Connotative Meanings of Patience
Patience takes on the name of what it refers to. It is called chastity if it is associated with restraining a sexual desire. If it refers to controlling one’s stomach, it is called self-restraint. When referring to refraining from disclosing what is better to keep secret, it is called keeping one’s secrets. If it consists of being content with what is sufficient for one’s needs, it is called asceticism; but if it consists of being content of what someone has of worldly life, it is called self-content. If it refers to controlling one’s nerves when angry, it is called forbearance. When it refers to desisting from haste, it is called gracefulness. If it refers to not fleeing or running away, it is called courage.
If it refers to refraining from taking revenge, it is called forgiveness. If it refers to not being stingy, it is called generosity. When it refers to abstaining from food and drink for a specific period, it is called fasting. If it consists of refraining from being helpless and lazy, it is called discretion.
If it refers to refraining from loading other people with burdens and not leaving their burdens aside, it is called chivalry.
In conclusion, patience has various names according to the situation it applies to, but all of them are included under patience. This indicates that all tenets and rites of Islam are associated with patience.
to go to Chapter Four.