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 Book Thirty Six – The Book on Hiring

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PostSubject: Book Thirty Six – The Book on Hiring   Book Thirty Six – The Book on Hiring EmptySat Nov 27, 2010 5:47 pm


As Salamu Alaikum

Bismillah


Book Thirty Six – The Book on Hiring



Hadith Number 461.

Narrated by Abu Musa Al-Ashari (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "The honest treasurer who gives willingly what he is ordered to give, is one of the two charitable persons, (the second being the owner)."


Hadith Number 462.

Narrated by Abu Musa (Radhi Allahu Anhu): I went to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) with two men from Ash-ari tribe. I said (to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)), "I do not know that they want employment." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "No, we do not appoint for our jobs anybody who demands it earnestly."


Hadith Number 463.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu) : The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Allah did not send any Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) but shepherded sheep." His companions asked him, "Did you do the same?" The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) replied, "Yes, I used to shepherd the sheep of the people of Makkah for some Qirats."


Hadith Number 464.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and Abu Bakr (Radhi Allahu Anhu) employed a (pagan) man from the tribe of Bani Ad-Dail and the tribe of Bani 'Abu bin 'Adi as a guide. He was an expert guide and he broke the oath contract which he had to abide by with the tribe of Al-'Asi bin Wail and he was on the religion of Quraish pagans. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and Abu Bakr (Radhi Allahu Anhu) had confidence in him and gave him their riding camels and told him to bring them to the Cave of Thaur after three days. So, he brought them their two riding camels after three days and both of them (The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and Abu Bakr (Radhi Allahu Anhu)) set out accompanied by 'Amir bin Fuhaira and the Dili guide who guided them below Makkah along the road leading to the sea-shore.


Hadith Number 465.

Narrated by 'Aishah (Radhi Allahu Anha): (The wife of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)) Allah's Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and Abu Bakr hired a man from the tribe of Bani-Ad-Dil as an expert guide who was a pagan (follower of the religion of the pagans of Quraish). The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and Abu Bakr gave him their two riding camels and took a promise from him to bring their riding camels in the morning of the third day to the Cave of Thaur.


Hadith Number 466.

Narrated by Ya'la bin Umaya (Radhi Allahu Anhu): I fought in Jaish-al-Usra (Ghazwa of Tabuk) along with the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and in my opinion that was the best of my deeds. Then I had an employee, who quarrel led with someone and one of the them bit and cut the other's finger and caused his own tooth to fall out. He then went to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) (with a complaint) but the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) cancelled the suit and said to the complainant, "Did you expect him to let his finger in your mouth so that you might snap and cut it (as does a stallion camel)?"

Narrated Ibn Juraij from Abdullah bin Abu Mulaika from his grandfather a similar story: A man bit the hand of another man and caused his own tooth to fall out, but Abu Bakr (Radhi Allahu Anhu) judged that he had no right for compensation (for the broken tooth).


Hadith Number 467.

Narrated by Ubai bin Ka'b (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Both of them (Musa (Alayhi Salam) and Al-Khadir) proceeded on till they reached a wall which was about to fall." Sa'd said, "(Al-Khadir pointed) with his hands (towards the wall) and then raised his hands and the wall became straightened up." Ya'la said, "I think Said said, 'He (Khadir) passed his hand over it and it was straightened up." (Musa (Alayhi Salam) said to him), "if you had wanted, you could have taken wages for it." Said said, "Wages with which to buy food."


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PostSubject: Re: Book Thirty Six – The Book on Hiring   Book Thirty Six – The Book on Hiring EmptySat Nov 27, 2010 5:58 pm

As Salamu Alaikum


Hadith Number 468.

Narrated by Ibn 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Your example and the example of the people of the two Scriptures (i.e. Jews and Christians) is like the example of a man who employed some labourers and asked them, 'Who will work for me from morning till midday for one Qirat?' The Jews accepted and carried out the work. He then asked, Who will work for me from midday up to the 'Asr prayer for one Qirat?' The Christians accepted and fulfilled the work. He then said, 'Who will work for me from the 'Asr till sunset for two Qirats?' You, Muslims have accepted the offer. The Jews and the Christians got angry and said, 'Why should we work more and get lesser wages?' (Allah) said, 'Have I with-held part of your right?' They replied in the negative. He said, 'It is My Blessing, I bestow upon whomever I wish.'


Hadith Number 469.

Narrated by 'Abdullah bin 'Umar bin Al-Khattab (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): Allah's Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Your example and the example of Jews and Christians is like the example of a man who employed some labourers to whom he said, 'Who will work for me up to midday for one Qirat each?' The Jews carried out the work for one Qirat each; and then the Christians carried out the work up to the 'Asr prayer for one Qirat each; and now you Muslims are working from the 'Asr prayer up to sunset for two Qirats each. The Jews and Christians got angry and said, 'We work more and are paid less.' The employer (Allah) asked them, 'Have I usurped some of your right?' They replied in the negative. He said, 'That is My Blessing, I bestow upon whomever I wish.' "


Hadith Number 470.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "Allah said, 'I will be an opponent to three types of people on the Day of Resurrection:

1. One who makes a covenant in My Name, but proves treacherous.
2. One who sells a free person and eats his price.
3. One who employs a labourer and takes full work from him but does not pay him for his labour.'"


Hadith Number 471.

Narrated by Abu Musa (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, "The example of Muslims, Jews and Christians is like the example of a man who employed labourers to work for him from morning till night for specific wages. They worked till midday and then said, 'We do not need your money which you have fixed for us and let whatever we have done be annulled.' The man said to them, 'Don't quit the work, but complete the rest of it and take your full wages.' But they refused and went away. The man employed another batch after them and said to them, 'Complete the rest of the day and yours will be the wages I had fixed for the first batch.' So, they worked till the time of 'Asr prayer. Then they said, "Let what we have done be annulled and keep the wages you have promised us for yourself.' The man said to them, 'Complete the rest of the work, as only a little of the day remains,' but they refused. Thereafter he employed another batch to work for the rest of the day and they worked for the rest of the day till the sunset, and they received the wages of the two former batches. So, that was the example of those people (Muslims) and the example of this light (guidance) which they have accepted willingly. (*)


* The Jews refused to believe in the Message of Isa (Alayhi Salam), so all their work was annulled, similarly the Christians refused to accept the Message of Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and thus their work was annulled too. Such people were not rewarded, because they refused to have true faith for the rest of their lives and died as disbelievers. They should have believed in the latest Message, for their insistance on keeping their old religion deprived them of the reward which they would have got for their previous good deeds achieved before the advent of the new religion. On the other hand, the Muslims accepted and believed in all the three Messengers and deserved a full reward for their complete surrender to Allah. (Al-Qastalani Vol.4 page 133)



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PostSubject: Re: Book Thirty Six – The Book on Hiring   Book Thirty Six – The Book on Hiring EmptySat Nov 27, 2010 6:02 pm

As Salamu Alaikum


Hadith Number 472.

Narrated by 'Abdullah bin 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhu): I heard Allah's Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) saying, "Three men from among those who were before you, set out together till they reached a cave at night and entered it. A big rock rolled down the mountain and closed the mouth of the cave. They said (to each other), Nothing could save you from this rock but appealing to Allah by giving references to the righteous deed which you have done (for Allah's sake only).' So, one of them said, 'O Allah! I had old parents and I never provided my family (wife, children etc.) with milk before them. One day, by chance I was delayed, and I came late (at night) while they had slept. I milked the sheep for them and took the milk to them, but I found them sleeping. I disliked to provide my family with the milk before them. I waited for them and the bowl of milk was in my hand and I kept on waiting for them to get up till the day dawned. Then they got up and drank the milk. O Allah! If I did that for Your Sake only, please relieve us from our critical situation caused by this rock.' So, the rock shifted a little but they could not get out."

The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) added, "The second man said, 'O Allah! I had a cousin who was the dearest of all people to me and I wanted to have sexual relations with her but she refused. Later she had a hard time in a famine year and she came to me and I gave her one-hundred-and-twenty Dinars on the condition that she would not resist my desire, and she agreed. When I was about to fulfil my desire, she said: It is illegal for you to outrage my chastity except by legitimate marriage. So, I thought it a sin to have sexual intercourse with her and left her though she was the dearest of all the people to me, and also I left the gold I had given her. O Allah! If I did that for Your Sake only, please relieve us from the present calamity.' So, the rock shifted a little more but still they could not get out from there."

The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) added, "Then the third man said, 'O Allah! I employed few labourers and I paid them their wages with the exception of one man who did not take his wages and went away. I invested his wages and I got much property thereby. (Then after some time) he came and said to me: O Allah's slave! Pay me my wages. I said to him: All the camels, cows, sheep and slaves you see, are yours. He said: O Allah's slave! Don't mock at me. I said: I am not mocking at you. So, he took all the herd and drove them away and left nothing. O Allah! If I did that for Your Sake only, please relieve us from the present suffering.' So, that rock shifted completely and they got out walking.


Hadith Number 473.

Narrated by Abu Mas’ud Al-Ansari (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Whenever Allah's Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) ordered us to give in charity we would go to the market and work as porters to earn a Mudd (two hand-full) (of foodstuff) but now some of us have one-hundred thousand Dirhams or Diners. (The sub-narrator) Shaqiq said, "I think Abu Mas'ud meant himself by saying (some of us).


Hadith Number 474.

Narrated by Tawus: Ibn 'Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma) said, "The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) forbade the meeting of caravans (on the way) and ordained that no townsman is permitted to sell things on behalf of a bedouin." I asked Ibn 'Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma), "What is the meaning of his saying, 'No townsman is permitted to sell things on behalf of a bedouin.' " He replied, "He should not work as a broker for him."


Hadith Number 475.

Narrated by Khabbab (Radhi Allahu Anhu): I was a blacksmith and did some work for Al-'As bin Wail. When he owed me some money for my work, I went to him to ask for that amount. He said, "I will not pay you unless you disbelieve in Muhammad." I said, "By Allah! I will never do that till you die and be resurrected." He said, "Will I be dead and then resurrected after my death?" I said, "Yes." He said, "There I will have property and offspring and then I will pay you your due." Then Allah revealed. 'Have you seen him who disbelieved in Our signs, and yet says: I will be given property and offspring?' (Surah Maryam 19:.77)


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PostSubject: Re: Book Thirty Six – The Book on Hiring   Book Thirty Six – The Book on Hiring EmptySat Nov 27, 2010 6:05 pm

As Salamu Alaikum


Hadith Number 476.

Narrated by Abu Said (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Some of the companions of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) went on a journey till they reached some of the 'Arab tribes (at night). They asked the latter to treat them as their guests but they refused. The chief of that tribe was then bitten by a snake (or stung by a scorpion) and they tried their best to cure him but in vain. Some of them said (to the others), "Nothing has benefited him, will you go to the people who resided here at night, it may be that some of them might possess something (as treatment)," They went to the group of the companions (of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)) and said, "Our chief has been bitten by a snake (or stung by a scorpion) and we have tried everything but he has not benefited. Have you got anything (useful)?" One of them replied, "Yes, by Allah! I can recite a Ruqyah, but as you have refused to accept us as your guests, I will not recite the Ruqya for you unless you fix for us some wages for it." They agreed to pay them a flock of sheep. One of them then went and recited (Surat-ul-Fatihah): 'All the praises are for the Lord of the Worlds' and puffed over the chief who became all right as if he was released from a chain, and got up and started walking, showing no signs of sickness.

They paid them what they agreed to pay. Some of them (i.e. the companions) then suggested to divide their earnings among themselves, but the one who performed the recitation said, "Do not divide them till we go to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and narrate the whole story to him, and wait for his order." So, they went to Allah's Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and narrated the story. Allah's Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) asked, "How did you come to know that Surat-ul-Fatihah was recited as Ruqyah?" Then he added, "You have done the right thing. Divide (what you have earned) and assign a share for me as well." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) smiled thereupon.


Hadith Number 477.

Narrated by Anas bin Malik (Radhi Allahu Anhu): When Abu Taiba cupped the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) ordered that he be paid one or two Sas of foodstuff and he interceded with his masters to reduce his taxes.


Hadith Number 478.

Narrated by Ibn 'Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): When the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) was cupped, he paid the man who cupped him his wages.


Hadith Number 479.

Narrated by Ibn 'Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): When the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) was cupped, he paid the man who cupped him his wages. If it had been undesirable he would not have paid him.


Hadith Number 480.

Narrated by Anas (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) used to get cupped and would never withhold the wages of any person.


Hadith Number 481.

Narrated by Anas bin Malik (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) sent for a slave who had the profession of cupping, and he cupped him. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) ordered that he be paid one or two Sas, or one or two Mudds of foodstuff, and appealed to his masters to reduce his taxes.


Hadith Number 482.

Narrated by Abu Masud Al-Ansari (Radhi Allahu Anhu): Allah's Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) regarded illegal the price of a dog, the earnings of a prostitute, and the charges taken by a soothsayer.


Hadith Number 483.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radhi Allahu Anhu): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) prohibited the earnings of slave girls (through prostitution).


Hadith Number 484.

Narrated by Ibn 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) forbade taking a price for animal copulation.


Hadith Number 485.

Narrated by Abdullah bin Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma): "Allah's Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) gave the land of Khaibar to the Jews to work on and cultivate and take half of its yield. Ibn 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhu) added, "The land used to be rented for a certain portion (of its yield)." Nafi mentioned the amount of the portion but I forgot it. Rafi' bin Khadij said, "The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) forbade renting farms." Narrated 'Ubaid-Ullah Nafi' said: Ibn 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhuma) said: (The contract of Khaibar continued) till 'Umar (Radhi Allahu Anhu) evacuated the Jews (from Khaibar).



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