As Salamu Alaikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuhu Surah Al-Kawthar
In the Name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful
1. Verily, We have granted you Al-Kawthar.
2. Therefore turn in prayer to your Lord and sacrifice (to Him only).
3. For he who hates you, he will be cut off.
The name of this Surah, Al-Kawthar is mentioned in the first verse:
Verily, We have granted you Al-Kawthar.(Ayah 1)
Al-Kawthar means much and perpetual good in this world and in the Hereafter. It is also said to mean a river in Paradise.
The Subject Matter Of
This Surah It discusses the blessed favors given to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam)
In What Context Was This Surah Revealed
It was revealed to refute one of the disbelievers, Al-'Aas bin Wa'il. When the Prophet's son from Khadijah, 'Abdullah, died, Al-'Aas said that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) was Abtar, or a man who has no son. This was said by Ibn 'Abbas, Muqatil, Al-Kalbi, and most scholars of Tafsir. It is also reported that Ibn 'Abbas (Radhi Allahu Anhu) said, "It was revealed about Abu Jah!." Nonetheless, its meaning embraces all those who show enmity to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), those who are mentioned above and others as well.
The Meanings Of Its Words Inna A'tainaaka:
We (Allah Almighty) have bestowed upon you, 0 Muhammad. Al-Kawthar:
i.e., a river in Paradise, or much and perpetual good in this life and in the Hereafter. Fa-Salli Li-Rabbika:
So consistently perform the prayer, purely and sincerely for Allah Almighty, showing gratefulness for His blessings. Wanhar:
The sacrifice, or the Hadi (the Hajj sacrifice), or Udhhiyyah (sacrificed on 'Bid Al-Adhha). Shaani'aka:
The one who detests you. Al-Abtar:
(The one who detests you) is the one who is cut off, cut off from all good, or cut off from having offspring.
The Meaning in Summary
Allah Almighty says to His Prophet, Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), "Verily, We have granted you Al-Kawthar," much good and blessings, which also includes a river in Paradise called AI-Kawthar. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) is also granted the Hawdh (on the Day of Judgement), which in size is one month (the time it takes to cross it) in length and one month in width. The water of the Hawdh is whiter than milk and sweeter than honey. Its containers are like the stars in the sky, in terms of their numbers and brightness. Whoever takes a drink from the Hawdh will never feel thirst afterwards, for eternity.
After mentioning His favors upon the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), He ordered him: "turn in prayer to your Lord and sacrifice." Allah Almighty mentions these two forms of worship because they are the best forms of worship and the best means of getting closer to Allah Almighty. During the prayer, one submits both his heart and limbs to Allah Almighty. And when one makes the sacrifice, he gives up the most valuable thing he has, which is his wealth, and the hearts of men innately love wealth and love to keep it to themselves. Then Allah Almighty continues by mentioning the situation of the one who hates the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and who belittles him; such a person, Allah Almighty says, is cut off from all good, cut off from being remembered.
As for the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), he is truly complete, the most complete a human being can possibly be. His name is remembered and his helpers and followers are many. The Surah ends by giving glad tidings to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) - that his enemies will be humiliated and cut off from all good, both in this life and in the Hereafter. On the other hand, the Prophet's (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) name is mentioned on the pulpit and in other places; the tongues of men will continue to mention his noble name until the end of this world.
What Can Be Derived From These Verses
1. Allah clarified His honor for His Messenger Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) .
2. The Ahadith about Al-Kawthar emphasize this, and that it is a river in Paradise.
3. The prayer, the sacrifice, and all other acts of worship - must be performed purely and sincerely for the sake of Allah Almighty only.
4. Supplicating against the oppressor is legislated.
5. Allah Almighty granted victory to His servant and Messenger, Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam). He consoled the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and refuted his enemies.