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 Volume Six-Book Sixty – The Book the Prophetic Commentary on the Qur’an (Wasaayaa)

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As Salamu Alaikum

Bismillah

Volume Six

Book Sixty – The Book the Prophetic Commentary on the Qur’an (Wasaayaa)



Hadith Number 001.

Narrated by Abu Said bin Al-Mu'alla (Radhi Allahu Anhu): While I was praying in the Masjid, Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) called me but I did not respond to him. Later I said, "O Allah's Messenger! I was praying." He said, "Didn't Allah say'... "Give your response to Allah (by obeying Him) and to His Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) when he calls you." (Surah Al-Anfal 8: 24)

He then said to me, "I will teach you a Surah which is the greatest Surah in the Qur'an, before you leave the Masjid." Then he got hold of my hand, and when he intended to leave (the Masjid), I said to him, "Didn't you say to me, 'I will teach you a Surah which is the greatest Surah in the Qur’an?' He said, "Al-Hamdu-Lillah Rabbi-l-Alamin (i.e. Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds) which is Al-Sab'a Al-Mathani (i.e. seven repeatedly recited Verses) and the Grand Qur'an which has been given to me."


Hadith Number 002.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "When the Imam says: 'Ghair-il-Maghdubi 'Alaihim Walad-Dallin (i.e. not the path of those who earn Your Anger, nor the path of those who went astray (Surah Al-Fatihah 1:7)), then you must say, 'Ameen', for if one's utterance of 'Ameen' coincides with that of the angels, then his past sins will be forgiven."


Hadith Number 003.

Narrated by Anas (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "On the Day of Resurrection the Believers will assemble and say, 'Let us ask somebody to intercede for us with our Lord.' So they will go to Adam and say, 'You are the father of all the people, and Allah created you with His Own Hands, and ordered the angels to prostrate to you, and taught you the names of all things; so please intercede for us with your Lord, so that He may relieve us from this place of ours.' Adam will say, 'I am not fit for this (i.e. intercession for you).' Then Adam will remember his sin and feel ashamed thereof. He will say, 'Go to Nuh, for he was the first Messenger, Allah sent to the inhabitants of the earth.' They will go to him and Nuh will say:

'I am not fit for this undertaking.' He will remember his appeal to his Lord to do what he had no knowledge of, then he will feel ashamed thereof and will say, 'Go to the Khalil (*) of Al-Rahman (i.e. Ibrahim (Alayhi Salam)).' They will go to him and he will say, 'I am not fit for this undertaking. Go to Musa, the slave to whom Allah spoke (directly) and gave him the Taurat.' So they will go to him and he will say, 'I am not fit for this undertaking.' and he will mention (his) killing a person who was not a killer, and so he will feel ashamed thereof before his Lord, and he will say, 'Go to Isa, Allah's Slave, His Messenger and Allah's Word and a Spirit coming from Him. (**) Isa will say, 'I am not fit for this undertaking, go to Muhammad the Slave of Allah whose past and future sins were forgiven by Allah.' So they will come to me and I will proceed till I will ask my Lord's Permission and I will be given permission. When I see my Lord, I will fall down in Prostration and He will let me remain in that state as long as He wishes and then I will be addressed.' (Muhammad!) Raise your head. Ask, and your request will be granted; say, and your saying will be listened to; intercede, and your intercession will be accepted.' I will raise my head and praise Allah with a saying (i.e. invocation) He will teach me, and then I will intercede. He will fix a limit for me (to intercede for) whom I will admit into Paradise. Then I will come back again to Allah, and when I see my Lord, the same thing will happen to me. And then I will intercede and Allah will fix a limit for me to intercede whom I will let into Paradise, then I will come back for the third time; and then I will come back for the fourth time, and will say, 'None remains in Hell but those whom the Qur’an has imprisoned (in Hell) and who have been destined to an eternal stay in Hell.' " (The compiler) Abu 'Abdullah said: 'But those whom the Qur'an has imprisoned in Hell,' refers to the Statement of Allah: "They will dwell therein forever." (Surah An-Nahl 16:29) [

*Khalil

** This may be understood as the Spirit or Soul of Allah, in fact, it is a soul created by Allah, i.e. Isa. It was His Word: 'Be' and it was created like the creation of Adam.






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As Salamu Alaikum


Hadith Number 004.

Narrated by 'Abdullah (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): I asked the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) , "What is the greatest sin in the Sight of Allah?" He said, "That you set up a rival unto Allah though He Alone created you." I said, "That is indeed a great sin." Then asked, "What is next?" He said, "To kill your son lest he should share your food with you." I asked, "What is next?" He said, "To commit illegal sexual intercourse with the wife of your neighbor."


Hadith Number 005.

Narrated by Said bin Zaid (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "The Kam'a (i.e. a kind of edible fungus) is like the Manna (in that it is obtained without effort) and its water is a (medicine) cure for eye trouble."


Hadith Number 006.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "It was said to the children of Israel, 'Enter the gate (of the town), prostrate (in humility) and say: Hittatun (i.e. repentance) i.e. O Allah! Forgive our sins.' But they entered by dragging themselves on their buttocks, so they did something different (from what they had been ordered to do) and said, 'Hittatun,' but added, "A grain in a hair."
(*)


* They said so just to ridicule Allah's Order as they were disobedient to Him.



Hadith Number 007.

Narrated by Anas (Radhi Allahu Anhu): 'Abdullah bin Salam heard the news of the arrival of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) (at Al-Madinah) while he was on a farm collecting its fruits. So he came to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and said, "I will ask you about three things which nobody knows unless he be a Prophet. Firstly, what is the first portent of the Hour? What is the first meal of the people of Paradise? And what makes a baby look like its father or mother?'. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Just now Jibril has informed me about that." 'Abdullah said, "Jibril?" The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Yes." 'Abdullah said, "He, among the angels is the enemy of the Jews." On that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) recited this Holy Verse:

"Whoever is an enemy to Jibril (let him die in his fury!) for he has brought it (i.e. Qur'an) down to your heart by Allah's permission." (Surah Al-Baqarah 2: 97)

Then he added, "As for the first portent of the Hour, it will be a fire that will collect the people from the East to West. And as for the first meal of the people of Paradise, it will be the caudite (i.e. extra) lobe of the fish liver. And if a man's discharge proceeded that of the woman, then the child resembles the father, and if the woman's discharge proceeded that of the man, then the child resembles the mother." On hearing that, 'Abdullah said, "I testify that None has the right to be worshipped but Allah, and that you are the Messenger of Allah. O Allah's Messenger; the Jews are liars, and if they should come to know that I have embraced Islam, they would accuse me of being a liar." In the meantime some Jews came (to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)) and he asked them, "What is 'Abdullah's status amongst you?" They replied, "He is the best amongst us, and he is our chief and the son of our chief." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "What would you think if 'Abdullah bin Salam embraced Islam?" They replied, "May Allah protect him from this!" Then 'Abdullah came out and said, "I testify that None has the right to be worshipped but Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah." The Jews then said, "Abdullah is the worst of us and the son of the worst of us," and disparaged him. On that 'Abdullah said, "O Allah's Messenger! This is what I was afraid of."


Hadith Number 008.

Narrated by Ibn Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said, "Our best Qur'an reciter is Ubai and our best judge is 'Ali; and in spite of this, we leave some of the statements of Ubai because Ubai says, 'I do not leave anything that I have heard from Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) while Allah said:

"Whatever verse (Revelations) do We abrogate or cause to be forgotten but We bring a better one or similar to it." (Surah Al-Baqarah 2:106)



Hadith Number 009.

Narrated by Ibn Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Allah said, 'The son of Adam tells a lie against me though he has no right to do so, and he abuses Me though he has no right to do so. As for his telling a lie against Me, it is that he claims that I cannot recreate him as I created him before; and as for his abusing Me, it is his statement that I have offspring. No! Glorified be Me! I am far from taking a wife or offspring.'"


Hadith Number 010.

Narrated by Anas (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said, "I agreed with Allah in three things," or said, "My Lord agreed with me in three things. I said, 'O Allah's Messenger! Would that you took the station of Ibrahim (Alayhi Salam) as a place of prayer.' I also said, 'O Allah's Messenger! Good and bad persons visit you. Would that you ordered the Mothers of the believers to cover themselves with veils.' So the Divine Verses of Al-Hijab (i.e. veiling of the women) were revealed. I came to know that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) had blamed some of his wives so I entered upon them and said, 'You should either stop (troubling the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)) or else Allah will give His Messenger better wives than you.' When I came to one of his wives, she said to me, 'O 'Umar! Does Allah's Messenger haven't what he could advise his wives with, that you try to advise them?' " Thereupon Allah revealed:

"It may be, if he divorced you (all) his Lord will give him instead of you, wives better than you Muslims (who submit to Allah)..." (Surah At-Tahrim 66:5)





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As Salamu Alaikum



Hadith Number 011.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha), (The wife of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)) Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Don't you see that when your people built the Ka’bah, they did not build it on all Ibrahim's foundations?" I said, "O Allah's Messenger! Why don't you rebuild it on Ibrahim's foundations?" He said, "Were your people not so close to (the period of Heathenism, i.e. the Period between their being Muslims and being infidels), I would do so." The sub-narrator, 'Abdullah bin 'Umar said, "'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) had surely heard Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) saying that, for I do not think that Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) left touching the two corners of the Ka’bah facing Al-Hijr except because the Ka’bah was not built on all Ibrahim’s (Alayhi Salam) foundations."


Hadith Number 012.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The people of the Scripture (Jews) used to recite the Taurat in Hebrew and they used to explain it in Arabic to the Muslims. On that Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Do not believe the people of the Scripture or disbelieve them, but say:

"We believe in Allah and what is revealed to us." (Surah Al-Baqarah 2:136)



Hadith Number 013.

Narrated by Al-Bara (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) prayed facing Bait-ul Maqdis (i.e. Jerusalem) for sixteen or seventeen months but he wished that his Qiblah would be the Ka’bah (at Makkah). (So Allah Revealed (2.144) and he offered 'Asr prayers (in his Masjid facing Ka’bah at Makkah) and some people prayed with him. A man from among those who had prayed with him, went out and passed by some people offering prayer in another Masjid, and they were in the state of bowing. He said, "I, (swearing by Allah,) testify that I have prayed with the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) facing Makkah." Hearing that, they turned their faces to the Ka’bah while they were still bowing. Some men had died before the Qiblah was changed towards the Ka’bah. They had been killed and we did not know what to say about them (i.e. whether their prayers towards Jerusalem were accepted or not). So Allah revealed:

"And Allah would never make your faith (i.e. prayer) to be lost (i.e. your prayers offered (towards Jerusalem). Truly Allah is Full of Pity, Most Merciful towards mankind." (Surah Al-Baqarah 2:143)



Hadith Number 014.

Narrated by Abu Said Al-Khudri (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Nuh will be called on the Day of Resurrection and he will say, 'Labbaik and Sa'daik, O my Lord!' Allah will say, 'Did you convey the Message?' Nuh will say, 'Yes.' His nation will then be asked, 'Did he convey the Message to you?' They will say, 'No Warner came to us.' Then Allah will say (to Nuh), 'Who will bear witness in your favor?' He will say, 'Muhammad and his followers. So they (i.e. Muslims) will testify that he conveyed the Message. And the Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) (Muhammad) will be a witness over yourselves, and that is what is meant by the Statement of Allah

"Thus We have made of you a just and the best nation that you may be witnesses over mankind and the Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) (Muhammad) will be a witness over yourselves." (Surah Al-Baqarah 2:143)



Hadith Number 015.

Narrated by Ibn 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): While some people were offering Fajr prayer in the Quba' Masjid, some-one came and said, "Allah has revealed to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) Qur'anic instructions that you should face the Ka’bah (while praying) so you too, should face it." Those people then turned towards the Ka’bah.


Hadith Number 016.

Narrated by Anas (Radhi Allahu Anhu): None remains of those who prayed facing both Qiblahs (that is, Jerusalem and Makkah) except myself.


Hadith Number 017.

Narrated by Ibn 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): While some people were offering morning prayer at Quba' a man came to them and said, "A Qur’anic Order has been revealed to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) tonight that he should face the Ka’bah at Makkah (in prayer), so you too should turn your faces towards it." At that moment their faces were towards Sham (i.e. Jerusalem) (and on hearing that) they turned towards the Ka’bah (at Makkah).


Hadith Number 018.

Narrated by Ibn Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): While some people were offering Fajr prayer at Quba' (Masjid), some-one came to them and said, "Tonight some Qur'anic Verses have been revealed to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and he has been ordered to face the Ka’bah (at Makkah) (during prayers), so you too should turn your faces towards it." At that time their faces were towards Sham (Jerusalem) so they turned towards the Ka’bah (at Makkah).


Hadith Number 019.

Narrated by Al-Bara (Radhi Allahu Anhu): We prayed along with the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) facing Jerusalem for sixteen or seventeen months. Then Allah ordered him to turn his face towards the Qiblah (in Makkah):

"And from whence-so-ever you start forth (for prayers) turn your face in the direction of (the Sacred Masjid of Makkah) Al-Masjid-ul Haram..." (Surah Al-Baqarah 2:149)


Hadith Number 020.

Narrated by Ibn Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhu): While some people were at Quba (offering) morning prayer, a man came to them and said, "Last night Qur’anic Verses have been revealed whereby the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) has been ordered to face the Ka’bah (at Makkah), so you too should face it." So they, keeping their postures, turned towards the Ka’bah. Formerly the people were facing Sham (Jerusalem) (Allah said):

"And from whence-so-ever you start forth (for prayers), turn your face in the direction of the Sacred Masjid of Makkah (Al-Masjid-ul-Haram), and whence-so-ever you are, turn your face towards it (when you pray)" (Surah Al-Baqarah 2:150)





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As Salamu Alaikum


Hadith Number 021.

Narrated by Ibn 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): While some people were offering Fajr prayer at Quba Masjid, someone came to them and said, "Qur’anic literature" has been revealed to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) tonight, and he has been ordered to face the Ka’bah (of Makkah) so you too, should turn your faces towards it. Their faces were then towards Sham (Jerusalem), so they turned towards the Qiblah (i.e. Ka’bah of Makkah)."


Hadith Number 022.

Narrated by Urwa: I said to 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha), the wife of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), and I was at that time a young boy, "How do you interpret the Statement of Allah:

"Verily, Safa and Marwa (i.e. two mountains at Makkah) are among the Symbols of Allah."

So it is not harmful of those who perform the Hajj to the House of Allah) or perform the Umrah, to ambulate (Tawaf) between them.
In my opinion it is not sinful for one not to ambulate (Tawaf) between them." 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) said, "Your interpretation is wrong for as you say, the Verse should have been: "So it is not harmful of those who perform the Hajj or Umrah to the House, not to ambulate (Tawaf) between them.' This Verse was revealed in connection with the Ansar who (during the Pre-Islamic Period) used to visit Manat (i.e. an idol) after assuming their Ihram, and it was situated near Qudaid (i.e. a place at Makkah), and they used to regard it sinful to ambulate between Safa and Marwa (*) after embracing Islam. When Islam came, they asked Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) about it, whereupon Allah revealed:

"Verily, Safa and Marwa (i.e. two mountains at Makkah) are among the Symbols of Allah. So it is not harmful of those who perform the Hajj of the House (of Allah) or perform the Umra, to ambulate (Tawaf) between them." (Surah Al-Baqarah 2: 158)


* Because on Safa and Marwa there were placed two idols belonging to other nations.


Hadith Number 023.

Narrated by 'Asim bin Sulaiman: I asked Anas bin Malik (Radhi Allahu Anhu) about Safa and Marwa. Anas replied, "We used to consider (i.e. going around) them a custom of the Pre-islamic period of Ignorance, so when Islam came, we gave up going around them. Then Allah revealed:

"Verily, Safa and Marwa (i.e. two mountains at Makkah) are among the Symbols of Allah. So it is not harmful of those who perform the Hajj of the House (of Allah) or perform the Umra to ambulate (Tawaf) between them." (Surah Al-Baqarah 2:158)


Hadith Number 024.

Narrated by 'Abdullah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said one statement and I said another. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said "Whoever dies while still invoking anything other than Allah as a rival to Allah, will enter Hell (Fire)." And I said, "Whoever dies without invoking anything as a rival to Allah, will enter Paradise."


Hadith Number 025.

Narrated by Ibn Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): The law of Qisas (i.e. equality in punishment) was prescribed for the children of Israel, but the Diya (i.e. blood money was not ordained for them). So Allah said to this Nation (i.e. Muslims):

"O you who believe! The law of Al-Qisas (i.e. equality in punishment) is prescribed for you in cases of murder: The free for the free, the slave for the slave, and the female for the female. But if the relatives (or one of them) of the killed (person) forgive their brother (i.e. the killers something of Qisas (i.e. not to kill the killer by accepting blood money in the case of intentional murder)... then the relatives (of the killed person) should demand blood-money in a reasonable manner and the killer must pay with handsome gratitude. This is an allevitation and a Mercy from your Lord, (in comparison to what was prescribed for the nations before you)."

So after this, whoever transgresses the limits (i.e. to kill the killer after taking the blood-money) shall have a painful torment." (Surah Al-Baqarah 2:178)



Hadith Number 026.

Narrated by Anas (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "The prescribed Law of Allah is the equality in punishment (i.e. Al-Qisas)." (In cases of murders, etc.)


Hadith Number 027.

Narrated by Anas (Radhi Allahu Anhu): That his aunt, Ar-Rubai' broke an incisor tooth of a girl. My aunt's family requested the girl's relatives for forgiveness but they refused; then they proposed a compensation, but they refused. Then they went to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and refused everything except Al-Qisas (i.e. equality in punishment). So Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) passed the judgment of Al-Qisas (i.e. equality of punishment). Anas bin Al-Nadr said, "O Allah's Messenger ! Will the incisor tooth of Ar-Rubai be broken? No, by Him Who sent you with the Truth, her incisor tooth will not be broken." Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "O Anas! The prescribed law of Allah is equality in punishment (i.e. Al-Qisas.)" Thereupon those people became satisfied and forgave her. Then Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Among Allah's Worshippers there are some who, if they took Allah's Oath (for something), Allah fulfill their oaths."




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As Salamu Alaikum



Hadith Number 028.

Narrated by Ibn 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): Fasting was observed on the day of 'Ashura' (i.e. 10th of Muharram) by the people of the Pre-lslamic Period. But when (the order of compulsory fasting) in the month of Ramadan was revealed, the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "It is up to one to fast on it (i.e. day of 'Ashura') or not."


Hadith Number 029.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): The people used to fast on the day of 'Ashura' before fasting in Ramadan was prescribed but when (the order of compulsory fasting in) Ramadan was revealed, it was up to one to fast on it (i.e. 'Ashura') or not.


Hadith Number 030.

Narrated by 'Abdullah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): That Al-Ash'ath entered upon him while he was eating. Al-Ash'ath said, "Today is 'Ashura." I said (to him), "Fasting had been observed (on such a day) before (the order of compulsory fasting in) Ramadan was revealed. But when (the order of fasting in) Ramadan was revealed, fasting (on 'Ashura') was given up, so come and eat."


Hadith Number 031.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): During the Pre-lslamic Period of ignorance the Quraish used to observe fasting on the day of 'Ashura', and the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) himself used to observe fasting on it too. But when he came to Al-Madinah, he fasted on that day and ordered the Muslims to fast on it. When (the order of compulsory fasting in) Ramadan was revealed, fasting in Ramadan became an obligation, and fasting on 'Ashura' was given up, and who ever wished to fast (on it) did so, and whoever did not wish to fast on it, did not fast.


Hadith Number 032.

Narrated by 'Ata: That he heard Ibn 'Abbas reciting the Divine Verse:

"And for those who can fast they had a choice either fast, or feed a poor for every day.." (Surah Al-Baqarah 2:184)

Ibn 'Abbas said, "This Verse is not abrogated, but it is meant for old men and old women who have no strength to fast, so they should feed one poor person for each day of fasting (instead of fasting)."


Hadith Number 033.

Narrated by Nafi: Ibn 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma) recited: "They had a choice, either fast or feed a poor for every day..." and added, "This Verse is abrogated."


Hadith Number 034.

Narrated by Salama: When the Divine Revelation:

"For those who can fast, they had a choice either fast, or feed a poor for every day," (Surah Al-Baqarah 2:184) was revealed, it was permissible for one to give a ransom and give up fasting, till the Verse succeeding it was revealed and abrogated it.


Hadith Number 035.

Narrated by Al-Bara (Radhi Allahu Anhu): When the order of compulsory fasting of Ramadan was revealed, the people did not have sexual relations with their wives for the whole month of Ramadan, but some men cheated themselves (by violating that restriction). So Allah revealed:

"Allah is aware that you were deceiving yourselves but He accepted your repentance and for gave you..." (Surah Al-Baqarah 2:187)


Hadith Number 036.

Narrated by Ash-Sha'bi (Radhi Allahu Anhu): 'Adi took a white rope (or thread) and a black one, and when some part of the night had passed, he looked at them but he could not distinguish one from the other. The next morning he said, "O Allah's Messenger! I put (a white thread and a black thread) underneath my pillow." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Then your pillow is too wide if the white thread (of dawn) and the black thread (of the night) are underneath your pillow!" (*)

* The man thought that actual white and black threads were meant; he did not realise that it was whiteness of the dawn and the darkness of the night.



Hadith Number 037.

Narrated by 'Adi bin Hatim (Radhi Allahu Anhu) : I said, "O Allah's Messenger! What is the meaning of the white thread distinct from the black thread? Are these two threads?" He said, "You are not intelligent if you watch the two threads." He then added, "No, it is the darkness of the night and the whiteness of the day."





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As Salamu Alaikum


Hadith Number 038.

Narrated by Sahl bin Sad (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Verse: "And eat and drink until the white thread appears to you distinct from the black thread." was revealed, but: '...of dawn' was not revealed (along with it) so some men, when intending to fast, used to tie their legs, one with white thread and the other with black thread and would keep on eating till they could distinguish one thread from the other. Then Allah revealed'... of dawn,' whereupon they understood that meant the night and the day.


Hadith Number 039.

Narrated by Al-Bara (Radhi Allahu Anhu): In the Pre-lslamic Period when the people assumed Ihram, they would enter their houses from the back. So Allah revealed:

"And it is not righteousness that you enter houses from the back, but the righteous man is he who fears Allah, obeys His Orders and keeps away from what He has forbidden. So enter houses through their doors." (Surah Al-Baqarah 2:189)


Hadith Number 040.

Narrated by Nafi': During the affliction of Ibn Az-Zubair (Radhi Allahu Anhuma), two men came to Ibn 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma) and said, "The people are lost, and you are the son of 'Umar, and the companion of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), so what forbids you from coming out?" He said, "What forbids me is that Allah has prohibited the shedding of my brother's blood." They both said, "Didn't Allah say, 'And fight then until there is no more affliction?" He said "We fought until there was no more affliction and the worship is for Allah Alone while you want to fight until there is affliction and until the worship become for other than Allah."

Narrated Nafi (through another group of sub-narrators): A man came to Ibn 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma) and said, "O Abu Abdur Rahman! What made you perform Hajj in one year and Umrah in another year and leave the Jihad for Allah' Cause though you know how much Allah recommends it?" Ibn 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma) replied, "O son of my brother! Islam is founded on five principles, i.e. believe in Allah and His Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), the five compulsory prayers, the fasting of the month of Ramadan, the payment of Zakat, and the Hajj to the House (of Allah)." The man said, "O Abu Abdur Rahman! Won't you listen to why Allah has mentioned in His Book: 'If two groups of believers fight each other, then make peace between them, but if one of then transgresses beyond bounds against the other, then you all fight against the one that transgresses. (Surah Al-Hujurat 49:9) and: "And fight them till there is no more affliction (i.e. no more worshiping of others along with Allah)." Ibn 'Umar said, "We did it, during the lifetime of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) when Islam had only a few followers. A man would be put to trial because of his religion; he would either be killed or tortured. But when the Muslims increased, there was no more afflictions or oppressions." The man said, "What is your opinion about 'Uthman and 'Ali (Radhi Allahu Anhuma)?" Ibn 'Umar said, "As for 'Uthman, it seems that Allah has forgiven him, but you people dislike that he should be forgiven. And as for 'Ali, he is the cousin of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and his son-in-law." Then he pointed with his hand and said, "That is his house which you see." (*)

* i.e. Among the houses of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam).



Hadith Number 041.

Narrated by Abu Wail: Hudhaifa (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said, "The Verse:

"And spend (of your wealth) in the Cause of Allah and do not throw yourselves in destruction," (Surah Al-Baqarah 2:195) was revealed concerning spending in Allah's Cause (i.e. Jihad)." (*)

* To cease spending in Allah's Cause (i.e Jihad) means to destroy oneself.



Hadith Number 042.

Narrated by 'Abdullah bin Maqal: I sat with Ka'b bin Ujra in this Masjid, i.e. Kufa Masjid, and asked him about the meaning of: "Pay a ransom (i.e. Fidya) of either fasting or ….. (Surah Al-Baqarah 2:196) He said, "I was taken to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) while lice were falling on my face. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, 'I did not think that your trouble reached to such an extent. Can you afford to slaughter a sheep (as a ransom for shaving your head)?' I said, 'No.' He said, 'Then fast for three days, or feed six poor persons by giving half a Sa of food for each and shave your head.' So the above Verse was revealed especially for me and generally for all of you."


Hadith Number 043.

Narrated by 'Imran bin Husain: The Verse of Hajj-at-Tamatu was revealed in Allah's Book, so we performed it with Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), and nothing was revealed in Qur'an to make it illegal, nor did the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) prohibit it till he died. But the man (who regarded it illegal) just expressed what his own mind suggested.




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Hadith Number 044.

Narrated by Ibn 'Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): 'Ukaz, Mijanna and Dhul-Majaz were markets during the Pre-islamic Period. They (i.e. Muslims) considered it a sin to trade there during the Hajj time (i.e. season), so this Verse was revealed: "There is no harm for you if you seek of the Bounty of your Lord during the Hajj season." (Surah Al-Baqarah 2:198)


Hadith Number 045.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): The Quraish people and those who embraced their religion, used to stay at Muzdalifa and used to call themselves Al-Hums, while the rest of the Arabs used to stay at 'Arafat. When Islam came, Allah ordered His Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) to go to 'Arafat and stay at it, and then pass on from there, and that is what is meant by the Statement of Allah: "Then depart from the place whence all the people depart..." (Surah Al-Baqarah 2:199)


Hadith Number 046.

Narrated by Ibn 'Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): A man who wants to perform the Hajj (from Makkah) can perform the Tawaf around the Ka’bah as long as he is not in the state of Ihram till he assumes the Ihram for Hajj. Then, if he rides and proceeds to 'Arafat, he should take a Hadi (i.e. animal for sacrifice), either a camel or a cow or a sheep, whatever he can afford; but if he cannot afford it, he should fast for three days during the Hajj before the day of 'Arafat, but if the third day of his fasting happens to be the day of 'Arafat (i.e. 9th of Dhul-Hijja) then it is no sin for him (to fast on it). Then he should proceed to 'Arafat and stay there from the time of the 'Asr prayer till darkness falls. Then the pilgrims should proceed from 'Arafat, and when they have departed from it, they reach Jam' (i.e. Al-Muzdalifa) where they ask Allah to help them to be righteous and dutiful to Him, and there they remember Allah greatly or say Takbir (i.e. Allah is Greater) and Tahlil (i.e. None has the right to be worshipped but Allah) repeatedly before dawn breaks. Then, after offering the morning (Fajr) prayer you should pass on (to Mina) for the people used to do so and Allah said:

"Then depart from the place whence all the people depart. And ask for Allah's Forgiveness. Truly! Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful." (Surah Al-Baqarah 2: 199) Then you should go on doing so till you throw pebbles over the Jamra.


Hadith Number 047.

Narrated by Anas (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) used to say, "O Allah! Our Lord! Give us in this world that, which is good and in the Hereafter that, which is good and save us from the torment of the Fire." (Surah Al-Baqarah 2:201)


Hadith Number 048.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "The most hated man in the Sight of Allah is the one who is the most quarrelsome." Narrated 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Or do you think that you shall enter Paradise without such (trials) as came to those who passed away before you?" (Surah Al-Baqarah 2:214)


Hadith Number 049.

Narrated by Ibn Abu Mulaika: Ibn 'Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma) recited: "(Respite will be granted) until when the Messengers gave up hope (of their people) and thought that they were denied (by their people). There came to them Our Help..." (Surah Yusuf 12:110) reading Kudhibu without doubling the sound 'dh', and that was what he understood of the Verse. Then he went on reciting: "...even the Messenger and those who believed along with him said: When (will come) Allah's Help? Yes, verily, Allah's Help is near." (Surah Al-Baqarah 2:214)

Then I met 'Urwa bin Az-Zubair and I mentioned that to him. He said, "'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) said, 'Allah forbid! By Allah, Allah never promised His Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) anything but he knew that it would certainly happen before he died. But trials were continuously presented before the Messengers till they were afraid that their followers would accuse them of telling lies. So I used to recite:

"Till they (come to) think that they were treated as liars." reading 'Kudh-dhibu with double 'dh.'


Hadith Number 050.

Narrated by Nafi': Whenever Ibn 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhu) recited the Qur'an, he would not speak to anyone till he had finished his recitation. Once I held the Qur'an and he recited Suraht-al-Baqara from his memory and then stopped at a certain Verse and said, "Do you know in what connection this Verse was revealed?" I replied, "No." He said, "It was revealed in such-and-such connection." Ibn 'Umar then resumed his recitation. Nafi added regarding the Verse: "So go to your tilth when or how you will" Ibn 'Umar said, "It means one should approach his wife in....." (*)

* Al-Bukhari left a blank space here because he was not sure of what Ibn 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhu) had said.



Hadith Number 051.

Narrated by Jabir (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Jews used to say: "If one has sexual intercourse with his wife from the back, then she will deliver a squint-eyed child." So this Verse was revealed:

"Your wives are a tilth unto you; so go to your tilth when or how you will." (Surah Al-Baqarah 2:223)




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As Salamu Alaikum



Hadith Number 052.

Narrated by Al-Hasan: The sister of Ma'qal bin Yasar was divorced by her husband who left her till she had fulfilled her term of 'Iddat (i.e. the period which should elapse before she can remarry) and then he wanted to remarry her but Maqal refused, so this Verse was revealed:

"Do not prevent them from marrying their (former) husbands." (Surah Al-Baqarah 2:232)


Hadith Number 053.

Narrated by Ibn Az-Zubair (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): I said to 'Uthman bin 'Affan (Radhi Allahu Anhu) (while he was collecting the Qur'an) regarding the Verse: "Those of you who die and leave wives..." (Surah Al-Baqarah 2:240) "This Verse was abrogated by another Verse. So why should you write it? (Or leave it in the Qur'an)?" 'Uthman (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said. "O son of my brother! I will not shift anything of it from its place."


Hadith Number 054.

Narrated by Mujahi: (Regarding the Verse): "Those of you who die and leave wives behind. They (their wives)... shall wait (as regards their marriage) for four months and ten days)." (Surah Al-Baqarah 2:234)

The widow, according to this Verse, was to spend this period of waiting with her husband's family, so Allah revealed: "Those of you who die and leave wives (i.e. widows) should bequeath for their wives, a year's maintenance and residences without turning them out, but if they leave (their residence), there is no blame on you for what they do with themselves provided it is honorable.' (i.e. lawful marriage) (Surah Al-Baqarah 2:240).

So Allah entitled the widow to be bequeathed extra maintenance for seven months and twenty nights, and that is the completion of one year. If she wished she could stay (in her husband's home) according to the will, and she could leave it if she wished, as Allah says:

"...without turning them out, but if they leave (the residence), there is no blame on you." So the 'Idda (i.e. four months and ten days as it) is obligatory for her.

'Ata said: Ibn 'Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said, "This Verse, i.e. the Statement of Allah: "...without turning them out.." cancelled the obligation of staying for the waiting period in her dead husband's house, and she can complete this period wherever she likes." 'Ata's aid: If she wished, she could complete her 'Idda by staying in her dead husband's residence according to the will or leave it according to Allah's Statement:

"There is no blame on you for what they do with themselves." 'Ata' added: Later the regulations of inheritance came and abrogated the order of the dwelling of the widow (in her dead husband's house), so she could complete the 'Idda wherever she likes. And it was no longer necessary to provide her with a residence. Ibn 'Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said, "This Verse abrogated her (i.e. widow's) dwelling in her dead husband's house and she could complete the 'Idda (i.e. four months and ten days) wherever she liked, as Allah's Statement says: "...without turning them out..."


Hadith Number 055.

Narrated by Muhammad bin Sirin: I sat in a gathering in which the chiefs of the Ansar were present, and Abdur-Rahman bin Abu Laila was amongst them. I mentioned the narration of 'Abdullah bin 'Utba regarding the question of Subai'a bint Al-Harith. Abdur-Rahman said, "But 'Abdullah's uncle used not to say so." I said, "I am too brave if I tell a lie concerning a person who is now in Al-Kufa," and I raised my voice. Then I went out and met Malik bin 'Amir or Malik bin 'Auf, and said, "What was the verdict of Ibn Mas'ud about the pregnant widow whose husband had died?" He replied, "Ibn Mas'ud said, 'Why do you impose on her the hard order and don't let her make use of the leave? The shorter Surah of women (i.e. Suraht-at-Talaq) was revealed after the longer Surah (i.e. Surah-al-Baqarah)." (i.e. Her 'Idda is up till she delivers.)


Hadith Number 056.

Narrated by 'Ali (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said (as below Hadith 57).


Hadith Number 057.

Narrated by 'Ali (Radhi Allahu Anhu): On the day of Al-Khandaq (the battle of the Trench), the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said "They (i.e. pagans) prevented us from offering the middle (the Best) Prayer till the sun had set. May Allah fill their graves, their houses (or their bodies) with fire."


Hadith Number 058.

Narrated by Zaid bin Arqam (Radhi Allahu Anhu): We used to speak while in prayer. One of us used to speak to his brother (while in prayer) about his need, till the Verse was revealed:

"Guard strictly the (five obligatory) prayers, especially the middle (the Best) (Asr) Prayer and stand before Allah with obedience (and not to speak to others during the prayers)." Then we were ordered not to speak in the prayers.


Hadith Number 059.

Narrated by Nafi': Whenever 'Abdullah bin 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma) was asked about Salat-al-Khauf (i.e. prayer of fear) he said, "The Imam comes forward with a group of people and leads them in a one Rak'a prayer while another group from them who has not prayed yet, stay between the praying group and the enemy. When those who are with the Imam have finished their one Rak'ah, they retreat and take the positions of those who have not prayed but they will not finish their prayers with Taslim. Those who have not prayed, come forward to offer a Rak'ah with the Imam (while the first group covers them from the enemy). Then the Imam, having offered two Rakat, finishes his prayer. Then each member of the two groups offer the second Rak'a alone after the Imam has finished his prayer. Thus each one of the two groups will have offered two Rakat. But if the fear is too great, they can pray standing on their feet or riding on their mounts, facing the Qiblah or not." Nafi added: I do not think that 'Abdullah bin 'Umar narrated this except from Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) (See Hadith No. 451 Book 59 to know exactly "The Fear Prayer.")


Hadith Number 060.

Narrated by Ibn Az-Zubair (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): I said to 'Uthman (Radhi Allahu Anhu) , "This Verse which is in Surah-al-Baqarah:

"Those of you who die and leave widows behind... without turning them out." has been abrogated by another Verse. Why then do you write it (in the Qur'an)?" 'Uthman (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said. "Leave it (where it is), O the son of my brother, for I will not shift anything of it (i.e. the Qur’an) from its original position."


Hadith Number 061.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "We have more right to be in doubt than Ibrahim (Alayhi Salam) when he said, 'My Lord! Show me how You give life to the dead.' He said, 'Do you not believe?' He said, 'Yes (I believe) but to be stronger in Faith.'" (Surah Al-Baqarah 2:260)


Hadith Number 062.

Narrated by Ubaid bin Umair: Once 'Umar (bin Al-Khattab) (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said to the companions of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) "What do you think about this Verse: "Does any of you wish that he should have a garden?" They replied, "Allah knows best." 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhu) became angry and said, "Either say that you know or say that you do not know!" On that Ibn Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma) said, "O chief of the believers! I have something in my mind to say about it." Umar said, "O son of my brother! Say, and do not under estimate yourself." Ibn Abbas said, "This Verse has been set up as an example for deeds." Umar said, "What kind of deeds?" Ibn Abbas said, "For deeds." Umar said, "This is an example for a rich man who does goods out of obedience of Allah and then Allah sends him Shaitan whereupon he commits sins till all his good deeds are lost."


Hadith Number 063.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "The poor person is not the one for whom a date or two or a morsel or two (of food is sufficient but the poor person is he who does not (beg or) ask the people (for something) or show his poverty at all. Recite if you wish, (Allah's Statement): "They do not beg of people at all." (Surah Al-Baqarah 2:273)



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Hadith Number 064.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): When the Verses of Surah-al-Baqarah regarding usury (i.e. Riba) were revealed, Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) recited them before the people and then he prohibited the trade of alcoholic liquors.


Hadith Number 065.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): When the last Verses of Surah-al-Baqarah were revealed. Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) went out and recited them in the Masjid and prohibited the trade of alcoholic liquors.


Hadith Number 066.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): When the last Verses of Surah-al-Baqarah were revealed, the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) read them in the Masjid and prohibited the trade of alcoholic liquors. "If the debtor is in difficulty, grant him time till it is easy for him to repay..." (Surah Al-Baqarah 2:280)

Narrated 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): When the last Verses of Surah-al-Baqarah were revealed, Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) stood up and recited them before us and then prohibited the trade of alcoholic liquors.


Hadith Number 067.

Narrated by Ibn Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): The last Verse (in the Qur’an) revealed to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) was the Verse dealing with usury (i.e. Riba).


Hadith Number 068.

Narrated by Ibn 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): This Verse: "Whether you show what is in your minds or conceal it..." (Surah Al-Baqarah 2:284) was abrogated.


Hadith Number 069.

Narrated by Marwan Al-Asghar: A man from the companions of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) who I think, was Ibn 'Umar said, "The Verse: "Whether you show what is in your minds or conceal it..." was abrogated by the Verse following it."


Hadith Number 070.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) recited the Verse:

"It is He who has sent down to you the Book. In it are Verses that are entirely clear, they are the foundation of the Book, others not entirely clear. So as for those in whose hearts there is a deviation (from the Truth) follow thereof that is not entirely clear seeking affliction and searching for its hidden meanings; but no one knows its hidden meanings but Allah. And those who are firmly grounded in knowledge say: "We believe in it (i.e. in the Qur'an) the whole of it (i.e. its clear and unclear Verses) are from our Lord. And none receive admonition except men of understanding." (Surah Al-‘Imran 3:7)

Then Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "If you see those who follow thereof that is not entirely clear, then they are those whom Allah has named [as having deviation (from the Truth)]'So beware of them."


Hadith Number 071.

Narrated by Said bin Al-Musaiyab: Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said, "The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, 'No child is born but that, Shaitan touches it when it is born where upon it starts crying loudly because of being touched by Shaitan, except Mary and her Son." Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu) then said, "Recite, it you wish: "And I seek Refuge with You (Allah) for her and her offspring from Shaitan, the outcast." (Surah Al-‘Imran 3:36 )


Hadith Number 072.

Narrated by Abu Wail: 'Abdullah bin Masud (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said, "Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, 'Whoever takes an oath when asked to do so, in which he may deprive a Muslim of his property unlawfully, will meet Allah Who will be angry with him.' So Allah revealed in confirmation of this statement: "Verily! Those who Purchase a small gain at the cost of Allah's Covenant and oaths, they shall have no portion in the Hereafter..." (Surah Al-‘Imran 3:77) Then entered Al-Ash'ath bin Qais and said, "What is Abu 'Abdur-Rahman narrating to you?" We replied, 'So-and-so." Al-Ash'ath said, "This Verse was revealed in my connection. I had a well in the land of my cousin (and he denied my, possessing it). On that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said to me, 'Either you bring forward a proof or he (i.e. your cousin) takes an oath (to confirm his claim)' I said, 'I am sure he would take a (false) oath, O Allah's Messenger.' He said, 'If somebody takes an oath when asked to do so through which he may deprive a Muslim of his property (unlawfully) and he is a liar in his oath, he will meet Allah Who will be angry with him.'"





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Hadith Number 073.

Narrated by 'Abdullah bin Abu Aufa (Radhi Allahu Anhu): A man displayed some merchandise in the market and took an oath that he had been offered a certain price for it while in fact he had not, in order to cheat a man from the Muslims. So then was revealed: "Verily! Those who purchase a small gain at the cost of Allah's Covenant and their oaths..."(Surah Al-‘Imran 3:77)


Hadith Number 074.

Narrated by Ibn Abu Mulaika: Two women were stitching shoes in a house or a room. Then one of them came out with an awl driven into her hand, and she sued the other for it. The case was brought before Ibn 'Abbas. Ibn 'Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma) said, "Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, 'If people were to be given what they claim (without proving their claim) the life and property of the nation would be lost.' Will you remind her (i.e. the defendant), of Allah and recite before her: "Verily! Those who purchase a small gain at the cost of Allah's Covenant and their oaths..."(Surah Al-‘Imran 3:77)

So they reminded her and she confessed. Ibn 'Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma) then said, "The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, 'The oath is to be taken by the defendant (in the absence of any proof against him)."


Hadith Number 075.

Narrated by Ibn Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): Abu Sufyan narrated to me personally, saying, "I set out during the Truce that had been concluded between me and Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam). While I was in Sham, a letter sent by the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) was brought to Heraclius. Dihya Al-Kalbi had brought and given it to the governor of Busra, and the latter forwarded it to Heraclius. Heraclius said, 'Is there anyone from the people of this man who claims to be a Prophet?' The people replied, 'Yes.' So I along with some of Quraishi men were called and we entered upon Heraclius, and we were seated in front of him.

Then he said, 'Who amongst you is the nearest relative to the man who claims to be a Prophet?' So they made me sit in front of him and made my companions sit behind me. Then he called upon his translator and said (to him). 'Tell them (i.e. Abu Sufyan's companions) that I am going to ask him (i.e. Abu Sufyan) regarding that man who claims to be a Prophet. So, if he tell me a lie, they should contradict him (instantly).' By Allah, had I not been afraid that my companions would consider me a liar, I would have told lies. Heraclius then said to his translator, 'Ask him: What is his (i.e. the Prophet 's) family status amongst you? I said, 'He belongs to a noble family amongst us." Heraclius said, 'Was any of his ancestors a king?' I said, 'No.' He said, 'Did you ever accuse him of telling lies before his saying what he has said?' I said, 'No.' He said, 'Do the nobles follow him or the poor people?' I said, 'It is the poor who followed him.' He said, 'Is the number of his follower increasing or decreasing?' I said, 'They are increasing.' He said, 'Does anyone renounce his religion (i.e. Islam) after embracing it, being displeased with it?' I said, 'No.' He said, 'Did you fight with him?' I replied, 'Yes.' He said, 'How was your fighting with him?' I said, 'The fighting between us was undecided and victory was shared by him and us by turns. He inflicts casualties upon us and we inflict casualties upon him.' He said, 'Did he ever betray?' I said, 'No, but now we are away from him in this truce and we do not know what he will do in it" Abu Sufyan added, "By Allah, I was not able to insert in my speech a word (against him) except that.

Heraclius said, 'Did anybody else (amongst you) ever claimed the same (i.e. Islam) before him? I said, 'No.' Then Heraclius told his translator to tell me (i.e. Abu Sufyan), 'I asked you about his family status amongst you, and you told me that he comes from a noble family amongst you Verily, all Messengers come from the noblest family among their people. Then I asked you whether any of his ancestors was a king, and you denied that. Thereupon I thought that had one of his fore-fathers been a king, I would have said that he (i.e. Muhammad) was seeking to rule the kingdom of his fore-fathers. Then I asked you regarding his followers, whether they were the noble or the poor among the people, and you said that they were only the poor (who follow him). In fact, such are the followers of the Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) s. Then I asked you whether you have ever accused him of telling lies before saying what he said, and your reply was in the negative. Therefore, I took for granted that a man who did not tell a lie about others, could ever tell a lie about Allah. Then I asked you whether anyone of his followers had renounced his religion (i.e. Islam) after embracing it, being displeased with it, and you denied that. And such is Faith when it mixes with the cheerfulness of the hearts. Then I asked you whether his followers were increasing or decreasing you claimed that they were increasing. That is the way of true faith till it is complete. Then I asked you whether you had ever fought with him, and you claimed that you had fought with him and the battle between you and him was undecided and the victory was shared by you and him in turns; he inflicted casual ties upon you and you inflicted casualties upon them. Such is the case with the Messengers; they are out to test and the final victory is for them. Then I asked you whether he had ever betrayed; you claimed that he had never betrayed. Indeed, Messengers never betray. Then I asked you whether anyone had said this statement before him; and you denied that. Thereupon I thought if somebody had said that statement before him, then I would have said that he was but a man copying some sayings said before him." Abu Safyan said, "Heraclius then asked me, 'What does he order you to do?' I said, 'He orders us (to offer) prayers and (to pay) Zakat and to keep good relationship with the Kith and kin and to be chaste.' Then Heraclius said, 'If whatever you have said, is true, he is really a Prophet, and I knew that he (i.e. the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)) was going to appear, but I never thought that he would be from amongst you. If I were certain that I can reach him, I would like to meet him and if I were with him, I would wash his feet; and his kingdom will expand (surely to what is under my feet.' Then Heraclius asked for the letter of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and read it wherein was written:

"In the Name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful. This (letter is) from Muhammad, Messenger of Allah, to Heraclius, the sovereign of Byzantine... Peace be upon him who follows the Right Path. Now then, I call you to embrace Islam. Embrace Islam and you will be saved (from Allah's Punishment); embrace Islam, and Allah will give you a double reward, but if you reject this, you will be responsible for the sins of all the people of your kingdom (Allah's Statement): "O the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians)! Come to a word common to you and us that we worship None but Allah... bear witness that we are Muslims.' (Surah Al-‘Imran 3:64)

When he finished reading the letter, voices grew louder near him and there was a great hue and cry, and we were ordered to go out." Abu Sufyan added, "While coming out, I said to my companions, 'The situation of Ibn Abu Kabsha (*) (i.e. Muhammad) has become strong; even the king of Banu Al-Asfar is afraid of him.' So I continued to believe that Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) would be victorious, till Allah made me embrace Islam." Az-Zuhri said, "Heraclius then invited all the chiefs of the Byzantines and had them assembled in his house and said, 'O group of Byzantines! Do you wish to have a permanent success and guidance and that your kingdom should remain with you?' (Immediately after hearing that), they rushed towards the gate like onagers, but they found them closed. Heraclius then said, 'Bring them back to me.' So he called them and said, 'I just wanted to test the strength of your adherence to your religion. Now I have observed of you that which I like.' Then the people fell in prostration before him and became pleased with him." (See Hadith No. 6, Book1)


* Abu Kabsha was not the father of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) but it was a mockery done by Abu Sufyan out of hostility against the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam).




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As Salamu Alaikum


Hadith Number 076.

Narrated by Anas bin Malik (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Out of all the Ansar, living in Al-Madinah, Abu Talha (Radhi Allahu Anhu) had the largest number of (date palm trees) gardens, and the most beloved of his property to him was Bairuha garden which was standing opposite the Masjid (of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)). Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) used to enter it and drink of its good water. When the Verse: "By no means shall you attain righteousness unless you spend (in charity) of that which you love." (Surah Al-‘Imran 3:92) Abu Talha got up and said, "O Allah's Messenger ! Allah says: "By no means shall you attain righteousness unless you spend (in charity) of that which you love." (Surah Al-‘Imran 3:92) and the most beloved of my property to me is the Bairuha garden, so I give it (as a charitable gift) in Allah's Cause and hope to receive good out of it, and to have it stored for me with Allah. So, O Allah's Messenger! Dispose it of (i.e. utilize it) in the way Allah orders you (to dispose it of)." Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Bravo! That is a fruitful property! That is a fruitful property! I have heard what you have said and I think that you should distribute that (garden) amongst your relatives." The Abu Talha distributed that garden amongst his relatives and his cousins.


Hadith Number 077.

Narrated by Yahya bin Yahya : I learnt from Malik, "...a fruitful property."


Hadith Number 078.

Narrated by Anas (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Abu Talha (Radhi Allahu Anhu) distributed the garden between Hassan and Ubai, but he did not give me anything thereof although I was a nearer relative to him.


Hadith Number 079.

Narrated by 'Abdullah bin Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Jews brought to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) a man and a woman from among them who had committed illegal sexual intercourse. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said to them, "How do you usually punish the one amongst you who has committed illegal sexual intercourse?" They replied, "We blacken their faces with coal and beat them," He said, "Don't you find the order of Ar-Rajm (i.e. stoning to death) in the Taurat?" They replied, "We do not find anything in it." 'Abdullah bin Salam (after hearing this conversation) said to them. "You have told a lie! Bring here the Taurat and recite it if you are truthful." (So the Jews brought the Taurat). And the religious teacher who was teaching it to them, put his hand over the Verse of Ar-Rajm and started reading what was written above and below the place hidden with his hand, but he did not read the Verse of Ar-Rajm. 'Abdullah bin Salam removed his (i.e. the teacher's) hand from the Verse of Ar-Rajm and said, "What is this?" So when the Jews saw that Verse, they said, "This is the Verse of Ar-Rajm." So the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) ordered the two adulterers to be stoned to death, and they were stoned to death near the place where biers used to be placed near the Masjid. I saw her companion (i.e. the adulterer) bowing over her so as to protect her from the stones.


Hadith Number 080.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Verse: "You (true Muslims) are the best of peoples ever raised up for mankind." means, the best of peoples for the people, as you bring them with chains on their necks till they embrace Islam.


Hadith Number 081.

Narrated by Jabir bin 'Abdullah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Verse: "When two parties from among you were about to lose heart, but Allah was their Protector," (Surah Al-‘Imran 3:122) was revealed concerning us, and we were the two parties, i.e. Banu Haritha and Banu Salama, and we do not wish (that it had not been revealed) or I would not have been pleased (if it had not been revealed), for Allah says: "...Allah was their Protector."


Hadith Number 082.

Narrated by Salim's father (Radhi Allahu Anhu) : That he heard Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) on raising his head from the bowing in the last Rak'ah in the Fajr prayer, saying, "O Allah, curse such-and-such person and such-and-such person, and such-and-such person," after saying, "Allah hears him who sends his praises to Him, O our Lord, all praise is for you." So Allah revealed: "Not for you (O Muhammad) (but for Allah) is the decision, verily they are indeed wrongdoers." (Surah Al-‘Imran 3:128)


Hadith Number 083.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Whenever Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) intended to invoke evil upon somebody or invoke good upon somebody, he used to invoke (Allah after bowing (in the prayer). Sometimes after saying, "Allah hears him who sends his praises to Him, all praise is for You, O our Lord," he would say, "O Allah. Save Al-Walid bin Al-Walid and Salama bin Hisham, and 'Aiyash bin Abu Rabi'a. O Allah! Inflict Your Severe Torture on Mudar (tribe) and strike them with (famine) years like the years of Yusuf." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) used to say in a loud voice, and he also used to say in some of his Fajr prayers, "O Allah! Curse so-and-so and so-and-so." naming some of the Arab tribes till Allah revealed: "Not for you (O Muhammad) (but for Allah) is the decision." (Surah Al-‘Imran 3:128)


Hadith Number 084.

Narrated by Al-Bara bin 'Azib (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) appointed 'Abdullah bin Jubair as the commander of the infantry during the battle of Uhud. They returned defeated, and that is what is meant by:

"And the Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) was calling them back in the rear. None remained with the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) then, but twelve men."






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As Salamu Alaikum

Hadith Number 085.

Narrated by Abu Talha (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Slumber overtook us during the battle of Uhud while we were in the front files. My sword would fall from my hand and I would pick it up, and again it would fall down and I would pick it up again.


Hadith Number 086.

Narrated by Ibn Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): 'Allah is Sufficient for us and He Is the Best Disposer of affairs," was said by Ibrahim (Alayhi Salam) when he was thrown into the fire; and it was said by Muhammad when they (i.e. hypocrites) said,"A great army is gathering against you, therefore, fear them," but it only increased their faith and they said: "Allah is Sufficient for us, and He is the Best Disposer (of affairs, for us)." (Surah Al-‘Imran 3:173)


Hadith Number 087.

Narrated by Ibn Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The last statement of Ibrahim (Alayhi Salam) when he was thrown into the fire was: "Allah is Sufficient for us and He is the Best Disposer (of affairs for us)." (Surah Al-‘Imran 3:173)


Hadith Number 088.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Anyone whom Allah has given wealth but he does not pay its Zakat, then, on the Day of Resurrection, his wealth will be presented to him in the shape of a bald-headed poisonous male snake with two poisonous glands in its mouth and it will encircle itself round his neck and bite him over his cheeks and say, "I am your wealth; I am your treasure." Then the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) recited this Divine Verse:

"And let not those who covetously withhold of that which Allah has bestowed upon them of His Bounty." (Surah Al-‘Imran 3:180)


Hadith Number 089.

Narrated by Usama bin Zaid (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) rode a donkey, equipped with a thick cloth-covering made in Fadak and I was riding behind him. He was going to pay visit to Sad bin Ubada in Banu Al-Harith bin Al-Khazraj; and this incident happened before the battle of Badr. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) passed by a gathering in which 'Abdullah bin Ubai bin Salul was present, and that was before 'Abdullah bin Ubai embraced Islam.

Behold in that gathering there were people of different religions: there were Muslims, pagans, idol-worshippers and Jews, and in that gathering 'Abdullah bin Rawaha was also present. When a cloud of dust raised by the donkey reached that gathering, 'Abdullah bin Ubai covered his nose with his garment and then said, "Do not cover us with dust." Then Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) greeted them and stopped and dismounted and invited them to Allah (i.e. to embrace Islam) and recited to them the Holy Qur'an. On that, 'Abdullah bin Ubai bin Saluil said, "O man! There is nothing better than that what you say. If it is the truth, then do not trouble us with it in our gatherings. Return to your mount (or residence) and if somebody comes to you, relate (your tales) to him." On that 'Abdullah bin Rawaha said, "Yes, O Allah's Messenger! Bring it (i.e. what you want to say) to us in our gathering, for we love that."

So the Muslims, the pagans and the Jews started abusing one another till they were on the point of fighting with one another. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) kept on quietening them till they became quiet, whereupon the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) rode his animal (mount) and proceeded till he entered upon Sad bin Ubada. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said to Sad, "Did you not hear what 'Abu Hub-b said?" He meant 'Abdullah bin Ubai. "He said so-and-so." On that Sad bin Ubada said, "O Allah's Messenger! Excuse and forgive him, for by Him Who revealed the Book to you, Allah brought the Truth which was sent to you at the time when the people of this town (i.e. Al-Madinah) had decided unanimously to crown him and tie a turban on his head (electing him as chief). But when Allah opposed that (decision) through the Truth which Allah gave to you, he (i.e. 'Abdullah bin Ubai) was grieved with jealously and that caused him to do what you have seen."

So Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) excused him, for the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and his companions used to forgive the pagans and the people of Scripture as Allah had ordered them, and they used to put up with their mischief with patience. Allah said: "And you shall certainly hear much that will grieve you from those who received the Scripture before you and from the pagans...'(Surah Al-‘Imran 3:186) And Allah also said: "Many of the people of the Scripture wish if they could turn you away as disbelievers after you have believed, from selfish envy..." (Surah Al-Baqarah 2:109)

So the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) used to stick to the principle of forgiveness for them as long as Allah ordered him to do so till Allah permitted fighting them. So when Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) fought the battle of Badr and Allah killed the nobles of Quraish infidels through him, Ibn Ubai bin Salul and the pagans and idolaters who were with him, said, "This matter (i.e. Islam) has appeared (i.e. became victorious)." So they gave the pledge of allegiance (for embracing Islam) to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and became Muslims.


Hadith Number 090.

Narrated by Abu Said Al-Khudri (Radhi Allahu Anhu): During the lifetime of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), some men among the hypocrites used to remain behind him (i.e. did not accompany him) when he went out for a Ghazwa and they would be pleased to stay at home behind Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) When Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) returned (from the battle) they would put forward (false) excuses and take oaths, wishing to be praised for what they had not done. So there was revealed:

"Think not that those who rejoice in what they have done, and love to be praised for what they have not done..." (Surah Al-‘Imran 3:188)





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As Salamu Alaikum



Hadith Number 091.

Narrated by Alqama bin Waqqas: Marwan said to his gatekeeper, "Go to Ibn 'Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhu), O Rafi, and say, 'If everybody who rejoices in what he has done, and likes to be praised for what he has not done, will be punished, then all of us will be punished." Ibn Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said, "What connection have you with this case? (*) It was only that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) called the Jews and asked them about something, and they hid the truth and told him something else, and showed him that they deserved praise for the favor of telling him the answer to his question, and they became happy with what they had concealed. Then Ibn Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhu) recited:

"(And remember) when Allah took a Covenant from those who were given the Scripture... and those who rejoice in what they have done and love to be praised for what they have not done.' " (Surah Al-‘Imran 3:187-188)



* According to the knowledge of understanding the meaning of the Qur'an and Hadith, we must consider the general meaning of the word and not only the cause for which the word was revealed.



Hadith Number 092.

Narrated by Humaid bin 'Abdur-Rahman bin 'Auf: That Marwan had told him (the above narration No. 91).



Hadith Number 093.

Narrated by Ibn 'Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): I stayed overnight in the house of my aunt Maimuna. Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) talked with his wife for a while and then went to bed. When it was the last third of the night, he got up and looked towards the sky and said:

"Verily! In the creation of the Heavens and the Earth and in the alteration of night and day, there are indeed signs for men of understanding." (Surah Al-‘Imran 3:190)

Then he stood up, performed ablution, brushed his teeth with a Siwak, and then prayed eleven Rakat. Then Bilal pronounced the Adhan (i.e. call for the Fajr prayer). The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) then offered two Rakat (Sunnah) prayer and went out (to the Masjid) and offered the (compulsory congregational) Fajr prayer.


Hadith Number 094.

Narrated by Ibn Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): (One night) I stayed overnight in the house of my aunt Maimuna, and said to myself, "I will watch the prayer of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) " My aunt placed a cushion for Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and he slept on it in its length-wise direction and (woke-up) rubbing the traces of sleep off his face and then he recited the last ten Verses of Surah-al-Imran till he finished it. Then he went to a hanging water skin and took it, performed the ablution and then stood up to offer the prayer. I got up and did the same as he had done, and stood beside him. He put his hand on my head and held me by the ear and twisted it. He offered two Rakat, then two Rakat, then two Rakat, then two Rakat, then two Rakat, then two Rakat, and finally the Witr (i.e. one Rak'ah) prayer.


Hadith Number 095.

Narrated by Abdullah bin Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhu): That once he stayed overnight (in the house) of his aunt Maimuna, the wife of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam). He added: I lay on the cushion transversely and Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) lay along with his wife in the lengthwise direction of the pillow. Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) slept till the middle of the night, either a bit before or a bit after it, and then woke up rubbing the traces of sleep off his face with his hands and then he recited the last ten Verses of Surah-al-Imran, got up and went to a hanging water skin. He then performed the ablution from it, and it was perfect ablution, and then stood up to offer the prayer. I too did the same as he had done, and then went to stand beside him. Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) put his right hand on my head and held and twisted my right ear. He then offered two Rakat, then two Rakat, then two Rakat, then two Rakat, then two Rakat, then two Rakat, and finally one Rak'ah, the Witr. Then he lay down again till the Muadhdhin (i.e. the call-maker) came to him, whereupon he got up and offered a light two-Rakat prayer, and went out (to the Masjid) and offered the (compulsory congregational) Fajr prayer.


Hadith Number 096.

Narrated by Ibn Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma) : That once he stayed overnight in the house of his aunt, the wife of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam). He added: I lay on the cushion transversely while Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) lay along with his wife in the lengthwise direction of cushion. Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) slept till the middle of the night, either a bit before or a bit after it, and then woke up rubbing the traces of sleep off his face with his hands, and then recited the last ten Verses of Surah al-Imran. Then he got up and went to a hanging water skin, performed ablution from it... and performed it perfectly. Then he stood up to perform the prayer. I also did the same as he had done and then went to stand beside him. Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) put his right hand on my head and held and twisted my right ear. He then offered two Rakat, then two Rakat then two Rakat, then two then two Rakat, then two Rakat, and finally, one Rak'ah Witr. Then lay down again till the Muadhdhin (i.e. the call-maker) came to him, whereupon he got up and offered a light two Rakat prayer and went out (to the Masjid) and offered the (compulsory congregational) Fajr prayer.


Hadith Number 097.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): There was an orphan (girl) under the care of a man. He married her and she owned a date palm (garden). He married her just because of that and not because he loved her. So the Divine Verse came regarding his case: "If you fear that you shall not be able to deal justly with the orphan girls..." (Surah An-Nisa' 4:3) The sub-narrator added: I think he (i.e. another sub-narrator) said, "That orphan girl was his partner in that datepalm (garden) and in his property."


Hadith Number 098.

Narrated by 'Urwa bin Az-Zubair: That he asked 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) regarding the Statement of Allah:

"If you fear that you shall not be able to deal justly with the orphan girls..." (Surah An-Nisa' 4:3) She said, "O son of my sister! An Orphan girl used to be under the care of a guardian with whom she shared property. Her guardian, being attracted by her wealth and beauty, would intend to marry her without giving her a just Mahr, i.e. the same Mahr as any other person might give her (in case he married her). So such guardians were forbidden to do that unless they did justice to their female wards and gave them the highest Mahr their peers might get. They were ordered (by Allah, to marry women of their choice other than those orphan girls." 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) added," The people asked Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) his instructions after the revelation of this Divine Verse whereupon Allah revealed:

"They ask your instruction regarding women" (Surah An-Nisa' 4:127) 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) further said, "And the Statement of Allah: "And yet whom you desire to marry." (Surah An-Nisa' 4:127) as anyone of you refrains from marrying an orphan girl (under his guardianship) when she is lacking in property and beauty." 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) added, "So they were forbidden to marry those orphan girls for whose wealth and beauty they had a desire unless with justice, and that was because they would refrain from marrying them if they were lacking in property and beauty."


Hadith Number 099.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): Regarding the statement of Allah: "And whoever amongst the guardian is rich, he should take no wages, but if he is poor, let him have for himself what is just and reasonable (according to his work). (Surah An-Nisa' 4: 6) This Verse was revealed regarding the orphan's property. If the guardian is poor, he can take from the property of the orphan, what is just and reasonable according to his work and the time he spends on managing it.


Hadith Number 100.

Narrated by Ikrama: Ibn Abbas said (regarding the verse), "And when the relatives and the orphans and the poor are present at the time of division," (Surah An-Nisa' 4: 8) this verse and its order is valid and not abrogated."


Hadith Number 101.

Narrated by Jabir (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and Abu Bakr (Radhi Allahu Anhu) came on foot to pay me a visit (during my illness) at Banu Salama's (dwellings). The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) found me unconscious, so he asked for water and performed the ablution from it and sprinkled some water over it. I came to my senses and said, "O Allah's Messenger! What do you order me to do as regards my wealth?" So there was revealed:

"Allah commands you as regards your children's (inheritance)." (Surah An-Nisa' 4:11)




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As Salamu Alaikum


Hadith Number 102.

Narrated by Ibn Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): (In the Pre-Islamic Period) the children used to inherit all the property but the parents used to inherit only through a will. So Allah cancelled that which He liked to cancel and put decreed that the share of a son was to be twice the share of a daughter, and for the parents one-sixth for each one of them, (*) or one third (**), and for the wife one-eighth (*) or one-fourth (**), and for the husband one-half (**), or one-fourth (*).


* If the deceased had a child.

** If the deceased had no child.


Hadith Number 103.

Narrated by Ibn Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): Regarding the Divine Verse: "O you who believe! You are forbidden to inherit women against their will, and you should not treat them with harshness that you may take back part of the (Mahr) dower you have given them." (Surah An-Nisa' 4:19) (Before this revelation) if a man died, his relatives used to have the right to inherit his wife, and one of them could marry her if he would, or they would give her in marriage if they wished, or, if they wished, they would not give her in marriage at all, and they would be more entitled to dispose her, than her own relatives. So the above Verse was revealed in this connection.


Hadith Number 104.

Narrated by Ibn 'Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): Regarding the Verse: "To everyone, We have appointed heirs." (Surah An-Nisa' 4:33) 'Mawali' means heirs. And regarding: "And those to whom your right hands have pledged."

When the Muhajirun came to Al-Madinah, an Muhajir used to be the heir of an Ansari with the exclusion of the latter's relatives, and that was because of the bond of brotherhood which the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) had established between them (i.e. the Muhajirun and the Ansar). So when the Verses: "To everyone We have appointed heirs." was revealed, (the inheritance through bond of brotherhood) was cancelled. Ibn Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma) then said: "And those to whom your right hands have pledged." is concerned with the covenant of helping and advising each other. So allies are no longer to be the heir of each other, but they can bequeath each other some of their property by means of a will.


Hadith Number 105.

Narrated by Abu Said Al-Khudri (Radhi Allahu Anhu): During the lifetime of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) some people said: O Allah's Messenger! Shall we see our Lord on the Day of Resurrection?" The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Yes; do you have any difficulty in seeing the sun at midday when it is bright and there is no cloud in the sky?" They replied, "No." He said, "Do you have any difficulty in seeing the moon on a full moon night when it is bright and there is no cloud in the sky?" They replied, "No." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "(Similarly) you will have no difficulty in seeing Allah on the Day of Resurrection as you have no difficulty in seeing either of them. On the Day of Resurrection, a call-maker will announce, "Let every nation follow that which they used to worship." Then none of those who used to worship anything other than Allah like idols and other deities but will fall in Hell (Fire), till there will remain none but those who used to worship Allah, both those who were obedient (i.e. good) and those who were disobedient (i.e. bad) and the remaining party of the people of the Scripture. Then the Jews will be called upon and it will be said to them, 'Who do you use to worship?' They will say, 'We used to worship Ezra, the son of Allah.' It will be said to them, 'You are liars, for Allah has never taken anyone as a wife or a son. What do you want now?' They will say, 'O our Lord! We are thirsty, so give us something to drink.' They will be directed and addressed thus, 'Will you drink,' whereupon they will be gathered unto Hell (Fire) which will look like a mirage whose different sides will be destroying each other. Then they will fall into the Fire. Afterwards the Christians will be called upon and it will be said to them, 'Who do you use to worship?' They will say, 'We used to worship Jesus, the son of Allah.' It will be said to them, 'You are liars, for Allah has never taken anyone as a wife or a son,' Then it will be said to them, 'What do you want?' They will say what the former people have said. Then, when there remain (in the gathering) none but those who used to worship Allah (Alone, the real Lord of the Worlds) whether they were obedient or disobedient. Then (Allah) the Lord of the worlds will come to them in a shape nearest to the picture they had in their minds about Him. It will be said, 'What are you waiting for?' Every nation have followed what they used to worship.' They will reply, 'We left the people in the world when we were in great need of them and we did not take them as friends. Now we are waiting for our Lord Whom we used to worship.' Allah will say, 'I am your Lord.' They will say twice or thrice, 'We do not worship any besides Allah.'"


Hadith Number 106.

Narrated by Abdullah bin Masud (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said to me, "Recite (of the Qur'an) for me," I said, "Shall I recite it to you although it had been revealed to you?" He said, "I like to hear (the Qur'an) from others." So I recited Surah-an-Nisa' till I reached: "How (will it be) then when We bring from each nation a witness, and We bring you (O Muhammad) as a witness against these people?" (Surah An-Nisa' 4:41) Then he said, "Stop!" And behold, his eyes were overflowing with tears."


Hadith Number 107.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): The necklace of Asma' was lost, so the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) sent some men to look for it. The time for the prayer became due and they had not performed ablution and could not find water, so they offered the prayer without ablution. Then Allah revealed (the Verse of Tayammum).


Hadith Number 108.

Narrated by Ibn Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): The Verse: "Obey Allah and Obey the Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and those of you (Muslims) who are in authority." (Surah An-Nisa' 4:59) was revealed in connection with 'Abdullah bin Hudhafa bin Qais bin 'Adi' when the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) appointed him as the commander of a Sariyya (army detachment). (*)


* See footnote of Hadith No.91.



Hadith Number 109.

Narrated by 'Urwa: Az-Zubair (Radhi Allahu Anhu) quarrelled with a man from the Ansar because of a natural mountainous stream at Al-Harra. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said "O Zubair! Irrigate (your lands and the let the water flow to your neighbor The Ansar said, "O Allah's Messenger! (This is because) he (Zubair) is your cousin?" At that, the Prophet’s (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) face became red (with anger) and he said "O Zubair! Irrigate (your land) and then withhold the water till it fills the land up to the walls and then let it flow to your neighbor." So the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) enabled Az-Zubair to take his full right after the Ansari provoked his anger. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) had previously given a order that was in favor of both of them Az-Zubair said, "I don't think but the Verse was revealed in this connection: "But no, by your Lord, they can have no faith, until they make you judge in all disputes between them." (Surah An-Nisa' 4:65)


Hadith Number 110.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): I heard Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) saying, "No Prophet gets sick but he is given the choice to select either this world or the Hereafter." 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) added: During his fatal illness, his voice became very husky and I heard him saying: "In the company of those whom is the Grace of Allah, of the Prophets, the Siddiqin (those followers of the Prophets who were first and foremost to believe in them), the martyrs and the pious.' (Surah An-Nisa' 4:69) [/color] And from this I came to know that he has been given the option.


Hadith Number 111.

Narrated by Ibn Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): My mother and I were among the weak and oppressed (Muslims at Makkah).


Hadith Number 112.

Narrated by Ibn Abi Mulaika: Ibn Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma) recited: "Except the weak ones among men women and children," (Surah An-Nisa' 4:98) [/color] and said, "My mother and I were among those whom Allah had excused."


Hadith Number 113.

Narrated by Zaid bin Thabit (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Regarding the Verse: [color=green] "Then what is the matter with you that you are divided into two parties about the hypocrites?" (Surah An-Nisa' 4:88) Some of the companions of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) returned from the battle of Uhud (i.e. refused to fight) whereupon the Muslims got divided into two parties; one of them was in favor of their execution and the other was not in favour of it. So there was revealed: "Then what is the matter with you that you are divided into two parties about the hypocrites?" (Surah An-Nisa' 4:88). Then the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said "It (i.e. Al-Madinah) is a Tayyaboh (good), it expels impurities as the fire expels the impurities of silver."


Hadith Number 114.

Narrated by Said bin Jubair: The people of Kufa disagreed (disputed) about the above Verse. So I went to Ibn Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma) and asked him about it. He said, "This Verse: "And whoever kills a believer intentionally, his recompense is Hell." (Surah An-Nisa' 4: 93) was revealed last of all (concerning premeditated murder) and nothing abrogated it."


Hadith Number 115.

Narrated by Ibn Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Regarding the Verse: "And say not to anyone who offers you peace (by accepting Islam), you are not a believer." (Surah An-Nisa' 4:94) There was a man amidst his sheep. The Muslims pursued him, and he said (to them) "Peace be on you." But they killed him and took over his sheep. Thereupon Allah revealed in that concern, the above Verse up to: "...seeking the perishable good of this life." (Surah An-Nisa' 4:94) i.e. those sheep.


Hadith Number 116.

Narrated by Zaid bin Thabit (Radhi Allahu Anhu): That the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) dictated to him: "Not equal are those of the believers who sit (at home) and those who strive and fight in the Cause of Allah." (Surah An-Nisa' 4: 95)

Zaid added: Ibn Um Maktum came while the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) was dictating to me and said, "O Allah's Messenger! By Allah, if I had the power to fight (in Allah's Cause), I would," and he was a blind man. So Allah revealed to his Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) while his thigh was on my thigh, and his thigh became so heavy that I was afraid it might fracture my thigh. Then that state of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) passed and Allah revealed: "Except those who are disabled (by injury or are blind or lame etc)."


Hadith Number 117.

Narrated by Al-Bara (Radhi Allahu Anhu): When the Verse: "Not equal are those of the believers who sit (at home)" (Surah An-Nisa' 4: 95) was revealed, Allah Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) called for Zaid who wrote it. In the meantime Ibn Um Maktum came and complained of his blindness, so Allah revealed: "Except those who are disabled (by injury or are blind or lame..." etc.) (Surah An-Nisa' 4:95)





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As Salamu Alaikum


Hadith Number 118.

Narrated by Al-Bara (Radhi Allahu Anhu): When the Verse: "Not equal are those of the believers who sit (at home)," (Surah An-Nisa' 4:95) [/color] was revealed, the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Call so-and-so." That person came to him with an ink-pot and a wooden board or a shoulder scapula bone. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said (to him), "Write: 'Not equal are those believers who sit (at home) and those who strive and fight in the Cause of Allah." Ibn Um Maktum who was sitting behind the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) then said, "O Allah's Messenger! I am a blind man." So there was revealed in the place of that Verse, the Verse: "Not equal are those of the believers who sit (at home) except those who are disabled (by injury, or are blind or lame etc.) and those who strive and fight in the Cause of Allah." (Surah An-Nisa' 4: 95)


Hadith Number 119.

Narrated by Ibn Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): Not equal are those believers who sat (at home) and did not join the the Badr battle and those who joined the Badr battle.


Hadith Number 120.

Narrated by Muhammad bin Abdur-Rahman Abu Al-Aswad : The people of Al-Madinah were forced to prepare an army (to fight against the people of Sham during the caliphate of 'Abdullah bin Az-Zubair at Makkah), and I was enlisted in it; Then I met 'Ikrima, the freed slave of Ibn 'Abbas, and informed him (about it), and he forbade me strongly to do so (i.e. to enlist in that army), and then said, "Ibn 'Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhu) informed me that some Muslim people were with the pagans, increasing the number of the pagans against Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam). An arrow used to be shot which would hit one of them (the Muslims in the company of the pagans) and kill him, or he would be struck and killed (with a sword)." Then Allah revealed:

"Verily! as for those whom the angels take (in death) while they are wronging themselves (by staying among the disbelievers)" (Surah An-Nisa' 4: 97) Abu Aswad added, "Except the weak ones among men, women..." (Surah An-Nisa' 4: 98)


Hadith Number 121.

Narrated by Ibn Abbas : '"Except the weak ones" (4.98) and added: My mother was one of those whom Allah excused'.


Hadith Number 122.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): While the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) was offering the 'Isha' prayer, he said, "Allah hears him who sends his praises to Him," and then said before falling in prostration, "O Allah, save 'Aiyash bin Rabi'a. O Allah, save Salama bin Hisham. O Allah, save Al-Walid bin Al-Wahd. O Allah, save the weak ones among the believers. O Allah, let Your punishment be severe on the tribe of Mudar. O Allah, inflict upon them years (of famine) like the years of Joseph."


Hadith Number 123.

Narrated by Ibn Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): Regarding the Verse: "Because of the inconvenience of rain or because you are ill." (Surah An-Nisa' 4: 102) (It was revealed in connection with) 'Abdur-Rahman bin Auf who was wounded.


Hadith Number 124.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): Regarding the Verse: "They ask your instruction concerning the women. Say: Allah instructs you about them and yet whom you desire to marry." Surah An-Nisa' 4: 127) (has been revealed regarding the case of) a man who has an orphan girl, and he is her guardian and her heir. The girl shares with him all his property, even a date-palm (garden), but he dislikes to marry her and dislikes to give her in marriage to somebody else who would share with him the property she is sharing with him, and for this reason that guardian prevents that orphan girl from marrying. So, this Verse was revealed: (And Allah's statement:) "If a woman fears cruelty or desertion on her husband's part." (Surah An-Nisa' 4: 128)


Hadith Number 125.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): Regarding the Verse: "If a woman fears cruelty or desertion on her husband's part." (Surah An-Nisa' 4: 128) It is about a man who has a woman (wife) and he does not like her and wants to divorce her but she says to him, "I make you free as regards myself." So this Verse was revealed in this connection.


Hadith Number 126.

Narrated by Al-Aswad: While we were sitting in a circle in 'Abdullah's gathering, Hudhaifa came and stopped before us, and greeted us and then said, "People better than you became hypocrites." Al-Aswad said: I testify the uniqueness of Allah! Allah says: "Verily! The hypocrites will be in the lowest depths of the Fire." (Surah An-Nisa' 4: 145)

On that 'Abdullah smiled and Hudhaifa sat somewhere in the Masjid. 'Abdullah then got up and his companions (sitting around him) dispersed. Hudhaifa then threw a pebble at me (to attract my attention). I went to him and he said, "I was surprised at 'Abdullah's smile though he understood what I said. Verily, people better than you became hypocrite and then repented and Allah forgave them."


Hadith Number 127.

Narrated by Abdullah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "None has the right to say that I am better than Yunus bin Matta."


Hadith Number 128.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Whoever says that I am better than Yunus bin Matta, is a liar."


Hadith Number 129.

Narrated by Al-Bara (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The last Surah that was revealed was Bara'a, and the last Verse that was revealed was: "They ask you for a legal verdict, Say: Allah's directs (thus) about those who leave no descendants or ascendants as heirs." (Surah An-Nisa' 4: 176)


Hadith Number 130.

Narrated by Tariq bin Shihab: The Jews said to 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhu), "You (i.e. Muslims) recite a Verse, and had it been revealed to us, we would have taken the day of its revelation as a day of celebration." 'Umar said, "I know very well when and where it was revealed, and where Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) was when it was revealed. (It was revealed on) the day of Arafat (Hajj Day), and by Allah, I was at Arafat" Sufyan, a sub-narrator said: I am in doubt whether the Verse: "This day I have perfected your religion for you." (Surah Al-Ma’idah 5: 3) was revealed on a Friday or not.


Hadith Number 131.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): The wife of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) : We set out with Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) on one of his journeys, and when we were at Baida' or at Dhat-al-Jaish, a necklace of mine was broken (and lost). Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) stayed there to look for it, and so did the people along with him. Neither were they at a place of water, nor did they have any water with them. So the people went to Abu Bakr As-Siddiq (Radhi Allahu Anhu) and said, "Don't you see what 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) has done? She has made Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and the people, stay where there is no water and they have no water with them." Abu Bakr (Radhi Allahu Anhu) came while Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) was sleeping with his head on my thigh. He said (to me), "You have detained Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and the people where there is no water, and they have no water with them." So he admonished me and said what Allah wished him to say, and he hit me on my flanks with his hand. Nothing prevented me from moving (because of pain) but the position of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) on my thigh. So Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) got up when dawn broke and there was no water, so Allah revealed the Verse of Tayammum. Usaid bin Hudair said, "It is not the first blessing of yours, O the family of Abu Bakr." Then we made the camel on which I was riding, got up, and found the necklace under it.


Hadith Number 132.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): A necklace of mine was lost at Al-Baida' and we were on our way to Al-Madinah. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) made his camel kneel down and dismounted and laid his head on my lap and slept. Abu Bakr came to me and hit me violently on the chest and said, "You have detained the people because of a necklace." I kept as motionless as a dead person because of the position of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam); (on my lap) although Abu Bakr had hurt me (with the slap). Then the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) woke up and it was the time for the morning (prayer). Water was sought, but in vain; so the following Verse was revealed:

"O you who believe! When you intend to offer prayer..." (Surah Al-Ma’idah 5: 6) Usaid bin Hudair said, "Allah has blessed the people for your sake, O the family of Abu Bakr. You are but a blessing for them."




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As Salamu Alaikum

Hadith Number 133.

Narrated by Abdullah (bin Masud) (Radhi Allahu Anhu): On the day of Badr, Al-Miqdad said, "O Allah's Messenger! We do not say to you as the children of Israel said to Musa, 'Go you and your Lord and fight you two; we are sitting here, (Surah Al-Ma’idah 5: 24) but (we say). "Proceed, and we are with you." That seemed to delight Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) greatly.


Hadith Number 134.

Narrated by Abu Qilaba: That he was sitting behind Umar bin Abdul Aziz and the people mentioned and mentioned (about At-Qasama) and they said (various things), and said that the Caliphs had permitted it. 'Umar bin 'Abdul 'Aziz turned towards Abu Qilaba who was behind him and said. "What do you say, O 'Abdullah bin Zaid?" or said, "What do you say, O Abu Qilaba?" Abu Qilaba said, "I do not know that killing a person is lawful in Islam except in three cases: a married person committing illegal sexual intercourse, one who has murdered somebody unlawfully, or one who wages war against Allah and His Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) ." 'Anbasa said, "Anas narrated to us such-and-such." Abu Qilaba said, "Anas (Radhi Allahu Anhu) narrated to me in this concern, saying, some people came to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and they spoke to him saying, 'The climate of this land does not suit us.' The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, 'These are camels belonging to us, and they are to be taken out to the pasture. So take them out and drink of their milk and urine.' (*) So they took them and set out and drank of their urine and milk, (*) and having recovered, they attacked the shepherd, killed him and drove away the camels.' Why should there be any delay in punishing them as they murdered (a person) and waged war against Allah and His Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and frightened Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)?" Anbasa said, "I testify the uniqueness of Allah!" Abu Qilaba said, "Do you suspect me?" 'Anbasa said, "No, Anas (Radhi Allahu Anhu) narrated that (Hadith) to us." Then 'Anbasa added, "O the people of such-and-such (country), you will remain in good state as long as Allah keeps this (man) and the like of this (man) amongst you."



* As a medicine for their disease.


Hadith Number 135.

Narrated by Anas (bin Malik): Ar-Rubai (the paternal aunt of Anas bin Malik) broke the incisor tooth of young Ansari girl. Her family demanded the Qisas (*) and they came to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) who passed the judgment of Qisas. Anas bin An-Nadr (the paternal uncle of Anas bin Malik) said, "O Allah's Messenger! By Allah, her tooth will not be broken." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "O Anas! (The law prescribed in) Allah's Book is Qisas." But the people (i.e. the relatives of the girl) gave up their claim and accepted a compensation. On that Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Some of Allah's worshippers are such that if they take an oath, Allah will fulfill it for them."

* Qisas


Hadith Number 136.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): Whoever tells that Muhammad concealed part of what was revealed to him, is a liar, for Allah says:

"O Messenger (Muhammad)! Proclaim (the Message) which has been sent down to you from your Lord." (Surah Al-Ma’idah 5: 67)


Hadith Number 137.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): This Verse: "Allah will not punish you for what is unintentional in your oaths." (Surah Al-Ma’idah 5: 89) was revealed about a man's state men (during his talk), "No, by Allah," and "Yes, by Allah."


Hadith Number 138.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): That her father (Abu Bakr) never broke his oath till Allah revealed the order of the legal expiation for oath. Abu Bakr (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said, "If I ever take an oath (to do something) and later find that to do something else is better, then I accept Allah's permission and do that which is better, (and do the legal expiation for my oath)".


Hadith Number 139.

Narrated by Abdullah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): We used to participate in the holy wars carried on by the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and we had no women (wives) with us. So we said (to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)). "Shall we castrate ourselves?" But the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) forbade us to do that and thenceforth he allowed us to marry a woman (temporarily) by giving her even a garment, and then he recited: "O you who believe! Do not make unlawful the good things which Allah has made lawful for you." (*)


* Temporary marriage (Mut'a) was allowed in the early days of Islam, but later, at the time of the Khaibar Battle, it was prohibited. (Allah knows it better).



Hadith Number 140.

Narrated by Ibn Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): (The Verse of) prohibiting alcoholic drinks was revealed when there were in Al-Madinah five kinds of (alcoholic) drinks none of which was produced from grapes. (*)


* Those drinks were produced from honey, dates, wheat, barley and corn.



Hadith Number 141.

Narrated by Anas bin Malik (Radhi Allahu Anhu): We had no alcoholic drink except that which was produced from dates and which you call Fadikh. While I was standing offering drinks to Abu Talh and so-and-so and so-and-so, a man cam and said, "Has the news reached you? They said, "What is that?" He said. "Alcoholic drinks have been prohibited. They said, "Spill (the contents of these pots,) O Anas! "Then they neither asked about it (alcoholic drinks) nor returned it after the news from that man.


Hadith Number 142.

Narrated by Jabir (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Some people drank alcoholic beverages in the morning (of the day) of the Uhud battle and on the same day they were killed as martyrs, and that was before wine was prohibited.


Hadith Number 143.

Narrated by Ibn Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): I heard 'Umar while he was on the pulpit of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) saying, "Now then O people! The revelation about the prohibition of alcoholic drinks was revealed; and alcoholic drinks are extracted from five things: Grapes, dates, honey, wheat and barley. And the alcoholic drink is that which confuses and stupefies the mind."


Hadith Number 144.

Narrated by Anas (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The alcoholic drink which was spilled was Al-Fadikh. I used to offer alcoholic drinks to the people at the residence of Abu Talha. Then the order of prohibiting Alcoholic drinks was revealed, and the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) ordered somebody to announce that: Abu Talha said to me, "Go out and see what this voice (this announcement) is." I went out and (on coming back) said, "This is somebody announcing that alcoholic beverages have been prohibited." Abu Talha said to me, "Go and spill it (i.e. the wine)," Then it (alcoholic drinks) was seen flowing through the streets of Al-Madinah. At that time the wine was Al-Fadikh. The people said, "Some people (Muslims) were killed (during the battle of Uhud) while wine was in their stomachs." So Allah revealed: "On those who believe and do good deeds there is no blame for what they ate (in the past)." (Surah Al-Ma’idah 5: 93)




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As Salamu Alaikum



Hadith Number 145.

Narrated by Anas (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) delivered a sermon the like of which I had never heard before. He said, "If you but knew what I know then you would have laughed little and wept much." On hearing that, the companions of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) covered their faces and the sound of their weeping was heard. A man said, "Who is my father?" The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "So-and-so." So this Verse was revealed: "Ask not about things which, if made plain to you, may cause you trouble." (Surah Al-Ma’idah 5: 101)


Hadith Number 146.

Narrated by Ibn Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): Some people were asking Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) questions mockingly. A man would say, "Who is my father?" Another man whose she-camel had gone astray would say, "Where is my she-camel? "So Allah revealed this Verse in this connection: "O you who believe! Ask not about things which, if made plain to you, may cause you trouble." (Surah Al-Ma’idah 5: 101)


Hadith Number 147.

Narrated by Said bin Al-Musaiyab: Bahira is a she-camel whose milk is kept for the idols and nobody is allowed to milk it; Sa'iba was the she-camel which they used to set free for their gods and nothing was allowed to be carried on it. Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said: Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "I saw 'Amr bin 'Amir Al-Khuzai (in a dream) dragging his intestines in the Fire, and he was the first person to establish the tradition of setting free the animals (for the sake of their deities)," Wasila is the she-camel which gives birth to a she-camel as its first delivery, and then gives birth to another she-camel as its second delivery. People (in the Pre-lslamic periods of ignorance) used to let that she camel loose for their idols if it gave birth to two she-camels successively without giving birth to a male camel in between. 'Ham' was the male camel which was used for copulation. When it had finished the number of copulations assigned for it, they would let it loose for their idols and excuse it from burdens so that nothing would be carried on it, and they called it the 'Hami.' Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said, "I heard the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) saying so."


Hadith Number 148.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "I saw Hell and its different portions were consuming each other and saw 'Amr dragging his intestines (in it), and he was the first person to establish the tradition of letting animals loose (for the idols)."


Hadith Number 149.

Narrated by Ibn Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) delivered a sermon and said, "O people! You will be gathered before Allah bare-footed, naked and not circumcised." Then (quoting Qur’an) he said:

"As We began the first creation, We shall repeat it. A promise We have undertaken: Truly we shall do it..." (Surah Al-Anbiya’ 21:104)

The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) then said, "The first of the human beings to be dressed on the Day of Resurrection, will be Ibrahim (Alayhi Salam). Lo! Some men from my followers will be brought and then (the angels) will drive them to the left side (Hell-Fire). I will say. 'O my Lord! (They are) my companions!' Then a reply will come (from Almighty), 'You do not know what they did after you.' I will say as the pious slave (the Prophet Isa) said: And I was a witness over them while I dwelt amongst them. When You took me up. You were the Watcher over them and You are a Witness to all things.' (Surah Al-Ma’idah 5: 117) Then it will be said, "These people have continued to be apostates since you left them."


Hadith Number 150.

Narrated by Ibn Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "You will be gathered (on the Day of Resurrection) and some people will be driven (by the angels) to the left side (and taken to Hell) whereupon I will say as the pious slave (Isa) said: "And I was a witness over them while I dwelt amongst them... the ALMIGHTY, the All Wise." (Surah Al-Ma’idah 5: 117-118)


Hadith Number 151.

Narrated by Abdullah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "The key of the Unseen are five: Verily with Allah (Alone) is the knowledge of the Hour He sends down the rain and knows what is in the wombs. No soul knows what it will earn tomorrow, and no soul knows in what land it will die. Verily, Allah is All-Knower, All-Aware." (Surah Luqman 31: 34)


Hadith Number 152.

Narrated by Jabir (Radhi Allahu Anhu): When this Verse was revealed: "Say: He has power to send torment on you from above." (Surah Al-An’am 6: 65) Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "O Allah! I seek refuge with Your Face (from this punishment)." And when the verse: "or send torment from below your feet," (was revealed), Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "(O Allah!) I seek refuge with Your Face (from this punishment)." (But when there was revealed): "Or confuse you in party strife and make you to taste the violence of one another." (Surah Al-An’am 6: 65) Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "This is lighter (or, this is easier)."


Hadith Number 153.

Narrated by Abdullah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): When: "...and confuse not their belief with wrong." (Surah Al-An’am 6: 82) was revealed, the Prophet’s (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) companions said, "Which of us has not done wrong?" Then there was revealed: "Verily joining others in worship with Allah is a tremendous wrong indeed." (Surah Luqman 31: 13)


Hadith Number 154.

Narrated by Ibn Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Nobody has the rights to say that I am better than Yunus bin Matta."


Hadith Number 155.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Nobody has the right to say that I am better than Yunus bin Matta."


Hadith Number 156.

Narrated by Mujahid: That he asked Ibn 'Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma), "Is there a prostration Surah Sad?" (Surah Sad 38: 24) (*) Ibn 'Abbas said, "Yes," and then recited: "We gave... So follow their guidance." (Surah Al-An’am 6: 85-90) Then he said, "He (Dawud) is one them (i.e. those Prophets)." Mujahid narrated: I asked Ibn 'Abbas (regarding the above Verse). He said, "Your Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) (Muhammad) was one of those who were ordered to follow them."

* 'And Dawud gathered that We had tried him; he asked forgiveness of his Lord, fell down, bowing (in prostration), and turned (to Allah in repentance'.


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As Salamu Alaikum

Hadith Number 157.

Narrated by Jabir bin 'Abdullah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "May Allah curse the Jews! When Allah forbade them to eat the fat of animals, they melted it and sold it, and utilized its price!"


Hadith Number 158.

Narrated by Abu Wail: 'Abdullah (bin Mas'ud)(Radhi Allahu Anhu) said, "None has more sense of ghaira (*) than Allah therefore - He prohibits shameful sins (illegal sexual intercourse, etc.) whether committed openly or secretly. And none loves to be praised more than Allah does, and for this reason He praises Himself." I asked Abu Wali, "Did you hear it from Abdullah?" He said, "Yes," I said, "Did Abdullah ascribe it to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)?" He said, "Yes."


* Ghaira



Hadith Number 159.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "The Hour will not be established until the sun rises from the West: and when the people see it, then whoever will be living on the surface of the earth will have faith, and that is (the time) when no good will it do to a soul to believe then, if it believed not before." (Surah Al-An’am 6: 159)


Hadith Number 160.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "The hour will not be established till the sun rises from the West; and when it rises (from the West) and the people see it, they all will believe. And that is (the time) when no good will it do to a soul to believe then." Then he recited the whole Verse (Surah Al-An’am 6: 159)


Hadith Number 161.

Narrated by Abdullah bin Mas'ud (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "None has more sense of ghaira than Allah, and for this He has forbidden shameful sins whether committed openly or secretly, and none loves to be praised more than Allah does, and this is why He Praises Himself."


Hadith Number 162.

Narrated by Abu Said Al-Khudri (Radhi Allahu Anhu): A man from the Jews, having been slapped on his face, came to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and said, "O Muhammad! A man from your companions from the Ansar has slapped me on my face!" The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Call him." When they called him, the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Why did you slap him?" He said, "O Allah's Messenger! While I was passing by the Jews, I heard him saying, 'By Him Who selected Musa above the human beings,' I said, 'Even above Muhammad?' I became furious and slapped him on the face." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Do not give me superiority over the other Prophets, for on the Day of Resurrection the people will become unconscious and I will be the first to regain consciousness. Then I will see Musa holding one of the legs of the Throne. I will not know whether he has come to his senses before me or that the shock he had received at the Mountain, (during his worldly life) was sufficient for him."


Hadith Number 163.

Narrated by Said Ibn Zaid (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Al-Kam'a is like the Mann (sweet resin or gum) (in that it grows naturally without human care) and its water is a cure for the eye diseases."


Hadith Number 164.

Narrated by Abu Ad-Darda (Radhi Allahu Anhu): There was a dispute between Abu Bakr and 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma), and Abu Bakr made Umar angry. So 'Umar left angrily. Abu Bakr followed him, requesting him to ask forgiveness (of Allah) for him, but 'Umar refused to do so and closed his door in Abu Bakr's face. So Abu Bakr went to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) while we were with him. Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "This friend of yours must have quarrelled (with somebody)." In the meantime 'Umar repented and felt sorry for what he had done, so he came, greeted (those who were present) and sat with the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and related the story to him. Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) became angry and Abu Bakr started saying, "O Allah's Messenger! By Allah, I was more at fault (than Umar)." Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Are you (people) leaving for me my companion? (Abu Bakr), Are you (people) leaving for me my companion? When I said, 'O people I am sent to you all as the Messenger of Allah,' you said, 'You tell a lie.' while Abu Bakr said, 'You have spoken the truth."


Hadith Number 165.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "It was said to the children of Israel, 'Enter the gate in prostration and say Hitatun. We shall forgive you, your faults.' (Surah Al-A’raf 7: 161) But they changed (Allah's Order) and entered, dragging themselves on their buttocks and said, 'Habatun (a grain) in a Sha'ratin (hair)."


Hadith Number 166.

Narrated by Ibn Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhu): 'Uyaina bin Hisn bin Hudhaifa came and stayed with his nephew Al-Hurr bin Qais who was one of those whom 'Umar used to keep near him, as the Qurra' (learned men knowing Qur'an by heart) were the people of 'Umar's meetings and his advisors whether they were old or young. 'Uyaina said to his nephew, "O son of my brother! You have an approach to this chief, so get for me the permission to see him." Al-Hurr said, "I will get the permission for you to see him." So Al-Hurr asked the permission for 'Uyaina and 'Umar admitted him. When 'Uyaina entered upon him, he said, "Beware! O the son of Al-Khattab! By Allah, you neither give us sufficient provision nor judge among us with justice." Thereupon 'Umar became so furious that he intended to harm him, but Al-Hurr said, "O chief of the Believers! Allah said to His Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam): "Hold to forgiveness; command what is right; and leave (don't punish) the foolish." (Surah Al-A’raf 7: 199) and this (i.e. 'Uyaina) is one of the foolish." By Allah, 'Umar did not overlook that Verse when Al-Hurr recited it before him; he observed (the orders of) Allah's Book strictly.



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Hadith Number 167.

Narrated by 'Abdullah bin Az-Zubair (Radhi Allahu Anhu): (The Verse) "Hold to forgiveness; command what is right..." was revealed by Allah except in connection with the character of the people. 'Abdullah bin Az-Zubair said: Allah ordered His Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) to forgive the people their misbehavior (towards him).


Hadith Number 168.

Narrated by Said bin Jubair: I asked Ibn 'Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhu) regarding Surah-al-Anfal. He said, "It was revealed in connection with the Battle of Badr."


Hadith Number 169.

Narrated by Ibn 'Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): Regarding the Verse: "Verily! The worst of beasts in the Sight of Allah are the deaf and the dumb... those who understand not." (Surah Al-Anfal 8: 22) (The people referred to here) were some persons from the tribe of Bani 'Abd-Addar.


Hadith Number 170.

Narrated by Abu Said bin Al-Mu'alla (Radhi Allahu Anhu): While I was praying, Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) passed me and called me, but I did not go to him until I had finished the prayer. Then I went to him, and he said, "What prevented you from coming to me? Didn't Allah say: "O you who believe! Answer the call of Allah (by obeying Him) and His Messenger when He calls you?" He then said, "I will inform you of the greatest Surah in the Qur'an before I leave (the Masjid)." When Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) got ready to leave (the Masjid), I reminded him. He said, "It is: 'Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds.' (i.e. Surah-al-Fatihah) As-sab'a Al-Mathani (the seven repeatedly recited Verses)."


Hadith Number 171.

Narrated by Anas bin Malik (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Abu Jahl said, "O Allah! If this (Qur’an) is indeed the Truth from You, then rain down on us a shower of stones from the sky or bring on us a painful torment." So Allah revealed: "But Allah would not punish them while you were amongst them, nor He will punish them while they seek (Allah's) forgiveness..." (Surah Al-Anfal 8: 33) And why Allah should not punish them while they turn away (men) from Al-Masjid-al-Haram (the Sacred Masjid of Makkah)..." (Surah Al-Anfal 8: 33-34)


Hadith Number 172.

Narrated by Anas bin Malik (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Abu Jahl said, "O Allah! If this (Qur'an) is indeed the Truth from You), then rain down on us a shower of stones from the sky or bring on us a painful punishment." So there was revealed: 'But Allah would not punish them while you (Muhammad) were amongst them, nor will He punish them while they seek (Allah's) Forgiveness. And why Allah should not punish them while they stop (men) from Al-Masjid-al-Haram...' (Surah Al-Anfal 8:33-34)


Hadith Number 173.

Narrated by Ibn 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhu): That a man came to him (while two groups of Muslims were fighting) and said, "O Abu 'Abdur Rahman! Don't you hear what Allah has mentioned in His Book:

'And if two groups of believers fight against each other...' (Surah Al-Hujurat 49: 9)

So what prevents you from fighting as Allah has mentioned in His Book?"' Ibn 'Umar said, "O son of my brother! I would rather be blamed for not fighting because of this Verse than to be blamed because of another Verse where Allah says:

'And whoever kills a believer intentionally..." (Surah An-Nisa' 4: 93) Then that man said, "Allah says: 'And fight them until there is no more afflictions (worshipping other besides Allah) and the religion (i.e. worship) will be all for Allah (Alone)" (Surah Al-Anfal 8: 39) Ibn 'Umar said, "We did this during the lifetime of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) when the number of Muslims was small, and a man was put to trial because of his religion, the pagans would either kill or chain him; but when the Muslims increased (and Islam spread), there was no persecution." When that man saw that Ibn 'Umar did not agree to his proposal, he said, "What is your opinion regarding 'Ali and 'Uthman (Radhi Allahu Anhu)?" Ibn 'Umar said, "What is my opinion regarding Ali and 'Uthman (Radhi Allahu Anhu)? As for 'Uthman, Allah forgave him and you disliked to forgive him, and Ali is the cousin and son-in-law of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)." Then he pointed out with his hand and said, "And that is his daughter's (house) which you can see."




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Hadith Number 174.

Narrated by Said bin Jubair: Ibn 'Umar came to us and a man said (to him), "What do you think about 'Qit-alal-Fitnah' (fighting caused by afflictions)." Ibn 'Umar said (to him), "And do you understand what an affliction is? Muhammad used to fight against the pagans, and his fighting with them was an affliction, (and his fighting was) not like your fighting which is carried on for the sake of ruling."


Hadith Number 175.

Narrated by Ibn Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): When the Verse: "If there are twenty steadfast amongst you, they will overcome two hundred." (Surah Al-Anfal 8: 65) was revealed, then it became obligatory for the Muslims that one (Muslim) should not flee from ten (non-Muslims). Sufyan (the sub-narrator) once said, "Twenty (Muslims) should not flee before two hundred (non Muslims)." Then there was revealed: 'But now Allah has lightened your (task)...' (Surah Al-Anfal 8: 66)

So it became obligatory that one-hundred (Muslims) should not flee before two hundred (non-muslims). (Once Sufyan said extra, "The Verse: 'Urge the believers to the fight. If there are twenty steadfast amongst you (Muslims)...' was revealed.) Sufyan said, "Ibn Shabrama said, "I see that this order is applicable to the obligation of enjoining good and forbidding evil."


Hadith Number 176.

Narrated by Ibn Abba (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): When the Verse: 'If there are twenty steadfast amongst you (Muslims), they will overcome two-hundred (non-Muslims).' was revealed, it became hard on the Muslims when it became compulsory that one Muslim ought not to flee (in war) before ten (non-Muslims). So (Allah) lightened the order by revealing:

'(But) now Allah has lightened your (task) for He knows that there is weakness in you. So if there are of you one-hundred steadfast, they will overcome (two-hundred (non-Muslims).' (Surah Al-Anfal 8: 66) So when Allah reduced the number of enemies which Muslims should withstand, their patience and perseverance against the enemy decreased as much as their task was lightened for them.


Hadith Number 177.

Narrated by Al-Bara: The last Verse that was revealed was:

'They ask you for a legal verdict: Say: Allah directs (thus) about Al-Kalalah (those who leave no descendants or ascendants as heirs).' (Surah An-Nisa' 4: 176) And the last Surah which was revealed was Bara’a (9).


Hadith Number 178.

Narrated by Humaid bin Abdur-Rahman: Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said, "During that Hajj (in which Abu Bakr was the chief of the pilgrims) Abu Bakr (Radhi Allahu Anhu) sent me along with announcers on the Day of Nahr (10th of Dhul-Hijja) in Mina to announce: "No pagans shall perform, Hajj after this year, and none shall perform the Tawaf around the Ka’bah in a naked state." Humaid bin 'Abdur Rahman added: Then Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) sent Ali bin Abi Talib (Radhi Allahu Anhu) (after Abu Bakr) and ordered him to recite aloud in public Surah Bara'a. Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu) added, "So 'Ali, along with us, recited Bara'a (loudly) before the people at Mina on the Day of Nahr and announced; "No pagan shall perform Hajj after this year and none shall perform the Tawaf around the Ka’bah in a naked state."


Hadith Number 179.

Narrated by Humaid bin Abdur Rahman: Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said, "Abu Bakr (Radhi Allahu Anhu) sent me in that Hajj in which he was the chief of the pilgrims along with the announcers whom he sent on the Day of Nahr to announce at Mina: "No pagan shall perform Hajj after this year, and none shall perform the Tawaf around the Ka’bah in a naked state." Humaid added: That the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) sent 'Ali bin Abi Talib (after Abu Bakr) and ordered him to recite aloud in public Surah-Baraa. Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu) added, "So 'Ali, along with us, recited Bara'a (loudly) before the people at Mina on the Day of Nahr and announced "No pagan shall perform Hajj after this year and none shall perform the Tawaf around the Ka’bah in a naked state. "...except those pagans with whom you (Muslims) have a treaty." (Surah At-Taubah 9: 4)


Hadith Number 180.

Narrated by Humaid bin 'Abdur-Rahman: Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said that Abu Bakr (Radhi Allahu Anhu) sent him during the Hajj in which Abu Bakr was made the chief of the pilgrims by Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) before (the year of) Hajjat al-Wada in a group (of announcers) to announce before the people; 'No pagan shall perform the Hajj after this year, and none shall perform the Tawaf around the Ka’bah in a naked state. Humaid used to say The Day of Nahr is the day of Al-Hajj Al-Akbar (the Greatest Day) because of the narration of Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu).


Hadith Number 181.

Narrated by Zaid bin Wahb: We were with Hudhaifa (Radhi Allahu Anhu) and he said, "None remains of the people described by this Verse (9.12), "Except three, and of the hypocrites except four." A bedouin said, "You the companions of Muhammad! Tell us (things) and we do not know that about those who break open our houses and steal our precious things? ' He (Hudhaifa) replied, "Those are Al Fussaq (rebellious wrongdoers) (not disbelievers or hypocrites). Really, none remains of them (hypocrite) but four, one of whom is a very old man who, if he drinks water, does not feel its coldness." (*)


* i.e. Does not enjoy it because of Allah's punishment he has incurred.



Hadith Number 182.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "The Kanz (money, the Zakat of which is not paid) of anyone of you will appear in the form of bald-headed poisonous male snake on the Day of Resurrection."




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Hadith Number 183.

Narrated by Zaid bin Wahb: I passed by (visited) Abu Dhar at Ar-Rabadha and said to him, "What has brought you to this land?" He said, "We were at Sham and I recited the Verse: "They who hoard up gold and silver and spend them not in the way of Allah; announce to them a painful torment, " (Surah At-Taubah 9: 34) where upon Muawiya said, 'This Verse is not for us, but for the people of the Scripture.' Then I said, 'But it is both for us (Muslim) and for them.'"


Hadith Number 184.

Narrated by Abu Bakr (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Time has come back to its original state which it had when Allah created the Heavens and the Earth; the year is twelve months, four of which are sacred. Three of them are in succession; Dhul-Qa'da, Dhul-Hijja and Al-Muharram, and (the fourth being) Rajab Mudar (named after the tribe of Mudar as they used to respect this month) which stands between Jumad (ath-thani) and Sha'ban."


Hadith Number 185.

Narrated by Abu Bakr (Radhi Allahu Anhu): I was in the company of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) in the cave, and on seeing the traces of the pagans, I said, "O Allah's Messenger! If one of them (pagans) should lift up his foot, he will see us." He said, "What do you think of two, the third of whom is Allah?"


Hadith Number 186.

Narrated by Ibn Abi Mulaika: When there happened the disagreement between Ibn Az-Zubair and Ibn 'Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma), I said (to the latter), "(Why don't you take the oath of allegiance to him as) his father is Az-Zubair, and his mother is Asma,' and his aunt is 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha), and his maternal grandfather is Abu Bakr, and his grandmother is Safiya?"


Hadith Number 187.

Narrated by Ibn Abi Mulaika: There was a disagreement between them (i.e. Ibn 'Abbas and Ibn Az-Zubair (Radhi Allahu Anhuma)) so I went to Ibn 'Abbas in the morning and said (to him), "Do you want to fight against Ibn Zubair and thus make lawful what Allah has made unlawful (i.e. fighting in Makkahs?" Ibn 'Abbas said, "Allah forbid! Allah ordained that Ibn Zubair and Bani Umaiya would permit (fighting in Makkah), but by Allah, I will never regard it as permissible." Ibn Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhu) added. "The people asked me to take the oath of allegiance to Ibn Az-Zubair. I said, 'He is really entitled to assume authority for his father, Az-Zubair was the helper of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), his (maternal) grandfather, Abu Bakr was (the Prophet’s (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)) companion in the cave, his mother, Asma' was 'Dhatun-Nitaq', his aunt, 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) was the mother of the Believers, his paternal aunt, Khadija was the wife of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), and the paternal aunt of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) was his grandmother. He himself is pious and chaste in Islam, well versed in the Knowledge of the Qur’an. By Allah! (Really, I left my relatives, Bani Umaiya for his sake though) they are my close relatives, and if they should be my rulers, they are equally apt to be so and are descended from a noble family.


Hadith Number 188.

Narrated by Ibn Abi Mulaika (Radhi Allahu Anhu): We entered upon Ibn 'Abbas and he said "Are you not astonished at Ibn Az-Zubair's assuming the caliphate?" I said (to myself), "I will support him and speak of his good traits as I did not do even for Abu Bakr and 'Umar though they were more entitled to receive all good than he was." I said "He (i.e Ibn Az-Zubair) is the son of the aunt of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and the son of Az-Zubair, and the grandson of Abu Bakr and the son of Khadija's brother, and the son of 'Aishah’s (Radhi Allahu Anha) sister." Nevertheless, he considers himself to be superior to me and does not want me to be one of his friends. So I said, "I never expected that he would refuse my offer to support him, and I don't think he intends to do me any good, therefore, if my cousins should inevitably be my rulers, it will be better for me to be ruled by them than by some others."


Hadith Number 189.

Narrated by Abu Said: Something was sent to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and he distributed it amongst four (men) and said, "I want to attract their hearts (to Islam thereby)," A man said (to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) ), "You have not done justice." Thereupon the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "There will emerge from the offspring of this (man) some people who will renounce the religion."


Hadith Number 190.

Narrated by Abu Musud (Radhi Allahu Anhu): When we were ordered to give alms, we began to work as porters (to earn something we could give in charity). Abu Uqail came with one half of a Sa (special measure for food grains) and another person brought more than he did. So the hypocrites said, "Allah is not in need of the alms of this (i.e. 'Uqail); and this other person did not give alms but for showing off." Then Allah revealed:

'Those who criticize such of the Believers who give charity voluntarily and those who could not find to give in charity except what is available to them.' (Surah At-Taubah 9: 79)




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Hadith Number 191.

Narrated by Shaqiq: Abu Mas'ud Al-Ansari (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said, "Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), used to order us to give alms. So one of us would exert himself to earn one Mud (special measure of wheat or dates, etc.,) to give in charity; while today one of us may have one hundred thousand." Shaqiq said: As if Abu Masud referred to himself.


Hadith Number 192.

Narrated by Ibn Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhu): When 'Abdullah bin 'Ubai died, his son 'Abdullah bin 'Abdullah came to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and asked him to give him his shirt in order to shroud his father in it. He gave it to him and then 'Abdullah asked the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) to offer the funeral prayer for him (his father). Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) got up to offer the funeral prayer for him, but Umar got up too and got hold of the garment of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and said, "O Allah's Messenger! Will you offer the funeral prayer for him though your Lord has forbidden you to offer the prayer for him" Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "But Allah has given me the choice by saying:

'(Whether you) ask forgiveness for them, or do not ask forgiveness for them; even if you ask forgiveness for them seventy times...' (Surah At-Taubah 9: 80) so I will ask more than seventy times." 'Umar said, "But he ('Abdullah bin 'Ubai) is a hypocrite!" However, Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) did offer the funeral prayer for him whereupon Allah revealed:

'And never (O Muhammad) pray for anyone of them that dies, nor stand at his grave.' (Surah At-Taubah 9: 84)


Hadith Number 193.

Narrated by Umar bin Al-Khattab (Radhi Allahu Anhu): When 'Abdullah bin Ubai bin Salul died, Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) was called in order to offer the funeral prayer for him. When Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) got up (to offer the prayer) I jumped towards him and said, "O Allah's Messenger! Do you offer the prayer for Ibn Ubai although he said so-and-so on such-and-such-a day?" I went on mentioning his sayings. Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) smiled and said, "Keep away from me, O 'Umar!" But when I spoke too much to him, he said, "I have been given the choice, and I have chosen (this) ; and if I knew that if I asked forgiveness for him more than seventy times, he would be for given, I would ask it for more times than that." So Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) offered the funeral prayer for him and then left, but he did not stay long before the two Verses of Surah-Bara'a were revealed, i.e. 'And never (O Muhammad) pray for anyone of them that dies... and died in a state of rebellion.' (Surah At-Taubah 9: 84) Later I was astonished at my daring to speak like that to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and Allah and His Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) know best.


Hadith Number 194.

Narrated by Ibn Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): When Abdullah bin Ubai died, his son 'Abdullah bin 'Abdullah came to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) who gave his shirt to him and ordered him to shroud his father in it. Then he stood up to offer the funeral prayer for the deceased, but 'Umar bin Al-Khattab took hold of his garment and said, "Do you offer the funeral prayer for him though he was a hypocrite and Allah has forbidden you to ask forgiveness for hypocrites?" The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Allah has given me the choice (or Allah has informed me) saying:

"Whether you, O Muhammad, ask forgiveness for them, or do not ask forgiveness for them, even if you ask forgiveness for them seventy times, Allah will not forgive them," (Surah At-Taubah 9: 80) The he added, "I will (appeal to Allah for his sake) more than seventy times." So Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) offered the funeral prayer for him and we too, offered the prayer along with him. Then Allah revealed: "And never, O Muhammad, pray (funeral prayer) for anyone of them that dies, nor stand at his grave. Certainly they disbelieved in Allah and His Messenger and died in a state of rebellion." (Surah At-Taubah 9: 84)


Hadith Number 195.

Narrated by 'Abdullah bin Ka'b: I heard Ka'b bin Malik at the time he remained behind and did not join (the battle of) Tabuk, saying, "By Allah, no blessing has Allah bestowed upon me, besides my guidance to Islam, better than that of helping me speak the truth to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) otherwise I would have told the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) a lie and would have been ruined like those who had told a lie when the Divine Inspiration was revealed: [color=green] "They will swear by Allah to you (Muslims) when you return to them... the rebellious people." (Surah At-Taubah 9: 95-96)


Hadith Number 196.

Narrated by Samura bin Jundab (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Tonight two (visitors) came to me (in my dream) and took me to a town built with gold bricks and silver bricks. There we met men who, half of their bodies, look like the most-handsome human beings you have ever seen, and the other half, the ugliest human beings you have ever seen. Those two visitors said to those men, 'Go and dip yourselves in that river. So they dipped themselves therein and then came to us, their ugliness having disappeared and they were in the most-handsome shape. The visitors said, 'The first is the Garden of Eden and that is your dwelling place.' Then they added, 'As for those people who were half ugly and half handsome, they were those who mixed good deeds and bad deeds, but Allah forgave them."


Hadith Number 197.

Narrated by Al-Musaiyab (Radhi Allahu Anhu): When Abu Talib's death approached, the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) went to him while Abu Jahl and 'Abdullah bin Abi Umaiya were present with him. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "O uncle, say: None has the right to be worshipped except Allah, so that I may argue for your case with it before Allah." On that, Abu Jahl and 'Abdullah bin Abu Umaiya said, "O Abu Talib! Do you want to renounce 'Abdul Muttalib's religion?" Then the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "I will keep on asking (Allah for) forgiveness for you unless I am forbidden to do so." Then there was revealed:

'It is not fitting for the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and those who believe that they should invoke (Allah) for forgiveness for pagans even though they be of kin, after it has become clear to them that they are companions of the Fire.' (Surah At-Taubah 9: 113)




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As Salamu Alaikum


Hadith Number 198.

Narrated by Abdullah bin Ka'b: I heard Ka'b bin Malik (Radhi Allahu Anhu) talking about the Verse: 'And to the three (He also forgave) who remained behind.' (Surah At-Taubah 9: 118) saying in the last portion of his talk, "(I said), 'As a part (sign) of my repentance, I would like to give up all my property in the cause of Allah and His Messenger,' The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said to me, 'Keep some of your wealth as it is good for you." To the three (He also forgave) who remained behind till for them the earth, vast as it is, was straitened..." (Surah At-Taubah 9: 118)


Hadith Number 199.

Narrated by Abdullah bin Kab: I heard Ka'b bin Malik (Radhi Allahu Anhu) who was one of the three who were forgiven, saying that he had never remained behind Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) in any Ghazwa which he had fought except two Ghazwat Ghazwat-al'Usra (Tabuk) and Ghazwat-Badr. He added. "I decided to tell the truth to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) in the forenoon, and scarcely did he return from a journey he made, except in the forenoon, he would go first to the Masjid and offer a two-Rak'at prayer. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) forbade others to speak to me or to my two companions, but he did not prohibit speaking to any of those who had remained behind excepting us. So the people avoided speaking to us, and I stayed in that state till I could no longer bear it, and the only thing that worried me was that I might die and the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) would not offer the funeral prayer for me, or Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) might die and I would be left in that social status among the people that nobody would speak to me or offer the funeral prayer for me. But Allah revealed His Forgiveness for us to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) in the last third of the night while Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) was with Um Salama. Um Salama sympathized with me and helped me in my disaster. Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, 'O Um Salama! Ka'b has been forgiven!' She said, 'Shall I send someone to him to give him the good tidings?' He said, 'If you did so, the people would not let you sleep the rest of the night.' So when the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) had offered the Fajr prayer, he announced Allah's Forgiveness for us. His face used to look as bright as a piece of the (full) moon whenever he was pleased. When Allah revealed His Forgiveness for us, we were the three whose case had been deferred while the excuse presented by those who had apologized had been accepted. But when there were mentioned those who had told the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) lies and remained behind (the battle of Tabuk) and had given false excuses, they were described with the worse description one may be described with. Allah said: 'They will present their excuses to you (Muslims) when you return to them. Say: Present no excuses; we shall not believe you. Allah has already informed us of the true state of matters concerning you. Allah and His Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) will observe your actions." (Surah At-Taubah 9: 94)


Hadith Number 200.

Narrated by 'Abdullah bin Kab: I heard Ka'b bin Malik (Radhi Allahu Anhu) talking about the story of the battle of Tabuk when he remained behind, "By Allah, I do not know anyone whom Allah has helped for telling the truth more than me since I mentioned that truth to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) till today, I have never intended to tell a lie. And Allah revealed to His Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) : "Verily! Allah has forgiven the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) , the Muhajirin... and be with those who are true (in words and deeds)." (Surah At-Taubah 9: 117-119) (See Hadith No. 702 Book 59).


Hadith Number 201.

Narrated by Zaid bin Thabit Al-Ansari (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Who was one of those who used to write the Divine Revelation: Abu Bakr (Radhi Allahu Anhu) sent for me after the (heavy) casualties among the warriors (of the battle) of Yamama (where a great number of Qurra' were killed). 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhu) was present with Abu Bakr (Radhi Allahu Anhu) who said, 'Umar has come to me and said, The people have suffered heavy casualties on the day of (the battle of) Yamama, and I am afraid that there will be more casualties among the Qurra' (those who know the Qur'an by heart) at other battle-fields, whereby a large part of the Qur'an may be lost, unless you collect it. And I am of the opinion that you should collect the Qur'an." Abu Bakr added, "I said to 'Umar, 'How can I do something which Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) has not done?' 'Umar said (to me), 'By Allah, it is (really) a good thing.' So 'Umar kept on pressing, trying to persuade me to accept his proposal, till Allah opened my bosom for it and I had the same opinion as 'Umar." (Zaid bin Thabit added:) Umar was sitting with him (Abu Bakr) and was not speaking me). "You are a wise young man and we do not suspect you (of telling lies or of forgetfulness): and you used to write the Divine Inspiration for Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam). Therefore, look for the Qur'an and collect it (in one manuscript). " By Allah, if he (Abu Bakr) had ordered me to shift one of the mountains (from its place) it would not have been harder for me than what he had ordered me concerning the collection of the Qur'an. I said to both of them, "How dare you do a thing which the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) has not done?" Abu Bakr said, "By Allah, it is (really) a good thing. So I kept on arguing with him about it till Allah opened my bosom for that which He had opened the bosoms of Abu Bakr and Umar. So I started locating Qur’anic material and collecting it from parchments, scapula, leaf-stalks of date palms and from the memories of men (who knew it by heart). I found with Khuzaima two Verses of Surah-at-Tauba which I had not found with anybody else, (and they were):

"Verily there has come to you a Messenger (Muhammad) from amongst yourselves. It grieves him that you should receive any injury or difficulty He (Muhammad) is ardently anxious over you (to be rightly guided)" (Surah At-Taubah 9: 128)

The manuscript on which the Qur’an was collected, remained with Abu Bakr till Allah took him unto Him, and then with 'Umar till Allah took him unto Him, and finally it remained with Hafsa, Umar's daughter.





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As Salamu Alaikum



Hadith Number 202.

Narrated by Ibn Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): When the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) arrived at Al-Madinah, the Jews were observing the fast on 'Ashura' (10th of Muharram) and they said, "This is the day when Musa became victorious over Pharaoh," On that, the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said to his companions, "You (Muslims) have more right to celebrate Musa' victory than they have, so observe the fast on this day."


Hadith Number 203.

Narrated by Muhammad bin 'Abbas bin Ja'far: That he heard Ibn 'Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhu) reciting: "No doubt! They fold up their breasts." (Surah Hud 11: 5) and asked him about its explanation. He said, "Some people used to hide themselves while answering the call of nature in an open space lest they be exposed to the sky, and also when they had sexual relation with their wives in an open space lest they be exposed to the sky, so the above revelation was sent down regarding them."


Hadith Number 204.

Narrated by Muhammad bin Abbas bin Ja'far : Ibn Abbas recited. "No doubt! They fold up their breasts." I said, "O Abu Abbas! What is meant by "They fold up their breasts?" He said, "A man used to feel shy on having sexual relation with his wife or on answering the call of nature (in an open space) so this Verse was revealed: "No doubt! They fold up their breasts."


Hadith Number 205.

Narrated by 'Amr : Ibn 'Abbas recited: "No doubt! They fold up their breasts in order to hide from Him. Surely! Even when they cover themselves with their garments..." (Surah Hud 11:5)


Hadith Number 206.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu) : Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Allah said, 'Spend (O man), and I shall spend on you." He also said, "Allah's Hand is full, and (its fullness) is not affected by the continuous spending night and day." He also said, "Do you see what He has spent since He created the Heavens and the Earth? Nevertheless, what is in His Hand is not decreased, and His Throne was over the water; and in His Hand there is the balance (of justice) whereby He raises and lowers (people)."


Hadith Number 207.

Narrated by Safwan bin Muhriz : While Ibn Umar was performing the Tawaf (around the Ka’bah), a man came up to him and said, "O Abu 'AbdurRahman!" or said, "O Ibn Umar! Did you hear anything from the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) about An-Najwa?" Ibn 'Umar said, "I heard the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) saying, 'The Believer will be brought near his Lord." (Hisham, a sub-narrator said, reporting the Prophet’s (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) words), "The believer will come near (his Lord) till his Lord covers him with His screen and makes him confess his sins. (Allah will ask him), 'Do you know (that you did) 'such-and-such sin?" He will say twice, 'Yes, I do.' Then Allah will say, 'I concealed it in the world and I forgive it for you today.' Then the record of his good deeds will be folded up. As for the others, or the disbelievers, it will be announced publicly before the witnesses: 'These are ones who lied against their Lord."


Hadith Number 208.

Narrated by Abu Musa (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Allah gives respite to the oppressor, but when He takes him over, He never releases him." Then he recited:

"Such is the seizure of your Lord when He seizes (population of) towns in the midst of their wrong: Painful indeed, and severe is His seizure.' (Surah Hud 11: 102)


Hadith Number 209.

Narrated by Ibn Masud (Radhi Allahu Anhu): A man kissed a woman and then came to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and told him of that, so this Divine Inspiration was revealed to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) 'And offer Prayers perfectly at the two ends of the day, and in some hours of the night; (i.e. (five) compulsory prayers). Verily, the good deeds remove the evil deeds (small sins) That is a reminder for the mindful.' (Surah Hud 11: 114) The man said, Is this instruction for me only?' The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "It is for all those of my followers who encounter a similar situation."


Hadith Number 210.

Narrated by 'Abdullah bin Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "The honorable, the son of the honorable the son of the honorable, i.e. Yusuf, the son of Yaqub, the son of Ishaq, the son of Ibrahim (Alayhi Salam)."


Hadith Number 211.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) was asked, "Who are the most honorable of the people?" The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "The most honorable of them in Allah's Sight are those who keep their duty to Allah and fear Him. They said, "We do not ask you about that." He said, "Then the most honorable of the people is Yusuf, Allah's Prophet, the son of Allah's Prophet , the son of Allah's Prophet , the son of Allah's Khalil (*) i.e. Ibrahim (Alayhi Salam)) They said, "We do not ask you about that." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, Do you ask about (the virtues of the ancestry of the Arabs?" They said, "Yes," He said, "Those who were the best amongst you in the Pre-lslamic Period are the best amongst you in Islam if they comprehend (the Islamic religion)."

* Khalil


Hadith Number 212.

Narrated by Az-Zuhri: Urwa bin Az-Zubair, Said bin Al-Musaiyab, 'Al-Qama bin Waqqas and 'Ubaidullah bin 'Abdullah related the narration of 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha), the wife the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), when the slanderers had said about her what they had said and Allah later declared her innocence. Each of them related a part of the narration (wherein) the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said (to 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha)). "If you are innocent, then Allah will declare your innocence: but if you have committed a sin, then ask for Allah's Forgiveness and repent to him." 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) said, "By Allah, I find no example for my case except that of Yusuf’s father (when he said), 'So (for me) patience is most fitting.' " Then Allah revealed the ten Verses: "Verily those who spread the slander are a gang amongst you..." (Surah An-Nur 24: 11)


Hadith Number 213.

Narrated by Um Ruman (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Who was 'Aishah’s (Radhi Allahu Anha) mother: While I was with 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha), 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) got fever, whereupon the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Probably her fever is caused by the story related by the people (about her)." I said, "Yes." Then 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) sat up and said, "My example and your example is similar to that of Yaqub and his sons: 'Nay, but your minds have made up a tale. So (for me) patience is most fitting. It is Allah (alone) Whose help can be sought against that which you assert.' (Surah Yusuf 12: 18)





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Hadith Number 214.

Narrated by Abu Wail: 'Abdullah bin Mas'ud (Radhi Allahu Anhu) recited "Haita laka (Come you)," and added, "We recite it as we were taught it." (referring to Surah Yusuf 12: 23)


Hadith Number 215.

Narrated by Abdullah (bin Mas'ud) (Radhi Allahu Anhu): When the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) realized that the Quraish had delayed in embracing Islam, he said, "O Allah! Protect me against their evil by afflicting them with seven (years of famine) like the seven years of (Prophet) Yusuf." So they were struck with a year of famine that destroyed everything till they had to eat bones, and till a man would look towards the sky and see something like smoke between him and it. Allah said:

"Then watch you (O Muhammad) for the day when the sky will produce a kind of smoke plainly visible." (Surah Ad-Dukhan 44: 10) And Allah further said: "Verily! We shall withdraw the punishment a little, Verily you will return (to disbelief)." (Surah Ad-Dukhan 44: 15) (Will Allah relieve them from torture on the Day of Resurrection?) (The punishment of) the smoke had passed and Al-Baltsha (the destruction of the pagans in the Badr battle) had passed too.


Hadith Number 216.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "May Allah bestow His Mercy on (Prophet) Lut. (When his nation troubled him) he wished if he could betake himself to some powerful support; and if I were to remain in prison for the period Yusuf had remained, I would surely respond to the call; and we shall have more right (to be in doubt) than Ibrahim. When Allah said to him, "Don't you believe?' Ibrahim said, 'Yes, (I do believe) but to be stronger in faith; (Surah Al-Baqarah 2: 260)


Hadith Number 217.

Narrated by 'Urwa bin Az-Zubair: That when he asked 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) about the statement of Allah "Until when the Messengers gave up hope (of their people)." (Surah Yusuf 12: 110) she told him (its meaning), 'Urwa added, "I said, 'Did they (Messengers) suspect that they were betrayed (by Allah) or that they were treated as liars by (their people)?' 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha) said, '(They suspected) that they were treated as liars by (their people),' I said, 'But they were sure that their people treated them as liars and it was not a matter of suspicion.' She said, 'Yes, upon my life they were sure about it.' I said to her. 'So they (Messengers) suspected that they were betrayed (by Allah).' She said, "Allah forbid! The Messengers never suspected their Lord of such a thing.' I said, 'What about this Verse then?' She said, 'It is about the Messengers' followers who believed in their Lord and trusted their Messengers, but the period of trials was prolonged and victory was delayed till the Messengers gave up all hope of converting those of the people who disbelieved them and the Messengers thought that their followers treated them as liars; thereupon Allah's help came to them.


Hadith Number 218.

Narrated by 'Urwa: "I told her ('Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha)): (Regarding the above narration), they (Messengers) were betrayed (by Allah)." She said: Allah forbid or said similarly.


Hadith Number 219.

Narrated by Ibn Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "The keys of Unseen are five which none knows but Allah: None knows what will happen tomorrow but Allah; none knows what is in the wombs (a male child or a female) but Allah; none knows when it will rain but Allah; none knows at what place one will die; none knows when the Hour will be established but Allah." (See The Qur’an Surah Luqman 31: 34.")


Hadith Number 220.

Narrated by Ibn 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhu): While we were with Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) he said, "Tell me of a tree which resembles a Muslim man. Its leaves do not fall and it does not, and does not, and does not, (*) and it gives its fruits every now and then." It came to my mind that such a tree must be the date palm, but seeing Abu Bakr and 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma) saying nothing, I disliked to speak. So when they did not say anything, Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "It is the date-palm tree." When we got up (from that place), I said to 'Umar, "O my father! By Allah, it came to my mind that it must be the date palm tree." 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said, "What prevented you from speaking" I replied, "I did not see you speaking, so I disliked to speak or say anything." Umar then said, "If you had said it, it would have been dearer to me than so-and-so."


* The narrator seems to have forgetten what the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said therefore he just repeats the expression 'does not' three times to indicate that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) described the tree with three other qualities.


Hadith Number 221.

Narrated by Al-Bara bin Azib (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "When a Muslim is questioned in his grave, he will testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah and that Muhammad is Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) , and that is what is meant by Allah's Statement:

"Allah will keep firm those who believe with a Word that stands firm in this world and in the Hereafter." (Surah Ibrahim 14: 27)


Hadith Number 222.

Narrated by Ata: When Ibn 'Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhu) heard: "Have you not seen those who have changed the favor of Allah into disbelief?" (Surah Ibrahim 14: 28) he said, "Those were the disbelieving pagans of Makkah."





Volume Six-Book Sixty – The Book the Prophetic Commentary on the Qur’an (Wasaayaa) S20a1110
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