Division of Zakah
664. Abu Said Al-Khudri
narrated that the Messenger of Allah
said, "Zakah is not allowed for the well-off person except for one of the following five: an administrator of Zakah, a man who buys Zakah holdings with his money, a person who is in debt, a fighter in the cause of Allah, or a rich person who is given a present by a needy (miskin
) person which the latter had been given as Zakah." Related by Ahmad,Abu Dawud, Ibn Majah,and Al-Hakim regarded it as Sahih.
665. 'Ubaidullah bin 'Adi bin AI-Khiyar
narrated that two men told him that they had gone to the Messenger of Allah
asking him to give them something from the Zakah money (as he was distributing it at that time). The Messenger of Allah
then looked them up and downand found them to be sturdy and strong. He then said to them, "If you desire, I shall give it to you, but this Zakah is not for one who is rich, neither for the one who is strong and able to earn." Related by Ahmad, Abu Dawud and An-Nasa'i.
666. Qabisah bin Mukhariq Al-Hilali
narrated that the Messenger ofAllah
said, "Asking for (the money of) Zakah, is justified only for the following three: first, a man who is in debt: it is then permissible for him to receive [Zakah] until his difficulty is resolved; second, a man who was struck by calamity, which destroyed his holdings, which also makes it permissible for him to receive [Zakah] until he is in a position to earn his own living; and third, a man who has been reduced to poverty and three persons of caliber from among his people testify to his desperate circumstances. Such will receive until he finds a means of support for himself. Other than these cases, 0 Qabisah it is considered as taking suht
(unlawful or haram earnings), and the person receiving it (this Zakah) will be consuming forbidden (unlawful) holdings." Related by Muslim, Abu Dawud, Ibn Khuzaimah and Ibn Hibban.
667. 'Abdul Muttalib bin Rabi'an bin Al-Harith narrated that the Messenger of Allah
said,"Indeed, Zakah ought not to be given to the family of Muhammad
, it will be like giving them from the impurities of people."(199) In another narration, "It is not lawful for Muhammad or the family of Muhammad
" Related by Muslim.199· The Qur'an described Zakah in Surah at-Taubah (9:103) by saying: "Take Zakah from their wealth in order to purify them. " Zakah is regarded as the act, which purifies the money of the people, as they give out the part, which if they had kept it, would be Haram for them to keep since Allah ordered them to give it.
668. Jubair bin Mut'am
narrated, "Uthman Ibn 'Affan
and I went to the Messenger of Allah
and said to him. "O Messenger of Allah! You have given the family of Banu Al-Muttalib from the fifth of the war booty of Khaibar and left us out, while we and they are of the same status! The Messenger of Allah
replied,"Banu Al·Muttalib and Banu Hashim are one." Related by al-Bukhari.
669. Abu Rafi '
narrated that the Messenger of Allah
appointed a man from Bani Makhzum to collect the Zakah.
The man said to Abu Rafi', 'Accompany me so that you may get a share of it.' Abu Rafi replied, 'No! Not until I go to the Prophet
and ask him.' He went to the Messenger of Allah
and asked him, and the Prophet
replied. "The client (slave) of a certain tribe are like (the members of the tribe) themselves and Zakah is not lawful for us!' (200) Related by Ahmad, the three Imams, Ibn Khuzaimah and Ibn Hibban.200. Abu Rafi" was a slave of Al-'Abbas the uncle of the Prophet and he freed him at the time of the Caliphate of 'Ali
670. Salim bin 'Abdullah bin 'Umar narrated on the authority of his father
that the Messenger of Allah
used to give 'Umar bin Al-Khattab
something (some money), but he would say to him, 'Would you give it to a person, who is more needy than me?' The Messenger of Allah
would then say to him, 'Take it. If you are given something from this property, without your having asked for it or being eager to receive it, and if you are not given, do not go and ask for it." Related by Muslim.