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 Chapter 05 -Description of Hajj Rituals and Entering Makkah

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Chapter 5

Description of Hajj Rituals and Entering Makkah


761. Jabir bin Abdullah radiyallahu anhu narrated, 'The Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa performed Hajj (on the 10th year of Hijrah), and we set out with him (to perform Hajj). When we reached Dhul-Hulaifah, Asma' bint 'Umais gave birth to Muhammad Ibn Abu Bakr. She sent a message to the Prophet Sallalahu aleihi wa (asking him what she should do). He said, "Take a bath, bandage your private parts and make the intention for lhram." The Prophet Sallalahu aleihi wa then prayed in the mosque and then mounted al-Qaswa.' (his she-camel) and it stood erect with him on its back at al-Baida' (the place where he started his Ihram). He then started pronouncing the Talbiyah, saying: "Labbaika Allahumma labbaik, labbaika la sharika laka, labbaik, innal hamda wan-ni'mata laka wal mulk, la sharika lak (0 Allah! I hasten to You. You have no partner. I hasten to You. All praise and grace is Yours and all Sovereignty too; You have no partner).

When we came with him Sallalahu aleihi wa to the House (of Allah), he placed his hands on the Black Stone (Hajar al-Aswad) and kissed it. He then started to make seven circuits (round the Ka'bah), doing ramal (trotting) in three of them and walking (at his normal pace) four other circuits. Then going to the place of Ibrahim (Maqam Ibrahim), there he prayed two Rak'at. He then returned to the Black Stone (Hajar al-Aswad) placed his hands on it and kissed it.

Then he went out of the gate to Safa, and as he approached it, he recited: "Verily As-Safa and Marwah are among the signs appointed by Allah,"(2:158). adding,"1 begin with what Allah began." He first mounted As-Safa until he saw the House, and facing the Qiblah he declared the Oneness of Allah and glorified Him and said: 'La ilaha illa-llah. wahdahu la sharika lahu, lahul mulk wa lahul hamd, wa huwa 'ala kulli shai'in qadeer, la ilaha illa·lIahu wahdahu anjaza wa'dahu, wa nasara'abdahu, wa hazamal ahzaba wahdah violet](There is no God but Allah, He is One, and has no partner. His is the dominion, and His is the praise and He has Power over all things. There is no God but Allah alone, Who fulfilled His promise, helped His servant and defeated the confederates alone.") He said these words three times making supplications in between. He then descended and walked towards Marwah, and when his feet touched the bottom of the valley, he ran; and when he began to ascend, he walked (at his normal pace) until he reached Marwah. There he did as he had done at Safa .....

When it was the day of Tarwiyah (8th of Dhul-Hijjah) they went to Mina. and put on the Ihram for Hajj and the Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa rode his mount, and there he led the Dhuhr (noon), 'Asr (afternoon), Maghrib (sunset), 'Isha and Fajr (dawn) prayers. He then waited a little until the sun had risen, and commanded that a tent be pitched at Namirah. (close to Arafat). The Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa continued on until he came to 'Arafat and he found that the tent had been pitched for him at Namirah, There he got down until the sun had passed its meridian; he commanded that al·Qaswa be brought and saddled for him. then he came to the bottom of the valley, and addressed the people with the well-known sermon Khubat al- Wada' (the Farewell Sermon). Then the Adhan was pronounced and later on the Iqamah. and the Prophet Sallalahu aleihi wa led the Dhuhr (noon) prayer. Then another Iqamah. was pronounced and the Prophet Sallalahu aleihi wa led the Asr (afternoon) prayer and he observed no other prayer in between the two.

The Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa then mounted his camel and came to the place where he was to stay. He made his she-camel, Al-Qaswa turn towards the rocky side, with the pedestrian path lying in front of him. He faced the Qiblah, and stood there until the sun set, and the yellow light diminished somewhat, and the disc of the sun totally disappeared. He pulled the nose string of al-Qaswa' so forcefully that its head touched the saddle (in order to keep her under perfect control), and pointing with his right hand, advised the people to be moderate (in speed) saying: "0 people! Calmness! Calmnessl" Whenever he passed over an elevated tract of land, he slightly loosened the nose-string of his camel until she climbed up. This is how he reached al-Muzdalifah. There he Sallalahu aleihi wa led the Maghrib (sunset) and 'Isha prayers with one Adhan and two Iqamahs, and did not pray any optional prayers in between them.

The Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa then lay down until dawn and then offered the Fajr (dawn) prayer with an Adhan and an Iqamah when the morning light was clear. He again mounted al·Qaswa and when he came to Al-Mash'ar Al-Haram (The Sanctuary Landmark, which is a small mountain at al-Muzdalifah) he faced the Qiblah, and supplicated to Allah, Glorified Him, and pronounced His Uniqueness and Oneness, and kept standing until the daylight was very clear. Then he set off quickly before the sun rose, until he came to the bottom of the valley of Muhassir where he urged her (al-Qaswa')a little, He followed the middle road, which comes out at the greatest Jamarah: (one of the three stoning sites called Jamrat-ul Aqabah), he came to Jamarah. which is near the tree. At this he threw seven small pebbles, saying, "Allahu Akbar" while throwing each of them in a manner in which small pebbles are thrown (holding them with his fingers) and this he did while at the bottom of the valley.

He then went to the place of sacrifice, and sacrificed sixty-three (camels) with his own hand (he brought 100 camels with him and he asked 'Ali radiyallahu anhu to sacrifice the rest), The Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa again rode and came to the House (of Allah), where he performed Tawaf Al-Ifadah and offered the Dhuhr prayer at Makkah. .."Muslim transmitted this hadtth through a very long narration describing the full details of the Hajj of the Prophet Sallalahu aleihi wa



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762. Khuzaimah bin Thabit radiyallahu anhu narrated, 'When the Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa finished his Talbiyah. whether in Hajj or 'Umrah,he would ask AllAh for His good pleasure and acceptance and ask Him for Paradise. and would seek refuge in Him from Hell.' Related by Ash-Shafi! with a weak, chain of narrators.



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763. Jabir radiyallahu anhu narrated that the Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa said, "I have offered my sacrifice here (at Mina) and all of Mina is a place for slaughtering, so saccifice where you are staying (at Mina). And I have stopped here (227) (at 'Arafat) and all of 'Arafat is a stopping place (for the Day of 'Arafah on the 9th Dhul-Hijjah). And I have stood here, and all of Jam'
(meaning Al-Muzdalifah) is a place for standing." Related by Muslim.

227. The pilgrim is not literary asked to stand at Arafah, on that day but just to be physically and mentally present there. whether he is asleep, awake, riding, lying down etc





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764. Aishah radiyallah anha narrated, 'When the Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa came to Makkah, he entered from its higher side (a place now called al-Mu'alla gate) and went out from its lower side (now called Kuda).' Agreed upon.




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765. Whenever Ibn Umar radiyallahu anhu came to Makkah he would spend the night at Dhi Tuwa valley (near Makkah), and in the morning he would bathe. 'Ibn 'Umar used to say that this is what the Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa used to do.' Agreed upon.



766. Ibn 'Abbas radiyallahu anhu narrated that he used to kiss the Black Stone and prostrate himself on it. Related by Al-Hakim and Al-Baihaqi. (228)

228. This hadith is reported to be weak, as it is reported with a weak chain of narrators. It has only been confirmed that the Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa placed his hands on the Black Stone and kissed it, not that he prostrated on it. The hadith of 'Umar (no. 770) proves this.



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767. Ibn 'Abbas radiyallahu anhu narrated that the Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa, commanded them to trot for three circuits and walk (with a normal pace) for four circuits, between the two corners (The Black Stone and the Yemeni corner). Agreed upon.



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768. Ibn Umar radiyallahu anhu narrated that whenever he made Tawaf round the Ka'bah, he would trot during the first three circuits and walk the remaining four.

In another version, 'I saw the Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa, when he made Tawaf whether on Hajj or 'Umrah, that he would trot for the first three circuits (of Tawaf) and walk for the remaining four.' Agreed upon.



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769. Ibn 'Umar radiyallahu anhu narrated, 'I never saw the Prophet Sallalahu aleihi wa touch (place his hands on) any other part of the Ka'bah except the two corners: The Black Stone and the Yemeni corner,' Related by Muslim.




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770. 'Umar radiyallahu anhu narrated that he kissed the Black Stone and said, 'I know that you are a stone and can neither benefit anyone nor harm anyone. Had I not seen Allah's Messenger Sallalahu aleihi wa kissing you, Iwould not have kissed you.' Agreed upon.




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771. Abu At-Tufail radiyallahu anhu narrated. 'I saw Allah's Messenger Sallalahu aleihi wa making Tawaf round the Ka'bah, and he was touching the corner (of the Black Stone) with a stick that he had with him and then kissing the stick.' Related by Muslim.




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772. Ya'li bin Umaiyah radiyallahu anhu narrated. The Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa made the Tawaf while wearing a green Yemeni mantle,
bringing it up from under his right armpit while covering the left shoulder.' Related by the five Imams except for An-Nasa'i. At-Tirmidhi graded it as Sahih.



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773. Anas radiyallahu anhu narrated, 'When we assumed Ihram (for Hajj or 'Umrah) some of us raised their voices with Talbiyah and nobody objected to that, and others raised their voices with Takbir and no one objected to that (which means that saying Allah Akbar 'Allah is the Greatest' of reciting the Talbiyah. are both acceptable during Ihram).' Agreed upon.




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774. Ibn 'Abbas radiyallahu anhu narrated, 'The Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa sent me at night from al-Muzdalifah (to Mina) with the weak members of his family (women and children). (229) Agreed upon.

229. It is Sunnah to spend the night at Muzdalifah and start going to Mina afterFajr. This narration however, indicates that it is permissible for the women and children (the weak members on the journey) to leave to Mina at night




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775. 'Aishah radiyallah anha narrated, 'Saudah (thc wife of the Prophet Sallalahu aleihi wa asked his permission, on the night of al-Muzdalifah, to leave earlier (to Mina) as she was a heavy and slow woman.' The Prophet Sallalahu aleihi wa gave her permission.' Agreed upon.




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776. Ibn 'Abbas radiyallahu anhu narrated, 'The Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa said to us, "Do not throw the pebbles at Jamrah al-'Aqabah until sunrise." Related by the five Imams except An-Nasa'i, but with a disconnected chain of narrators.




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777. 'A'ishah radiyallah anha narrated, 'The Prophet Sallalahu aleihi wa sent Umm Salamah radiyallah anha on the night of the 10th (before the day of the Sacrifice) and she threw her pebbles before dawn, after which she returned to Makkah to perform Tawaf.' Related by Abu Dawud.



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778. 'Urwah 'bin Mudarras radiyallahu anhu narrated that the Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa said, "Anyone who offered this prayer -at al-Muzdalifah- along with us, and waited with us until we returned to Mina, and he stayed at 'Ararat (on the 9th) before that by night or day, he would have completed the prescribed duties of Hajj." Related by the five Imams At-Tirmidhi
and Ibn Khuzaimah graded it as Sahih.



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779. 'Umar radiyallahu anhu narrated, 'The pagans did not use to depart from Muzdalifah. until the sun had risen, and they would say, 'Let the sun shine on Thabir (the highest mountain in Makkah). The Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa contradicted them and departed from Muzdalifah before sunrise.' Related by Al-Bukhari.


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780. Ibn 'Abbas and Usamah bin Zaid radiyallahu anhu narrated, 'The Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa kept on reciting Talbiyah until he threw the pebbles atJamrat·ul 'Aqabah ..' Related by Al-Bukhari.



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781. 'Abdullah bin Mas'ud radiyallahu anhu narrated that he kept the Ka'bah on his left and Mina on his right and threw the seven pebbles of Jamrat-ul -Aqabah. He then said, 'This is the location where the one on whom Surah al-Baqarah. (Surah no 2) was revealed (230) (i.e. the Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa ).' Agreed upon.

230. He is referring to tho place where the Messengor of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa stood to throw the pebbles.




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782. Jabir bin Abdullah radiyallahu anhu narrated. 'The Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa threw Jamrat-ul 'Aqabah on the Day of Sacrifice (the 9th of Dhul Hijjah) in the forenoon. On the following days he threw them when the sun had passed its meridian: Related by Muslim.




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783. Ibn 'Umar radiyallahu anhu narrated that he used to throw the pebbles of al-Jamrat ud-Duniyti (the Jamrah. near to the Khaif mosque) with seven small pebbles, and would recite Takbir when throwing each pebble. Then he would go ahead until he reached the bottom of the valley, where he would stand for quite a long time facing the direction of the Qiblah, and raising his hands, while supplicating Allah.Then he went and threw seven pebbles at the second Jamrah (Al-Jamarah al-Wosta) while saying Allahu Akbar with each throw. He would then turn to the left of the bottom of the valley, stand there facing the Qiblah and supplicating to Allah with his hands raised. Then he went to Jamrat-ul 'Aqabah, threw seven pebbles at it, uttering the Tahbir with each throw. After that he left and did not pause. He would then say, 'I saw the Prophet Sallalahu aleihi wa doing like this.' Related by Al-Bukhari.



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784. Ibn 'Umar radiyallahu anhu narrated that the Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa said, "May AllAh bless those who shaved." The Companions asked him, '0 Allah's Messenger, what about those who cut their hair short?' They repeated their question twice (and each time he repeated his saying, 'May Allah bless those who shaved.' (231)On the third time, the Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa then said,"And (may Allah bless) those who cut their hair short." Agreed upon.

231. In one version of this hadilh, the Messenger of Allh Sallalahu aleihi wa made a supplication for those who shaved three times, and in the fourth he supplicated
Allah for those who cut their hair short. In another version he supplicated for those who shaved twice, and the third time he supplicated Allah for those who cut their hair short.





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785. 'Abdullah Ibn 'Amro bin al-As radiyallahu anhu )narrated that the Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa stood in Mina during the Farewell Hajj, while the people asked him questions and he answered them. A man asked, '0 Prophet of Allah! I was not alert and I shaved my head before slaughtering my animal?' The Prophet Sallalahu aleihi wa said,"There is no harm, go and slaughter your animal." Another man asked, 'I slaughtered the animal before I threw the pebbles?' Prophet Sallalahu aleihi wa said, "There is no horm, go and throw your pebbles." The narrator said:"Whoever asked the Prophet Sallalahu aleihi wa about anything done before or after the other he told him "No harm done. Go and do (whatever you missed)." Agreed upon.




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786. Al-Maisur bin Makhrarnah radiyallahu anhu narrated, 'The Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa sacrificed his animal before he shaved and commanded his companions to do so.' Related by Al-Bukhari.



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787. 'A'ishah radiyallah anha narrated, 'The Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa said, "When one of you tbrew the pebbles and shaved his hair, everything including perfume becomes lawful for him except women (i.e. sexual intercourse)," Related by Ahmad and Abu Dawud with a weak chain of narrators.
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788. Ibn 'Abbas radiyallahu anhu narrated that the Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa said, "Women (pilgrims) so not have to shave (their heads); they may only shorten their hair."Related by Abu Dawud with a good chain of narrators.




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789. Ibn 'Umar radiyallahu anhu narrated that 'Al•'Abbas bin 'Abdul Muttalib radiyallahu anhu asked permission from the Prophet Sallalahu aleihi wa to stay at Makkah during the nights of Mina in order to provide drinking water (from Zamzam) to the pilgrims. and the Prophet Sallalahu aleihi wa allowed him.' Agreed upon.



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790. Asim bin 'Adi radiyallahu anhu narrated that the Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa excused the herdsmen of camels from sleeping at Mina and asked them to throw pebbles on the day of sacrifice (i.e. throw Jamrat-ul 'Aqaba" and they do not have to spend the night at Mina), and then to throw the pebbles of the next day and the day after (i.e. of the 11th and the 12th combined (on the 12th), and then throw pebbles again on the 13th. Related by the five Imams, At-Tirmidhi and Ibn Hibban graded it as Sahih.



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791. Abu Bakrah radiyallahu anhu narrated that the Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa delivered a sermon to us on the Day of Nahr (sacrifice) (and the narrator mentioned the sermon.),' Agreed upon.



792. Sarra' bint Nabhan (232) radiyallah anha narrated, 'The Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa delivered a sermon to us on the second day of sacrifice, 'Yaum ar-Ru'us' (11th of Dhul-Hijjah) and said, "Is this not the middle of the days of Tashriq?" (233)

232. She was mistress of a temple in pre-Islamic days.
233. The days of Tashriq are 11th, 12th and 13th of Dhul-Hijjah but probably the Prophet Sallalahu aleihi wa means that it is the best of its days, or maybe the middle counting the day of sacrifice with them, as Yaum ar-Ru'us is by consensus the 11th.




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793. A'ishah radiyallah anha narrated, 'The Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa said to her, "Your Tawaf by the Ka'bah and your Sa'i between Safa and Marwah is sufficient for both your Hajj and 'Umrah. (i.e. one Tawaf and one Sa'i are sufficient as she combined Hajj and Umrah) Related by Muslim.



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794. Ibn 'Abbas radiyallahu anhu narrated that the Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa did not trot during the seven circuits made in the final Tawaf when he returned to Makkah.' Related by the five Imams except at-Tirrnidhi. Al-Hakim graded it as Sahih.



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795. Anas Sallalahu aleihi wa narrated The Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa rested for a while at al·Muhassab (a valley opening at al-Abtah between Makkah and Mina) prayed Dhuhr, Asr, Maghrib and Isha prayers after which he rode to the Ka'bah and made Tawaf. Related by Al-Bukhari.



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796. 'A'ishah radiyallah anha narrated that she did not use to do that -i.e. rest at al-Muhassab and said, 'The Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa rested at al·Muhassab. because it was easier to stop there and depart from (i.e, it is not a Sunnah. to rest there'). Related by Muslim.



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797. Ibn 'Abbas radiyallahu anhu narrated, 'People were commanded to make the Tawaf round the Ka'bah their last rite; (Farewell Tawaf) but the menstruating women were excused from it.' Agreed upon.



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798. Ibn Az-Zubair radiyallahu anhu narrated that the Messenger of Allah Sallalahu aleihi wa said, "Offering pray in my mosque (in Madinah) is better than one thousand prayers elsewhere, save for those offered prayer in al-Masjid al-Haram (in Makkah). And prayer offered in al-Masjid al-Haram is better than prayer offered in my mosque by one hundred prayers," Related by
Ahmad and Ibn Hibban graded it as Sahih.
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