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 Why Doesn’t Surah At-Taubah being with “Bismillah”?

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Zaza
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Why Doesn’t Surah At-Taubah being with “Bismillah”? Empty
PostSubject: Why Doesn’t Surah At-Taubah being with “Bismillah”?   Why Doesn’t Surah At-Taubah being with “Bismillah”? EmptyWed Jul 07, 2010 1:50 pm

As Salamu Alaikum



Question

Unlike other chapters, why does Surah At-Taubah begin without “Bismillah ir-Rahman ir-Rahim”? Also before reading this chapter, we say, “I seek refuge in allh from the Fire, from the evil of the disbelievers, and from the anger of the Almighty and glory is for Allah and His Messenger.” Is this invocation correct?

Answer

The invocation that you mentioned for the beginning of Surah Bara’h (At-Taubah) is an innovated supplication for which there is no basis and it is not allowed for one to begin the Surah with it. When I was young, I used to see this invocation written as a footnote in some copies of the Qur'an. Whoever sees this in a copy of the Qur'an should blot it out because it is an innovation and it is not related from the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam).

As for your first question, we do not begin this chapter with “Bismillah” simply because it is not there, were it a part of the chapter, it would have been written in the Qur'an, for Allah Almighty says:

“Verily We, It is We who have sent down the Thikr (the Qur'an) and surely, We will guard it (from corruption) (Surah Al-Hijr 15:9)

This is how it has reached us from the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam). The Companions (Radhi Allahu Anhum), however, disagreed among themselves – as has being related from Uthman (Radhi Allahu Anhu)- as to whether it is a separate chapter or whether it is the completion of Surah An-Anfal. So they separated between them without the “Bismillah”. So this is a judgement on their part between two choices. For if it was certain that it was the remainder of Surah Al-Anfal then they would not have put a separation nor the “Bismillah” and if it were certain that it was a separate chapter then they would have put a separation and the “Bismillah”. Neither this nor that is confirmed, they put a separation there. This was a case of Ijtihad that agrees with what is correct, for it can be know with certainty that if the “Bismillah” were revealed before this chapter then they would have left it, without a doubt. This is because Allah Almighty says.

“Verily We, It is We who have sent down the Thikr (the Qur'an) and surely, We will guard it (from corruption) (Surah Al-Hijr 15:9)

Therefore it is not legislated that one should begin the recitation of Surah Al-Bara’h (At-Taubah) with “Bismillah ir-Rahman ir-Rahim”

Shaikh ibn Uthaimin (Rahimahullah)

Reference: Fatawa Islamiyah Volume 7 Pages 32-33





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