said to him, "O Allah's Messenger! (If you are not in need of her) marry her to me." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "What have you got?" The man said, "I have nothing." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said (to him), "Go and search for something) even if it were an iron ring." The man went and returned saying, "No, I have not found anything, not even an iron ring; but this is my (Izar) waist sheet, and half of it is for her." He had no Rida' (upper garment). The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "What will she do with your waist sheet? If you wear it, she will have nothing over her; and if she wears it, you will have nothing over you." So the man sat down and when he had sat a long time, he got up (to leave). When the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) saw him (leaving), he called him back, or the man was called (for him), and he said to the man, "How much of the Quran do you know (by heart)?" The man replied I know such Surah and such Surah(by heart)," naming the Surahs The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "I have married her to you for what you know of the Quran."


Hadith Number 055.

Narrated by 'Abdullah bin 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): 'Umar bin Al-Khattab (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said, "When Hafsa bint 'Umar became a widow after the death of (her husband) Khunais bin Hudhafa As-Sahmi who had been one of the companions of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), and he died at Al-Madinah. I went to 'Uthman bin 'Affan and presented Hafsa (for marriage) to him. He said, "I will think it over.' I waited for a few days, then he met me and said, 'It seems that it is not possible for me to marry at present.' 'Umar further said, "I met Abu Bakr As-Siddique and said to him, 'If you wish, I will marry my daughter Hafsa to you." Abu Bakr kept quiet and did not say anything to me in reply. I became more angry with him than with 'Uthman. I waited for a few days and then Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) asked for her hand, and I gave her in marriage to him. Afterwards I met Abu Bakr who said, 'Perhaps you became angry with me when you presented Hafsa to me and I did not give you a reply?' I said, 'Yes.' Abu Bakr said, 'Nothing stopped me to respond to your offer except that I knew that Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) had mentioned her, and I never wanted to let out the secret of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam). And if Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) had refused her, I would have accepted her.'"


Hadith Number 056.

Narrated by Zainab bint Salama: Um Habiba (Radhi Allahu Anha) said to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) "We have heard that you want to marry Durra bint Abu-Salama." Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Can she be married along with Um Salama (her mother)? Even if I have not married Um Salama, she would not be lawful for me to marry, for her father is my foster brother." 'And there is no blame on you if you make hint of betrothal or conceal it in your hearts. Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Forbearing.' (Surah Al-Baqarah 2: 235) Ibn 'Abbas said, "Hint your intention of marrying' is made by saying (to the widow) for example: "I want to marry, and I wish that Allah will make a righteous lady available for me.' " Al-Qasim said: One may say to the widow: 'I hold all respect for you, and I am interested in you; Allah will bring you much good, or something similar 'Ata said: One should hint his intention, and should not declare it openly. One may say: 'I have some need. Have good tidings. Praise be to Allah; you are fit to remarry.' She (the widow) may say in reply: I am listening to what you say,' but she should not make a promise. Her guardian should not make a promise (to somebody to get her married to him) without her knowledge. But if, while still in the Iddat period, she makes a promise to marry somebody, and he ultimately marries her, they are not to be separated by divorce (i.e., the marriage is valid).


Hadith Number 057.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said (to me), "You were shown to me in a dream. An angel brought you to me, wrapped in a piece of silken cloth, and said to me, 'This is your wife.' I removed the piece of cloth from your face, and there you were. I said to myself. 'If it is from Allah, then it will surely be.'"


Hadith Number 058.

Narrated by Sahl bin Sa'd (Radhi Allahu Anhu): A woman came to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and said, "O Allah's Messenger! I have come to you to present myself to you (for marriage)." Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) glanced at her. He looked at her carefully and fixed his glance on her and then lowered his head. When the lady saw that he did not say anything, she sat down. A man from his companions got up and said, "O Allah's Messenger! If you are not in need of her, then marry her to me." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Have you got anything to offer." The man said, 'No, by Allah, O Allah's Messenger!" The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said (to him), "Go to your family and try to find something." So the man went and returned, saying, "No, by Allah, O Allah's Messenger! I have not found anything." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Go again and look for something, even if it were an iron ring." He went and returned, saying, "No, by Allah, O Allah's Messenger! I could not find even an iron ring, but this is my Izar (waist sheet).' He had no Rida (upper garment). He added, "I give half of it to her." Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said "What will she do with your Izar? If you wear it, she will have nothing over herself thereof (will be naked); and if she wears it, then you will have nothing over yourself thereof ' So the man sat for a long period and then got up (to leave). When Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) saw him leaving, he ordered that he e called back. When he came, the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) asked (him), "How much of the Qur'an do you know (by heart)?" The man replied, I know such Surah and such Surah and such Surah," naming the surahs. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Can you recite it by heart?" He said, 'Yes." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Go I let you marry her for what you know of the Qu’ran (as her Mahr).





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As Salamu Alaikum


Hadith Number 059.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): (As regards the Verse): 'And about what is recited unto you in the Book, concerning orphan girls to whom you give not the prescribed portions and yet, whom you desire to marry.' (Surah An-Nisa' 4: 127) This Verse is about the female orphan who is under the guardianship of a man with whom she shares her property and he has more right over her (than anybody else) but does not like to marry her, so he prevents her, from marrying somebody else, lest he should share the property with him.


Hadith Number 060.

Narrated by 'Abdullah bin 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): When Hafsa, 'Umar's (Radhi Allahu Anhu) daughter became a widow because of the death of her (husband) Ibn Hudhafa As-Sahmi who was one of the companion of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and the one of the Badr warriors and died at Al-Madinah, 'Umar said, "I met 'Uthman bin 'Affan and gave him an offer, saying, 'If you wish, I will marry Hafsa to you.' He said. 'I will think it over' I waited for a few days, then he met me and said, 'I have made up my mind not to marry at present' "Umar added, "Then I met Abu Bakr and said to him, 'If you wish, I will marry Hafsa to you.'"


Hadith Number 061.

Narrated by Al-Hasan Concerning the Verse: 'Do not prevent them' (Surah Al-Baqarah 2: 232) Ma'qil bin Yasar told me that it was revealed in his connection. He said, "I married my sister to a man and he divorced her, and when her days of 'Idda (three menstrual periods) were over, the man came again and asked for her hand, but I said to him, 'I married her to you and made her your bed (your wife) and favored you with her, but you divorced her. Now you come to ask for her hand again? No, by Allah, she will never go back to you (again)!' That man was not a bad man and his wife wanted to go back to him. So Allah revealed this Verse: 'Do not prevent them.' (Surah Al-Baqarah 2: 232) So I said, 'Now I will do it (let her go back to him), O Allah's Messenger."So he married her to him again.


Hadith Number 062.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) : (Regarding His Statement): 'They ask your instruction concerning the women. Say: Allah instructs you about them...' (4.127) It is about the female orphan who is under the guardianship of a man with whom she shares her property and he does not want to marry her and dislikes that someone else should marry her, lest he should share the property with him, so he prevents her from marrying. So Allah forbade such a guardian to do so (i.e. to prevent her from marrying).


Hadith Number 063.

Narrated by Sahl bin Sa'd (Radhi Allahu Anhu): While we were sitting in the company of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) a woman came to him and presented herself (for marriage) to him. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) looked at her, lowering his eyes and raising them, but did not give a reply. One of his companions said, "Marry her to me O Allah's Messenger!" The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) asked (him), "Have you got anything?" He said, "I have got nothing." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Not even an iron ring?" He Sad, "Not even an iron ring, but I will tear my garment into two halves and give her one half and keep the other half." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam); said, "No. Do you know some of the Quran (by heart)?" He said, "Yes." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Go, I have agreed to marry her to you with what you know of the Qur'an (as her Mahr)." 'And for those who have no courses (i.e. they are still immature). (Surah At-Talaq 65: 4)[/color] And the 'Iddat for the girl before puberty is three months (in the above Verse).


Hadith Number 064.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): That the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) married her when she was six years old and he consummated his marriage when she was nine years old, and then she remained with him for nine years (i.e., till his death).


Hadith Number 065.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): That the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) married her when she was six years old and he consummated his marriage when she was nine years old. Hisham said: I have been informed that 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) remained with the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) for nine years (i.e. till his death)."


Hadith Number 066.

Narrated by Sahl bin Sad (Radhi Allahu Anhu): A woman came to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and said, "I present myself (to you) (for marriage). She stayed for a long while, then a man said, "If you are not in need of her then marry her to me." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Have you got anything m order to pay her Mahr?" He said, "I have nothing with me except my Izar (waist sheet)." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "If you give her your Izar, you will have no Izar to wear, (so go) and search for something. He said, "I could not find anything." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Try (to find something), even if it were an iron ring But he was not able to find (even that) The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said (to him)."Do you memorize something of the Qur'an?" "Yes. ' he said, "such Surah and such Surah," naming those Surahs The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "We have married her to you for what you know of the Qur’an (by heart)."


Hadith Number 067.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "A matron should not be given in marriage except after consulting her; and a virgin should not be given in marriage except after her permission." The people asked, "O Allah's Messenger! How can we know her permission?" He said, "Her silence (indicates her permission)."


Hadith Number 068.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): I said, "O Allah's Messenger! A virgin feels shy." He said, "Her consent is (expressed by) her silence."


Hadith Number 069.

Narrated by Khansa bint Khidam Al-Ansariya (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): That her father gave her in marriage when she was a matron and she disliked that marriage. So she went to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and he declared that marriage invalid.




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As Salamu Alaikum


Hadith Number 070.

Narrated by Abdur-Rahman bin Yazid and Majammi bin Yazid: The same Hadith above: A man called Khidam married a daughter of his (to somebody) against her consent.


Hadith Number 071.

Narrated by 'Urwa bin Az-Zubair: That he asked 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha), saying to her, "O Mother! (In what connection was this Verse revealed):

'If you fear that you shall not be able to deal justly with orphan girls (to the end of the verse) that your right hands possess?" (Surah An-Nisa' 4: 3) 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) said, "O my nephew! It was about the female orphan under the protection of her guardian who was interested in her beauty and wealth and wanted to marry her with a little or reduced Mahr. So such guardians were forbidden to marry female orphans unless they deal with them justly and give their full Mahr; and they were ordered to marry women other than them." 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) added, "(Later) the people asked Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), for instructions, and then Allah revealed: 'They ask your instruction concerning the women... And yet whom you desire to marry.' (Surah An-Nisa' 4: 127) So Allah revealed to them in this Verse that-if a female orphan had wealth and beauty, they desired to marry her and were interested in her noble descent and the reduction of her Mahr; but if she was not desired by them because of her lack in fortune and beauty they left her and married some other woman. So, as they used to leave her when they had no interest in her, they had no right to marry her if they had the desire to do so, unless they deal justly with her and gave her a full amount of Mahr."


Hadith Number 072.

Narrated by Sahl (Radhi Allahu Anhu): A woman came to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam),, and presented herself to him (for marriage). He said, "I am not in need of women these days." Then a man said, "O Allah's Messenger! Marry her to me." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) asked him, "What have you got?" He said, "I have got nothing." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Give her something, even an iron ring." He said, "I have got nothing." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) asked (him), "How much of the Qur’an do you know (by heart)?" He said, "So much and so much." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "I have married her to you for what you know of the Qur’an."


Hadith Number 073.

Narrated by Ibn 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) decreed that one should not try to cancel a bargain already agreed upon between some other persons (by offering a bigger price). And a man should not ask for the hand of a girl who is already engaged to his Muslim brother, unless the first suitor gives her up, or allows him to ask for her hand.


Hadith Number 074.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Beware of suspicion (about others), as suspicion is the falsest talk, and do not spy upon each other, and do not listen to the evil talk of the people about others' affairs, and do not have enmity with one another, but be brothers. And none should ask for the hand of a girl who is already engaged to his (Muslim) brother, but one should wait till the first suitor marries her or leaves her."


Hadith Number 075.

Narrated by Abdullah bin Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): "When Hafsa became a widow," Umar said, "I met Abu Bakr and said to him, 'If you wish I will marry Hafsa bint 'Umar to you.' I waited for a few days then Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) asked for her hand. Later Abu Bakr (Radhi Allahu Anhu) met me and said, 'Nothing stopped me from returning to you concerning your offer except that I knew that Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) had mentioned (his wish to marry) her, and I could never let out the secret of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam). If he had left her, I would have accepted her.'"


Hadith Number 076.

Narrated by Ibn 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): Two men came from the east and delivered speeches, and the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Some eloquent speech has the influence of magic (e.g., some people refuse to do something and then a good eloquent speaker addresses them and then they agree to do that very thing after his speech)."


Hadith Number 077.

Narrated by Ar-Rabi': (The daughter of Muawwidh bin Afra) After the consummation of my marriage, the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) came and sat on my bed as far from me as you are sitting now, and our little girls started beating the tambourines and reciting elegiac verses mourning my father (*) who had been killed in the battle of Badr. One of them said, "Among us is a Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) who knows what will happen tomorrow." On that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Leave this (saying) (**) and keep on saying the verses which you had been saying before."

* Her father and two uncles had been killed in that battle. By saying , "My fathers" she meant that her two uncles were as dear to her as her father was.

** The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) forbade the girl to say so, because none knows the future except Allah.


Hadith Number 078.

Narrated by Anas (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Abdur Rahman bin 'Auf married a woman and gave her gold equal to the weight of a date stone (as Mahr). When the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) noticed the signs of cheerfulness of the marriage (on his face) and asked him about it, he said, "I have married a woman and gave (her) gold equal to a date stone in weight (as Mahr)."


Hadith Number 079.

Narrated by Sahl bin Sa'd As-Sa'idi (Radhi Allahu Anhu): While I was (sitting) among the people in the company of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) a woman stood up and said, "O Allah's Messenger! She has given herself in marriage to you; please give your opinion of her." (*) The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) did not give her any reply. She again stood up and said, "O Allah's Messenger! She has given herself (in marriage) to you; so please give your opinion of her. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) did not give her any reply. She again stood up for the third time and said, "She has given herself in marriage to you: so give your opinion of her." So a man stood up and said, "O Allah's Messenger! Marry her to me." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) asked him, "Have you got anything?" He said, "No." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Go and search for something, even if it were an iron ring." The man went and searched and then returned saying, "I could not find anything, not even an iron ring." Then the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Do you know something of the Qur’an (by heart)?" He replied, "I know (by heart) such Surah and such Sura." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Go! I have married her to you for what you know of the Qur’an (by heart)."

* The speaker uses the third person instead of the first person which she intends.

Hadith Number 080.

Narrated by Sahl bin Sa'd (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said to a man, "Marry, even with (a Mahr equal to) an iron ring."


Hadith Number 081.

Narrated by 'Uqba (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said: "The stipulations most entitled to be abided by are those with which you are given the right to enjoy the (women's) private parts (i.e. the stipulations of the marriage contract)."





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As Salamu Alaikum

Hadith Number 082.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "It is not lawful for a woman (at the time of wedding) to ask for the divorce of her sister (i.e. the other wife of her would-be husband) in order to have everything for herself, for she will take only what has been written for her."


Hadith Number 083.

Narrated by Anas bin Malik (Radhi Allahu Anhu): 'Abdur-Rahman bin 'Auf came to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and he had marks of Sufra (yellow perfume). Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) asked him (about those marks). 'AbdurRahman bin Auf told him that he had married a woman from the Ansar. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) asked, "How much Mahr did you pay her?" He said, "I paid gold equal to the weight of a date stone." Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said to him, "Give a wedding banquet, even if with one sheep."


Hadith Number 084.

Narrated by Anas (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) offered a wedding banquet on the occasion of his marriage to Zainab, and provided a good meal for the Muslims. Then he went out as was his custom on marrying, he came to the dwelling places of the mothers of the Believers (i.e. his wives) invoking good (on them), and they were invoking good (on him). Then he departed (and came back) and saw two men (still sitting there). So he left again. I do not remember whether I informed him or he was informed (by somebody else) of their departure."


Hadith Number 085.

Narrated by Anas (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) saw the traces of Sufra (yellow perfume) on Abdur-Rahman bin 'Auf and said, "What is this?" 'Abdur-Rahman, said, "I have married a woman and have paid gold equal to the weight of a datestone (as her Mahr). The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said to him, "May Allah bless you: Offer a wedding banquet even with one sheep."


Hadith Number 086.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): When the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) married me, my mother came to me and made me enter the house where I saw some women from the Ansar who said, "May you prosper and have blessings and have good omen."


Hadith Number 087.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "A Prophet among the Prophets went for a military expedition and said to his people: "A man who has married a lady and wants to consummate his marriage with her and he has not done so yet, should not accompany me.'"


Hadith Number 088.

Narrated by 'Urwa (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) wrote the (marriage contract) with 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) while she was six years old and consummated his marriage with her while she was nine years old and she remained with him for nine years (i.e. till his death).


Hadith Number 089.

Narrated by Anas (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) stayed for three days at a place between Khaibar and Al-Madinah, and there he consummated his marriage with Safiyya bint Huyay. I invited the Muslims to a banquet which included neither meat nor bread. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) ordered for the leather dining sheets to be spread, and then dates, dried yogurt and butter were provided over it, and that was the Walima (banquet) of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam). The Muslims asked whether Safiyya would be considered as his wife or as a slave girl of what his right hands possessed. Then they said, "If the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) screens her from the people, then she Is the Prophet’s(Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) wife but if he does not screen her, then she is a slave girl." So when the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) proceeded, he made a place for her (on the camel) behind him and screened her from people.


Hadith Number 090.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): When the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) married me, my mother came to me and made me enter the house (of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)) and nothing surprised me but the coming of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) to me in the forenoon.


Hadith Number 091.

Narrated by Jabir bin 'Abdullah (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Did you get Anmat?" I said, 'O Allah's Messenger! From where can we have Anmat?" The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Soon you will have them (Anmat)


Hadith Number 092A.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): That she prepared a lady for a man from the Ansar as his bride and the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "O 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha)! Haven't you got any amusement (during the marriage ceremony) as the Ansar like amusement?"


Hadith Number 092B.

Narrated by Anas bin Malik (Radhi Allahu Anhu): "Whenever the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) passed by (my mother Um-Sulaim) he used to enter her and greet her. Anas further said: Once the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) was a bridegroom during his marriage with Zainab, Um Sulaim said to me, "Let us give a gift to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)." I said to her, "Do it." So she prepared Haisa (a sweet dish) made from dates, butter and dried yoghurt and she sent it with me to him. I took it to him and he said, "Put it down," and ordered me to call some men whom he named, and to invite whomever I would meet. I did what he ordered me to do, and when I returned, I found the house crowded with people and saw the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) keeping his hand over the Haisa and saying over it whatever Allah wished (him to say). Then he called the men in batches of ten to eat of it, and he said to them, "Mention the Name of Allah, and each man should eat of the dish the nearest to him." When all of them had finished their meals, some of them left and a few remained there talking, over which I felt unhappy. Then the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) went out towards the dwelling places (of his wives) and I too, went out after him and told him that those people had left. Then he returned and entered his dwelling place and let the curtains fall while I was in (his) dwelling place, and he was reciting the Verses: 'O you who believe! Enter not the Prophet’s house until leave is given you for a meal, (and then) not (as early as) to what for its preparation. But when you are invited, enter, and when you have taken your meals, disperse without sitting for a talk. Verily such (behavior) annoys the Prophet; and he would be shy of (asking) you (to go), but Allah is not shy of (telling you) the Truth.' (Surah Al-Ahzab 33:53) Abu Uthman said: Anas said, "I served the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) for ten years."


Hadith Number 093.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): That she borrowed a necklace from Asma' and then it got lost. So Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) sent some people from his companions in search of it. In the meantime the stated time for the prayer became due and they offered their prayer without ablution. When they came to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), they complained about it to him, so the Verse regarding Tayammum was revealed.

Usaid bin Hudair said, "(O 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha)!) May Allah bless you with a good reward, for by Allah, never did a difficulty happen in connection with you, but Allah made an escape from it for you, and brought Allah's Blessings for the Muslims."


Hadith Number 094.

Narrated by Ibn Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "If anyone of you, when having sexual intercourse with his wife, says: Bismillah, Allahumma jannibni-Sh-Shaitan wa jannib-ish-Shaitan ma razaqtana, (*) and if it is destined that they should have a child, then Shaitan will never be able to harm him."

*This prayer means: 'In the Name of Allah! O Allah! Protect me from Shaitan and protect what You bestow upon us (i.e. an offspring) from Shaitan.'




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Hadith Number 095.

Narrated by Anas bin Malik (Radhi Allahu Anhu): I was ten years old when Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) arrived at Al-Madinah. My mother and aunts used to urge me to serve the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) regularly, and I served him for ten years. When the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) died I was twenty years old, and I knew about the order of Al-Hijab (veiling of ladies) more than any other person when it was revealed. It was revealed for the first time when Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) had consummated his marriage with Zainab bint Jahsh. When the day dawned, the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) was a bridegroom and he invited the people to a banquet, so they came, ate, and then all left except a few who remained with the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) for a long time. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) got up and went out, and I too went out with him so that those people might leave too. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) proceeded and so did I, till he came to the threshold of 'Aishah’s (Radhi Allahu Anha) dwelling place. Then thinking that these people have left by then, he returned and so did I along with him till he entered upon Zainab and behold, they were still sitting and had not gone. So the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) again went away and I went away along with him. When we reached the threshold of 'Aishah’s (Radhi Allahu Anha) dwelling place, he thought that they had left, and so he returned and I too, returned along with him and found those people had left. Then the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) drew a curtain between me and him, and the Verses of Al-Hijab were revealed.


Hadith Number 096.

Narrated by Anas (Radhi Allahu Anhu): When 'Abdur-Rahman bin 'Auf married an Ansari woman, the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) asked him, "How much Mahr did you give her?" 'Abdur-Rahman said, "Gold equal to the weight of a date stone." Anas added: When they (i.e. the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and his companions) arrived at Al-Madinah, the emigrants stayed at the Ansar's houses. 'Abdur-Rahman bin 'Auf stayed at Sad bin Ar-Rabi's house. Sad said to 'Abdur-Rahman, "I will divide and share my property with you and will give one of my two wives to you." 'Abdur-Rahman said, "May Allah bless you, your wives and property (I am not in need of that; but kindly show me the way to the market)." So 'Abdur-Rahman went to the market and traded there gaining a profit of some dried yoghurt and butter, and married (an Ansari woman). The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said to him, "Give a banquet, even if with one sheep."


Hadith Number 097.

Narrated by Anas (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) did not give a better wedding banquet on the occasion of marrying any of his wives than the one he gave on marrying Zainab, and that banquet consisted of one sheep.


Hadith Number 098.

Narrated by Anas (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) manumitted Safiyya and then married her, and her Mahr was her manumission, and he gave a wedding banquet with Hais (a sort of sweet dish made from butter, cheese and dates).


Hadith Number 099.

Narrated by Anas (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) consummated his marriage with a woman (Zainab), so he sent me to invite men to the meals.


Hadith Number 100.

Narrated by Thabit: The marriage of Zainab bint Jahash (Radhi Allahu Anhu) was mentioned in the presence of Anas (Radhi Allahu Anhu) and he said, "I did not see the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) giving a better banquet on marrying any of his wives than the one he gave on marrying Zainab. He then gave a banquet with one sheep."


Hadith Number 101.

Narrated by Safiyya bint Shaiba: The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) gave a banquet with two Mudds of barley on marrying some of his wives. (1 Mudd= 1 3/4 of a kilogram).


Hadith Number 102.

Narrated by 'Abdullah bin 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "If anyone of you is invited to a wedding banquet, he must go for it (accept the invitation)."


Hadith Number 103.

Narrated by Abu Musa (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Set the captives free, accept the invitation (to a wedding banquet), and visit the patients."


Hadith Number 104.

Narrated by Al-Bara' bin 'Azib (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) ordered us to do seven (things) and forbade us from seven. He ordered us to visit the patients, to follow the funeral procession, to reply to the sneezer (i.e., say to him, 'Yarhamuka-l-lah (May Allah bestow His Mercy upon you), if he says 'Al-hamdulillah' (Praise be to Allah), to help others to fulfill their oaths, to help the oppressed, to greet (whomever one should meet), and to accept the invitation (to a wedding banquet). He forbade us to wear golden rings, to use silver utensils, to use Mayathir (cushions of silk stuffed with cotton and placed under the rider on the saddle), the Qasiyya (linen clothes containing silk brought from an Egyptian town), the Istibraq (thick silk) and the Dibaj (another kind of silk). (*) (See Hadith No. 539 Book 69 and 753 Book 72).

* Golden rings and silk clothes are forbidden for men but not for women while the silver utensils are forbidden for all.



Hadith Number 105.

Narrated by Sahl bin Sa'd (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Abu Usaid As-Sa'di invited Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) to his wedding party and his wife who was the bride, served them on that day. Do you know what drink she gave Allah's Messenger? She had soaked some dates for him (in water) overnight, and when he had finished his meal she gave him that drink (of soaked dates).


Hadith Number 106.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The worst food is that of a wedding banquet to which only the rich are invited while the poor are not invited. And he who refuses an invitation (to a banquet) disobeys Allah and His Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam).


Hadith Number 107.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "If I am invited to a meal of trotters I will accept it; and if I am given a trotter as a present I will accept it."


Hadith Number 108.

Narrated by Nafi': Abdullah bin 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma) said, "Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, 'Accept the marriage invitation if you are invited to it.' " Ibn 'Umar used to accept the invitation whether to a wedding banquet or to any other party, even when he was fasting.


Hadith Number 109.

Narrated by Anas bin Malik (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Once the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) saw some women and children coming from a wedding party. He got up energetically and happily and said, "By Allah! You (i.e., the Ansar) are the most beloved of all people to me."


Hadith Number 110.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): (The wife of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)) I bought a cushion having on it pictures (of animals). When Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) saw it, he stood at the door and did not enter. I noticed the sign of disapproval on his face and said, "O Allah's Messenger! I repent to Allah and His Messenger. What sin have I committed?' Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said. "What is this cushion?" I said, "I have bought it for you so that you may sit on it and recline on it." Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "The makers of these pictures will be punished on the Day of Resurrection, and it will be said to them, 'Give life to what you have created (i.e., these pictures).' "The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) added, "The Angels of (Mercy) do not enter a house in which there are pictures (of animals)."


Hadith Number 111.

Narrated by Sahl (Radhi Allahu Anhu): When Abu Usaid As-Sa'idi got married, he invited the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and his companions. None prepared the food for them and brought it to them but his wife. She soaked some dates in water in a stone pot overnight, and when the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) had finished his food, she provided him with that drink (of soaked dates).


Hadith Number 112.

Narrated by Sahl bin Sa'd (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Abu Usaid As-Sa'idi invited the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) to his wedding party and his wife served him on that day, and she was the bride. She said (or Sahl said), "Do you know what she soaked for Allah's Messenger? She soaked some dates for him (in water) in a drinking bowl overnight."




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As Salamu Alaikum

Hadith Number 113.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "The woman is like a rib; if you try to straighten her, she will break. So if you want to get benefit from her, do so while she still has some crookedness."


Hadith Number 114.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day should not hurt (trouble) his neighbor. And I advise you to take care of the women, for they are created from a rib and the most crooked portion of the rib is its upper part; if you try to straighten it, it will break, and if you leave it, it will remain crooked, so I urge you to take care of the women."


Hadith Number 115.

Narrated by Ibn 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): During the lifetime of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) we used to avoid chatting leisurely and freely with our wives lest some Divine inspiration might be revealed concerning us. But when the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) had died, we started chatting leisurely and freely (with them).


Hadith Number 116.

Narrated by 'Abdullah bin 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Everyone of you is a guardian and everyone of you is responsible (for his wards). A ruler is a guardian and is responsible (for his subjects); a man is a guardian of his family and responsible (for them); a wife is a guardian of her husband's house and she is responsible (for it), a slave is a guardian of his master's property and is responsible (for that). Beware! All of you are guardians and are responsible (for your wards)."


Hadith Number 117.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): Eleven women sat (at a place) and promised and contracted that they would not conceal anything of the news of their husbands. The first one said, "My husband is like the meat of a lean weak camel which is kept on the top of a mountain which is neither easy to climb, nor is the meat fat, so that one might put up with the trouble of fetching it." (1) The second one said, "I shall not relate my husband's news, for I fear that I may not be able to finish his story, for if I describe him, I will mention all his defects and bad traits." The third one said, "My husband is a tall man; if I describe him (and he hears of that) he will divorce me, and if I keep quiet, he will neither divorce me nor treat me as a wife." The fourth one said, "My husband is a moderate person like the night of Tihama which is neither hot nor cold. I am neither afraid of him, nor am I discontented with him." The fifth one said, "My husband, when entering (the house) is a leopard, and when going out, is a lion. He does not ask about whatever is in the house." (2) The sixth one said, "If my husband eats he eats too much (leaving the dishes empty), and if he drinks he leaves nothing, and if he sleeps he sleeps alone (away from me) covered in garments and does not stretch his hands here and there so as to know how I fare (get along)." The seventh one said, "My husband is a wrong-doer or weak and foolish. All the defects are present in him. He may injure your head or your body or may do both." The eighth one said, "My husband is soft to touch like a rabbit and smells like a Zarnab (a kind of good smelling grass)." The ninth one said, "My husband is a tall generous man wearing a long strap for carrying his sword. (3) His ashes are abundant (4) and his house is near to the people who would easily consult him." (5) The tenth one said, "My husband is Malik, and what is Malik? Malik is greater than whatever I say about him. (He is beyond and above all praises which can come to my mind). Most of his camels are kept at home (ready to be slaughtered for the guests) and only a few are taken to the pastures. When the camels hear the sound of the lute (or the tambourine) they realize that they are going to be slaughtered for the guests." The eleventh one said, "My husband is Abu Zar and what is Abu Zar (i.e., what should I say about him)? He has given me many ornaments and my ears are heavily loaded with them and my arms have become fat (i.e., I have become fat). And he has pleased me, and I have become so happy that I feel proud of myself. He found me with my family who were mere owners of sheep and living in poverty, and brought me to a respected family having horses and camels and threshing and purifying grain. (6) Whatever I say, he does not rebuke or insult me. When I sleep, I sleep till late in the morning, and when I drink water (or milk), I drink my fill. The mother of Abu Zar and what may one say in praise of the mother of Abu Zar? Her saddle bags were always full of provision and her house was spacious. (7) As for the son of Abu Zar, what may one say of the son of Abu Zar? His bed is as narrow as an unsheathed sword and an arm of a kid (of four months) satisfies his hunger. (8) As for the daughter of Abu Zar, she is obedient to her father and to her mother. She has a fat well-built body and that arouses the jealousy of her husband's other wife. As for the (maid) slave girl of Abu Zar, what may one say of the (maid) slavegirl of Abu Zar? She does not uncover our secrets but keeps them, and does not waste our provisions and does not leave the rubbish scattered everywhere in our house." (9) The eleventh lady added, "One day it so happened that Abu Zar went out at the time when the milk was being milked from the animals, and he saw a woman who had two sons like two leopards playing with her two breasts. (On seeing her) he divorced me and married her. Thereafter I married a noble man who used to ride a fast tireless horse and keep a spear in his hand. He gave me many things, and also a pair of every kind of livestock and said, 'Eat (of this), O Um Zar, and give provision to your relatives." She added, "Yet, all those things which my second husband gave me could not fill the smallest utensil of Abu Zar's." 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) then said: Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said to me, "I am to you as Abu Zar was to his wife Um Zar."

1 Her husband is badly behaved, worthless, arrogant and miserly.
2 She compares her husband with a leopard which is well-known for being shy, harmless and fond of too much of sleep. She compares him with a lion when he is out for fighting. Besides, he does not interfere in the home affairs, e.g., he does not ask her how much she has spent, nor does he criticise any fault he may notice.
3 He is noble and brave.
4 He is so generous that he always makes fires for his guests to entertain them, and hence, the abundant ashes he has at home.
5 He lives near to the people so that he is always at hand to solve their problems and help them in hardships and give them good advice.
6 They were rich farmers, Her husband took her out of poverty into prosperity.
7 She was well-of and generous..
8 He was a slender man who ate little.
9 She was trustworthy, careful and clean.


Hadith Number 118.

Narrated by 'Urwa: 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) said, "While the Ethiopians were playing with their small spears, Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) screened me behind him and I watched (that display) and kept on watching till I left on my own." So you may estimate of what age a little girl may listen to amusement.(*)

* 'Aisha (Radhi Allahu Anha) was fifteen years old then.





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As Salamu Alaikum

Hadith Number 119.

Narrated by Ibn 'Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): I had been eager to ask 'Umar bin Al-Khattab about the two ladies from among the wives of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) regarding whom Allah said 'If you two (wives of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) namely 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) and Hafsa) turn in repentance to Allah, your hearts are indeed so inclined (to oppose what the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) likes). (Surah At-Tahrim 66: 4) till 'Umar performed the Hajj and I too, performed the Hajj along with him.

(On the way) 'Umar went aside to answer the call of nature, and I also went aside along with him carrying a tumbler full of water, and when 'Umar had finished answering the call of nature, I poured water over his hands and he performed the ablution. Then I said to him, "O chief of the Believers! Who were the two ladies from among the wives of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) regarding whom Allah said: 'If you two (wives of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)) turn in repentance to Allah your hearts are indeed so inclined (to oppose what the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) likes)?" (Surah At-Tahrim 66: 4) He said, "I am astonished at your question, O Ibn Abbas. They were 'Aishah and Hafsa."

Then 'Umar went on narrating the Hadith and said, "I and an Ansari neighbor of mine from Bani Umaiyya bin Zaid who used to live in Awali-al-Al-Madinah, used to visit the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) in turn. He used to go one day and I another day. When I went, I would bring him the news of what had happened that day regarding the Divine Inspiration and other things, and when he went, he used to do the same for me. We, the people of Quraish used to have the upper hand over our wives, but when we came to the Ansar, we found that their women had the upper hand over their men, so our women also started learning the ways of the Ansari women. I shouted at my wife and she retorted against me and I disliked that she should answer me back. She said to me, 'Why are you so surprised at my answering you back? By Allah, the wives of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) answer him back and some of them may leave (does not speak to) him throughout the day till the night.' The (talk) scared me and I said to her, 'Whoever has done so will be ruined!' Then I proceeded after dressing myself, and entered upon Hafsa and said to her, 'Does anyone of you keep the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) angry till night?' She said, 'Yes.' I said, 'You are a ruined losing person! Don't you fear that Allah may get angry for the anger of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and thus you will be ruined? So do not ask more from the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and do not answer him back and do not give up talking to him. Ask me whatever you need and do not be tempted to imitate your neighbor (i.e., 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha)) in her manners for she is more charming than you and more beloved to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)."


Umar added,"At that time a talk was circulating among us that (the tribe of) Ghassan were preparing their horses to invade us. My Ansari companion, on the day of his turn, went (to the town) and returned to us at night and knocked at my door violently and asked if I was there. I became horrified and came out to him. He said, 'Today a great thing has happened.' I asked, 'What is it? Have (the people of) Ghassan come?' He said, 'No, but (What has happened) is greater and more horrifying than that: Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam); has divorced his wives. 'Umar added, "The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) kept away from his wives and I said "Hafsa is a ruined loser.' I had already thought that most probably this (divorce) would happen in the near future. So I dressed myself and offered the morning prayer with the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and then the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam); entered an upper room and stayed there in seclusion. I entered upon Hafsa and saw her weeping. I asked, 'What makes you weep? Did I not warn you about that? Did the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) divorce you all?' She said, 'I do not know. There he is retired alone in the upper room.' I came out and sat near the pulpit and saw a group of people sitting around it and some of them were weeping. I sat with them for a while but could not endure the situation, so I went to the upper room where the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam); was and said to a black slave of his, 'Will you get the permission (of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)) for 'Umar (to enter)?' The slave went in, talked to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) about it and then returned saying, 'I have spoken to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and mentioned you but he kept quiet.'


Then I returned and sat with the group of people sitting near the pulpit but I could not bear the situation and once again I said to the slave, 'Will you get the permission for 'Umar?' He went in and returned saying, 'I mentioned you to him but he kept quiet.' So I returned again and sat with the group of people sitting near the pulpit, but I could not bear the situation, and so I went to the slave and said, 'Will you get the permission for 'Umar?' He went in and returned to me saying, 'I mentioned you to him but he kept quiet.' When I was leaving, behold! The slave called me, saying, 'The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) has given you permission.' Then I entered upon Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and saw him lying on a bed made of stalks of date palm leaves and there was no bedding between it and him. The stalks left marks on his side and he was leaning on a leather pillow stuffed with date-palm fires. I greeted him and while still standing I said, 'O Allah's Messenger! Have you divorced your wives?' He looked at me and said, 'No.' I said, 'Allah Akbar!' And then, while still standing, I said chatting, 'Will you heed what I say, O Allah's Messenger?( We, the people of Quraish used to have power over our women, but when we arrived at Al-Madinah we found that the men (here) were overpowered by their women.' The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) smiled and then I said to him, 'Will you heed what I say, O Allah's Messenger? I entered upon Hafsa and said to her, "Do not be tempted to imitate your companion ('Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha)), for she is more charming than you and more beloved to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam).' " The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) smiled for a second time. When I saw him smiling, I sat down. Then I looked around his house, and by Allah, I could not see anything of importance in his house except three hides, so I said, 'O Allah's Messenger! Invoke Allah to make your followers rich, for the Persians and the Romans have been made prosperous and they have been given (the pleasures of the world), although they do not worship Allah.'

Thereupon the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) sat up as he was reclining and said, 'Are you of such an opinion, O the son of Al-Khattab? These are the people who have received the rewards for their good deeds in this world.' I said, 'O Allah's Messenger! Ask Allah to forgive me.' Then the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) kept away from his wives for twenty-nine days because of the story which Hafsa had disclosed to 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha). The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) had said, 'I will not enter upon them (my wives) for one month,' because of his anger towards them, when Allah had admonished him. (*) So, when twenty nine days had passed, the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) first entered upon 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha). 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) said to him, 'O Allah's Messenger! You had sworn that you would not enter upon us for one month, but now only twenty-nine days have passed, for I have been counting them one by one.' The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, 'The (present) month is of twenty nine days.' 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) added, 'Then Allah revealed the Verses of the option. (**) And out of all his-wives he asked me first, and I chose him.' Then he gave option to his other wives and they said what 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) had said."

* The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), had decided to abstain from eating a certain kind of food because of a certain event, so Allah blamed him for doing so. Some of his wives were the cause of him taking that decision, therefore he deserted them for one month.
** See Quran: (Surah At-Tahrim 66: 4)




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As Salamu Alaikum


Hadith Number 120.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "A woman should not fast (optional fasts) except with her husband's permission if he is at home (staying with her)."


Hadith Number 121.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "If a man invites his wife to sleep with him and she refuses to come to him, then the angels send their curses on her till morning."


Hadith Number 122.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "If a woman spends the night deserting her husband's bed (does not sleep with him), then the angels send their curses on her till she comes back (to her husband)."


Hadith Number 123.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "It is not lawful for a lady to fast (Nawafil) without the permission of her husband when he is at home; and she should not allow anyone to enter his house except with his permission; and if she spends of his wealth (on charitable purposes) without being ordered by him, he will get half of the reward."


Hadith Number 124.

Narrated by Usama (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "I stood at the gate of Paradise and saw that the majority of the people who entered it were the poor, while the wealthy were stopped at the gate (for the accounts). But the companions of the Fire were ordered to be taken to the Fire. Then I stood at the gate of the Fire and saw that the majority of those who entered it were women."


Hadith Number 125.

Narrated by 'Abdullah bin Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): During the lifetime of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), the sun eclipsed. Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) offered the prayer of (the) eclipse) and so did the people along with him. He performed a long Qiyam (standing posture) during which Surah Al-Baqarah could have been recited; then he performed a pro-longed bowing, then raised his head and stood for a long time which was slightly less than that of the first Qiyam (and recited Qur'an). Then he performed a prolonged bowing again but the period was shorter than the period of the first bowing, then he stood up and then prostrated. Again he stood up, but this time the period of standing was less than the first standing. Then he performed a prolonged bowing but of a lesser duration than the first, then he stood up again for a long time but for a lesser duration than the first. Then he performed a prolonged bowing but of lesser duration than the first, and then he again stood up, and then prostrated and then finished his prayer. By then the sun eclipse had cleared. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) then said, "The sun and the moon are two signs among the signs of Allah, and they do not eclipse because of the death or birth of someone, so when you observe the eclipse, remember Allah (offer the eclipse prayer)." They (the people) said, "O Allah's Messenger! We saw you stretching your hand to take something at this place of yours, then we saw you stepping backward." He said, "I saw Paradise (or Paradise was shown to me), and I stretched my hand to pluck a bunch (of grapes), and had I plucked it, you would have eaten of it as long as this world exists. Then I saw the (Hell) Fire, and I have never before, seen such a horrible sight as that, and I saw that the majority of its dwellers were women." The people asked, "O Allah's Messenger! What is the reason for that?" He replied, "Because of their ungratefulness." It was said. "Do they disbelieve in Allah (are they ungrateful to Allah)?" He replied, "They are not thankful to their husbands and are ungrateful for the favors done to them. Even if you do good to one of them all your life, when she seems some harshness from you, she will say, "I have never seen any good from you.'"


Hadith Number 126.

Narrated by Imran (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "I looked at Paradise and saw that the majority of its residents were the poor; and I looked at the (Hell) Fire and saw that the majority of its residents were women."


Hadith Number 127.

Narrated by 'Abdullah bin 'Amr bin Al-'As (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "O 'Abdullah! Have I not been informed that you fast all the day and stand in prayer all night?" I said, "Yes, O Allah's Messenger!" He said, "Do not do that! Observe the fast sometimes and also leave them (the fast) at other times; stand up for the prayer at night and also sleep at night. Your body has a right over you, your eyes have a right over you and your wife has a right over you."


Hadith Number 128.

Narrated by Ibn 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "All of you are guardians and are responsible for your wards. The ruler is a guardian and the man is a guardian of his family; the lady is a guardian and is responsible for her husband's house and his offspring; and so all of you are guardians and are responsible for your wards."


Hadith Number 129.

Narrated by Anas (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) took an oath that he would not visit his wives for one month, and he sat in an upper room belonging to him. Then, on the twenty ninth day he came down. It was said, "O Allah's Messenger! You had taken an oath not to visit your wives for one month." He said, "The (present) month is of twenty-nine days."


Hadith Number 130.

Narrated by Um Salama (Radhi Allahu Anha): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) took an oath that he would not enter upon some of his wives for one month. But when twenty nine days had elapsed, he went to them in the morning or evening. It was said to him, "O Allah's Prophet! You had taken an oath that you would not enter upon them for one month." He replied, "The month can be of twenty nine days."


Hadith Number 131.

Narrated by Ibn 'Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): One morning we saw the wives of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) weeping, and everyone of them had her family with her, I went to the Masjid and found that it was crowded with people. Then 'Umar bin Al-Khattab (Radhi Allahu Anhu) came and went up to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) who was in his upper room. He greeted him but nobody answered. He greeted again, but nobody answered. Then the gatekeeper called him and he entered upon the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), and asked, "Have you divorced your wives?" The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), said, "No, but I have taken an oath not to go to them for one month." So the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) stayed away (from his wives) for twenty nine days and then entered upon them.


Hadith Number 132.

Narrated by 'Abdullah bin Zam'a (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "None of you should flog his wife as he flogs a slave and then have sexual intercourse with her in the last part of the day."


Hadith Number 133.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): An Ansari woman gave her daughter in marriage and the hair of the latter started falling out. The Ansari women came to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and mentioned that to him and said, "Her (my daughter's) husband suggested that I should let her wear false hair." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "No, (don't do that) for Allah sends His curses upon such ladies who lengthen their hair artificially."


Hadith Number 134.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) : Regarding the Verse: 'If a wife fears cruelty or desertion on her husband's part...') (Surah An-Nisa' 4: 128) It concerns the woman whose husband does not want to keep her with him any longer, but wants to divorce her and marry some other lady, so she says to him: 'Keep me and do not divorce me, and then marry another woman, and you may neither spend on me, nor sleep with me.' This is indicated by the Statement of Allah: 'There is no blame on them if they arrange an amicable settlement between them both, and (such) settlement is better." (Surah An-Nisa' 4: 128)


Hadith Number 135.

Narrated by Jabir (Radhi Allahu Anhu): We used to practice coitus interrupt us during the lifetime of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam).


Hadith Number 136.

Narrated by Jabir (Radhi Allahu Anhu): We used to practice coitus interruptus while the Qur’anwas being revealed. Jabir added: We used to practice coitus interruptus during the lifetime of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) while the Qur’an was being revealed. (*)

* Though the Qur'an was still revealed, our practice of coitus interruptus was not prohibited by it.



Hadith Number 137.

Narrated by Abu Sa'id Al-Khudri (Radhi Allahu Anhu): We got female captives in the war booty and we used to do coitus interruptus with them. So we asked Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) about it and he said, "Do you really do that?" repeating the question thrice, "There is no soul that is destined to exist but will come into existence, till the Day of Resurrection."




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As Salamu Alaikum


Hadith Number 138.

Narrated by al-Qasim: 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) said that whenever the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) intended to go on a journey, he drew lots among his wives (so as to take one of them along with him). During one of his journeys the lot fell on 'Aishah and Hafsa. When night fell the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) would ride beside 'Aishah and talk with her. One night Hafsa said to 'Aishah, "Won't you ride my camel tonight and I ride yours, so that you may see (me) and I see (you) (in new situation)?" 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) said, "Yes, (I agree.)" So 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) rode, and then the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) came towards 'Aishah's camel on which Hafsa was riding. He greeted Hafsa and then proceeded (beside her) till they dismounted (on the way). 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) missed him, and so, when they dismounted, she put her legs in the Idhkhir and said, "O Lord (Allah)! Send a scorpion or a snake to bite me for I am not to blame him (the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)).


Hadith Number 139.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): Sauda bint Zam'a gave up her turn to me and so the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) used to give me both my day and the day of Sauda.


Hadith Number 140.

Narrated by Anas (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The tradition, (of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)) is that if someone marries a virgin and he has already a matron wife (with him), then he should stay with the virgin for seven days; and if someone marries a matron (and he has already a virgin wife with him) then he should stay with her for three days.


Hadith Number 141.

Narrated by Anas (Radhi Allahu Anhu): It is the Prophet’s (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) tradition that if someone marries a virgin and he has already a matron wife then he should stay for seven days with her (the virgin) and then by turns; and if someone marries a matron and he has already a virgin wife then he should stay with her (the matron) for three days, and then by turns.


Hadith Number 142.

Narrated by Anas bin Malik (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) used to pass by (have sexual relation with) all his wives in one night, and at that time he had nine wives.


Hadith Number 143.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): Whenever Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) finished his 'Asr prayer, he would enter upon his wives and stay with one of them. One day he went to Hafsa and stayed with her longer than usual.


Hadith Number 144.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): That during his fatal ailment, Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), used to ask his wives, "Where shall I stay tomorrow? Where shall I stay tomorrow?" He was looking forward to 'Aishah’s (Radhi Allahu Anha) turn. So all his wives allowed him to stay where he wished, and he stayed at 'Aishah’s (Radhi Allahu Anha) house till he died there. 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) added: He died on the day of my usual turn at my house. Allah took him unto Him while his head was between my chest and my neck and his saliva was mixed with my saliva. (*)

* i.e., She chewed a green Siwak and gave it to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam).


Hadith Number 145.

Narrated by Ibn 'Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): That 'Umar entered upon Hafsa and said, "O my daughter! Do not be misled by the manners of her who is proud of her beauty because of the love of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) for her." By 'her' he meant 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha). 'Umar added, "Then I told that to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and he smiled (on hearing that)."


Hadith Number 146.

Narrated by Asma (Radhi Allahu Anha): Some lady said, "O Allah's Messenger! My husband has another wife, so it is sinful of me to claim that he has given me what he has not given me (in order to tease her)?" Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, The one who pretends that he has been given what he has not been given, is just like the (false) one who wears two garments of falsehood." (*)

* This means that a false witness may borrow and wear two fine garments so that people may be deceived by his elegant appearance and believe his witness.



Hadith Number 147.

Narrated by 'Abdullah bin Mas'ud (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), said, "There is none having a greater sense of Ghira than Allah. And for that He has forbidden the doing of evil actions (illegal sexual intercourse etc.) There is none who likes to be praised more than Allah does."


Hadith Number 148.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "O followers of Muhammad! There is none, who has a greater sense of Ghira (self-respect) than Allah, so He has forbidden that His slave commits illegal sexual intercourse or His slave girl commits illegal sexual intercourse. O followers of Muhammad! If you but knew what I know, you would laugh less and weep more!"





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As Salamu Alaikum

Hadith Number 149.

Narrated by Asma' (Radhi Allahu Anha): I heard Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) saying, "There is nothing (none) having a greater sense of Ghira (self-respect) than Allah." And narrated Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu) that he heard the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) (saying the same).

Ghira


Hadith Number 150.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam); said, "Allah has a sense of Ghira, and Allah's sense of Ghira is provoked when a believer does something which Allah has prohibited."


Hadith Number 151.

Narrated by Asma' bint Abu Bakr (Radhi Allahu Anha): When Az-Zubair married me, he had no real property or any slave or anything else except a camel which drew water from the well, and his horse. I used to feed his horse with fodder and drew water and sew the bucket for drawing it, and prepare the dough, but I did not know how to bake bread. So our Ansari neighbors used to bake bread for me, and they were honorable ladies. I used to carry the date stones on my head from Zubair's land given to him by Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and this land was two third Farsakh (about two miles) from my house. One day, while I was coming with the date stones on my head, I met Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) along with some Ansari people. He called me and then, (directing his camel to kneel down) said, "Ikh! Ikh!" so as to make me ride behind him (on his camel). I felt shy to travel with the men and remembered Az-Zubair and his sense of Ghira, as he was one of those people who had the greatest sense of Ghira. Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) noticed that I felt shy, so he proceeded. I came to Az-Zubair and said, "I met Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) while I was carrying a load of date stones on my head, and he had some companions with him. He made his camel kneel down so that I might ride, but I felt shy in his presence and remembered your sense of Ghira (See the glossary). On that Az-Zubair said, "By Allah, your carrying the date stones (and you being seen by the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) in such a state) is more shameful to me than your riding with him." (I continued serving in this way) till Abu Bakr sent me a servant to look after the horse, whereupon I felt as if he had set me free.


Hadith Number 152.

Narrated by Anas (Radhi Allahu Anhu): While the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) was in the house of one of his wives, one of the mothers of the believers (*) sent a meal in a dish. The wife at whose house the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) was, struck the hand of the servant, causing the dish to fall and break. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) gathered the broken pieces of the dish and then started collecting on them the food which had been in the dish and said, "Your mother (my wife) felt jealous." Then he detained the servant till a (sound) dish was brought from the wife at whose house he was. He gave the sound dish to the wife whose dish had been broken and kept the broken one at the house where it had been broken.

* The wives of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) were called 'The Mothers of the Believers'.


Hadith Number 153.

Narrated by Jabir (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), said, "I entered Paradise and saw a palace and asked whose palace is this? They (the Angels) said, "This palace belongs to 'Umar bin Al-Khattab.' I intended to enter it, and nothing stopped me except my knowledge about your sense of Ghira (self-respect) O Umar." 'Umar said, "O Allah's Messenger! Let my father and mother be sacrificed for you! O Allah's Prophet! How dare I think of my Ghira (self-respect) being offended by you?"


Hadith Number 154.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): While we were sitting with Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), (he) Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "While I was sleeping, I saw a woman performing ablution beside a palace. I asked, "Whose palace is this?' It was said, 'This palace belongs to 'Umar.' Then I remembered his sense of Ghira and returned." On that 'Umar started weeping in that gathering and said, "O Allah's Messenger! How dare I think of my self-respect being offended by you?"


Hadith Number 155.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): That Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said to her, "I know when you are pleased with me or angry with me." I said, "Whence do you know that?" He said, "When you are pleased with me, you say, 'No, by the Lord of Muhammad,' but when you are angry with me, then you say, 'No, by the Lord of Ibrahim.' "Thereupon I said, "Yes (you are right), but by Allah, O Allah's Messenger, I leave nothing but your name." (*)

* She does not feel less affectionate at the time of her anger. The only consequence of her anger is not to mention his name.



Hadith Number 156.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): I never felt so jealous of any wife of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) as I did of Khadija because Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) used to remember and praise her too often and because it was revealed to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) that he should give her (Khadija) the glad tidings of her having a palace of Qasab (*) in Paradise.

*Qasab


Hadith Number 157.

Narrated by Al-Miswar bin Makhrama (Radhi Allahu Anhu): I heard Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) who was on the pulpit, saying, "Banu Hisham bin Al-Mughira have requested me to allow them to marry their daughter to Ali bin Abu Talib, but I don't give permission, and will not give permission unless 'Ali bin Abi Talib divorces my daughter in order to marry their daughter, because Fatima is a part of my body, and I hate what she hates to see, and what hurts her, hurts me."


Hadith Number 158.

Narrated by Anas (Radhi Allahu Anhu): I will narrate to you a Hadith I heard from Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and none other than I will tell you of it. I heard Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) saying, "From among the portents of the Hour are the following: Religious knowledge will be taken away; General ignorance (in religious matters) will increase; illegal Sexual intercourse will prevail: Drinking of alcoholic drinks will prevail. Men will decrease in number, and women will increase in number, so much so that fifty women will be looked after by one man."


Hadith Number 159.

Narrated by 'Uqba bin 'Amir (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Beware of entering upon the ladies." A man from the Ansar said, "Allah's Messenger! What about Al-Hamu (*) the in-laws of the wife (the brothers of her husband or his nephews etc.)?" (*) The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) replied: The in-laws of the wife are death itself. (**)

* It is mainly the brothers of the husband or the in-laws of the wife who are meant here are only those who could have married that woman if she had not been married.
** The stay of a relative of a woman by marriage in seclusion with her may cause great disadvantage and lead to illegal sexual intercourse that would ruin the family. Therefore the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) compared the brother-in-law of a wife to death if he stays in seclusion with her.


Hadith Number 160.

Narrated by Ibn 'Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "No man should stay with a lady in seclusion except in the presence of a Dhu-Muhram." A man stood up and said, "O Allah's Messenger! My wife has gone out intending to perform the Hajj and I have been enrolled (in the army) for such-and-such campaign." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Return and perform the Hajj with your wife."




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As Salamu Alaikum


Hadith Number 161.

Narrated by Anas bin Malik (Radhi Allahu Anhu): An Ansari woman came to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and he took her aside and said (to her). "By Allah, you (Ansar) are the most beloved people to me."


Hadith Number 162.

Narrated by Um Salama (Radhi Allahu Anha): That while the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) was with her, there was an effeminate man in the house. The effeminate man said to Um Salama's brother, 'Abdullah bin Abi Umaiyya, "If Allah should make you conquer Ta'if tomorrow, I recommend that you take the daughter of Ghailan (in marriage) for (she is so fat) that she shows four folds of flesh when facing you and eight when she turns her back." Thereupon the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said (to us), "This (effeminate man) should not enter upon you (anymore)."


Hadith Number 163.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) was screening me with his Rida' (garment covering the upper part of the body) while I was looking at the Ethiopians who were playing in the courtyard of the Masjid. (I continued watching) till I was satisfied. So you may deduce from this event how a little girl (who has not reached the age of puberty) who is eager to enjoy amusement should be treated in this respect.


Hadith Number 164.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): Once Sada bint Zam'a went out at night for some need, and 'Umar saw her, and recognizing her, he said (to her), "By Allah, O Sauda! You cannot hide yourself from us." So she returned to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and mentioned that to him while he was sitting in my dwelling taking his supper and holding a bone covered with meat in his hand. Then the Divine Inspiration was revealed to him and when that state was over, he (the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) was saying: "O women! You have been allowed by Allah to go out for your needs."


Hadith Number 165.

Narrated by Salim's father (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "If the wife of anyone of you asks permission to go to the Masjid, he should not forbid her."


Hadith Number 166.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): My foster uncle came and asked permission (to enter) but I refused to admit him till I asked Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) about that. He said, "He is your uncle, so allow him to come in." I said, "O Allah's Messenger! I have been suckled by a woman and not by a man." Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "He is your uncle, so let him enter upon you." And that happened after the order of Al-Hijab (compulsory veiling) was revealed. All things which become unlawful because of blood relations are unlawful because of the corresponding foster suckling relations.


Hadith Number 167.

Narrated by 'Abdullah bin Mas'ud (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "A woman should not look at or touch another woman to describe her to her husband in such a way as if he was actually looking at her."


Hadith Number 168.

Narrated by 'Abdullah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "A woman should not look at or touch another woman to describe her to her husband in such a way as if he was actually looking at her."


Hadith Number 169.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): (The Prophet) Sulaiman son of (the Prophet Dawud said, "Tonight I will go round (i.e. have sexual relations with) one hundred women (my wives) and everyone of whom will deliver a male child who will fight in Allah's Cause." On that an Angel said to him, "Say: 'If Allah will.' "But Sulaiman did not say it and forgot to say it. Then he had sexual relations with them but none of them delivered any child except one who delivered a half person. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "If Sulaiman had said: 'If Allah will,' Allah would have fulfilled his (above) desire and that saying would have made him more hopeful."


Hadith Number 170.

Narrated by Jabir bin Abdullah (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) disliked that one should go to one's family at night (on returning from a journey).


Hadith Number 171.

Narrated by Jabir bin 'Abdullah (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "When anyone of you is away from his house for a long time, he should not return to his family at night."


Hadith Number 172.

Narrated by Jabir (Radhi Allahu Anhu): I was with Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) in a Ghazwa, and when we returned, I wanted to hurry, while riding a slow camel. A rider came behind me. I looked back and saw that the rider was Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam). He said (to me), "What makes you in such a hurry?" I replied, "I am newly married." He said, "Did you marry a virgin or a matron?" I replied, "(Not a virgin but) a matron." He said, "Why didn't you marry a young girl with whom you could play and who could play with you?" Then when we approached (Al-Madinah) and were going to enter (it), the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Wait till you enter (your homes) at night (in the first part of the night) so that the ladies with unkempt hair may comb their hair, and those whose husbands have been absent (for a long time) may shave their pubic hair." (The sub-narrator, Hashim said: A reliable narrator told me that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) added in this Hadith: "(Seek to beget) children! Children, O Jabir!")


Hadith Number 173.

Narrated by Jabir bin 'Abdullah (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "If you enter (your town) at night (after coming from a journey), do not enter upon your family till the woman whose husband was absent (from the house) shaves her pubic hair and the woman with unkempt hair, combs her hair" Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) further said, "(O Jabir!) Seek to have offspring, seek to have offspring!"


Hadith Number 174.

Narrated by Jabir bin 'Abdullah (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): We were with the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) in Ghazwa, and when we returned and approached Al-Madinah, I wanted to hurry while riding a slow camel. A rider overtook me and pricked my camel with a spear which he had, whereupon my camel started running as fast as any other fast camel you may see. I looked back, and behold, the rider was Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam). I said, "O Allah's Messenger! I am newly married " He asked, "Have you got married?" I replied, "Yes." He said, "A virgin or a matron?" I replied, "(Not a virgin) but a matron" He said, "Why didn't you marry a young girl so that you could play with her and she with you?" When we reached (near Al-Madinah) and were going to enter it, the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Wait till you enter your home early in the night so that the lady whose hair is unkempt may comb her hair and that the lady whose husband has been away may shave her pubic hair."


Hadith Number 175.

Narrated by Abu Hazim: The people differed about the type of treatment which had been given to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) on the day (of the battle) of Uhud. So they asked Sahl bin Sa'd As-Sa'idi (Radhi Allahu Anhu) who was the only surviving Companion (of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)) at Al-Madinah. He replied, "Nobody is left at Al-Madinah who knows it better than I. Fatima was washing the blood off his face and 'Ali was bringing water in his shield, and then a mat of date-palm leaves was burnt and (the ash) was inserted into the wound."


Hadith Number 176.

Narrated by 'Abdur-Rahman bin 'Abis: I heard Ibn 'Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma) answering a man who asked him, "Did you attend the prayer of 'Id al Adha or 'Id-al-Fitr with Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)?" Ibn 'Abbas replied, "Yes, and had it not been for my close relationship with him, I could not have offered it." (That was because of his young age). Ibn 'Abbas further said, Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) went out and offered the Id prayer and then delivered the sermon." Ibn 'Abbas did not mention anything about the Adhan (the call for prayer) or the Iqama. He added, "Then the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) went to the women and instructed them and gave them religious advice and ordered them to give alms and I saw them reaching out (their hands to) their ears and necks (to take off the earrings and necklaces, etc.) and throwing (it) towards Bilal. Then the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) returned with Bilal to his house."


Hadith Number 177.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) : Abu Bakr admonished me and poked me with his hands in the flank, and nothing stopped me from moving at that time except the position of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) whose head was on my thigh.


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